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An International Directory of Building Research Organizations Building Research Board Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. 1989
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National Academy Press · 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. · Washington, D.C. 90418 NOTICE: The project for which this directory was prepared was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the project were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This directory has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Frank Press is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Robert M. White is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Samuel 0. Thier is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Frank Press and Dr. Robert M. White are chairman and vice-chairman respectively, of the National Research Council. Work on this directory was initiated under Contract No. 1030-562112 between the National Academy of Sciences and the State Department. Work was completed as part of the technical program of the Federal Construction Council (FCC). The FCC is a continuing activity of the Building Research Board, which is a unit of the Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems of the National Research Council. The purpose of the FCC is to promote cooperation among federal construction agencies and between such agencies and other elements of the building community in addressing technical issues of mutual concern. The FCC program is supported by 14 federal agencies: the Department of the Air Force, the Department of the Army, the Department of Commerce, the Department of Energy, the Department of the Navy, the Department of State, the General Services Administration, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Endowment for the Arts, the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Postal Service, the U.S. Public Health Service, the Smithsonian Institution and the Veterans Administration. Funding for the FCC program was provided through the following agreements between the indicated federal agency and the National Academy of Sciences: Department of State Contract No. 1030-621218 National Endowment for the Arts Grant No. 42-4253-0091; National Science Foundation Grant No. MSM-8600676, under master agreement 82-05615; and U.S. Postal Service grant, unnumbered. I`ibrary of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data An International directory of building research organizations. Bibliography: p. Includes index. 1. Building research United States Directories. 2. Building research—Directories. I. National Research Council (U.S.~. Building Research Board. TH23.I58 1989 690'.72 89-12320 ISBN 0-309-04027-2 Copyright(~) 1989 by the National Academy of Sciences No part of this book may be reproduced by any mechanical, photographic, or electronic process, or in the form of a phonographic recording, nor may it be stored in a retrieval system. copied for public or private use without written official use by the U.S. government. Printed in the United States of America _ transmitted, or otherwise permission from the publisher, except for the purposes of
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Foreword In this often fractious world, all nations share the needs for buildings and facilities of physical infrastructure to shelter and productively support the activities of their people. We all strive to improve the quality of our lives, and so these needs persist, regardless of leveb of national income, political philosophy, and social structure. Building research, the directed effort to discover new and better ways to meet these needs for buildings and physical infrastructure, thus offers benefits to all and occurs in many nations around the world. Opportunities for improving the materials, processes, and products of building far exceed the resources available for research, and so researchers and policy makers must strive to focus their attention on those matters of greatest concern and where their efforts are most likely to have valuable results. Knowledge of who the researchers are and what they are doing will help the community of researchers to achieve this focus. This knowledge will in turn help the beneficiaries of building research all of us by encouraging more rapid improvement of the built environment for all people. The Building Research Board (BRB) has produced An International Directory of Build- ing Research Organizations to help spread this knowledge. While our context is global, we must acknowledge a parochial interest as well: Building research and technological innova- tion in the United States are lagging. They are lagging in comparison with the great strides being made in such fields as electronics and big-technology that may have application in building. They are lagging in terms of research spending, compared with the importance of construction in the U.S. economy and compared with other nations. Our lagging research effort threatens the productivity and competitiveness of our construction industry in an increasingly global marketplace. We need, as a nation, to be aware of what our partners and competitors are doing, so that we may take advantage of the work of others that can help us to solve our own problems, bring our achievements to the attention of others who may find them useful, and maintain our economic leadership. The BRB hopes that this directory will in its small way help us to achieve these ends. Andrew C. Lemer, Director Building Research Board · · - 111
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Preface Given the fact that the U.S. building industry is the nation's largest industry with over $400 billion in revenues, the amount of research supporting it is small, concentrated in a limited number of locations and fields, and, in some cases, closely held in corporations. In addition, most people in the building industry have little knowledge about research going on in the United States, and even less about research being undertaken abroad. Unlike research performed within the contexts of other large industries, building re- search is highly fragmented, reflecting the nature of the industry. Knowledge and theory tend not to be built on an industry-wide basis. Because of these characteristics, there is no industry-wide source of information on the knowledge base of the building industry in the United States and abroad. This directory narrows that gap by making available in one place a compilation of U.S. and international organizations involved in building-related research. In its report, Building for Tomorrow, a committee of the Building Research Board called for greater recognition of the global aspects of the building industry of the future. This directory is a first step to help inform the building industry and others about the types of organizations and the diversity of work ongoing around the world. Originally, this effort was part of a larger one. The U.S. Department of State, as part of a program undertaken with the Building Research Board to develop security-related criteria for future embassy buildings, requested a report on where technological advances in the building industry were taking place in order to assure itself of the highest level of building expertise. To do so, the agency needed a mechanism for informing itself about current building-related research, and for acquiring the research support its special needs require. The collection and organization of information about the nature, extent, and depth of the knowledge base for building research resulted in this publication. Several studies have addressed the need for industry-wide information on research and a number of groups have supplied some of this information. Worth special note are the Ar- chitectural Research Centers Consortium's (ARCC) An Agenda for Architectural Research, 1982; a study by the Franklin Research Center for the National Institute of Building Sci- ences called Existing Systems for the Identification, Determination, and Communication of the Research, Development, and Information Needs of the BuildingIndustry; and Proceedings v
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of the Building Industry Round;table on Technology Transfer and Research Utilization, pre- pared by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) for the Department of Energy. The organization profiles are organized into two major sections: United States and international. Withm the U.S. section, the profiles are subdivided according to the type of organization performing the work: associations, corporations, universities (both architec- ture and engineering departments), federal laboratories, and other research centers. The associations contacted either provided information about their own research, or made referrals to research facilities. Most of the associations contract out research. The cor- porations included here are only those that do, or are willing to undertake, outside contract research. For the most part, these corporations have established research and development (R&D) centers. Building research takes place in 46 universities and technological institutes. Multiple research centers within the same university are reported separately. Frequently, these centers have access to each other's equipment and facilities, and are associated in a formal or informal interdisciplinary research effort. The profiles of federal laboratories describe only the facility's building-related research. A final section comprises independent, non-profit research centers and laboratories. The international section of building research organizations is arranged alphabetically by nation. Organizations from 53 nations responded to a survey on building research activities. The results of this survey form the basis of the international section. Each profile United States and international contains the name and address of the organization and a contact personts) within the organization. The mission, focus of research, and primary work are detailed for each organization. Publications, where appropriate, are listed. 'For U.S. organizations, distinctive attributes of the organization, such as research laboratory equipment or computer technology, are given. For international building research organizations, the sources of finances are given. Finally, a key word index can be found on page 213 to direct the reader to organizations undertaking research in different areas. Many individuals helped to gather information and put it in a format useful for this directory. 3.F. Coates, Inc. managed the team that drew together the domestic section. In addition to Joseph Coates, members of the team, whose assistance is gratefully acknowI- edged, included Maria Gladziszewsky, Jennifer Jarratt, Darold Johnson, Bill Neufeld, and Lydia Perry. Karen Burdett, a research summer intern with the Building Research Board, developed and managed the international survey that resulted in the international section of this directory. In this effort, she was directed by Noel Raufaste, who was responsible for international efforts of the board. John Eberhard, former director of the Building Research Board, directed the overall effort; he was assisted by Gretchen Bank. Peter Smeallie, Ed'[or Building Research Board V1
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Contents I. UNITED STATES Association Profiles................. Corporate Profiles University Profiles Architecture and Design, 30 Engineering, 40 Federal Laboratory Profiles Other Profiles II. INTERNATIONAL Argentina, 77 Australia, 77 Austria, 81 Belgium, 84 Brazil, 90 Canada, 91 Chile, 97 China, 98 Columbia, 99 Czechoslovakia, 100 Denmark, 102 Ecuador, 107 Egypt, 108 Federal Republic of Germany, 108 Finland, 120 trance, 123 German Democratic Republic, 127 · — V11 .14 .30 .58 71
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Ghana, 128 Greece, 128 Guatemala, 129 Hungary, 129 Iceland, 131 India, 132 Indonesia, 134 Iraq, 135 Ireland, 136 Israel, 137 Italy, 138 Jamaica, 142 Japan, 143 Jordan, 149 Kenya, 150 Korea, 151 The Netherlands, 152 New Zealand, 159 Nigeria, 163 Norway, 163 Pakistan, 166 Philippines, 167 Poland, 168 Portugal, 171 Romania, 173 Singapore, 175 South Africa, 176 Spain, 178 Sweden, 180 Switzerland, 187 Tanzania, 191 Turkey, 191 USSR, 192 United Kingdom, 194 Venezuela, 210 Yugoslavia, 211 INDEX OF ORGANIZATIONS INDEX OF SUBJECTS.. · - ~ V111 213 ..221