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About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please REFERENCES 86 Rowan, B., & Miracle, A. (1983). Systems of ability grouping and the stratification of achievement in elementary schools. Sociology of Education , 56 , 133-144. Rowe, M.B. (1974). Wait-time and rewards as instructional variables, their influence on language, logic, and fate control: Part one-wait- time. Journal of Research in Science Teaching , 11 , 81-94. Schuster, D. H. (1976). A preliminary evaluation of the suggestive-accelerative Lozanov method of teaching beginning Spanish. Journal of Suggestive-Accelerative Learning and Teaching , 4 , 32-51. Schuster, D. H., & Gritton, C. E. (1985). Suggestive Accelerative Learning Techniques : Theory and Applications. Ames, IA: Iowa State University. Schuster, D. H., & Prichard, R. A. (1978). A two-year evaluation of the Suggestive-Accelerative Learning and Teaching (SALT) method in Central Iowa public schools. Journal of Suggestive-Accelerative Learning and Teaching , 3 , 108-122. Sharan, S., Hertz-Lazarowitz, R., & Ackerman, Z. (1980). Academic achievement of elementary school children in small-group vs. whole- class instruction. Journal of Experimental Education , 48 , 125-129. Slavin, R.E. (1977, April). A new model of classroom motivation. Paper presented at the annual convention of the American Educational Research Association, New York. Slavin, R.E. (1980). Effects of individual learning expectations on student achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology , 72 , 520-524. Slavin, R.E. (1983a). Cooperative Learning . New York: Longman. Slavin, R.E. (1983b). When does cooperative learning increase student achievement? Psychological Bulletin , 94 , 429-445. Slavin, R.E. (1984). Component building: A strategy for research-based instructional improvement. Elementary School Journal , 84 , 255-269. Slavin, R.E. (1985). Team-Assisted Individualization: Combining cooperative learning and individualized instruction in mathematics. In R.E. Slavin, S. Sharan, R. Hertz-Lazarowitz, C. Webbs, & R. Schmuck (Eds.), Learning to Cooperate , Cooperating to Learn (177-209). New York: Plenum. Slavin, R.E. (1986a). Ability grouping and student achievement in elementary schools: A best-evidence synthesis. Submitted for publication. Slavin, R.E. (1986b). Educational psychology : Theory into practice . Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution.

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