Cover Image

PAPERBACK
$29.95



View/Hide Left Panel
Click for next page ( 4


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 3
ASSOCIATION PROFILES ACEC RESEARCH & MANAGEMENT FOUNDATION (ACEC/RMF) 1015 Fifteenth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20005 202/347-7474 CONTACT: Jack R. Warner, Vice President Program Development MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The foundation (ACEC/RMF) is an independent, nonprofit research and educational organization created by the American Consulting Engineers Council (ACEC) in 1974 to serve the public interest in the disciplines practiced by consulting engineers. The foundation's affiliation with ACEC ensures that its efforts are responsive to consulting engineers' needs and that ACEC/RMF research findings have accessible channels to design professionals and the public. The foundation helps the consulting engineering community by performing research and analyses to provide a factual basis for practice, educational tools, and policy- making. ACEC/RMF involves engineers in studies designed to transfer research findings into the practice environment. Most projects are developed with the assistance of an advisory committee of leading engineers and academics. Recent research projects have included building energy design, active solar energy design tools, R&D planning, seismic studies, energy efficiency, and passive solar energy design tools. ACEC/RMF's annual budget of approximately $1.5 million is derived mostly from federal grants and contracts. The ACEC Scholarship Program, which awards thousands of dollars each year to engineering students, is supported by an endowment fund of ACEC/RMF. The foundation relies on advisory panels and consultants from the building industry to accomplish its work. DISTINCTIVE AI~RIBUTES: Development of a data base of the standards referenced in codes and government design guides. Analysis of new flexible gas piping systems for buildings. Publication and research on retrofitting existing buildings for energy efficiency. Publication of studies on improving the efficiency of industrial processes. Energy analysis computer programs. Implementation of public agency design department management and operation reviews by A/E professionals. Revision of public agency design guide criteria. Comprehensive analysis risks to engineering firms in the hazardous waste field. PUBLICATIONS: Reports, directories, and summaries. List available on request. 3

OCR for page 3
AMERICAN CONCRETE INSTITIJI1: AMERICAN COUNCIL OF INDEPENDENT I^BORATORIES AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS (AIA)/ACSA 22400 West Seven Mile Road Detroit, MI 48219 313/532-2600 CONTACT: George F. Leyh, Executive Vice President MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The institute works to farther engineering and technical education, scientific investigation and research, and development of standards for the design and construction of concrete structures. It gathers, correlates, and disseminates information for the improvement of the design, construction, manufacture, use, and maintenance of concrete products and structures. The institute promotes improved technology technical competence, and good design and construction practices. PUBLICATIONS: Concrete International: Design and Construction; Concrete Abstracts; ACI Materials Journal; ACI Structural Journal. 1725 K Street, N.W., Suite 412 Washington DC 20006 202/887-5872 CONTACT: Joseph F. O'Neil, Executive Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The council is an association of independent testing, inspection, analytical, and research and development laboratories for clients in industry, commerce, and government. 1735 New York Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20006 202/626-7300 AIA 202/785-2324 ACSA CONTACT: Richard McCommons, Executive Director, Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The AIA, which previously conducted and sponsored research through the AIA Foundation, formed a new research structure in 1986 with the Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture (ACSA). The foundation continues as a public outreach organization. An advisory council of the AIA and ACSA sets priorities for a research agenda and promotes funding. Topics include energy; contracts and documents; and educational facilities. 4

OCR for page 3
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF STEEL CONSTRUCTION (AISC) AMERICAN IRON & STEEL INSTI1111~ (AISI) The Wrigley Building 40;0 North Michigan Avenue Chicago, IL 60611 312/670-2400 CONTACT: Nestor Iwankiw, AISC Director, Research and Codes Larry Kloiber, Chairman, Committee on Research MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: AISC represents the U.S. fabricated steel industry. Research is aimed at supporting the use of fabricated structural steel through the sponsoring of projects selected by the AISC's Committee on Research. Recent work has included the study of large bracing connections, composite beam web openings, flush end-plate connections (with the Metal Building Manufacturers Association), composite simi-rigid connections, and electroslag welding. Other cooperative research priorities have been established within broad categories, for example, computer-aided design (CAD), steel fire resistance load and resistance factor design, seismic design and total building systems. AISC receives ongoing federal government support, from the National Science Foundation (NSF), National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP), and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) for steel research. The institute's own research budget is about $100,000. PUBLICATIONS: AISCManual of Steel Construction, AISC Engineering Journal, and other textbooks and publications. 133 15th Street, N.W., Suite 300 Washington, DC 20005 202/452-7190 CONTACT: Albert C. Kuentz, Program Manager, Research MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The institute sponsors research in steelmaking and steel applications including heavy construction, sheet steel, metal plate, steel framing, and other building-related topics. Funding is frequently collaborative or cooperative with other associations, industry and the federal government. The budget for building-related work is approximately $1 million. Recent studies in steel construction include studies of structural reliability, autostress design of steel bridges, ultimate strength of composite plate girders, eccentrically-braced steel frames in earthquakes, structural design of cold-formed steel walls and columns, response of steel structure to fire. PUBLICATIONS: Manuals, handbooks, and research reports. 5

OCR for page 3
AMERICAN PLYWOOD ASSOCIATION AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS Research Center 7011 South 19th Street P.O. Box 11700 Tacoma, WA 98411 206/565-6600 William T. Robison, President, American Plywood Association Thomas R. Flint, Director, Technical Services Division Michael R. O'Halloran, Assistant Director Technical Services Division MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Market-oriented research aimed at solving building problems. Examples include the glued-floor system, permanent wood foundation, and diaphragm and shear wall design. APA's Technical Division also develops information leading to industry-adopted product and performance standards. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: A 37,000-square-foot research center. Materials and structural systems testing capability. Real-time computer system. A technical staff of more than 20 engineers and scientists. PUBLICATIONS: More than 300 titles, ranging from do-it-yourself publications to the Panel Specification Senes. 345 East 47th Street New York, NY 10017 212/705-7496 CONTACT: Edward Kippel, Manager, Technical Services MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The society's purpose is to stimulate research in civil engineering. The Society Technical Council on Research coordinates research proposals and interests of the council's 22 advisory committees. The society does not fund research, although it will provide administration of research funding. Current research interests include quality assurance in constructed projects and structural plastics. 6

OCR for page 3
AMERICAN SOCIETY OF lIEATING, REFRIGERATING AND AIR-CONDITIONING ENGINEERS (AS H RAE) AMERICAN SOCIETY OF PLUMBING ENGINEERS RESEARCH FOUNDATION THE ASPHALT INSTITUTE RESEARCH CENTER 1791 Tullie Circle, N.E. Atlanta, GA 30329 404/636-8400 CONTACT: William W. Seaton, Manager of Research MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: ASHRAE's purpose is to advance the arts and sciences of heating, ventilation, refrigeration, air-conditioning, and related human factors. The Research and Technical Committee solicits proposals on research topics from universities and other agencies interested in cooperative research. Research topics of increasing interest include indoor air quality problems, system dynamics studies, building responses to climatic changes, and the effects of moisture and humidity on buildings. The 1987-88 research budget was $1.38 million, supported by individuals, chapters, and industry. The society has also conducted research for federal agencies, most recently the Department of Energy. PUBLICATION: ASHRAE Research Joumal. 3617 Thousand Oaks Blvd. Suite 210 West Lake Village, CA 913623 805/495-7120 CONTACT: John S. Shaw, Executive Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The foundation's purpose is to coordinate, sponsor and develop funding for research in plumbing systems. It is currently developing a long-range agenda of research related to future water demand in commercial and residential buildings. Important issues being considered are the potential for safely reducing standard pipe sizes for supply and drainage, and supply and demand in large buildings. Using its long-range plan, the foundation will send out requests for proposals to universities and commercial laboratories. Its Advisory Council will support the research with contributions from ASPE's 4,500 members and from plumbing manufacturers. Funding from federal, state and local governments will also be considered. Asphalt Institute Building College Park, MD 20740 301/277-4258 7 Gerald S. Triplett, President Vyt P. Puzinauskas, Director of Research Edward T. Harrigan, Assistant Director of Research

OCR for page 3
MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The Research Center's focus is to improve current products and to develop new uses for bitumen and asphalt. The institute's laboratories on the campus of the University of Maryland do research and testing of materials used in road building, waterproofing, roofing, mastics, and other applications. A chemical laboratory is used to measure the physical properties of building materials; a physical laboratory is used for making mixtures used in paving. Both laboratories are equipped to do testing. The institute's 55 members are companies that manufacture asphalt products from crude petroleum. Its budget is about $4 million, of which about a third supports research. About 75 percent of the research effort is in the development of paving materials, and the remainder concerns structures. Three professionals and three technicians staff the institute's laboratories. The corporate members and the institute occasionally form cooperative research arrangements with universities. PUBLICATIONS: Technical manuals, research reports, and audio-visual materials. ASTM (formerly the American Society for Testing and Materials) THE BRICK INSTITUTE OF AMERICA 1916 Race Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103 215/299-5473 CONTACT: Spencer Everhardt, Information Resources MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The ASTM establishes voluntary consensus standards for materials, products, systems, and services. 11490 Commerce Park Drive Reston, VA 22090 703/620-0010 CONTACT: John Grogan, Executive Director 8601 Dunwoody Place, Suite 507 Atlanta, GA 30338 404/993-9714 MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The institute's programs address various aspects of brick masonry, including structural problems, water penetration resistance, and performance. The institute is also interested in the education of the design profession in the use of brick in the construction industry. Research programs are contracted out to universities. 8

OCR for page 3
BUILDING OWNERS & MANAGERS ASSOCIATION INTERNATIONAL CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY I^BORATORIES, INC. (CTL) 1250 I"Eye" Street, N.W Suite 200 Washington, DC 20005 202/289-7000 . CONTACT: Alton J. Penz, Staff Vice President, Research MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The association, through a committee process with staff, studies needs and issues of importance to owners and managers of office buildings. It also conducts studies and keeps abreast of issues such as leasing, markets, codes and standards, income and operations expense, performance, energy operations, and rehabilitation/renovation. Other activities include the compilation of statistics, awards programs, and research programs. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Oriented to empirical research on economic, operational, and institutional behavior issues. Publishes the most comprehensive annual survey available of income, expenses and operating characteristics for office buildings in North America. PUBLICATIONS: NorthAmerccanOf~ceMarketReview (semi-annual); E:cpenence Exchange Report (annual); Standard Method of Floor Measurement; special technical reports as appropriate (e.g., asbestos guidelines, fire incidence surveys, operating methods surveys). 5420 Old Orchard Road Skokie, IL 60077-4321 312/965-7500 CONTACT: Walter E. Kunze, President MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The principal research focus is on the properties of cement and its performance in concrete, but laboratory work includes all other construction materials. CI L is one of the largest research facilities in its field in the world. Structures and materials are tested for fire, wind, earthquake resistance, strength, durability, and performance in a variety of uses. CTL provides performance evaluation, inspection, laboratory and field testing and product development and rehabilitation on a contract basis. The laboratory deals with all construction processes and materials, emphasizing cement and concrete technology. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: CTL has five buildings on a 22-acre site, with the world's largest multiaxial test facility, 50 million pounds capacity; facilities to test large-diameter pipe up to 700 pounds per square inch; a large, environmentally controlled test area; three firetesting furnaces; a calibrated 9

OCR for page 3
hotbox; guarded hot plate; closed-circuit ball mill; computer-enhanced X-ray spectrometer; and pilot rotary kilns. PUBLICATIONS: Journals, bulletins, and periodicals published by the Portland Cement Association and the CTL. An index is available. EDISON ELECTRIC INSTITUTE ELECTRIC POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE 1111 19th Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20036 202/778-64()0 CONTACT: Norman Rubinstein, Director of Information and Publishing Services MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The institute helps electric companies generate and distribute electrical energy at the lowest possible prices consistent with safe and reliable service. It promotes scientific research to meet people's needs through environmentally acceptable means, and it makes available information of importance to consumers and the industry. 3412 Hillview Avenue Palo Alto, CA 94304 415/855-2000 CONTACT: Arvo Lannus, Program Manager, Residential and Commercial Energy Utilization Department Mary Panke, Information Specialist, EPRI, 1800 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20036 202/872-9222 MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: In building-related areas, EPRI's research aims are to increase the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of electricity utilization, to improve end-use productivity, and to understand and control environmental, safety, and health effects of electricity use. The Residential and Commercial Program has a budget of $9 million, which is divided among research programs in heating and cooling, water heating, building envelope and indoor environmental control, thermal storage, lighting, refrigeration, appliances (including commercial cooking equipment), load control, automation, and metering. Related research is conducted in the demand-side planning program on customer response, marketing, and demand-side program planning methods and information development. All research is carried out by outside contractors. PUBLICATIONS: 1987-1989 Researc1' & Development Program Plan, technical reports, EPRI Joumal 10

OCR for page 3
GAS RESEARCH INSTITtlTE INTELLIGENT BUILDINGS INSTITUTE 8600 West Bryn Mawr Avenue Chicago, IL 60631 312/399-8100 CONTACT: James R. Brodrick, Manager, Residential/Commercial Technology Analysis MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: GRI plans, manages, and develops financing for a cooperative research and development program in the supply, transport, storage, and end use of gaseous fuels for the mutual benefit of the gas industry and its present and future customers. This institute is developing new and improved technologies that maximize the value of gas energy services while minimizing the cost of supplying and delivering gaseous fuels as the most effective way to serve the mutual interests of both the industry and its customers. To accomplish this program, GRI has a staff of 240 at its headquarters office and a budget for contract research of about $150 million per year. The R&D program on end-use technologies develops improved gas-using equipment that is more effective, meets environmental standards, and offers competitive consumer costs at equivalent or higher quality of service compared with alternative energy service options. Research focuses on technologies such as heating systems, cooling systems, heat pumps, prime movers, appliances, fuel cells and energy cogeneration systems, and building systems for both residential and commercial sectors. To provide guidance for the R&D of end-use gas technologies, GRI sponsors building-related research projects. For example, detailed characterizations of the existing building stock are under way with Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory on multifamily residential housing and with Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories on office buildings. To field-test gas technologies, GRI is involved with several research test houses for a range of technical projects. PUBLICATIONS: Gas Research Institute 198~1990 Research & Development Plan, Gas Research Institute Digest, various technical reports, and staff papers. 2101 L Street, N.W., Suite 300 Washington, DC 20037 202/457-8477 CONTACT: Richard H. Geissler, Executive Director Jan Goebel, Associate Executive Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The institute is a professional association serving all sectors of the intelligent buildings community. Activities include market information, 11

OCR for page 3
training certification program's regulatory action/reaction, guidelines and standards, government advocacy, and joint research and development. Support for the institute comes from producers of hardware, software and systems, designers, consultants, architects, contractors, distributors, building owners, and managers. DISTINCTIVE AlTRIBUTES: Multicompany membership focused on development of intelligent buildings. LIGHTING RESEARCH INSTITUTE METAL BUILDING MANUFACTURERS ASSOCL\TION 345 East 47th Street, 9th Floor New York, NY 10017 212/705-7511 CONTACT: Richard L. Vincent, Director of Development and Programs MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The institute funds research on lighting, including photobiology; the health implications of artificial lighting; the relationship between lighting and vision; the integration of lighting, artificial and natural, in systems applications; and psychological aspects of human response to light, such as a recent study of how lighting influences the movement of people to exits in an emergency. The institute undertakes cooperative projects with other organizations, notably the Electric Power Research Institute, the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Electric Manufacturers Association, and the New York State Energy Research & Development Authority. The institute was founded in 1982 by the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America. It sponsors about $100,000 worth of research annually. 1230 Keith Building Cleveland, OH 44115 216/241-7333 CONTACT: Gilliam Harris, Director of Research MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The association's sponsored research focuses on the reaction of metal plates and steel buildings to different load conditions such as snow, wind, and seismic loading. Research is done on steel building design and analysis. Work is contracted out to universities. Several cooperatively funded projects are carried out with other steel-related organizations. The research budget is about $100,000. 12

OCR for page 3
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF HOME BUILDERS RESEARCH FOUNDATION NATIONAL CONCRETE MASONRY ASSOCIATION 627 South Lawn P.O. Box 1627C3 Rockville, MD 20850 301/762-4200 CONTACT: David J. MacEadyen, Executive Vice President MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The NAHB Research Foundation focuses on the introduction of significant new developments in building products and manufacturing practices. The foundation is a subsidiary corporation of the National Association of Home Builders. Research is conducted in five divisions: laboratory services, building systems, industrial engineering, economic studies, and special services. The foundation's laboratory is equipped with a 200,000-pound universal testing machine, air filtration measurement equipment, air quality instrumentation, insulation testing apparatus, weather simulators, and controlled temperature-humidity chambers. The foundation conducts design and testing of light-framed structures, construction of research houses, cost-effectiveness studies, and economic analyses. The foundation operates on a budget of $3 million, with a staff of approximately 45, including engineers, economists, architects, urban planners,and test technicians. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: The Smart House project, a consortium of 30 businesses formed to develop a new system for residential wiring. PUBLICATIONS: A technology transfer program coordinates publications. Information, publications (through the NAHB bookstore), and surveys of various aspects of the building industry are available. 2302 Horse Pen Road P.O. Box 781C3 Herndon, VA 22070 703/435-4900 CONTACT: Edwin G. Hedstrom, Director, Research and Development MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The association's laboratory performs structural research and testing on a variety of aspects of concrete masonry for members and on a contract basis. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Facilities include a 2-million- pound test frame capable of testing walls 20-foot x 6-foot; a lateral test frame with air bag; water permanence test chambers; and environmental chambers for freeze testing, as well as a variety of other testing equipment. 13