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References Armor, A.F., D.N. Poole, M.E. Lapides. 1981. Prediction of Unscheduled Utility Ontages Through Component Non-Destructi~re Evaluation. pp. ~16 ~ Nondestroctive Evaluation: ~&crostructural Characters isation and Reliability Strategies. O. Bucl: and S.M. Wolf, eds. Warrendale, Pa.: The Metallurgical Society of AIME. ~ Associated General Contractors of America. 1983. A PA to Rebuild. Washington, D.C.: Associated General Contractors of America. Battelle Memorial Institute. 1986. Probable I.~ of R&D Exp~di- tures ~ 1987. Columbus, Ohio: Batelle Memorial Institute. Brown and Caldwell. 1984. Utility l~astn~cture Rehabilitation. U.S. Department of Homing and Urban Development. Walnut Creclc, Calif.: Office of Policy Development and R - Arch. Burdekin, F.M., D.G. John, P.A. Pane, C. Locke, T.A. Smith, K. Simm, and J.L. Dawson. 1986. Nondest~cti~re Methods for Fidld l~pec- tion of Embedded or Encased High Strength Stedl Rods Ad Cables. Phase I, Final Report, NCHRP Project 1~30(1), National Car operative Highway Regears Program, l~sportation R-card Board. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Prces. California Departmcat of Water R - ources. 1986. Water Audit ma Le" Detection GliidebooJc. Sacramento, Calif.: The R - onrces Agency. Choate, Pat and Susan Walter. 1981 America 1~ Rum: Beyond the Public Worlu Porlc Barrel. W - hington, D.C.: Council of State Pluming Agencice. Congressional Budget Officc. 19&3. Public Words Megastructure: Holier Consideration for the 1980's. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Budget Office. 56

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57 Congressional Budget Office. 1985. The Seders Budget for Public Worlce T-~astructure. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Budget Office. Cong.~siona1 Budget Office. 1987. l; - clog Municipal Water Supply Syst-~. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Budget Office. Cook, James. October 2l, 1985. The Garbage Game. Forb - . 120. Danzig, G.B. Ed T.L. Sasty. 1973. Compact City-~ P1~ for a I'iveable Urban Environment. Son [}ancmco, Calf.: W.H. E!reem=. DiV~etro, P. 1986. - Monitoring a Bridge's Pulsed. C0il Engmeer~g 5:54-55. Engineenug News Record. Jannary 29, 1987. aL~dfil}s Near Capacity National Study Fields.- p. 19. Eva=, A.G. 1981. ~Non-Destructive Failure Prediction for Buttle Solids. pp. 93-112 ~ Nondestructive Evaluation: l~crostructur~ Chars acterisation end Reliability Strategies. O. Buck and SM. Wolf, eds. Warrendale, Pa.: The Metallurgical Society of AIME. lord. May 25, 1987. nowhere will the Garbage Go? p. 9. Giallorensi, T.G., J.A. 8ncaro, A. D=dridge, and J.H. Cole. 1986. Optical Fiber Sensors Challenge the Competition.- IE:11:E Spectrum 23:44. Godfrey, Kneeland, A., Jr. October, 1985. Data Base in Your City's Future.. Civil En~eer~g. pp. 66-69. Goldstein, G. November, 1984. Electronic Traffic Management." Ci=1 Engineering. pp. 3~39. Hilton, George W. 1985. The Rise and Fall of Monopolized Transit.- pp. 31-48 ~ Urban Tr~=t: The Pate C}=lleDge to Public r~portation. Charles A. Lave, ed. San E~cmco, Calif.: Pacific Institute for Public Policy R - earch. International Society of Optical Engmeering. 1984. Proceedings of Second l~ternations1 Conference or: Optical Fiber Score. Stuttgart, Germany: The International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE). Joint Economic Committee of Conga. 1984. National Infrastructure Advisory Committee Report. Washington, D.C.: Jolt Economic Committee of Congre-. Kats, R.N. Ed E.M. Lenoe. 1981. unreliability Strategies for Nominally Brittle Matenals.. pp. 81-92 ~ Nondestroct~e Evaluation: M;- crostructur~ Cheracte~ation ma Reliability Strategi - . O. Buck and S.M. Wolf, eds. Warrendalc, Pa.: The Metallurgical Society of A. Kaufman, Herbert. 1971. The Lots of Org-~;aetional Change. Tascalooss, ~Ala.: University of Alabama Pre". Lombardo. Pio. 1987. Ruing Cost-Effecti~re Wastewater Options.. Amen- em can ma come l?ebr~ry:28-34. Madding, D.G. 1985. Detecting Defects ma Deterioration in Highway Structures Report #11B, National Cooperative Highway Research Pro gram, Synthesis of Highway Practice, l~sportation Research Board. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Mansfield, Edwin. 1968. The Econom~csofTe~ological Cadge. New York: W.W. Norton.

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58 Matslcanin, GINA., L.S. Fountain, and 0. Tr~barger. Nondestructive E'ralu- ation of Infrastructure Conditions.. Annals at Now York Academy of Sciences, l~rastructure Ma~te~ce and R~r of Public Works 431. McKibbin, Bill. March 17, 1986. aA Reporter at Larg~Apartment.. The New Yorker. pp. 43-91. Minded, S. and J.F. Young. 1981. Concrete. Englewood Cliff, N.J.: Prentic+Hall. Mowery, David C. 1983. Economic Theory and Government Technology Policy.. Policy Sciences 16:27-43. Mowery, David C. (in print). aThe Diffusion of New Manufacturing Te~- nologie$." Studies ~ Theological Change, plot Ed Policy. Richard M. Cycrt and David C. Mowers, edit. Cambridge, Ma".: Ballinger. National Council on Public Works Improvement. 1986. De~ng the issues. Washington, D.C.: National Council for Public Worlm Im- provement. National Research Council. 1986. Construction Productnnty: Pros posed Action by the Federal Get to Promote 1~- creased Efflci~cy ~ Co~t~ction. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Pre=. Office of Technology A-essment. 1987. Contraction and Materials Rem sea=h Ed Development for the Nation's Public Words. Wash- mgton, D.C.: U.S. Congress (OTA). Orski, C. Kenneth. December, 1986. "lY~portation Management A - ocia- tions-Battling Suburban Traffic Congestion.. Urban I'and. pp. 2-5. Paul, Bill. June 8, 1987. aGarbage Strame Planners' Ability to Handle It All.. Wall Street Journal. Peterson, George E., ed. 197~1981. Ame~ca's Urban Capital Stow (6 volumes). Washington, D.C.: The Urban Imstitute Pr - a. Peterson, George E., Mary J. Miller, Stephen R. Godwin, and Carol Shapiro. 1984. Guide to BeD-~?mar}s of Urban Capital Condition. Wash- ington, D.C.: Urban Institute Pre-. Pmarski, Alan E. 1987. Commuting 1~ America. Wesport, Conn.: Eno Foundation for Tia~portation, Inc. Public Oration Abroad. February, 1987. ~Telecommuting: Is it the Start of a Trend? p. 1. Public Decoration Abroad. December, 1986. Avoiding Traffic Jams-The Electronic Option.. pp. 2-3. Public Donation Abroad. June, 1986. Vancouver is Now Operating Longest People Mover.. p. 3. RW. Beck and Associates. 1987. Solid Waste. Washington, D.C.: National Council on Public Worlds Improvement. Ripen Associates. 1987. Remew Paper on the Accommodation of Diverse Views ~ the Public Works Impr~ne~t Process. Sum misted to the National Council on Public Worice Improvement. July. Bethesda, Md.: Rivkin Associates. Rogers, Everett M. 1983. Disunion of Donation (Third Edition). New York: Free Pre - .

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59 Rogers, E,rcrett M. "d Joung-lm Kim. 1985. Diffusion of I~ovations ~ Public Org~isations.~ pp. 85-108 in Donation ~ the Public Sector. Richard L. Merritt and Anna J. Merritt, ede. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publicatio=. Rogers, Everett M., with Floyd F. Shoemaker. 1971. Com=~ication of T=~atio~: ~ Cros - Cultural Approach. New Yorlc: Free Pow. Tarr, Joel A. 1984. The Evolution of the Urban Infrastructure ut the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. pp. ~60 in Perepecti~res on Urban 'a*.astructure. Royoc Hamon, ed. Washington, D.C.: Na- tional Academy Pre-. Teich, Albert H. 1985. Fe~leral Support of Applied Re~h: ~ Rehear of the United State Experience. Paper preparer for a worl`shop, The Federal Role in Research and Development. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Pre - . Thompson, R.B. and D.O. Thompson. 1981. New Techniques for Quantita- tive NDE.. pp. 33 51 in Nondestructwe Divination: Micr~truc- tura1 C}~aractensation Ad Reliability Strategi.. O. Buck and S.M. Wolf, eda. Warrendale, Pa.: The Metallurgical Society of AIME. Torn atsky, Louis G., J.D. Eveland, Myl" G. Boylan, William A. Het~ner, Elmima C. Jo}~nson, David Roitman., and Janet Schneider. 1983. The Process of Te~olo~cal Oration: Re~n~g the Literature. Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation. U.S. Department of Commerce. 1980. ~ Study of Public Worse ~nrest- m~t ~ the United States, Vol. :~. Prepared by CONSAD Research Corporation. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Prmt~g Office. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. May, 1985. .1984 Needs Survey.. J. of Water Pollution Control Fe~leratio=. U.S. Ne~re Ad World Report. September 7, 1987. Jam Sessions.. pp. 20-26. Wells, William G. 1986. Working Paper on Knowledge Shag. Prep pared for the National Council on Public Worlce Improvement. October 12. Washington, D.C.: Department of Management Science, George Washington University. Wilson, F. 1985. Building Diagnostics.. Anihitectllr~ l~ology. pp. 22-41 Wright, The Honorable James C., Jr., Spealcer of the U.S. House of Rare xotatives. 1987. Rebuilding Omega. Testimony given before the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Water Resources, Transportation, "d Infrastructure. July 22. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Senate.

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