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llNIVERSITY PROFILES Architecture and Design CAJR5nEGIE-M ELLO N [n~rVE~tSIl1Y IB9rVE[USIl1Y OF CALIFORNIA Center for Building Diagnostics Institute of Building Sciences Department of Architecture Doherty Hall-Schenley Park Pittsburgh, PA 15213 412/268-2350 CONTACT: Volker Hartkopf MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The center emphasizes research in four major areas: (1) evaluation of building performance, including researching the area of total building performance, modeling individual areas of building performance such as light and energy, and indoor air quality; (2) computer-aided design, including three-dimensional models, expert systems, and building performance simulations; (3) the science of design; and (4) building development of Third World countries, including postdisaster shelter, predisaster planning, housing development in earthquake-prone areas, and improved technology introductions. The annual budget is $600,000 with a full-time staff of 12. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Facilities include a CAD laboratory and monitoring equipment used in building performance analysis. PUBLICATIONS: Building research series and professional journals. College of Environmental Design Berkeley, CA 94720 415/642-0830 CONTACT: Richard Bender, Dean MISSIO N AVID FO CUS OF RUESEAdRC H: The two related unuts are the Center for Environmental Design Research and the Institute of Urban and Regional Planning. Between the two they cover the areas of seismic hazards and building safety, Third World urban development, Third World urban design and planning, fire, life safety, energy, information technology, accessibility for the elderly and handicapped, and building science and site diagnostics. The building science laboratory has a wind tunnel, an artificial sky, environmental chambers, computer graphics simulation, and environmental design simulation. The staff includes 20 senior 30

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faculty members, 50 graduate students in architecture, 10 in landscape architecture, and 10 in city planning. They have a budget that ranges from $1 million to $2 million depending on grants. Sources are federal, state and city governments; the university; and industry. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: A unique combination of environmental simulator, artificial sky, and wind tunnel. PUBLICATIONS: Reports and journals. UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY College of Design and Planning Campus Box 314 Boulder, CO 80309 303/492-7711 CONTACT: Louis Sauer MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Areas of study within the College of Design and Planning include the nature of innovation in the homebuilding industry; the technology of the open-frame wood system; the nature and structure of mobile manufactured homes; programming computer design programs with hierarchically organized questions; the nature of housing preferences; the criteria for evaluation, programming and design of residential settings; the impact of housing choice and fertility; natural hazard mitigation; and behavioral aspects of design. PUBLICATIONS: Independent reports and papers. Center for Preservation Research Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation 400 Avery Hall New York, NY 10027 212/280-3414 CONTACT: Frank G. Matero, Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The center offers applied consulting and research services to address issues of architectural conservation as a combination of fine arts and architecture. Coursework involves analysis of historic building materials including concrete, stone, brick, terra cotta, decorative and painted finishes, and architectural metals. Conservation treatments are also performed. The staff consists of four principal researchers and research technicians. Facilities include a microscopy laboratory, two research laboratories, and a workshop, as well as access to Columbia's testing and library facilities. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: The only program and facility of its type and size dealing with architectural conservation. 31

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FLORIDA A&M UNIVERSITY GEORGIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Institute for Building Sciences School of Architecture Florida A&M University Tallahassee, FL 32307 904/599-3244 CONTACT: Thomas Martineau, AIA, Director MISSION A-ND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The institute focuses on continuing education--seminars, workshops, conferences--on topics of interest to the building community. Both basic and applied research are conducted as well as single-client and multiclient sponsored research projects for private industry or public sector agencies. In the area of technical assistance, the institute conducts training programs for citizens of developing nations in construction methods, technology, and management. As a service to the domestic industry, the institute also collects, stores, and shares information on problems in construction, operation, maintenance, and rehabilitation of buildings of all types. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Designated center of excellence in the Florida university system. PUBLICATIONS: The Intelligent Building Service of He Institute of Building Sciences; Building Constnacoon Regulations in Florida; various reports and papers on low-cost construction, architects in corporations, fixture standards for primary and secondary educational facilities, and turnkey programs for industrial and institutional laboratory facilities. Center for Architectural Conservation College of Architecture Atlanta, GA 30332 404/894-3390 CONTACT: John H. Myers, Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The center has the capability to provide expert systems in conservation, thorough assessments of existing building conditions to determine deficiencies, cost estimates, and recommendations for conservation, rehabilitation, and maintenance. As part of this process, buildings are documented completely by means of videotaping or photography. Segments can be assembled in any fashion, and retrieval of this information is immediate. A typical building assessment includes analysis of roofs, foundations, materials, HVAC, fire safety, and the immediate site. All research is computer automated. Facilities include computers, video equipment, a mobile motor home for field investigation of buildings, and the use of the building 32

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materials laboratory. There are 8 people in the center, but staff size varies from 4 to 25, including faculty members and graduate research assistants. The budget varies from $400,000 to $1 million, depending on grants, with the Department of the Interior as the primary source. HARVARD UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS Department of Architecture Graduate School of Design Cambridge, MA 02138 617/495-2294 CONTACT: Daniel Schodek MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Research projects include CAD during the early phases of design, structural modeling, lighting, acoustics, three- dimensional modeling, and artificial intelligence (AI) systems. Other activities are site engineering, analysis of the impact of natural hazards on buildings, and computer technology for visualization and analysis in construction. A budget of $400,000-$500,000, half of which is allocated to building-related research, is supported by federal agencies, including the National Science Foundation, the National Park Service, and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), and by construction and computer companies. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: A broad perspective on architecture and hazard analysis, as well as a strong computer orientation. PUBLICATIONS: Internal publications, as well as journals, conference proceedings. School of Architecture Champaign, IL 61820 217/333-1330 CONTACT: R. Alan Forrester, Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Research is largely focused on energy use and the implications of energy- efficient techniques for building design; lighting; impact of artificial intelligence on building design; history and preservation; materials; and building types and residential developments, particularly user and behavioral aspects. Facilities include a lighting simulation laboratory as well as the full use of Civil Engineering facilities, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineering Research Laboratory (CERL), and the Architectural Research Center. There are 50 faculty members and graduate students. The research budget is approximately $200,000. Sources are grants from government agencies, corporations, local government, and overseas government support. PUBLICATIONS: Journals, theses, conference proceedings. 33

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ILLINOIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Architecture Department 3360 South State Street Chicago, IL 60616 CONTACT: George Schipporeit, Chairman MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Research projects include prefabricated housing technology, "house of the future," robotics in family settings, and technology to provide an energy-on-demand capability for housing. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Investigation of new construction technologies, high-rise construction techniques, application of high technology to offices and homes. PUBLICATION: Internal newsletter. Architecture and Engineering Performance Center (AEPIC) 3907 Metzerott Road College Park, MD 20742 301/935-5544 301/454-3428 CONTACT: John Loss, Professor of Architecture and Executive Director of AEPIC MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: AEPIC's work emphasizes the performance of buildings and constructed facilities. The center collects, classifies and analyzes data on problems, malfunctions, and failures in architectural and civil projects, their histories and outcomes. Opened in 1982 with a staff of seven, the center is funded by patron membership, subscription membership, and indirect assistance from research grants. More than half its annual effort will be devoted to the problems of buildings. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: The center is the first and only one of its kind. PUBLICATIONS: Newsletter: Architecture & Engineering Perfom~ance Notes. Laboratory of Architecture and Planning Building 4, Room 209 77 Massachusetts Ave. Cambridge, MA 02139 617/253-1350 CONTACT: Michael Joroff, Director 34

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MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The laboratory~s research focuses on new materials, building performance, the impact of telecommunications on urban forms and building design, internationalization of planing practices in the building industry and design methodology. Wind tunnels, demonstration houses, lighting laboratories, CAD, and computer support are available. About $2 million a year is allocated to building-related research. Sources are government and industry, including foreign industry. DISTINCTIVE AITRIBU1:ES: Interdisciplinary, international perspective. PUBLICATIONS: Internal publications. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN Architecture and Planning Research Laboratory College of Architecture and Urban Design 2000 Bonistee} Boulevard Ann Arbor, MI 48109 313/764 1340 CONTACT: Colin W. Clipson, Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The Research Laboratory goal is to develop new knowledge and methodologies. There is an advisory service and consulting program for planning and design problems. Specific areas of research are environmental planning, building technology, facility and energy management, human behavior and the environment, computer-aided building design, building evaluation, policy planning, and building forms and land uses. The staff includes nine faculty members, four support staff, and graduate students. Support comes from the parent institution, U.S. government, foundations, and industry. The Building Technology Laboratory has a 260-square-foot test room for thermal, luminous, and acoustical environments to be manipulated; solar and daylighting simulators; structural testing on a 30- x 24-foot testing floor; a hydraulic testing machine for stress/strain relationships; and a 5-ton overhead crane. The Computer Laboratory uses the computer facilities of the university, which has a large virtual memory machine. This program develops computer-aided building software tools. Design application programs include thermal, lighting, structural, architectural, site, fire safety, and handicapped access analysis programs. It can make two- and three-dimensional building models. The Facility and Environmental Simulation Laboratory has 2,200-square-foot of indoor space, and an outdoor area for building simulations. It is the site for the study of thermal, acoustical and lighting problems. 35

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The Visual Studies Laboratory has 3,000 square feet of area including a darkroom and studio work areas. PUBLICATIONS: Internal publication; conferences and workshops. UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture 110 Architecture 89 Church Street Minneapolis, MN 55455 612/624-0066 CONTACT: Harrison Fraker, Head MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The focus of research is on building energy research with an emphasis on technology transfer, building energy conservation studies, daylighting, behavioral studies, urban design, history and theory, and CAD. Facilities include a sky simulator for model testing and light testing and 20 complete CAD stations. The research budget is $1 million with about a third allocated to building-related research. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Regional Daylighting Center; Minnesota Cold Climate Building Research Center; Computer-Aided Architectural Design Center PUBLICATIONS: Project reports; Midgard, a journal of history/theory. School of Architecture and Environmental Design 3435 Main Street Buffalo, NY 14214 716/831-3483 CONTACT: Robert G. Shibley, Chairman MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: SUNY Buffalo's research program focuses on computer-aided design and human factors of design including environmental behavior, handicap accessibility, design processes, and children's playgrounds. Facilities include an adaptive environment laboratory, a computer-aided design laboratory, and geometric solid modeling capability. The budget for computer-assisted design is between $350,000 and $400,000; and for human factors is between $200,000 and $350,000 depending on funding sources. 36

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OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY OF OREGON PRINCETON UNIVERSITY Department of Architecture 189 Brown Hall 190 West 17th Columbus, OH 43210 614/422-5567 CONTACT: Robert Livesay, Chairman MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Related research focuses on computer-aided architectural design to develop 3-D architectural models and from them to produce drawings and environmental simulation. There is a staff of five faculty members and graduate students. The department has a budget of $1.3 million. Recently, they received a $500,000 contract from IBM. The facilities include an environmental simulation laboratory that has a wind tunnel, daylight simulation, an acoustical tank, and a light box. The CAD laboratory is one of the most advanced. It has an IBM 4341 computer with virtual memory. Currently, it has 4 high-resolution vector refresh screens and is adding 12 additional workstations. It has a technologies graphics processor with the ability to generate 16 colors. Software is developed in-house. PUBLICATIONS: Journals, conference proceedings, users' manuals for software, and theses. Department of Architecture School of Architecture and Allied Arts University of Oregon Eugene, OR 97403 503/686-3656 CONTACT: Donald B. Corner, Head MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Areas of research are directly related to faculty interests. Work includes environmental control systems, climate analysis and building design using CAD, solar energy, daylight, electric lighting, housing design and production, and flood and earthquake emergency housing strategies. There are 45 faculty members and a support staff of four or five. Facilities include computer facilities for environmental control research. School of Architecture Princeton University Princeton, NJ 08544 609/452-3729 CONTACT: Robert Gutman 37

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MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The research program includes studies of the technology of historic structures, including engineering analysis of important historic buildings; the history of current trends ~ architectural practice; the changing nature of architectural forms; and the size of the ~ - pro~esslon. DISTINCTIVE Al1RIBUl7ES: Computer modeling of structures and simulating stress in historic structures. The combinations of engineering and architectural history, and sociology and architectural history, are also distinctive. RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN Center for Architectural Research Troy, NY 12181-3590 518/266-6461 CONTACT: Walter Kroner, Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The center focuses on five major topics: the impact of space and space layouts, innovative building codes that improve safety, industrialized building systems, energy research, and emerging technologies in architecture. The center has a daylighting laboratory, artificial sky, and computer support. The budget is between $250,000 and $500,000, from DOE and state governments. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: The oldest department of architectural research in the United States, and sited within a technical institute. PUBLICATIONS: Journals, conference proceedings. Center for the Study of American Architecture School of Architecture Austin, TX 78712 512/471-1922 CONTACT: Lawrence W. Speck, Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The center is an integral part of the School of Architecture at the University of Texas at Austin. It conducts thorough examinations and analyses of the history and development of architecture in the United States. There is a staff of three full-time faculty and research ~ assistants. Support comes from endowments, industry, and trusts. The center has access to 25,000 drawings (many of which are technical draw ings), documentations of building processes, and the architecture library and rare book collection. PUBLICATIONS: Annualjournal,sponsorse~ibitions,annual spring symposium, and other publications and symposia. 38

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VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE AND STATE UNIVERSITY Washington-Alexandria Center 101 North Columbus Street Alexandria, VA 22314 703/548-0099 CONTACT: Frederick Krimgold MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Areas of building-related research at VPI's Washington-Alexandria Center and in Blacksburg, Virginia, include architecture, building materials, civil engineering, and forestry. Particular areas of focus include international building development and planning, building economics, building materials, building technology, energy and environmental control systems, illumination, fiber-reinforced plastics, performance, ventilation, construction management, geotechnical engineering, composite materials, polymers, wood preservation, wood adhesives, applied manufacturing, and tool design and evaluation. Facilities at the Washington-Alexandria Center and in Blacksburg include the Environmental Systems Laboratory, which maintains a structural testing laboratory and a fiber-reinforced plastics facility; an artificial sky; a low-speed (0-15 mph) wind tunnel for scale models (4' x 8' cross section); the William H. Sardo Jr., Pallet and Container Research Laboratory, which has 7,200 square feet of floor space with testing equipment, environmental chambers, and computer terminals; and a CAD laboratory. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Lighting dome, wind tunnel, and computer-aided design system. PUBLICATIONS: Journals,laboratorybulletins,conference proceedings, and project reports. UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON Center for Planning and Design College of Architecture and Urban Planning 206 Architecture Hall, AL 15 Seattle, WA 98105 206/545-0930 CONTACT: Judith H. Heerwagen, Associate Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Much of the work is conducted in conjunction with the engineering department. Energy studies include thermal performance of houses built to existing state energy codes and proposed regional conservation plans; computer simulations of energy usage for passive solar and traditional buildings, including thermal comfort analysis, daylight analysis, and projections of cost-effectiveness and life-cycle costing; daylight studies of the relationships between fenestration design, heat gain/loss, daylight and 39

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electric illumination, laboratory analysis of discomfort glare, merger of electric and daylight illumination strategies; passive solar strategies; and occupant responses to energy strategies. Facilities include an atmospheric radiation measuring station, a regional daylighting center with an overcast sky simulator, a direct beam sunlight simulator with sample lamps and lighting fixtures, a passive solar test cell, test houses and a weather station, and computer facilities. Recent funding has been at approximately $12 million a year. All funding comes from outside sources. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Four test houses that automatically record thermal performance and occupant use of houses including door/window usage, thermostat settings, and appliance usage. PUBLICATIONS: Journals and conference proceedings. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN- MILWAUKE:E UNIVERSITY OF AIASKA Center for Architecture and Urban Planing Research University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Milwaukee, WI 53201 414/963-4014 CONTACT: Gary T. Moore, Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Activities include environment-behavior research, policy planning, transportation systems, urban design, computer-aided design, lighting, energy, and architectural theory. Annual budget of $750,000 is supported by World Bank, U.S. Army Corp of Engineers, National Endowment for the Arts, Graham Foundation, Wisconsin Department of Transportation, federal and state government, private foundations. PUBLICATIONS: 110 titles and independent reports. Engineering Institute of Northern Engineering Duckering Building 306 Tanana Drive Fairbanks, AK 99701 907/47~7775 CONTACT: Thomas D. Roberts, Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The institute concentrates on practical engineering problems associated with northern environments. In building research, topics include foundation 40

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Facilities include a multidirectional testing facility for three-dimensional loading tests on full-size structural components. The floor of the facility is 100 x 40 feet and there are right-angled vertical reaction walls with heights ranging from 20 to 50 feet so that two-direction lateral loads, as well as vertical loads, can be applied. The facility has computer-controlled loading and high-speed computer-based data acquisition. The center has an annual research budget of $2 million, from private and government sources. O ~ _ DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: The multidirectional testing facility is unique in the United States. PUBLICATIONS: ATLSS reports, quarterly newsletter, journal papers, and conference proceedings. LEHIGH UNIVERSITY Fritz Engineering Laboratory Department of Civil Engineering Building 13 Bethlehem, PA 18015 215/861-3531 CONTACT: Lynn S. Beedle, Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The laboratorys efforts are generally focused on civil engineering and related disciplines with research programs and industrial testing facilities. Studies are done in related structural fields, including structural steel, building systems, fatigue and fracture, structural concrete, structural connections, and structural stability. Other project areas include hydraulics ~entec~hnicn1 engineering, and environmental engineering. Facilities include a two-story and a seven-story unit for testing large structural members. The research is interdisciplinary, involving other centers and departments, such as the Materials Research Center and the Center for Surface Coating Research. Laboratories within the Fritz Laboratory include concrete, hydraulics, instruments, materials testing, sanitary engineering, geotechnical engineering, structures, and welding. Equipment includes strain measurement devices, automatic recording equipment, high-speed cameras, structural model instruments, and geotechnical field test equipment. An active research staff includes 20 faculty members and about 40 graduate students with a budget of nearly $1 million. , ~ _ _ DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: 70 x 130 foot, seven-story structure and a 5-million-pound testing machine. PUBLICATIONS: Journals. 47

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LEHIGH UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND Institute for the Study of High-Rise Habitats Building 13 Bethlehem, PA 18015 215/758-3515 CONTACT: Lynn S. Beedle MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The institute's research and educational focus is on studies of the technological and socioeconomic aspects of tall buildings. The institute is a part of the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Work is done on the structural, mechanical, and architectural aspects of tall buildings, the livability of projects, their appropriateness to the context for which they are planned, and their function as part of the urban design. Specific areas of research include planning and design of tall buildings, earthquake resistance of high-rise building systems, performance evaluation of tall buildings under natural hazard environments, frame stability, urban services, seismic safety of prefabricated concrete buildings, and modeling human errors in structural design and construction. The institute also analyzes the impact of tall buildings on the local environment including the second century of the skyscraper. Facilities include a knowledge-based CAD system. Offices are located in the Fritz Engineering Laboratory which gives the Institute access to the lab's facilities. About six faculty members are actively involved in research. The research budget is $250,000-$300,000 which comes from the National Science Foundation, Federal Emergency Management Administration, and other sources. PUBLICATIONS: Journals and monographs on tall buildings; a series of books. Construction Engineering and Management Program College of Civil Engineering College Park, MD 20742 301/454-2438 CONTACT: Leonard E. Bernold, Assistant Professor MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The program examines and analyzes the kinds of construction that are candidates for automation and robots. It also addresses the use of emulation and simulation for the design of automated flexible construction systems. The program does experimentation with computer-integrated construction processes (CAD/CAM) and also breaks down the time and cost of work on structures. The program has a $500,000 budget with three faculty members and 40 48

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graduate students. Facilities include a minicomputer and microcomputer lab, construction robotics lab, video tape, and time- lapse equipment. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: The program is one of only two programs to offer expert simulation of construction activities. It has a close working relationship with the Mechanical Department and the National Bureau of Standards. PUBLICATIONS: Internal reports? reports for sponsors as necessary, and professional journals. MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Center for Construction Research and Education Department of Civil Engineering Room 1-175 Cambridge, MA 02139 617/253-7273 CONTACT: Charles H. Helliwell, Deputy Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The center contains all research and educational activities related to construction within the Civil Engineering Department. The principal areas of focus are management; financial, labor, and equipment resources; and technology. The technology section comprises computer applications in design and construction (expert systems, artificial intelligence, and CAD); automation and robotics (including automated conditions assessment systems for defining programs for maintenance and repair, and the development of robotic equipment for site construction tasks such as wall building, scaffolding, etc.~; and engineered materials for repair, maintenance, and new construction. Facilities include computer laboratories; a materials testing laboratory; a structural testing laboratory for shear, strain, and strength tests; a new robotics laboratory; and a facility for non-destructive evaluation of materials and structures in situ. The departmental research budget is about $6.5 million, with about $2.3-$2.7 million for construction research. Funding comes from the National Science Foundation, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the State Department, U.S. AID, and industry. In September of 1986, the Center received a $15 million, 5-year grant from the DOD University Research Initiative to establish the Program for Advanced Construction Technology (PACT). The Center has ~5 full-time research associates, 15-18 faculty members doing research, 15 graduate research assistants, and 10 PACI Fellowship students. PUBLICATIONS: A newsletter two or three times a year, a publication series, and a department research publication series. 49

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UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA Underground Space Center 790 Civil and Mineral Engineering Building 500 Pillsbury Drive, S.E. Minneapolis, MN 55455 612/62~0066 CONTACT: Raymond L. Sterling, Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Major research areas include building foundations, the uses of underground construction, earth-contact heat transfer, energy performance monitoring, geotechnical engineering, and underground urban planning. There are seven technical professionals on staff. Monitoring projects takes place at field experiment sites. In addition, a building foundation test facility is under development. The $300,000 research budget is provided by federal and state government, as well as private industry. PUBLICATIONS: The center publishes its own journal, books, technical papers, and reports. It also sponsors conferences. UNIVERSITY OF NEW MEXICO New Mexico Engineering Research Institute P.O. Box 25 Albuquerque, NM 87131 505/844 5189 CONTACT: Delmar Calhoun, Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The institute conducts research and development in the following areas: structural engineering, with emphasis on blast and shock effects; explosives effects, with emphasis on simulation of blast and shock environments; fire suppression; construction materials properties; pavements; soil mechanics; environmental science and engineering; instrumentation development; geographic information systems; and engineering computational analysis. The annual budget is approximately $20 million, two-thirds of which is for general building research. NMERI undertakes research for the U.S. Air Force, as well as other federal, state, local, and private clients. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Large-scale testing of structures and components, high-explosives capabilities, multichannel dynamic data acquisition, and large-scale fire suppression tests. PUBLICATIONS: Research results are generally published by ~ sponsoring agencies. 50

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STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK ColBege of Environmental Science and Forestry State University of New York Syracuse, NY 13210 315/470-6880 CONTACT: Leonard Smith MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Major research areas include testing and research of laminated lumber, metal truss plates in roofs, arching of wood trusses in residential housing, wood preservative treatments, manufactured plywood and particle board. Facilities include a universal stress testing machine with 400,000-pound capacity; impact machine, conditioning chambers; finishing spray booth; wood working facilities; and a 32-foot truss tester. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: One of the best-equipped labs for wood research in an academic institution; roof truss testing machine. PUBLICATIONS: Professional journals, university publications, and books. NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Civil Engineering Department 2145 Sheridan Road Evanston, IL 60201 312/491-3258 CONTACT: Raymond Krizek, Chairman MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The research focuses structural engineering, foundations, concrete, steel, CAD, geotechnical engineering, and nondestructive testing. About $1.7 million is allocated to building-related research with funds coming from the federal government and private industry. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: The facility has a testing machine with biaxial and torsional test chambers, an axial load capacity of 1,100,000 pounds, fluid pressure to 20,000 pounds per square inch, and torque of 100,000 lb. in. Its temperature range is from room temperature to 600C, and it can be pressurized with nitrogen, air, or water. Specimens can be either sealed or unsealed. The test cavity measures 8.5 inches; force and deformation can be measured inside the cavity. Loading is servocontrolled and has the potential for being computer controlled. It is a stiff machine, suitable for concrete and rocks, and can also be used for other materials. Additional equipment includes a small electromagnetic shake table; a very-high-pressure (to 500,000 pounds per square inch) biaxial test machine for small specimens which can go from room temperature to 2000C; small biaxial loading devices; soil testing equipment; water jet rock-cutting equipment; and fracture testing equipment. 51

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PUBLICATIONS: Reports as required by contractors; journals. OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY Department of Construction Engineering Management Corvallis, OR 97331 503/754-2006 CONTACT: Harold Pritchett MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Management strategies in construction is the major research area at Oregon State. Related research includes concrete for walls, glue-laminated beams, and wood. Facilities include large presses and equipment for designing mixes to test for strength and wear. About $100,000 of the budget is used for building research, with private industry as the primary source. Department of Architectural Engineering Engineering Building A-Room 202A University Park, PA 16802 814/865-8394 CONTACT: Stan Mumma MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The department's research activities focus on acoustical studies, environmental work in indoor air quality and intelligent buildings, and structural research, as well as studies of lighting, heating, ventilating, air conditioning, building thermal response characteristics, energy storage, and building automation and control. There are 33 faculty members. Facilities include an illumination and acoustics laboratory, a building thermal response laboratory, a model testing laboratory, a CAD laboratory, and use of the structures and model testing laboratories with the Department of Civil Engineering. Funding is provided by state and federal agencies and by private industry. PUBLICATIONS: Journals. Engineering Research Program 101 Hammond Building University Park, PA 16802 814/865-1804 CONTACT: Tom Seliga, Associate Dean for Graduate Studies and Research MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The building-related work includes structural design and analysis, system analysis, air-conditioning ducting, illumination, energy consumption, 52

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heating systems, acoustics, and vibration analysis. Facilities include instrumentation for indoor environmental measurements, an acoustics laboratory, and a computerized design laboratory. About 10-15 faculty work in building- and construction-related areas, with a research budget exceeding $500,000. PUBLICATIONS: Journals and reports. PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY PURDUE UNIVERSITY Structures Laboratory Civil Engineering Department 212 Sackett Building University Park, PA 16802 814/865-8391 CONTACT: Harry West, Professor, Civil Engineering MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: While the bulk of the research is done on bridges, much of this can be applied to buildings. Work is also done on prestressed concrete, structural analysis, and the use of computers for theoretical studies and analytical design studies. There are four researchers in Civil Engineering. Facilities include computers, a loading frame with the capacity to test structural models and full-scale structures, and equipment for the racking of frames. The research budget is $1.5 million, with $300,000 allocated to structures-related research. The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, FlIA, and private industry are sources. PUBLICATIONS: Reports are supplied to sponsors, journals. School of Technology Department of Building Construction and Contracting Room 453, Knoy Hall West Lafayette, IN 47907 317/494-2467 CONTACT: Steven Easley MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: Department objectives are to develop systems using new materials and techniques for the construction industry; to research applications of construction equipment, tools, and building methods to increase productivity and reduce construction costs; and to analyze cost-effective applications of new and existing building technology. Research activities are carried out in the areas of structural design; the study of materials, including steel, wood, concrete, and plastics; and testing of product applicability and use in construction. Some research is also performed in the development of cost-effective energy-efficient construction techniques to reduce heating and cooling costs in buildings and in the construction of superinsulated houses. There are 20 53

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faculty members doing related research. Facilities include a construction laboratory with an overhead tower crane to allow for building within the laboratory to test materials and products; an observation deck for viewing and video taping in the laboratory; a materials laboratory; a soils laboratory; a CAD laboratory; and a thermal test booth. DISTINCTIVE AITRIB~ES: It is the second largest school of construction management in the United States. Undergraduate enrollment is approximately 400 students. PUBLICATIONS: Professional journals and general media. STANFORD UNIVERSITY STANFORD UNIVERSITY Foundation Engineering Department of Civil Engineering Stanford, CA 94315 415/723-0236 CONTACT: Raymond Seed, Assistant Professor MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The program's emphasis is on soil analysis, including soil compaction and evaluation of compaction-induced stresses on structural performance. This is relevant to basement walls, bridges, and buried structures. The geotechnical laboratory has the capacity to perform soil-stress path and strain path tests, controlled tripodal testing, torsional shear testing, resonant column testing, and cyclic biaxial testing. Facilities include a shake table, a Ko-odemeter, and micro- and minicomputers. Two geotechnical faculty members and 12 graduate students do research. A budget of up to $125,000 is provided by government grants and industrial contributions. PUBLICATIONS: Technical journals and conference proceedings. John A. Blume Earthquake Engineering Research Center Stanford, CA 94315 415/723-4129 CONTACT: Helmut Krawinkler, Co-Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The center's efforts are focused on the design of buildings, improving seismic risk and hazard evaluation, and small-scale testing of building dynamics. There is a structures laboratory with two shake tables, one horizontal and one vertical; two MTS universal testing machines; a static test bed; two loading frames; and VAC minicomputer facilities. The research budget is about $500,000 and comes from the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Geological Survey, the Federal Emergency Management 54

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Administration, the Electrical Power Research Institute, and private industry. The staff is composed of 9 faculty members, 6 research associates, and 30-40 graduate students. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Unique in seismic risk and hazard evaluation and emphasis on small-scale testing of building dynamics. PUBLICATIONS: Technical journals and report series. STEVENS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN Building Technology Center Department of Civil Engineering Hoboken, NJ 07030 201/420-5360 CONTACT: Thomas P. Konen, Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The center conducts related research in the areas of water supply and drainage systems for buildings, heat transfer through windows and other envelope penetrations, product development for the plumbing industry, piping system analysis, passive solar systems, and fire safety systems. Facilities include a 10-story plumbing tower, computer facilities, and use of the mechanical engineering laboratories. The research budget is $200,000 to $300,000, and there is a staff of 12. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: The 10-story water supply and drainage tower; fire protection studies. PUBLICATIONS: Journals, laboratory reports, and conference proceedings. Architectural Engineering Group ECJ 5.208 Austin, TX 78712 512/471-1732 CONTACT: David W. Fowler, Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The group's emphasis is on testing materials and complete buildings, regarding their rehabilitation, durability, construction, and environmental systems. Research on masonry includes concrete, steel, and wood. Facilities include a large testing lab with a reaction wall for three-story buildings, a large testing floor for vertical and hydraulic testing, a data acquisition system, and environmental chambers. Activities include: earthquake simulation; CAD work; testing for abrasion and strength; durability; water permeability; freeze and thaw effects; and elasticity of basic connection materials. The budget for structural research including civil engineering, is $3 million 55

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from federal and state agencies, with about one-half allocated to building-related work. There are 20 faculty members, 125 graduate students, and 10-15 technical staff. PUBLICATIONS: Journals, reports, and conference proceedings. THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN Construction Industry Institute 3208 Red River, Suite 300 Austin, TX 78705 512/471-4640 CONTACT: Richard L. Tucker, Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: CII is a consortium of 57 companies and 15 universities. It is a research institute created to develop and disseminate information to advance the cost effectiveness of the construction industry. Major areas of study include full-scale modeling in reinforced concrete, lateral loading, seismic studies, structural framework, steel structural research with manufactured houses, acoustical properties, geotechnical work for foundations, and masonry and materials. The CII uses all laboratories and facilities of the University of Texas including the Ferguson Structural Engineering Laboratory, Center for Polymer Research, Geotechnical Engineering Laboratory, and climate control room and has use of the facilities of other member universities. The research budget is about $1 million, which comes primarily from member companies that pay $25,000 a year each in the form of an unrestricted grant. CII operates with about 50 faculty members and 50 staff members, and also uses faculty members and graduate students from participating universities. PUBLICATIONS: Issues its own reports and journals. Geotechnical Engineering Center Department of Civil Engineering ECJ 6.2 Austin, TX 78712 512/471-1555 CONTACT: Lymon Reese, Director MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The center identifies soils susceptible to damage during earthquakes, tests the dynamic properties used for analysis, works on pile foundations and drilled shafts, evaluates the behavior of piles under lateral loads, and studies rock mechanics and tunneling. The research staff includes 6 faculty members and 50 students. The center has several soil mechanics laboratories, field study facilities, and equipment for on-site field tests. The research budget is about $500,000 from industry and contracts. 56

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PUBLICATIONS: Papers,reports,and journals. THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN ! Phil M. Ferguson Structural Engineering Laboratory Balcones Research Center 10100 Brunet Road, Building 24 Austin, TX 787S8 512/471-7259 CONTACT: Karl H. Frank, Secretary, Research Council on Structural Connections MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The Ferguson Laboratory designs, constructs, analyzes, and tests structural steel, reinforced concrete, and prestressed concrete. It also does work on masonry construction and wood-frame construction. The laboratory is a 50,000-square-foot facility with 30,000 feet of tie-down floors. It maintains loading facilities for fatigue tests and has 600 channels of data acquisition, a variety of closed loop test equipment for fatigue and earthquake testing, and vertical tie-down walls. The operating staff includes 8 faculty members, 12 technical staff, and 50 students. They work with a budget of $1 to $1.2 million, contributed equally by industrial organizations, the state highway department, and the federal government. Approximately 30 percent of the budget is allocated to building-related research. DISTINCTIVE ATTRIBUTES: Has the largest structural engineeering laboratory related to a university. PUBLICATIONS: Technical journals. UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON Department of Civil Engineering Seattle, WA 98195 206/543-239O CONTACT: Neil Hawkins MISSION AND FOCUS OF RESEARCH: The department focuses on structural engineering and design, construction, water supply, surveying, hydraulics, geotechnical engineering, and seismic studies. DISTINCTIVE AlTRIBUTES: There are eight laboratories, including computer, soils, construction, and structural laboratories. The structural laboratory is 6,000 square feet and has a 2.2-million-pound testing machine with 20-foot pulling distance. There are also a wide variety of senocontrolled jacks, servocontrolled testing machines, and automatic data acquisition and reduction equipment. There is a 6-foot x 6-foot 57