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SOURCE OF FINANCES: Government and contracted services. PUBLICATIONS: Research reports, quarterly bulletin, and annual reviews of activities. SLOVAK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, INSTITUTE FOR CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECTURE (USTARCH SAV) Dubravska cesta 842 20 Bratislava CONTACT: Rudolf Skrucany, Director MISSION: To serve as a central institute for complex basic and applied building research. PRIMARY WORK: Performs research on complex structural problems, nonlinear and fracture mechanics, failure of reinforced concrete and metalic structures, building materials, building physics, urban and rural planning, and influence of social factors. SOURCE OF FINANCES: Slovak Academy of Sciences. PUBLICATIONS: Research reports and periodicals. CEMENT AND CONCRETE LABORATORY Aalborg Portland Rordalsveg 44 P.O. Box 165 DK 9100 CONTACT: Palle Nepper-Christensen, Manager DENMARK MISSION: Research, development, and control for better production and use of cement. PRIMARY WORK: Provides technical and laboratory support for improving quality of cement, concrete, refractories, and fiber-reinforced composites. SOURCES OF FINANCE: Aktiesselskabet Aalborg Portland-Cement-Fabrik. PUBLICATIONS: Research reports. CONCRETE AND STRUCTURAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE (BKI) Dr. Neergaards Vej 13 DK-2970 Horsholm CONTACT: S. Oivind Olesen MISSION: To provide testing and research in concrete and structural technology. 102

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PRIMARY WORK: Performs research on structures and structural members, concrete materials, material deterioration, computer program selection, and admixtures for concrete; conducts educational programs; develops and sells new computer programs such as MISTRA, a comprehensive, interactive program for structural design calculations. SOURCES OF FINANCE: Contract income; public and private funds. DANISlI BUILDING CENTER Vester Voldgade 94 DK 1552 Copenhagen V CONTACT: Jorgen Bagge Andersen, President MISSION: To serve the building community with information, testing services, and documentation. PRIMARY WORK: Provides general information about solving building problems through consulting, a documentation center, permanent exhibit, and training courses. SOURCE OF FINANCES: Sales of information, training fees, and consulting services. PUBLICATIONS: Manuals, failure sheets, legislation, standards, and special purpose reports. DANISH BUILDING RESEARCH INSTITUTE (SBI) P.O. Box 119 DK 2970 Horsholm CONTACT: Hans Jorgen Larsen, Director MISSION: National building research laboratory focusing on improving building practices. PRIMARY WORK: Provides research in areas such as acoustics, building physics, structural engineering, building and environmental design, urban and regional planning, and building economics; has an acoustics testing laboratory. SOURCES OF FINANCES: Mainly government. PUBLICATIONS: Research reports, bulletins, and articles in professional journals. DANISH CORROSION CENTER Park Alle 345 DK-2605 Brondby CONTACT: Hans Arup,Director MISSION: To provide technical assistance on the physical and chemical behavior of metals. 103

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PRIMARY WORK Performs research and testing on metals in concrete to assess corrosion of reinforcements, metals in water systems and heating systems, metallic coatings, and paints as corrosion protection. SOURCE OF FINANCE: Government and grants. PUBLICATIONS: Research reports and newsletter. DANISH FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION Datavej 48 DK-3460 Birerod CONTACT: Ernst Nielson, Managing Director MISSION: To conduct research to prevent fire and to limit the economic and human consequences of fire. PRIMARY WORK Provides fire safety inspections, fire site investigations, education and training programs, research and development activities, and the dissemination of information to the public. SOURCE OF FINANCES: Danish Council of Technology, Ministry of Industry (10%~; paid activities (90%~. PUBLICATIONS: Guidelines. DANISH ILLUMINATION ENGINEERING LABORATORY (LTL) Bygning 325 Lundtoftevej 100 2800 Lyugby CONTACT: Bjarne Nielsen, Director MISSION: Research and testing in the area of illuminating engineering. PRIMARY WORK: Research, testing, and development of products and computer programming related to work lighting, room lighting, reflective properties of road surfaces, and road markings. SOURCE OF FINANCES: Government and contract research. PUBLICATIONS: Journal, research notes, and technical reports. DANISH LIME AND BRICK I^BORATORY Teglbakvej 20 8361 Hasselager CONTACT: E. Kjaer, Director 104

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MISSION: To provide research and testing for manufacturers and users of bricks. PRIMARY WORK: Performs physical and chemical tests and analyses of raw materials used in brick manufacturing and use. SOURCE OF FINANCES: Contract research, brick and lime association, and government. PUBLICATIONS: Laboratory and conference reports. DANISH NATIONAL TESTING BOARD The Danish National Agency of Technology Secretariat of the National Testing Board Tagensvej 135 CONTACT: H. H. Bernth, Head of Secretariat for National Testing Board MISSION: To coordinate the technical testing facilities within Denmark and to administer an accreditation scheme for testing and calibration laboratories. PRIMARY WORK: Coordinates Danish testing resources and administers an accreditation scheme that comprises a large number of Danish laboratories which have been accredited by the board to carry out technical testing. SOURCE OF FINANCES: Government; fees for accreditation. PUBLICATIONS: Requirements; guidelines; register of accredited laboratories; general information on the accredition scheme. DANTEST-NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR TESTING AND VERIFICATION Amager Boulevard 115 DK 2300 Copenhagen S CONTACT: E. Repstorff Hotlveg, Director MISSION: To serve as principal testing laboratory and metrology institute. PRIMARY WORK: Provides services in areas such as fire technology, mechanics, structural engineering, chemical technology, calibration and verification of equipment, and product control procedures; develops new test procedures; performs technical advisory services. SOURCES OF FINANCES: Grants and fees for services. PUBLICATIONS: Technical standards, reports, monographs, and brochures. 105

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THE ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF ART, SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE Kongens Nytorv 1 DK 1050 Copenhagen K CONTACT: Ebbe Harder, Registrar MISSION: To provide teaching and laboratory facilities. PRIMARY WORK: Conducts research in architectural history, building, building restoration, design, and rural and-urban planning; provides special laboratory facilities for daylighting observation and full-scale modeling. SOURCES OF FINANCE: State and fund financed. PUBLICATIONS: Internal research newsletter. ROYAL DANISH ACADEMY OF FINE ARTS, SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, INSTITUTE OF BUILDING SCIENCE, DEPARTMENT OF BUILDING SCIENCE Peder Skramsgade 1 DK 1054 Copenhagen K CONTACT: Bjorn Bindsley, Technical Director MISSION: To provide services to advance building practices. PRIMARY WORK: Performs services through education and technical assistance In planning, documenting, and managing building projects; undertakes research and devlopment of computer-aided project management systems. SOURCE OF FINANCES: Government PUBLICATION: Proceedings and course work. SOFUS-BYG--COOPERATION ON RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND TECHNOLOGICAL SERVICES IN THE BUILDING SECTOR c/o Danish Building Research Institute Postbox 119 DK-2970 Horsholm MISSION: To provide advice and guidance to the 23 member organizations on topics of building technology. PRIMARY WORK: Provides advice, mediation, and coordination of all research organizations in the cooperative; organizes symposias and work groups to address relevant technological 106