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APPENDIX B Biographies of Panel Members DONALD N. LANGENBERG, Chancellor, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (Chairman). For much of his career, Dr. Langenberg was Professor of Physics and, for a time, also Professor of Electrical Engineering and Science at the University of Pennsyl- vania. There he directed a materials research facility, the Laboratory for Research on the Structure of Matter, and sewed as Vice Provost for Graduate Studies and Research. From 1980 to 1982, he sensed as Deputy Director of the National Science Foundation and, for several months, as Acting Director. He became the first Chancellor of the University of Illinois' Chicago campus (UIC) in 1983. His research interests were in condensed matter physics and included the Fermi surfaces of metals and semiconductors, tunneling, Josephson effects and nonequilibrium phenomena in superconductors, and precision measurement and the fundamental physical constants. He has served on many boards and advisory committees, and is currently a member of the Board of Directors of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Dr. Langenberg holds a B.S. degree from Iowa State University, an M.S. degree from the University of California at Los Angeles, and a Ph.D. degree from the University of California at Berkeley, all in physics. He also holds an honorary MA. and an honorary D.Sc. from the University of Pennsylvania. Unfortu nately, he is, as noted in the Preface, computer illiterate. W. RICHARDS Al)RION, Chair, Computer and Information Science Depart- ment, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts. Dr. Adrion came to the University of Massachusetts in 1986 from the National Science Foundation,, where he was most recently Chief Scientist for the Direc- torate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering, and before that Deputy Director for Computer Research. Previously, he solved as manager of the Software Engineering Group at the National Bureau of Standards, and has been on the faculty at both Oregon State University and The University of Texas at 58

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59 Austin, and as adjunct professor at The American University, George Washington University, and Georgetown University. His research interests are in the areas of programming systems and software engineering, especially programming envi- ronments, program verification, and object bases for software development. Dr. Adrion earned bachelor's and master's degrees in electrical engineering at Cornell University, and a Ph.D. degree in the same subject at The University of Texas at Austin. JOSEPH BALLAM, Professor of Physics, Stanford Linear Accelerator, Stanford University, Stanford, California. Dr. Ballam is emeritus associate director of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center and head of its Research Division. He was on the physics faculty of Princeton University and a professor of physics at Michigan State University. His research interests include elementary particles, cosmic rays, and experimental high energy physics. Dr. Ballam received a B.S. degree from the University of Michigan and a Ph.D. degree from the University of California at Berkeley. BRUCE G. BUCHANAN, Professor and Co-Director, Center for Parallel, Distri- buted, and Intelligent Systems, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. For many years Dr. Buchanan was professor of Computer Science Research and co-director of the Knowledge Systems Laboratory at Stanford University. In 1988 he moved to the University of Pittsburgh. Professor Buchanan's main research interest is in artificial intelligence, in particular the design of intelligent computer programs that assist scientists and physicians. These include pro- grams and methods for knowledge acquisition and machine learning, scientific hypothesis formation, and construction of expert systems. He was one of the principals in the design and development of DENDRAL, Meta-DENDRAL, MYCI, E-MYCIN, and PROTEAN systems. Dr. Buchanan holds a BA. degree in mathe- matics from Ohio Wesleyan University, and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in philosophy from Michigan State University. WILLIAM J. EMERY, Professor, Aerospace Engineering Science, Colorado Center for Astrodynamics Research, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado. Trained as a physical oceanographer, Dr. Emery leads a group concentrating on satellite remote sensing of atmosphere and ocean. In cooperation with NOAA's Program for Regional Observing and Forecasting Services (PROPS), his group operates a satellite receiving system to collect data from operational weather satellites. His research interests include large-scale ocean and atmo sphere problems with an emphasis on the analysis of large volumes of data. As a consequence of the need to analyze satellite images, he has developed new image-processing tools for SUN, DEC/SPX, and Macintosh II workstations in order to provide students with easy access to a variety of display systems. Dr. Emery has a B.S. from Brigham Young University in mechanical engineering and a Ph.D. from the University of Hawaii in physical oceanography. APPENDS B: BIOGRAPHIES OF PANEL MEMBERS

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60 INFORMATIONDAVID A. HODGES, Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, TECHNOLOGY ANDUniversity of California, Berkeley, California. THE CONDUCTDr. Hodges teaches and researches microelectronics technology and design, OF RESEARCHcommunications and computer systems, and computer-integrated manufactur ing systems at the University of California, where he has been a member of the faculty since 1970. Before then, he held positions at Bell Telephone Laboratories, in the components area at Murray Hill and as head of the systems elements department at Holmdel. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and has served on several National Academy of Engineering and National Research Council committees. Dr. Hodges' degrees are in electrical engineering; he earned his B.S. degree at Cornell University and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees at the University of California, Berkeley. DAVID A. HOFFMAN, Professor, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts. David Hoffinan is Professor of Mathematics at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, and a member of the Geometry Analysis Numerics and Graphics Center. His recent research interests include the use of computation and computer graphics in the study of extremal surfaces in mathematics and polymer physics. He has held positions at the University of Michigan, Stanford University, and IMPA, Rio de Janeiro. Dr. Hoffman has a BA. degree from the University of Rochester and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Stanford University in mathematics. F. THOMAS JUSTER, Professor of Economics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Dr. Juster is also Research Scientist in the Survey Research Center at the University of Michigan's Institute for Social Research. He has served on a number of National Research Council committees, including the Committee on National Statistics, and chairs both the NRC Committee on the Supply and Demand for Mathematics and Science Teachers as well as the American Economic Associa tion Committee on the Quality of Economic Data. Dr. Juster is a fellow of the American Statistical Association. His research includes the design of economic and social accounting systems, the development of measures of economic welfare, consumer behavior and forecasting, and analysis of household saving and asset accumulation behavior. Dr. Juster received a B.S. degree from Rutgers University in education and a Ph.D. degree from Columbia University in economics. SARA B. KIESLER, Professor, Social Sciences and Social Psychology, Depart ment of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Dr. Kiesler has been on the faculty of the College of Humanities and Social Sciences and of the Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon since 1979; previously, she was a staff member of the National Research Council and a professor at the University of Kansas. She was the senior staff director of three National Research

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61 Council committees that produced reports on aging, basic research in education, and behavioral and social sciences. She has served on several committees of the National Academies of Sciences (NAS) and Engineering (NAE). Her research interests include the study of the introduction and impact of computer and computer-communication technologies in groups and organizations. Dr. Kiesler received a B.S. degree from Simmons College in social science, an MA. degree from Stanford University, and a Ph.D. degree from Ohio State University, both in psychology. KENNETH M. KING, President, EDUCOM, Princeton, New Jersey. Kenneth King currently serves as President of EDUCOM, a consortium of 550 universities founded to develop and work toward common goals in information technology and communications. Previously, he was Vice Provost for Computing at Cornell University, where he was responsible for all academic and adminis- trative computing. This included active programs in the development of instruc- tional software for microcomputers, in networking, in library system develop- ment, and a national supercomputer center. Before that, he was professor, vice chancellor for university systems, and university dean for computer systems at the City University of New York. He also was director of Columbia University's computer center, and manager of Columbia's IBM Watson Scientific Computing laboratory. Dr. King received a BA. degree in physics from Reed College and a Ph.D. degree in theoretical physics from Columbia University . ROBERT LANGRIDGE, Professor of Pharmaceutical Chemistry in the School of Pharmacy and Professor of Biochemistry and Biophysics in the School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California. Dr. Langridge also directs the Computer Graphics Laboratory at his university's School of Pharmacy. He has been a professor in the biochemistry department at Princeton University and a professor in the department of biophysics at the University of Chicago. His research includes computer graphics, biomolecular structure and function, protein engineering, and drug design. In particular, he uses computer graphics to visualize the motions of molecules in three dimen- sions and in time. Dr. Langridge holds a B.Sc. degree from the University of London in physics and a Ph.D. degree from King's College, the University of London, in crystallography. NINA W. MATHESON, Associate Professor of Medical Information and Director, William H. Welch Medical Library, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland. Before going to Johns Hopkins, Ms. Matheson was special consultant to the National Lib racy of Medicine in Bethesda, Maryland, and assistant director of health information management studies at the Association of American Medical Colleges in Washington, D.C. She had previously been assistant research profes- sor in the department of health care sciences and director of the Himmelfarb APPENDS B: BIOGRAPHIES OF PANEL MEMBERS

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62 INFORMATION Health Science Libraly at The George Washington University, where she intro TECHNOLOGYAND duced automated library operating systems. She has served as President and THE CONDUCT member of the Board of both the Medical Library Association and the Association OF RESEARCH of Academic Health Sciences Library Directors' and is a member of the National Library of Medicine's Board of Regents. Ms. Matheson's BA. and M.L. degrees are in English and Library Science, from the University of Washington. DAVID A. PENSAK, Corporate Advisor, Computing Technology, E. I. du Pont de Nemours & CO.J Inc.' Wilmington, Delaware. Dr. Pensak has been at du Pont since 1974J where he manages the corporation's computer science research and development. His organization is chartered with identifying those areas of science and technology in which a two order of magnitude (or greater) increase in complexity or capacity of modelling would permit revolutionary advances in understanding (and the construction of the appropriate hardware and software to achieve these goals). He was a member of the American Chemical Society's Task Force on Large Scale Computing. His research includes structure-activity correlations, theory of catalysis' interactive graphics' programming language design and human engineering systems' arti ficial intelligence' and parallel computer architectures. Dr. Pensak has a BA. degree from Princeton University in chemistry and MA. and Ph.D. degrees from Haward University' also in chemistry. ALLAN H. WEIS, Vice President' Data Systems Division' IBM Enterprise Systems, White Plains' New York. Mr. Weis has worldwide responsibility for the strategy' development' and technical support of IBM's large system for numerically intensive computing. His career at IBM' which began in 1961J has included assignments in research, development' new business areas' and information systems. Most recently, Mr. Weis was responsible for the computing and communication system at IBM's research laboratories' and for the direction of a number of advanced technology programs. Mr. Weis majored in electrical engineering at the University of Kansas' and received his M.S. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology on an Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship. He is a member of the Board of Directors of NYSERNET, and is on the Executive Committee of the NSFNET.