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Stress Reduction 67 References net ~ silence =~d r~r~rl'1^ ~ ~ are tact ~ Alluisi, E. A. & Morgan, B. B. (1982). Temporal factors in human performance and productivity. In E. A. Alluisi ~ E. A. Fleishman (Eds.), Human performance and productivity: Stress and performance effectiveness. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum. Amen, D. G. (1985). Post-Vietnam stress disorder: A metaphor for current and past life events. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 39, 580-586. Arkin, W., & Dobrofsky, L. (1978). Military socialization and masculinity. Journal of Social Issues, 34, 151-168. Ax, A. F. (1953). The physiological differentiation between fear and anger in humans. Psychosomatic Medicine, 15, 433-442. Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavior change. Psychological Review' 84, 191-215. Barefoot, J. C., Dahlstrom, G., & Williams, R. B. (1983). Hostility, CAD incidence, and total mortality: A 25 year follow-up study of 255 physicians. Psychosoma~cic Medicine, 45, 59-63. Beach, J., Prince, H., & Klugman, P. J. (1977). Stress management in two divergent military training settings. Paper presented at the 85th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco. Beck, A. T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York: International Uniters ities Press . Benyakar, M., Dasberg, H., ~ Plotkin, I. (1982). The influence of various therapeutic milieus on the course of group treatments in two groups of soldiers with combat reaction. In N. Milgram (Ed.), Stress and anxiety, Vol. 8. Washington: Hemisphere.

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Stress Reduction 68 Birkhimer. L. J., DeVane, C. L., & Muniz, C. E. (1985~. Posttraumatic stress disorder: Characteristics and pharmacological response in the veteran population. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 26, 304-310. Bourne, P. (1967~. Some observations on the psychosocial phenomena seen in basic training. Psychiatry, 30, 187-196. Bourne, P. (1969~. The psychology and physiology of stress. New York: Academic Press. Bourne, P. (1970~. Men, stress and Vietnam. Boston: Little, Brown, & Company. Burke, W. P. (1980~. An experimental evaluation of stress-management T training for the airborne soldier. Alexandria, VA: U. S . Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Technical Report SSO. Cannon, W. B . ( 1929 ~ . Bodily chances in pain, fear, hunger, and rate . Boston: Branford. Caputo, P. (1977~. A rumor of war. New York: Ballantine Books. Carroll, E. M., Rueger, D. B., Foy, D. W., & Donahoe, C. P. (1985~. Vietnam combat ve~ceras~s with posttraumatic stress disorder: Analysis of maniacal and cohabitating adjustmen~c . Journal of Abnormal PsYcholo~,r, _, 329 - 337 . Charlesworth, E. A. ~ Nathan, R. G. (1984). Stress management: A comprehensive guide to wellness. New York: Ballantine Books. Chesney, M. & Rosenman, R. (1985). Anger and hostility in cardiovascular and behavioral disorders . Washington' D. C.: Hemisphere . Chiles, U. D. (1982). Workload, task, and situational factors as modifiers of complex human performance. In E. A. Alluisi ~ E. A. Fleishman (Eds.), Human performance and productivity: Stress and performance effectiveness . Hillsdale , N. Y.: Lawrence Erlbaum.

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S=essReduc~on 69 Cohen, S. (1978~. En~rironmen~cal load and the allocation of attention. In A. Baum, J. E. Singer, & S. Valins (Eds. ), Advances in en~riranmen~3 psychology. Vol. 1. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum & Associates . Hillsdale N ~ Fr7 harm ~ Associates Conrad, F., Barry, J., & Patterson, P. attrition at West Point: Clinical aspects. 867. Cook, T., Novaco, R. W., & Sarason, I. G. (1976~. S tress , adjustment, and MilitarY Medicine, 141, 864- (1982~. Military recruit training as an environmental context affecting expectancies for control of reinforcement. Cozni~ci~re Therapy and Research, 6 409-427. Datel, W. E., & Lifrak, S. (1969). Expectations, affect change, and military performance in the Army recruit. Psvcholozical Reports, 24, 855-579. - Davison, G. C. (1967). Anxiety under total curarization: Implications for the role of muscular relaxation in the desensitization of neurotic fears. Journal of Mental_and Nervous Diseases, 143' 443-448 . Davison, G. C. (1969). A procedural critique of "Desensitization and the experimental reduction of threat. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 74, 86- 87. Deaton, J. E., Berg, S. W., Richlin, M., ~ Litrownik, A. (1977). Coping activities in solitary confinement of U.S. Navy POWs in Vietnam. Journal of Applied Psychology' 7' 239-257. Defazio, V. J. (1978). Dynamic perspectives on the nature and effects of combat stress. In C. R. Figley (Ed.), Stress diverters among Vietnam veterans. New York: Brunner/.Mazel. DeWitt, D. J. (1980). Cognitive ant biofeedback training for stress reduction with university athletes. Journal of Sport Psychology, 2, 288- 294.

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Stress Reduction 71 Frankenhauser, M. (1975). Experimental approaches to the study of catecholamines and emotion. In L. Levi (Ed.), Emotions --_Their parameters and measuremen~c. New York: Raven Press. Funkenstein, D., King, S., & Drolette, M. (1957). Mastery of stress. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Gabriel, R. (1986). Soviet military psychiatry. New York: Greenwood Press. Geron, E. & Dunkelman, N. (1982). The influence of war injury as a postwar stress factor and of sport rehabilitation on the personality of paraplegic war veterans. In N. Milgram (Ed.), Stress and anxiety, Vol. 8. Washington: Hemisphere. Ginzberg, E. (1959a). Patterns of performance. New York: Columbia University Press. Ginzberg, E. (1959b). Breakdown and recovery. New York: Columbia University Press. Glass, D. C. & Singer, J. E. (1972). Urban stress. New York: Academic Press. Hall, E. G. & Erffmeyer, E. S. (1983). The effect of vi-quo-motor behavioral rehearsal with videotaped modeling on free-throw accuracy of intercollegiate female basketball players. Journal of Sports Psychology, 5, 343-346. Herrell, J. M. (1971). Use of systematic desensitization to eliminate inappropriate anger. Proceedings of the 79th Annual Convention, APA, 431- 432. Hibler, R. J. (1984). Battlefield stress: Management techniques. Military Medicine, 149' 5-8. Horowitz, M. J. & Soloman, G. F. (1975). A prediction of delayed stress response syndromes in Vietnam veterans. Journal of Social Issues, 1975, 31 67-80. _,

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Stress Reduction Homer, S. O., Meglino, 8. M., & Mobley, W. H. (1979). An experimental evaluation of the effects of a realistic preview on Marine recruit affect, intentions and behavior (TR-9~. University of South Carolina, Center for Management and Organizational Research. Jacobson, E. (1938). Progressive relaxation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Janis, I. L. (1951). Air war and emotional stress. New York: McGraw-Hill. Janis, I. L. (1971). Stress and frustration. New York: Harcourt, Brace, and Jovanovich. Janis, I. L. (1983~. Stress inoculation in health care. In D. Meichenba~ and M. Jaremko (Eds.), Stress reduction and prevention. New York: Plenum Press. Kanfer, F. (1970~. Self-monitoring: Methodological limitations and clinical applications. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 35, 148-152. Kardiner, A., & Spiegel, H. (1947). War, stress, and neurotic illness. New York: Paul B. Hoeber. Keane, T. M., Scott, W. 0., Chavoya, G. A., Lamparski, D. M., & Fairbank, J. A. (1985). Social support in Vietnam veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: A comparative analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, S3' 95-102. Kendall, P. C. (1982). Advances in cognitive-behavioral research and therapy. Volume 1. New York: Academic Press. Kendall, P. C. & Hollon, S. D. (1979). Coznitive-behavioral interventions. New York: Academic Press. Kitchner, I. & Greenstein, R. (1985). Low dosage lithium carbonate in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder: Brief communication. Military Medicine, 150, 378-381.

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Stress Reduction 73 Kormos, H. (1978). The nature of combat stress. In C. R. Figley (Ed.), Stress disorders among Vietnam veterans. New York: Brunner/Mazel. Krantz, D., & Manuck, S. (1984). Acute psychopsysiologic reactivity and risk of cardiovascular disease: A review and methodologic critique. Psychological Bulletin, 96' 435-464. Kreuz, L., Rose, R., & Jennings, J. R. (1972). Suppression of plasma testosterone levels and psychological stress. Archives of General Psychiatry, 26, 479-482. Lacey, J. I. (1967). Somatic response patterning and stress: Some revisions of activation theory. In M. Appley ~ R. Trumbull (Eds.), Psychological stress. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. Lakein, A. (1973). How to get control of Your time and Your life. New York: Peter H. Wyden. Lazarus, R. S. & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer. Lazarus, R. L. & Launier, R. (1978). Stress related transactions between person and enviornment. In L. A. Pervin & M. Levis (Eds.), Perspectives in interactional psychology. New York: Plenum Press. Levi, L. (1971). Society, stress, and disease: The psychosocial environment and psychosomatic disease. London: Oxford University Press. Malloy, P. F., Fairbank, J. A., & Keane, T. M. (1983). Validation of a multimethod assessment of posttraumatic stress disorders in Vietnam veterans. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, _' 488-494. Marra, R; T. (l981). Stress, attention, and coping: Brief preventive intervention during a military medical examination. Dissertation Abstracts International, 42, 2068-B.

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