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Page 47 REFERENCES Aiello, J.R., DeRisi, D.T., Epstein, Y.M., and Karlin, R.A. 1977 Crowding and the role of interpersonal distance preference. Sociometrv 40:271-282. Allen, H.M. 1972 Gastrointestinal erosions in wild rats subjected to asocial stress. Life Sciences 11:351-356. Altenor, A., Kay, E., and Richter, M. 1977 The generality of learned helplessness in the rat. Learning and Motivation 8:54. - Basowitz, H., Persky, H., Korchin, S.J., and Grinker, R.R. 1955 Anxietv and Stress. New York: McGraw-Hill. Berlyne, D.E. 1960 Conflict, Arousal and Curiosity. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1967 Arousal ant reinforcement. Pp. 1-110 in D. Levine, ea., Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. Birren, J. 1958 Aging and psychological adjustment. Reviews in Educational Research 28:475 490. Bourne, P.G. 1970 Hen, Stress, and tliet-Nam. Boston: Little, Brown. 1971 Altered adrenal function in two combat situations in Viet Now. Pp. 265-290 in B.E. Eleftheriou and J.P. Scott, eds., The Phvsiologv of Aggression and Defeat. New York: Plenum Press.

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Page 53 Hennessy, M.B., and Levine, S. 1977 Effects of various habituation procedures on pituitary-adrenal responsiveness in the mouse. Physiology ~ Behavior IS:799-802. Holmes, T.H., and Rahe, R.H. 1967 The social readjustment rating scale. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 11:213-218. Kummer, H. 1971 Prims te Societies: GrouD Techniques ~ Ecological Adaptation. Chicago: Aldine-Atherton, Inc. Lazarus, R.S. 1974 Cognitive and coping processes in emotion. Pp. 21-32 in Cognitive Views of Human Motivation. New York: Academic Press. Levine, S. 1966 UCS intensity and avoidance learning. Journal Of Experimental Psychology 71:163-164. 1978 Cortisol changes following repeated experiences with parachute training. Pp. 51-56 in H. Ursin, E. Baade and S. Levine, eds., - PsYchobiologY of Stress: ~ Study of Coping Hen. New York: Academi' Press. Levine, S., Madden IV, J., Conner, R.L., Moskal, J.R., and Anderson, D.C. 1973 Physiological and behavioral effects of prior aversive stimulation (preshock) in the rat. Physiology ~ Behavior 10:467-471.

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