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Bibliography and Selected Headings Barbacci, Mario R., A. Nico Habermann, and Mary Shawl The Software Engineering Institute: Bridg- ing practice and potential. IEEE Software, volume 2, number 6, pp. (21, November 1985. Bardon, Marcel. A National Computing Environment for Academic Research (Kent K. Curtis, Chair). NSF Working Group on Computers for Research. Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation, July 1983. Bikson, Tora K., Barbara A. Gutek, and Don A. Mankin. Implementing Computerized Procedures in Of- fice Settings. Santa Monica, CA: The Rand Corpo- ration. R-3077-NSF/IRIS. October, 1987. Bird, Peter. Formation of the Rocky Mountains, west- ern United States: A continuum computer model. Science, volume 239, pp. 1501-1507, 25 March 1988. Bowler, Ken C., Alastair D. Bruce, Richard D. Kenway, G. Stuart Pawley, and David J. Wallace. Exploiting highly concurrent computers for physics. Physics Today, special issue: Computational physics, vol- ume 40, number 10, pp. 4008, October 1987. Bowman, Carlos M., John A. Nosal, and Anne E. Rogers. Effect of new technology on information transfer in the 1990s. Journal of Chemical Infor- mation and Computing Sciences, volume 27, pp. 147-151, 1987. Branscomb, Lewis M. Improving R&D productivity: The federal role. Science, volume 222, pp. 133-135, 14 October 1983. Brooks, Frederick P., Jr. No silver bullet: Essence and accidents of software engineering. IEEE Com- puter, volume 20, number 4, pp.10-19, April 1987. Brown, Frank R., and Norman~H. Christ. Parallel su- percomputers for lattice gauge theory. Science, volume 239, pp. 1393-1400, 18 March 1988. Bush, Vannevar. As we may think. The Atlantic Monthly, volume 176, number 1, pp. 101-108, July 1945. Caming, H. W. William. Protection of personal data in the United States. The Information Society, vol- ume 3, number 2, pp. 113-130, 1984. Cotter, Holland. Birth of a network: A history of BITNET. CUNY/University Computer Center Com- munications, volume 14, number 1-2, pp. 1-10, JanuaIy-FebruaIy 1988. Davis, Ruth M. Where will technology put the library of the 21st century? Bulletin of the Medical Library Association, volume 75, number 1, pp. 1-6, Janu- ary 1987. DeLisi, Charles. Computers in molecular biology: Cur- rent applications and emerging trends. Science, volume 240, pp. 47-52, April 1, 1988. Denning, Peter J. Paradigms crossed. Editorial. Com- munications of the ACM, volume 30, number 10, p. 808, October 1987. . The science of computing: Electronic publish- ing. American Scientist, volume 74, pp. 582-585, 1986. . The science of computing: A new paradigm for science. American Scientist, volume 75, pp. 572-573, November-December 1987. Drake, Miriam. From print to nonprint materials: LibraIy information delivery systems. EDUCOM Bulletin, pp. 2030, Spring 1988. Eddy, William F. (chairman). Computers in statistical research: Report of a workshop on the use of computers in statistical research. Washington, D.C.: The Institute for Mathematical Statistics, 1986. EDUCOM Networking and Telecommunications Task Force. A national higher education network: Issues 63

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64 BIBLIOGRAPHY AND SELECTED HEADINGS and opportunities. NTTF Paper Number One. Princeton, NJ: EDUCOM, May 1987. Ezzell, Carol. AIDS workers going for computer link. Nature, volume 332, p. 194,17 March 1988. Feigenbaum, Edward A. Autoknowledge: From file sewers to knowledge servers. In: Salamon, R., B. Blum, and M. Jorgensen (eds.) Medinfo 86, pp. xliii-xlvi. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. (North- Holland), 1986. Fienberg, Stephen E., Margaret E. Martin, and Miron L. Straf (eds.) Sharing research data. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1985. Foley, 1987. Manipulative interfaces. Freeman, John. Data quality and the development of organizational social science: An editorial essay. Administrative Science Quarterly, volume 31, pp. 298-303,1986. Gillespie, Robert G. (with Deborah A. Dicaro). Comput- ing and higher education: An accidental revolu- tion. Washington, D.C.: National Science Founda- tion, 1981. Green, Bert F. Adaptive testing by computer. In: R. B. Ekstrom (ed.), Measurement, technology, and in- dividuality in education. New Directions for Test- ing and Measurement, number 17. San Francisco, Jossey-Bass, March 1983. Haggin, Joseph. Process control no longer separate from simulation, design. Chemical and Engineering News, volume 62, number 14, pp.7-16, April 2,1984. . Workshop underscores wide use of computers in chemical engineering. Chemical and Engineer- ing News, volume 65, number 45, pp.27-29, No- vember 9, 1987. Hey, Anthony J. G., John H. Merlin, Martin W. Ricketts, Michael T. Vaughn, David C. Williams. Topologi- cal solutions in gauge theory and their computer graphic representation. Science, volume 240, pp. 1163-1168,27 May 1988. Hoffman, David. The computer-aided discovery of new embedded minimal surfaces. The Mathematical Intelligencer, volume 9, number 3, pp.8-21, 1987. Holland, William R., and James C. McWilliams. Com- puter modeling in physical oceanography from the global circulation to turbulence. Physics To- day, special issue: Computational physics, vol- ume 40, number 10, pp. 51-57, October 1987. Holmstrom, Engin Inel. Access to supercomputers. Higher Education Panel Report Number 69. Washington, D.C.: American Council on Educa- tion, January 1986. Hut, Piet, and Gerald Jay Sussman. Advanced comput- ing for science. Scienti~c American, special issue: The next computer revolution, volume 257, pp. 144-153, October 1987. IEEE Computer Society. Proceedings: First interna- tional conference on supercomputing systems. St. Petersburg, Florida, December 16-20,1985. IEEE CS order number 654. Washington, D.C.: IEEE Computer Society Press, 1985. Kahn, Robert E. Networks for advanced computing. Scientific American, special issue: The next com- puter revolution, volume 257, pp.136-143, Octo- ber 1987. Karplus, Martin. Molecular dynamics simulation of proteins. Physics Today, special issue: Computa- tional physics, volume 40, number 10, pp. 68-72, October 1987. Kerr, Richard A. Pluto's orbital motion looks chaotic. Science, volume 240, pp.986-987,20 May 1988. Kiesler, Sara B., and Lee S. Sproull (eds.) Computing and change on campus. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1987. Koening, 1987. Speech production and its impact on use of computers. Lax, Peter D. Report of the Panel on Large-scale Com- puting in Science and Engineering (P. D. Lax, Chair). Washington, D.C.: National Science Foun- dation, December 26,1982. Leaf, Jesse J. Databases turn computers into science libraries. Computers in Physics, January/February 1988, volume 2, number 1, pp. 24-31. Lederberg, Joshua. Digital communications and the conduct of science: The new literacy. Proceedings of the IEEE, volume 66, number 11, pp. 1314-1319, November 1978. Lievrouw, Leah A. The communication network as interpretive environment: "Sense-making" among biomedical research scientists. Unpublished doc- toral dissertation, University of Southern Califor- nia, Aprd 1986. Liscouski, Joseph G. Note on barriers to information technology in research. Personal communication, January 23,1987. Londer, Randi. Access to supercomputers. Mosaic, volume 16, number 3, pp.26-32, 1985. Lun~n, Lois F., and Peter B. Schipma (eds.) Perspectives on CD-ROM for information storage and retrieval. Journal of The American Society for Information Science, special issue, volume 39, number 1, Janu- ary 1988. Mace, Scott. University net thrives as 8,000-node system. User profile. InfoWorld, November 2, 1987, p. 24. Malone, Thomas W., Joanne Yates, and Robert I. Benjamin. Electronic markets and electronic hi- erarchies. Communications of the ACM, volume 30, number 6, pp. 484-497, June 1987. Manuel, Tom. What's holding back expert systems? Inside technolo~, special report. Electronics, pp. 59-63, August 7, 1986. Marshall, Eliot. The scourge of computer viruses. Science, volume 240, pp. 133-134, April 8, 1988. Mathis, Robert F. The last ten percent. IEEE Transac- tions of Soft~rare Engineering, volume SE-12, number 6, pp. 705-712, June 1986.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY AND SELECTED READINGS 65 McCormick, Bruce H., Thomas A. DeFanti, and Maxine D. Brown. Visualization in scientific computing. (NSF Report) Computer Graphics, volume 21, number 6, pp. 1-14. New York, NY: Association for Computing Machinery, ACM SIGGRAPH, Novem- ber 1987. Metzger, Norman. A third kind of science. Mosaic, volume 16, number 3, pp. ~7, 1985. Morris, James H., Mahadev Satyanarayanan, Michael H. Connor, John H. Howard, David S. H. Rosenthal, and F. Donelson Smith. Andrew: A distributed personal computing environment. Communications of the ACM, volume 29, number 3, pp. 184-201, March 1986. National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine. Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy. Frontiers in science and technology: A selected outlook. New York, NY:W. H. Freeman and Company, 1983. . Research briefing on computer architecture. 1984. Reprinted in: New Pathways in Science and Technology. New York, NY: Vintage Books, 1985. National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council, Ad Hoc Committee on Resources for the Mathematical Sciences. Renewing U.S. mathemat- ics: critical resource for the future (E. E. David, Chair). Washington, D.C., National Academy Press, 1984. National Commission for Employment Policy. Com- puters in the workplace: Selected issues. Report No. 19. Washington, D.C.: National Commission for Employment Policy, March 1986. National Library of Medicine. Long range plan execu- tive summary. Report of the Board of Regents. Washington, D.C.: National Institutes of Health, January 1987. . Long range plan. Report of Panel 2: Locating and gaining access to medical and scientific liter- ature. Washington, D.C.: National Institutes of Health, December 1986. . Long range plan. Report of Panel 4: Medical informatics. Washington, D.C.: National Institutes of Health, December 1986. National Research Council, Committee on the Appli- cations of Mathematics, Office of Mathematical Sciences, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources. Computational modeling and mathematics applied to the physical sciences. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1984. National Research Council, Committee on Computer- Assisted Modeling, Board on Basic Biology, Com- mission on Life Sciences. Computer-assisted modeling: Contributions of computational ap- proaches to elucidating macromolecular struc- ture and function. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1987. National Research Council, Committee on Data Needs, Numerical Data Advisory Board, Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences. National needs for critically evaluated physical and chemi- cal data. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, 1978. National Research Council, Computer Science and Technology Board, Commission on Physical Sci- ences, Mathematics, and Resources. The national challenge in computer science and technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1988. National Research Council, National Research Net- work Review Committee, Computer Science and Technology Board, Commission on Physical Sci- ences, Mathematics, and Resources. Toward a National Research Network. Washington, D.C.: Na- tional Academy Press, 1988. National Research Council, Panel on Education, Nu- merical Data Advisory Board, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources. Improving the treatment of scientific and engi- neering data through education. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1986. National Research Council, Panel on Mathematical Sciences, Board on Mathematical Sciences, Com- mission on Physical sciences, Mathematics, and Resources. Mathematical sciences: A unifying and dynamic resource (Phillip A. Griffiths, Chair). Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1986. National Research Council, Physics Survey Commit- tee, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Commis- sion on Physical Sciences, Mathematics and Resources. Physics through the 1990s: An over- view. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1986. Norris, William C. Computer generations and techno- logical cooperation. The Bridge, volume 16, num- ber 4, pp. 19-24, Winter 1986. NYSERNET. Market and economic impact study: Les- sons from four networks. Second report. New York, NY: New York State Education and Research Network, Inc., April 5, 1988. Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the President. A research and develop- ment strategy for high performance computing. Committee on Computer Research and Applica- tions, Federal Coordinating Council on Science, Engineering, and Technology (FCCSET). Washing- ton, D.C.: Executive Office of the President, No- vember 20, 1987. . Report of the Federal Coordinating Council on Science, Engineering, and Technology Panel on Advanced Computer Research in the Federal Gov- ernment. Washington, D.C.: Executive Office of the President, June 1985. . Research in very high performance computing: Policy recommendation and research require

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66 BIBLIOGRAPHY AND SELECTED READINGS meets statement. Washington, D.C.: Executive Of- fice of the President, November 1985. Peterson, Ivars. Packing it in: Fractals play an impor- tant role in image compression. Science News, volume 131, number 18, pp. 283-285, May 2, 1987. . Picture this: The sounds of speech lead to novel ways of representing complex data. Science News, volume 131, pp. 392-395, June 20, 1987. . Twists of space: An artist, a computer pro- grammer and a mathematician work together to visualize exotic geometric forms. Science News, volume 132, pp. 26~266, October 24, 1987. . Reaching for the supercomputing moon. Sci- ence News, volume 133, number 11, pp. 172-173, March 12, 1988. . A digital matter of life and death. Science News, volume 133, number 11, pp. 170-171, March 12, 1988. . A computer at your fingertips. Science News, volume 133, number 22, p. 351, May 28, 1988. . Highways for information. Science News, vol- ume 133, number 25, pp. 390395, June 18, 1988. Porter, Alan L., and Frederick A. Rossini. Current and future uses of the computer: Industrial R&D in the United States. R&D Management, volume 16, number 4, pp. 279-289, 1986. Quarterman, John S., and J. C. Hoskins. Notable com- puter networks. Communications of the ACM, volume 29, number 10, pp. 932-971, October 1986. Raveche, Harold J., Duncan H. Lawrie, and Alvin M. Despain. A national computing initiative: The agenda for leadership. Report of the Panel on Research Issues in Large-Scale Computational Science and Engineering. Philadelphia, PA: Soci- ety for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 1987. Rheinboldt, Werner C. (chairman) Future directions in computational mathematics, algorithms, and scien- tific software. Report of the Panel on Future Direc- tions in Computational Mathematics, Algorithms, and Scientific Software. Philadelphia, PA: Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 1985. Roberts, Leslie. Academy backs genome project. Sci- ence, volume 239, pp. 725-726, 12 February 1988. Roode, David, Rob Liebschutz, Sunil Maulik, Terry Friedemann, David Benton, and David Kristoffer- son. New developments at BIONET. Nucleic Acids Research, volume 16, number 5, part a, pp. 1857-1859, 1988. Rumble, John R. Why can't we access more numeric data via computers? In: Williams, M. E., and T. H. Hogan (eds.). Proceedings of the National Online Meeting, pp. 32~330. Medford, NJ.: Learned In- formation, Inc., 1984. Simon, Herbert A. Whether software engineering needs to be artificially intelligent. IEEE Transac- tions on Software Engineering, volume SE-12, number 7, pp. 72~732, July 1986. Steele, Guy. COMMON LISP: The language. Bedford, MA: Digital Press, 1984. Straub, Galen K. Role for PCs in theoretical physics? In: Kahaner, David K. (ed.). Science on small computers. SIAM News, p. 12, March 1988. Thomsen, Dietrick E. Seeking supernovas systemati- cally. Science News, volume 132, number 10, pp. 15~157, September 5, 1987. . Big telescopes on a roll. Science News, volume 132, pp. 170-171, September 12, 1987. Turner, Judith A. Science agency picks Michigan group to run computer network: $50 million "NSFNET" will link supercomputers, researchers. The Chronicle of Higher Education, pp. A1, A14, November 25, 1987. . Project linking different computers may alter the way researchers collaborate. The Chronicle of Higher Education, volume 34, number 27, pp. A13, Ago, March 16, 1988. . Uncertainties strain computer networks for U.S. professors. The Chronicle of Higher Educa- tion, pp. A12-A13, April 6, 1988. . E-mail technology has boomed, but manners of its users fall short of perfection. The Chronicle of Higher Education, pp. A12-A16, April 13, 1988. . Plan for $5-million prototype of electronic research library announced. The Chronicle of Higher Education, p. A27, June 1, 1988. U.S. Congress. General Accounting Office. Satellite Data Archiving: U.S. and Foreign Activities and Plans for Environmental Information. Report RCED-88-201. Washington, D.C.: United States General Accounting Office, September 1988. U.S. Congress. General Accounting Office. Space oper- ations: NASA's use of information technology. Re- port IMTEC-87-20. Washington, D.C.: United States General Accounting Office, April 1987. U.S. Congress. House Committee on Science and Technology. Task Force on Science Policy. The impact of the information age on science. Science Policy Study Hearings volume 10 (September 1~12, 1985). No. 103. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Gov- ernment Printing Office, 1986a. U.S. Congress. House Committee on Science and Technology. Task Force on Science Policy. The impact of the information age on science. Science Policy Study Background Report No. 5. Wash- ington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, Sep- tember 1986b. U.S. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment. 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BIBLIOGRAPHY AND SELECTED READINGS 67 University of Michigan. EXPRES Newsletter. Volume 1, Number 1. Available from: Violet Elder, CSMIL, C2420 Business Administration Building, 904 Monroe St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109. June 1987. Warlick, Charles H. Academic computing facilities and services in higher education" a survey. EDUCOM Bulletin, volume 21, number 3, pp. 2-7, Fall/Winter 1986. Weiser, Mark. Source code. IEEE Computer, volume 20, number 11, pp. 66-73, November 1987. Weiss, Rick. Organic origami: Scientists study the art of protein folding. Science News, volume 132, pp. 341 346, November 28, 1987. Westbrook, J. H., H. Behrens, G. Dathe, and S. Iwata (eds.) Materials data systems for engineering. Proceedings of a CODATA workshop, September 22-27,1985. Karlsruhe, FRG: Fach-informations- zentrum, 1986. Westbrook, J. H., and L. R. McCreight (eds.) Comput- erized aerospace materials data (Computerized materials property and design data for aerospace technology). New York, N.Y.: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1987. Westbrook, J. H., and J. R. Rumble, Jr. (ads.) Comput- erized materials data systems. Office of Standard Reference Data. Gaithersburg, MD: National Bu- reau of Standards, 1983. Winkler, Karl-Heinz A., Jay W. Chalmers, Stephen W. Hodson, Paul R. Woodward, and Norman J. Zabusky. A numerical laboratory. Physics Today (Special Issue: Computational Physics), volume 40, number 10, pp. 28-37, October 1987. Wooster, Harold. Historical note: Shining palaces, shift- ing sands: National information systems. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, vol- ume 38, number 5, pp. 321-335, September 1987. Wright, Robert. Virtual reality. The information age. The Sciences, volume 27, number 6, pp. 8-10, November/December 1987. Zurer, Pamela S. Computers gaining firm hold in chemical labs. Special Report. Chemical and En- gineering News, pp. 2106, August 19, 1985.

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