Cover Image

PAPERBACK
$29.95



View/Hide Left Panel
Click for next page ( 15


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 14
CORPORATE PROFILES ARMSTRONG WORLD INDUSTRIES, INC. AUTODESK, INC. AUTO-TROL CORPORATION P.O. Box 3511 Lancaster, PA 17604 717/397-0611 CONTACT: Joseph E. Hennessey, Assistant Director of Research MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Armstrong concentrates on development of new fibrous compositions for ceilings, integrated lighting and ventilating ceiling systems, and processes for fiberboard decoration. In addition, the company conducts research into improving existing products such as fire-resistant and fire-retardant material for flooring, carpeting, ceilings and walls, thermal insulation, acoustical wall products, and furniture. The Armstrong Technical Center employs more than 500 technical and support personnel with a 1985 budget of $46.8 million. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Extensive pilot plant facilities. 2320 Marinship Way Sausalito, CA 94965 415/332-2344 CONTACT: J. Clifford Gauntlett, AEC Technology Research MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Autodesk develops low-cost CAD/CAM software, portable across a variety of PC and engineering workstations, providing design, 3-D visualization and data base standards for architectural uses, building construction, and facilities management function. 12500 N. Washington Street P.O. Box 33815 Denver, CO 80233 303/452-4919 CONTACT: David Weisberg MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The company major focus is on the development of turnkey computer-assisted design system software for structural design and analysis, as well as traditional engineering drawing and preparation. The corporate research and development group consists of 125 individuals. Contract research in CAD/CAM software is possible. 14

OCR for page 14
BASF 1419 Biddle Avenue CORPORATE RESEARCH AND Wyandotte, MI 48192 DEVELOPMENT CENTER 313/246-6100 Gerhard Paul, Vice President, Corporate R&D Wolfgang Martin, Vice President, R&D, ASF Corporation Fibers Division, P.O. Drawer D, Williamsburg, VA 23187 804/887-6000 MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: BASF Corporation is a subsidiary of an international chemical and plastics company, BASF AG, which has its major technical center in West Germany. The corporate R&D center studies chemicals, plastics, foam matenals, and applications of these, including their use in buildings and as composites. The corporation's Fibers Division in Williamsburg, Virginia, studies the properties of fibers, processes for production, and development of products. The company is interested in applications of fiber in construction materials instead of asbestos, such as its use in buildings as carpeting. BOLT, BERANEK, AND 10 Moulton Street NEWMAN LABORATORIES, INC. Cambridge, MA 02138 617/491-1850 Frank E. Heart, Senior Vice President, Director of Computer and Information Sciences Francis J. Jackson, Senior Vice President, Director, Physical Sciences MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: BEN Laboratories, Inc., is the research and development arm of Bolt, Beranek, and Newman, Inc. The subsidiary offers contract research services with an emphasis in computer, information, and physical sciences. Recent projects include work in multiprocessors; intelligent systems including a pharmaceutical manufacturing process design tool, a molecular modeling system, an avionics training aid, a computer assembly configuration management program, and a network topology and route assessment system; natural language and knowledge representation; and environmental and architectural acoustics. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Uses small-scale test models and simulation. PUBLICATIONS: Internal papers and trade publications. 15

OCR for page 14
CALMA COMPANY CATERPILI^R. INC. CONTROLLED DEMOLITION INTERNATIONAL 501 Sycamore Drive Milpitas, CA 95035 408/434-4000 CONTACT: Malcolm Davies MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The primary business of CALMA is application, enhancement, and improvement of AEC Computer Assisted Design Systems. The company employs 400 people involved in research and development and had a research budget of $45 million in 1987. Technical Center-Bldg. A 100 N.E. Adams St. P.O. Box 1875 Peoria, IL 61656-1875 309/578-6777 CONTACT: C. E. Grawey, Director of Research MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Caterpillar, Inc., addresses the improvement of products primarily with respect to diesel engines, earth-moving equipment, stand-by power units and diesel electric sets. Of 3,000 employees at the technical center, 300 are research professionals, with approximately 75 mechanical - engineers, 65 working on metallurgics and ceramics, 100 working on nonmetallics such as paints and plastics, and 75 working on new vehicle concepts, CAD/CAM projects, model building, and finite elements. 2737 Merryman Mill Road Phoenix, MD 21131 301/667-6610 CONTACT: Mark Loizeaux, President MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: As an international contractor, the company has experience in all aspects of large building demolition using conventional and explosive demolition methods, as well as standard and specialty debris-handling techniques. Data gathering is performed on all previous work with respect to forces needed to handle a variety of construction materials resistant to structural or material failure and the ability of materials to withstand pressures and failure of different kinds. Extensive blast data are also compiled. 16

OCR for page 14
DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: The firm has joined with a group of experts in antiterrorist design using computer-aided design (CAD) to develop a secure buildings program. Has international experience in rescue efforts, debris removal, and demolition following earthquake damage/natural disasters. Has experience with dismantlement of nuclear facilities. CORNING GLASS WORKS Sullivan Park Building Code F11-2-10 Corning, NY 14831 607/974-3331 CONTACT: Dr. William R. Prindle, Associate Director, Research, Development, and Engineering MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Current activities include development of synthetic glass material for use in architectural fascia, including glass and ceramic shingles. Other efforts are directed at the use of glass-ceramics, which are impact-resistant, durable, and relatively inexpensive and which can be used for walls and flooring. Corning has taken on a range of projects that include development of missile radomes, infrared transmitting glasses, telescope mirrors, optical waveguide fibers, reinforced glass-ceramic composites, and extruded cellular ceramics for heat transfer combustor applications. Formed in 1908, the corporate research and development center is a major inorganic materials research center engaged in programs focused on glass, glass-ceramics, technical ceramics, and other associated materials. The laboratories, in addition to research and development activities directed toward the internal needs of Corning Glass Works, have expanded their scope to include contract services for government and industrial sponsors. With a total staff of 750 and an annual budget of $50 million, the research and development center provides its services either as a prime contractor or as a subcontractor to government agencies and industrial firms. DISTINCTIVE AITRIBU17ES: Melting and forming of large glass articles and ceramics. Capability to form advanced ceramic material reinforced with silicon carbide or carbon fibers. PUBLICATIONS: Corning RESEARCH: Articles by Corning Glass Works Scientists (annual), internal papers, and professional journals. 17

OCR for page 14
DEERE AND COMPANY Technical Center John Deere Road Moline, It 61265 309/752-8000 CONTACT: Brian Aim, Manager, Media Relations Mack Klimpler, Manager, Engineering (Industrial Products), Dubuque, Iowa 319/589-5287 Robert Wismer, Director, Technical Center MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The budget for research and development has averaged just over $200 million for the past 5 years, emphasizing the coordination of product development and manufacturing of heavy equipment in order to improve product quality, manufacturing production, and cost efficiencies. Research is diversified throughout the company, with each manufacturing plant containing an engineering department, while all draw on the corporate R&D center for coordination and scientific application assistance. Research is also undertaken in chemical and physical sciences. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Product development and design in heavy equipment industry. EVERETT I. BROWN COMPANY, 941 North Meridian Street ARCHITECTS AND ENGINEERS Indianapolis, IN 46204 317/266-0033 CONTACT: Joseph Brown, Managing Partner and Director John W. Howard, Marketing Representative MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The company is a full service A/E firm with in-house architectural capability and mechanical, civil, structural, and electrical engineering disciplines. Among the first in the United States to employ computer-aided design as an operational tool, the firm now has 54 work stations, 11 CPUs and more than 7,000 megabytes of storage capacity supplemented with PCs, printers, and alphanumeric input devices. The firm has its own in-house software developers. The company promotes the design of secure buildings through the formation of interdisciplinary teams of architects/engineers and security specialists whose assessment and performance abilities are enhanced through the sophisticated use of analytic capabilities available in co~nputer-aided design technology. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Experience in CAD systems. 18

OCR for page 14
FACTORY MUTUAL ENGINEERING AND RESEARCH FORI) MOTOR COMPANY, GLASS DIVISION 1151 Boston-Prondence Turnpike P.O. Box 9102 Norwood, MA 02062 617/762-4300, Ext. 1405 CONTACT: Madeleine Andersson, Director, Public Relations MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The organization's research supports its loss control services and is mainly concerned with fire, the nature of combustion, fire hazard characteristics of materials, fire prevention and control, and testing and loss analysis. Explosions, sprinkler systems, convection, and mine fires are also studied. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: The organization's large-scale fire test facilities in West Gloucester, Rhode Island, can be used to set up and study full-size fires under controlled conditions. Product Research & Development 15000 N. Commerce Drive Dearborn, MI 48120 313/845-4790 CONTACT: Glenn Stinson, Support Laboratories Manager MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The division, with 45 engineers and a budget of several million dollars, draws on the support of Ford Motor Science Labs, which has a billion-dollar-plus budget and extensive facilities. Research is conducted in commercial, architectural, and automotive glass, primarily in three specific areas: coated products, both pyrolytic and vacuum "sputter" coatings; curtainwall construction; and low-emissivity or heat-reflecting glass. The primary focus of these products is energy conservation, architectural economics, and aesthetics. Advanced research is being conducted in areas such as electroluminescence, photovoltaics, liquid crystal switching, electrochromics, and decorated products. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Electron microscope for analyzing composition of particles and coatings, heat-up facilities, vacuum sputter coating machines, and computer X-ray. PUBLICATIONS: Trade and professional journals. 19

OCR for page 14
GUARDIAN INDUSTRIES HONEYVVELL INC. Architectural Glass Division 14600 Romaine Road Carleton, MI 48117 313/962-2252 CONTACT: Ray Nalepka, Director, Research and Development MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Guardian Industries' research focuses on the development of a wide variety of architectural glasses, including float glass for building exteriors; high-performance reflective glasses with a variety of coatings, including low emissivity; reflective spandrel glass used for building exteriors; insulating glass; acoustical window systems; and laminated glass. Laboratories include equipment for stress testing, emissivity properties, and glass composition. DISTINCTIVE A11RIB=ES: Refective glasses. Honeywell Plaza Minneapolis, MN 55408 612/870-5200 CONTACT: Susan Eich, Corporate Public Relations, Ext. 6730 Jim Olson, Vice President of Engineering Building Controls Division, Ext. 6684 Gene Chodash, Director of Engineering, Commercial Building Groups, Ext. 5350 Roger Feulner, Vice President and General Manager, Corporate Systems Development Division, Ext. 6887 Paul Peterson, Director, Physical Sciences Center, Ext. 4307 Mary Nelson, Protective Services Division, Ext. 2862 MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Honeywell Inc. divides its research into five divisions: Building Controls Division, Commercial Buildings Group, Corporate Systems Development Division, Physical Sciences Center, and Protection Services Division. The Building Controls Division produces heating, ventilation, and air conditioning controls; lighting controls and building management systems for commercial buildings; burner and boiler combustion controls; and water controls. In addition, the division provides its customers with indoor air quality diagnostic services. 20

OCR for page 14
The Commercial Buildings Group comprises two divisions: Building Services and Building Systems. Building Services Division provides operational support, maintenance, communication, and energy retrofit systems and services under contract to owners and operators of commercial, industrial, and institutional buildings. Building Systems Division produces comfort controls and building management, fire-alarm, and security systems for commercial, industrial, and institutional buildings. The Integrated Building Center, within the division, provides integrated building control and communication systems for factories and plants, office buildings, correctional institutions, health-care institutions, hotels, retail stores, and schools and universities. The Corporate Systems Development Division provides many products and services for building markets, such as systems engineering for integration of control, communications, and computer systems for commercial buildings and industry. The division also designs and develops multipurpose application processors. In addition, it integrates building wiring, designs special workstations, and creates communication protocols. The Physical Sciences Center was formed to aid in the research and development of sensing and control technologies for automation. The Protection Services Division provides security services for homes and commercial buildings. This includes burglary and fire protection, access control, and 24-hour monitoring by the division's customer service centers. Research and development spending in 1986 amounted to $705 million, with $247 million, or 4.6% percent of sales, being Honeywell-funded and the rest customer- funded. Honeywell is a contributor to the Smart House Consortium of the National Association of Home Builders and the Electronic Industries Association. JOHNSON CONTROLS, INC. 5757 North Green Bay Avenue P.O. Box 591 Milwaukee, WI 53201 414/228-1200 CONTTA CT: George Jacobi, Vice President for Technology Dennis Miller, Manager, Controls Research MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Johnson Controls focuses on the integration of building controls, lighting, heating, ventilation, air conditioning, fire security, and communications - an~ wiring. 21

OCR for page 14
KAWNEER COMPANY, INC. 555 Guthridge Court Norcross, GA 30092 404/449-5555 CONTACT: Robert D. Foster, Director, Research and Development MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Kawneer conducts applied research for the development of new products. The firm is a producer of windows, curtain walls, doors, entrance framing, hardware, exterior storefronts, and panel products with fire-resistant properties. DISTINCTIVE Al1RIBUl7ES: Chemical anodizing labs, and static and thermal chambers. KIDDE AUTOMATED SYSTEMS 35 Sharon Drive West Lake, OH 44105 216/871-9900 CONTACT: Richard Evans, Director, Research and Development Nick Martello, Product Specialist MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Product development and the improvement of access, fire, and security and building automation control systems are major research areas at Kidde. The company also specializes in communications between control panels and system computers, multiple area networks, and transmit techniques as interfaces and system integrators. The company is currently testing use of fiber optics in control systems. KOPPERS COMPANY, INC. 436 Seventh Avenue Pittsburgh, PA 15219 412/227-2307 CONTACT: Charles P. Dorsey, Vice President, Science and Technology MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Koppers focuses on the exploration of advanced technologies in construction materials and chemical products, as well as the development of new products and the improvement of manufacturing processes in these areas. The company sponsors external research at three universities and at high-technology R&D companies in which it has an interest. The company's main building product areas are roofing, roof insulation, phenolic foam insulation, waterproofing systems, roofing membranes, and asphalt and reinforced coatings, aggregates, asphalt concrete, etc. 22

OCR for page 14
LENNOX INDUSTRIES INC.Research Center NATIONAL GYPSUM 1600 Metrocrest Drive Carrollton, TX 75006 214/245-2525 CONTACT: Dave Treadwell, Director of Engineering MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Lennox emphasizes the testing and improvement of heating, ventilating, and air conditioning products in its research. The company is one of the largest furnace manufacturers in the United States and conducts research in conjunction with the American Gas Association, Gas Research Institute, and Battelle Memorial Institute. The research and development group consists of 200 people, 64 of whom are engineers involved in product development, evaluation, design services (both manual and CAD/CAM), engineering, and rehabilitating components. Facilities include: complete mode! shop, fabricating of sheet metal, welding and machine shop, packaging lab, electric heat testing lab, a sound testing lab, air handling lab, metallurgy and chemical labs, and test facilities for cooling performance. Lennox is currently involved in a power control project with the Salt River Project, an electric utility company in Arizona. The applied research group also participates in outside contract work. Gold Bond Research Center 1650 Military Road Buffalo, NY 14217 716/873-9750 CONTACT: Terry Williamson, Vice President MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Primary activities are centered on wallboard products such as joint compounds, paper, and wallboard; construction systems for the application of wallboard; steel products for attaching wallboard; and exterior viny} sidings. The company also evaluates new processes for making gypsum board. Additionally, the company tests f~e-resistant products for outside concerns. Research activity is supported by a staff of 60 technical people. DISTINCTIVE AITRIB=ES: Fire testing utilizing a full-size horizontal and vertical wall furnace and a tunnel furnace to test fire spread. Also has an acoustical testing facility. PUBLICATIONS: Internal reports and trade publications. 23

OCR for page 14
OWENS-CORNING FIBERGLAS NORTH AMERICAN PHILIPS LIGHTING CORPORATION Technical Center Granville, OH 43023 614/587-0610 CONTACT: Frank Beumel, Laboratory Director, Construction Products Group MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The company produces materials designed to achieve thermal or acoustical insulation; electrical resistance, ballistic properties; dimensional stability; high strength with reduced weight and greater flexibility or stiffness. Fundamental structures of materials are studied, as well as mechanical, thermal, and chemical properties. New techniques are being designed to develop materials based on the scientific disciplines of glass and polymer synthesis, the physics of fiber forming and the engineered processing of glass fibers and resins. The 1987 science and technology department budget of $45 million supports a staff of about 500 technical and support personnel at the Granville, Ohio, Technical Center, and several smaller laboratories at plant sites. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Fatigue lab for testing long-term durability; and fire testing labs for tests of safety of construction materials and interior fabrics, thermal properties. 200 Franklin Square Drive CN 6800 Somerset, NJ 08%73 CONTACT: Rob Peters, Vice President, Corporate Research and Development Robert McCulley, Director Product Management Paul Rorer, Manager, Application Engineering MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Philips pursues new and improved product development research with respect to the lighting of most internal and external building spaces with a variety of light fixtures and light sources. At the corporate research facility in Holland, state-of-the-art research and application engineering are being conducted on aspects of lighting not generally accepted in U.S. markets, such as reflector panels, low-energy light sources, new types of light fixtures, and increasing lamp life. The U.S. research is concentrated on increased energy efficiency and longer life of light sources; identification of new light sources, including new uses and applications for low-pressure 24

OCR for page 14
sodium; high-intensity discharge lamps; compact fluorescents; and tungsten halogen lamps. Development of fixtures is also an important aspect of light generation and efficiency. The company also conducts research into photometries and the use of reflectors and refractors. Among a variety of research topics currently under consideration are workplace issues, including productivity and its relationship to light when standards are set for various task requirements, various ages of individuals, and the efficiency of the system. Included in this category is a move back to task lighting from u~de-area lighting, which was pursued in response to energy efficiency. DISTINCTIVE ATI RIBUTES: Efficiency of low-sodium lighting. PUBLICATIONS: Extensive use of external and internal books journals, guides, and newsletters. PPG INDUSTRIES SCHLAGE LOCK CO. I, One PPG Place Pittsburgh, PA 15272 412/434-3131 PPG Glass R&D Harmarville, PA 15238 412/665-8500 CONTACT: R. L. Scriven, Director, Glass Research and Development, Harmarville MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: PPG research emphasizes development and improvement of glass and coating products. Glass research is involved with energy efficient coatings for residential and commercial construction, impact resistance, and decorative architectural glass for interior and exterior use. Coatings research is focused on electrodeposition coatings, high-speed radiation-curable coatings, and heavy-duty industrial maintenance coatings. 2401 Bayshore Blvd. San Francisco, CA 94134 415/467-1100 CONTACT: Lee Tatara, Acting Director of Research MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Schlage develops and improves products used in locking systems and builder's hardware. The company is involved in the Smart House Consortium of the National Association of Home Builders and the Electronics Industries Association. It intends to concentrate research on electronic security systems, doubling its present level of effort from 14 to 28 people. 25

OCR for page 14
DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Participates in joint ventures to develop security systems. STEVEN VVIN17ER 6100 Empire State Brag. 170 Newport Center Drive ASSOCIATES, INC. New York,NY 10001 Newport Beach,CA 92660 212/56~5800 714/760-1568 CONTACT: Steven Winter, President Deane Evans, Principal MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: An architectural/engineering firm that provides extensive technical consulting services to the building industry, including design, structural engineering, mechanical engineering, value engineering, code compliance, energy modeling, construction supervision, asbestos assessments, energy audits, technical publications, CAD/CAM, cost analysis, technical research, hazards research, new industry development, and technology transfer. The firm provides these services to a wide range of clients, including developers; product manufacturers and suppliers; federal and state government agencies; industry associations and utilities; and design professionals and consultants. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Expertise in prefabricated and industrialized housing, market analysis, and computer modeling. PUBLICATIONS: Passive Solar Construction Handbook; Greenhouses for Living Ener~-Efficient Lighting Design; Energy Conservation Standard for Federally Procured Housing Affordable Housing Through Energy Conservation; Designing Affordable Housing Home Building Cost Cuts; Suntempenng in the Northeast; Building Value into Housing, 1980 Awards; Residential Steel France Construction. GTE SYLVANIA PRODUCTS CORPORATION 100 Endicott St. Danvers, MA 01923 617/777-1900 CONTACT: John Waymouth, Director, Research and Development MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: GTE Sylvania focuses on the development of energy-efficient lights for indoor and outdoor application. Primary emphasis in recent years has been research in support of new products. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Sylvania develops and markets tungsten-halogen lamps, fluorescent lamps, and high-intensity discharge lamps for all lighting specifications. PUBLICATIONS: Publishes extensively in both trade and professional publications. 26

OCR for page 14
3M COMPANIES USG CORPORATION UNITED TECHNOLOGIES 3M Center St. Paul, MN 55101 612/733-7177 CONTACT: Tom Severeide, Executive Director, Corporate Research Laboratories Gerry Kottong, Government Research Department MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: 3M is primarily concerned with improving and developing new products in existing lines including abrasives, adhesives, chemicals, tapes, and electrical products. Activities include work in damping tall buildings; calks and. seals; fire retardation and flammables; reflective and efficient light fixtures; and a fire containment system consisting of "fire barrier" compound inside-wall material. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: An annual R&D budget of about 5468 million comprises about 5.7-6.0 percent of sales. About 6,000 technical professionals are employed in R&D. PUBLICATION: Trade literature. Research and Development Center 700 North Highway 45 Liber~e, IL 60048 312/362-9797 CONTACT: Mitch Ptasienski, Manager, Information Services MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: With more than 3,000 products, USG Corporation emphasizes research in improved and new products. General categories of products include gypsum board; joint treatment; building plasters; acoustical and insulating tiles; steel components such as studs, joists, corner beads, grids, and clips of various kinds; industrial plasters; fillers; lime; agricultural gypsum; and wood fiber items. Research is supported by 155 technical staff. In addition, Masonite Corporation and Donn Products maintain seperate research facilities. United Technologies Building Hartford, CT 06101 203/728-7000 CONTACT: James W. Clark, Assistant Director of Research for Engineering Operations United Technologies Research Center Silver Lane East Hartford, CT 06108 203/727-7080 27

OCR for page 14
MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: As a broad-based designer and manufacturer of high-technology products, United Technologies has a variety of products and research capabilities. Subsidiaries of the corporation include Otis Elevator, the world's largest elevator manufacturer, and Carrier Corporation, worldwide leading air-conditioner manufacturer. The United Technologies Research Center conducts basic and applied research across a broad spectrum of advanced technologies employing about 1,100 technical and support personnel. The Research Center performs near-, medium-, and long-term R&D programs in photonics (integrated optics, fiber-optics, lasers, electro-optics, nonlinear optics, acousto-optics); electronics (compound semiconductor materials and devices, microelectronic sensors, hybrid circuits, signal processing, microwave devices); and computer science (artificial intelligence, computer architectures, software), which can have application to integrated security systems, special alarm and detection systems, communications systems, and the detection and analysis of electromagnetic emissions. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Otis recently completed a new 28-story test tower on a 15-acre site in Bristol, Connecticut. This new research facility represents an investment of about $15 million. WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC CORPORATION Research and Development Center 1310 Beulah Rd. Pittsburgh, PA 15235 412/256-2800 Issac R. Barpel, Vice President, Research and Development Doris A. Pollitt, Manager, Communications, 412/256-2721 MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The center responds to the needs of the corporation's operating divisions, provides access to expertise needed by the operating divisions, and transfers technology from the center to the operating divisions. The center consists of seven technical divisions: applied sciences, electronics technology, chemical sciences, solid state sciences, materials sciences, solid oxide technology, and engineering. Most recently, Westinghouse has pursued work on high-temperature solid oxide fuel cells for production of electricity as a total energy system for residences and industrial cogeneration systems. The center has a staff of 1,500, including 600 scientists and engineers. 28

OCR for page 14
W.R GRACE & CO. Construction Products Division 62 Whitmore Ave. Cambridge, MA 02140 617/876-1400 CONTACT: Barry Siadat, Director of New Business, Development and Research Jan Skalay, Director, Construction Specialties Group Washington Research Center, W.R. Grace & Co., Columbia, Md. 301/531-4597 MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Research activities are focused on cement and concrete additives, thermal barriers to fire, moisture and noise transmission, durability of structural envelopes, roofing systems, and materials including concrete, gypsum, rubbers and plastics, and metals. Generally, the research program is concerned with system compatibility, performance of buildings, and fireproofing systems. The budget for research In construction products is several million dollars per year with a staff of over 100 technical and support persons. A corporate R&D center, the Washington Research Center, at Columbia, Maryland, includes a construction specialties group. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Thermal measurement laboratory. Laboratory for cement and concrete testing. PUBLICATIONS: Internal publications, journals, patents, and professional conferences. 29