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References and Bibliography Agnew, J. (1979a) A guide to understanding tinnitus. Hearing Aid Journal, 32:6. Agnew, J. (1979b) Maskers: a manufacturer's viewpoint. Hearing Instruments 9:24-25,48. Agnew, J. (1979c) Tinnitus relief through masking. Hearing Aid Journal 6:8. Ambrosino, S.V. (1981) Neuropsychiatric aspects of tinnitus. In A. Shulman (chairman), Tinnitus: Proceedings of the First International Tinnitus Seminar. Journal of Laryngolony and OtolonY, Sup- plement 4:169-173. Anderson, J.R., Zoller, H.J., and Alexander, L.W. (1950) Observations on the treatment of deafness and tinnitus with parenteral vitamin A in massive doses (Lobe!). Ear, Eye, Nose, and Throat Monthly 29:75-79. ~ _ Aran, J.-M. (1981) Electrical stimulation of the auditory system and tinnitus control. In A. Shulman (chairman), Tinnitus: Proceedings of the First Inter- national Tinnitus Seminar. Journal of Laryngolony and OtologY, Supplement 4:153-163. Aran, J.-M., and Cazals, Y. (1981) Electrical suppres- sion of tinnitus. Pp. 217-224 in CIBA Foundation Symposium 85, Tinnitus. London: Pitman. Arenberg, I.K., and Bayer, R.F. (1977) Therapeutic options in Meniere's Disease. Archives of OtolarYngology 103-589-593. . Arnvig, J. ( 1953) Objective tinnitus. Acta OtolarYn logica, Supplement 109:1053 ~ ASHA Committee on Amplification for the Hearing Impaired (1980) Report of the committee on amplification for the hearing impaired. American Speech and Hearinq Association 22: 892-893. 123

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124 Atherly, G.R.C., Hempstock, T.I., and Noble, W.G. (1968) Study of tinnitus induced temporarily by noise. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America _ _ _ 44:1503-1506. Atkinson, M. (1944a) Meniere's syndrome: results of treatment with nicotinic acid in the vasoconstrictor group. Archives of Otolaryngology 40:101-107. Atkinson, M. (1944b) Tinnitus aurium: observations on its nature and control. Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology 53:742-751. Atkinson, M. (1946) Tinnitus aurium: observations on the effect of curare on loudness level. Annals of OtologY, Rhinology, and Laryngology 55:398-405. Atkinson, M. (1947) Tinnitus aurium: some considera- tions on its origin and treatment. Archives of Oto- laryngologY 45:68-76. Atkinson, M. (1948) Meniere's syndrome: observations on vitamin deficiency as the causative factor. II. The cochlear disturbances. Archives of OtolaryngologY 50:564-588. Atkinson, M. (1954) Vitamin A in treatment of tinnitus and chronic progressive deafness--results of an inves- tigation. Archives of OtolarYngology 59:192-194. Bailey, Q. (1979) Audiological aspects of tinnitus. Australian Journal of Audiology 1:19-23. Barber, H.O., Pennington, C., Pulec, J.L., Schoknecht, H.F., Tabor, J.R., and McCabe, B.F. (1972) Report of Subcommittee on Equilibrium and Its Measurement. Transactions of the American Academy of Opthalmology and OtolaryngoloqY 76:1462-1464. Baron, S.H. (1951) Experiences with parenteral vitamin A therapy in deafness and tinnitus. LarYnnoscoue 61:530-547 Bau, H.W., and Savitt, L. (1951) Treatment of chronic progressive deafness and tinnitus with massive doses of vitamin A. Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat MonthlY 30:83-86. Bellefleur, P.A., and Van Dyke, R.C. (1968) The effects of high gain amplification on children in a residential school for the deaf. Journal of Speech Hearing Research 11:343-347. Berger, E.H., Royster, L.H., and Thomas, W.G. (1978) Presumed noise-induced permanent threshold shift resulting from exposure to an A-weighted Leq of 89 dB. Journal of the Acoustical SocietY of America _ ~ , _ 64: 192-197.

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125 Berlin, C.I., and Shearer, P.D. (1981) Electrophysio- logical simulation of tinnitus. Pp. 139-144 in CIBA Foundation Symposium 85, Tinnitus. London: Pitman. Bernstein, J.M., and Weiss, A.D. (1967) Further observations on salicylate ototoxicity. Journal of LarYngology and OtologY 81:915-925. Berry, G. (1939) me use and effectiveness of hearing aids. Journal of Laryngology 49:912-921. Bilger, R.C. (1977) Evaluation of subjects presently fitted with implanted auditory prostheses. Annals of Otology, RhinologY, and Larynqology, Supplement 38 Brackmann, D.E. (1981a) Panel discussion. In A. Shulman (chairman), Tinnitus: Proceedings of the First International Tinnitus Seminar. Journal of LiaryngologY and OtolosY, Supplement 4:143-144. Brackmann, D.E. (1981b) Reduction of tinnitus in cochlear-implant patients. In A. Shulman (chairman), Tinnitus: Proceedings of the First International Tinnitus Seminar. Journal of LarYnsoloqY and OtoloqY, Supplement 4:163-165. Breu, H. (1956) Heparin therapy for tinnitus. Archiv fuer Ohren-, Nasen-und KehlkoPfheilkunde 169: 342-344. Brown, R.D., Penny, J.E., Henley, C.M., Hodges, K.B., Kupetz, S.A., Glenn, D.W., and Jobe, P.C. (1981) Ototoxic drugs and noise. Pp. 151-164 in CIBA Foundation Symposium 85, Tinnitus. London: Pitman. Brummett, R.E. (1980) Drug-induced ototoxicity. Drugs 19:412-428. Burns, W., and Robinson, D.W. (1970) Hearing and Noise In Industry. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Capuani, F. (1959) Treatment of tinnitus by ultrasound. Archivo Italiano do Otoloqia 68:451-455. Caro, A.Z. (1975) Dimethyl-sulfoxide therapy in subjec- tive tinnitus of unknown origin. Annals of the New York AcademY of Science 82:468-474. Carrara, C. (1957) Meprobamate in symptomatic therapy of tinnitus. OsPedale Maggiore Milano 45: 326-330. Cassel, M. (1978) Music masker for severe tinnitus: a case report. Hearing Aid Journal 12: 44. Cazals, Y., Negrevergne, M., and Aran, J.-M. (1978) Electrical stimulation of the cochlea in man; hearing induction and tinnitus suppression. Journal of the American AudiologY SocietY 3:200-213. Chole, R.A. (1978) Experimental studies on the role of vitamin A in the inner ear. Otolaryngology 86:595-620 CIBA Foundation Symposium 85, Tinnitus. (1981) London: Pitman.

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127 Dickins, J.R.E. (1979) Tinnitus: is there an adequate medical therapy? Hearing Instruments 9:14-15. Dickter, A.E., Durrant, J.D., and Ronis, M.L. (1981) Correlation of tinnitus with central auditory test- ing. In A. Shulman (chairman), Tinnitus: Proceeding s of the First International Tinnitus Seminar. Journal of LaryngologY and OtologY, Supplement 4: 52-59. Donald. on, I. (1978) Tinnitus: a theoretical view and a therapeutic study using amylobarbitone. Journal of LaryogologY and OtologY 92: 123-130. Douek, E., and Reid, J. (1968) The diagnostic value of tinnitus pitch. Journal of Laryngology and OtologY 82: 1039-1042. Drucker, T. (1979) Drugs that can cause tinnitus. American Tinnitus Association Newsletter 4:3-5. - Durrant, J.D. (1981) Auditory physiology and an auditory physiologist's view of tinnitus. In A. Shulman (chairman), Tinnitus: Proceedings of the First International Tinnitus Seminar. Journal of Laryngology and OtologY, Supplement 4:21-28. Dwivedi, G.S., and Mehra, Y.N. (1978) Ototoxicity of chloroquine phosphate. Journal of Laryngology and OtoloqY 92:701-703. Elithorn, A. (1953) Discussion on tinnitus: prefrontal leucotomy in the treatment of tinnitus. Proceeding s of the Royal society of Medicine 46:832-833. Elliott, D.N., and Fraser, W. (1970) Fatigue and adaptation. Pp. 115-155 in J.V. Tobias, ea., Foundations _ Modern Auditory meorY. New York: Academic Press. Elliott, E. (1958) Nature 181:1076. A ripple effect in the audiogram. P. 275 in CIBA London: Pitman. Emmett, J.R. (1981) Discussion. Foundation Symposium 85, Tinnitus. Emmett, J.R., and Shea, J.J. (1980, Treatment of tinnitus with tocainide hydrochloride. Head and Neck Surgery 88:442-446. Emmett, J.R., and Shea, J.J. (no date) of Tinnitus. Unpublished manuscript. Endicott, J.N., and Stucker, F.J. (1977) Otolarynqoloqy Medical Treatmen t Meniere s Disease related fluctuating nearing TOSS: preliminary findings in a double-blind crossover clinical study. Laryngoscope 87:1650-1657. Engler, C.W. (1957) Treatment of tinnitus. Journal of the American Medical Association 163:615-616. Engstrom, H., and Graf, W. (1952) Recording of objec tive tinnitus. Acta Otolaryngologica 41:228-234.

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