Research Needs for Human Factors

Committee on Human Factors

Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

National Research Council

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, D.C.
1983



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Research Needs for Human Factors Research Needs for Human Factors Committee on Human Factors Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. 1983

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Research Needs for Human Factors NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was established by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and of advising the federal government. The Council operates in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy under the authority of its congressional charter of 1863, which establishes the Academy as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation. The Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in the conduct of their services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. It is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine were established in 1964 and 1970, respectively, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences. The Committee on Human Factors is sponsored jointly by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, the Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, the Office of Naval Research, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. This work relates to the Department of the Navy contract N00014–81-C-0017 issued by the Office of Naval Research, and no official endorsement should be inferred. The United States government has at least a royalty-free, nonexclusive and irrevocable license throughout the world for government purposes to publish, translate, reproduce, deliver, perform, dispose of, and to authorize others so to do, all or any portion of this work.

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Research Needs for Human Factors COMMITTEE ON HUMAN FACTORS Richard W.Pew (Chair), Information Sciences Division, Bolt Beranek & Newman, Cambridge, Massachusetts Nancy S.Anderson, Department of Psychology, University of Maryland Alphonse Chapanis, Department of Psychology, Johns Hopkins University Baruch Fischhoff, Decision Research, a branch of Perceptronics Inc., Eugene, Oregon Irwin L.Goldstein, Department of Psychology, University of Maryland K.H.Eberhard Kroemer, Industrial Engineering and Operations Research Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Herschel W.Leibowitz, Department of Psychology, Pennsylvania State University J.C.R.Licklider, Department of Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Charles B.Perrow, Institution for Social and Policy Studies, Yale University Michael Posner, Department of Psychology, University of Oregon (resigned April 1982) Thomas B.Sheridan, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Jerome E.Singer, Department of Medical Psychology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences J.E.Keith Smith, Human Performance Center, University of Michigan (resigned October 1982) Robert T.Hennessy, Study Director Karen English, Administrative Secretary Jeanne Richards, Administrative Secretary

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