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Appendix B: Arsenic Content of Animals

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244 ARSENIC Arsenic concentration, ppm (fresh wt) Animal Expo surea Exposed Normal References Human: Hair Distal Proximal Brain Teeth Esophagus Thyroid Lung Female Heart Liver Kidney Left Right Pancreas Bladder Gallbladder Stomach Walls Contents 0.3- 1.75 0.79 0.03b-1.92 1 0.~-816 <3.0 2 3.58 0.997 O.OOIb-0.14 3 1.0- 1.4 4 1.9 4 168 2 4 0.003-0.635 - 0.06-0.13 0.001-0.314b 0.003-0.332b 0.002-0.093 2.3-2.6 20.0 4 64.0 0.08-0.17 0.006-0.514b 0.006-0.038 0.002-0.078b 0.001-0.016 0.09-0.30 4.4-6.9 12.8- 143 O.005-O. 246b 0.07-0.14 0.4-1.3 15.8-92 81 0.002-0.363b 0.07 94 0.005-0.410b 0.06 4 41 0.04 0.1-0.3 4 5-246 4 5-8,836 95,145 287 95,287,409,526, 742,818 122,219,543,651 61 287,409,742 310 533 742,821 533 75,287 742 742 437 287,409 310 533 742 552 533 742 287,409,850 95,287,409 310 533 742 287,409 310 533 533 742 287 533 742 287 533 287 310 533 533 0.003-0.104b 742

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Appendix B: Arsenic Content of Animals 245 Arsenic concentration, ppm (fresh wt) Expo Animal surea Exposed Normal References Intestine Small Large Spleen Bone 4 4 3 4 Calvarium Rib Nail - 0.07 132 259 0.5-2.2 12.8 1.70 0.08-0.13 0.001-0.132b 0.16-0.50 59-61 (in ash) 20-27 (in ash) 287 533 533 75,287,409 310 533 742 287,409 592 592 287 5 7.1- 17.8 0.04-0.11 380 0.02-2. 90b 742 4 20-130 819 Blood 6 0.82-3.0 - 213 0.01-0.59 287,317,526 4 5.0 533 0.001-0.920b 742 7 0.03-0.27 0.01-0.13 832 Women, venous 0.06-1.44 317,830 Menstrual - 0.18 830 Serum 0.000-0.0028 194,526 Skin 0.009_0.59b 742 Spinal cord 4 20.6 533 Urine 1 0.04-0.9 0.01-0.22 122,392,543,617 0.000-0.11 287,526 4 27.2 533 Uterus 0.010-0.188b 742 Membrane 45.6 317 Aorta 0.003-0.570b 742 Adrenal 0.002-0.293b 742 Breast 0.030-0.221b 742 Muscle, pectoral 0.012-0.431b 742 Ovary - 0.013-0.260b 742 Prostate 0.010-0.090b 742 Domesticated Animals: - Beef 0.008 50 Calf muscle - 0.52 641 Calf liver 0.15 Liver 0.063 604 Milk 0.0005-0.07 50,411,516 7 <0.05-0.27 248,521

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246 ARSENIC Arsenic concentration, ppm (fresh wt) Animal Expo surea Exposed Normal References Milk, dried Milk, sterilized Milk, condensed Butter Veal Pork Muscle Salami Chicken Meat Kidney Liver Bone, marrow Eggs Yolk Rabbit, muscle Liver Kidney Heart Lungs Meat, canned 7 0.29-0.92 7 0.2-1.2 7 0.0 1 -0.4 0.08- 1.2 7 Fat Wild Animals: Squirrel Sparrow Mice Hawk Owl Fox Crow Opossum Starling Bee, dead Pollen Larvae, dead Pupae <0.5 0.03-0.04 0.01-0.014 0.07 0.005-0.010 0.22-0.32 <0.02 0. 14-0.20 0.02 0.05 0.02 ~2.2 0.02 0.08 0.0-0.4 0.40 7 4 2 4 4 4 1.0-2.0 3.0 3.0 trace trace 0.01-0.18 0.20_4. 13b 0.13-0. 54b o.8b o.2b 1 .Ob 0.4b 0.05 o.8b o. lb o.2b 0.01 -0.2 1 0.005 3.22- 12.0 20.8-3 1.2 1 -120 7.75-30 4.95-13 10 782 516 516 49 50 49,641 459 49, 129 168 51,168 51,168 286 168 286 51 168 238 50 725 725 725 725 725 641 726 726 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 524 226,502 479 775 226,228 226,228 228

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Appendix B: Arsenic Content of Animals 247 Arsenic concentration, ppm (fresh wt) Expo Animal surea Exposed Normal References Honey 4 16-22 228 4 1-2 479 Aquatic Organisms: Shrimp - 1.2,7-41.6 129,143,171,501 English potted 8.2-18.8 143 Edible portion - - 0.95-31.2 172 Canned - 0.08 203 Pandalus borealis, oil 10.1 491 Pandalus borealis, fatty acid 4.8 491 13.0-42.00 496,502 Palamon serrates, cooked Parapeneus longirostris Crab Dressed Canned Muscle Carcinus maenas, cooked Cancer pagurus, cooked Clam, minced Canned Pecten maximus N-liquor Oil Fatty acid Prawns Dublin Bay American tinned Japanese tinned Oyster English Portuguese American tinned Canned Smoked Ostrea edulis Ostrea edulis, N-liquor Gryphea angulata 7 ~7.95 1.0-2.7 1.7-38.2 27.0-52.5 18.8-62.6 0.71 6.1 2.5-7.0 2.1-33.4 0.85 1.42-2.56 0.36 11.6 18.0 4.8 1.9 34.1 27.0- 130.5 10.5-30.0 15.0-63.8 0.3-3.7 2.2-7.5 24.8-52.5 0.4-0.8 0.22 1.00 2.6-8.2b 9.8 1.2-3.6 167 167 143 143 203 369 790,791 167 167 129 129,853 203 492 492 491 491 129 143 143 143 129,176,356,506, 853 143 143 143 203 203 456,492 492 167

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248 ARSENIC Arsenic concentration, ppm (fresh wt) Expo An~mal surea Exposed Normal References Lobster (Homarus vulgarus) Canned Fillet Fillet, N-liquor Cooked Muscle Whole Norwegian, cooked (Nephrops norvegicus ) Scallop Mussel Mytilus edulis Whole N-liquor Oil Fatty acid Mytilus edulis, whole 7 0.04-3.73 Mytilus magellonicus Cockle 14.0 10.8-17.2 0.022 0.453 2.27-54.5 129, 143, 167,202 0.94 203 5.3 492 492 167 50 50 7.2-19.4 27.0-63.8 2.58-89.2 0.08-8.0 9.5-I 5. Ob o.ob 9.7 18.0 22.0 0.01 10.5-26. |b Cardium edule 5.1-8.4 456 1 2.8-30.0 1 29, 143 1 .3-2.4 1 67 Tapes decussatus 3.7-6.6 167 Whelk 90-30 0 143 French edible snail 0.4 143 Buccinum undatum 1l.Ob 456 Periwinkle Littorina littorea 12" 456 14.0-1 g.ob 456 Littorina littorea, oil - 84.0 491 Littorina littorea, fatty acid 32.0 491 Cooked 3.6-6.3 167 Crawfish Palinurus vulgaris, cooked 12.0-54.6 167 Palinurus vulgaris 15.0-33.8 143 Astacus pallipes - - 0.8-1.5 143 Squid Omnastrephes sagittatus - 6.5 492 167 1 29, 143 1 29, 143,202,496 167,202,299,492, 501,502 456 496 492 491 491 202,703 567

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Appendix B: Arsenic Content of Animals 249 Arsenic concentration, ppm (fresh wt) Expo Animal surea Exposed Normal References N-liquor 17.0 492 Loligo vulgaris, raw 0.8-7.5 167 Loligo vulgaris, cooked - 0.4-3.3 167 Fatty acid 0.7 491 Starfish (hysterias rubens) 1Ob 456 Starfish, oil 9.1 491 Starfish, fatty acid 7.5 491 Cuttlefish Sepia officinalis, gills 198b 456 Sepia officinalis, mantle 73b 456 Sepia officinalis, raw - 6.2-11.5 167 Sepia officinalis, cooked - 0.8-6.8 167 Anchovy 7.1-10.7 499 Octopus Octopus bimoculatus, tentacles 0.12 299 Octopus vulgaris, raw - 2.6-40.3 167 Octopus vulgaris, cooked 3.0-31.0 167 Cod (Gadus morrhua) - 3.69-24.3b 129,496 Fillet - 2.2 492 Fillet, N-liquor - 13.0 492 Muscle - 0.4-0.8 696 Liver - 0.7-3.2 696 Liver, oil 1.4- 10.0 129,364,491,502, 696 Black marlin Muscle Liver Tuna Tunny (Thunnus thynnus) Haddock (Melano grammus aeglefinus) Mullet, red Dogfish Plaice Fillet, oil (Pleuronectes platessa ) Fillet, fatty acid 0.1-1.65 0.1-2.75 0.71-4.6 9.6b 5.54-10.8b 1.54 0.53 4.5-7.5 6.1 5.2 505 505 129,604 496 129,496 49 49 143 491 491

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250 ARSENIC Arsenic concentration, ppm (fresh wt) Animal Expo surea Exposed Normal References Sole (Solea solea) Dab Caviar, Russian Pike (Esox luc ins) Pike Perch (Pert a f lu via tills ) Tench Bream Roach Trout, viscera muscle Whitefish, viscera muscle Sucker. spotted whole Sucker, white Shiner. golden Bass. black. liver. oil Bass, black, large- mouth (Microp- terus salmoides) Bass, white Carp Catfish Herring, fillet (Clupea harengus) N-liquor Meal Oil Muscle Mackerel (Scomber scomber) Meal Fillet, N-liquor Fillet Fillet, oil Fillet, fatty acid Liver, oil Liver, fatty acid Oil Capelin, meal 0.0 2 2 5.2 2.2-3.0 3.8 0.8 0.0-0.11 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 ~0.09 5.3 2.4 0.069-0. 149 2 3.6 2 2.7 0.062-0.253 0.11 0.55- 1.95 7.37-77.3 1 0.07-0.93 7 ~0.19 143 143 143 143 790.79 1 143 143 143 143 790.79 1 231 231 653 231 231 233,653 644 233 233 0.0 1 - 1.86 0.28-0.48 0.055-0.5 1 0.07-0.298 3.8 6.4-24.0 2.7-6.9b 3.1-20.2 2.0 0.027-9. 2h 2.7-3.8 3.2- 17.0 2.2b_3 .5 8.2 4.1 13.0 6.2 4.3- 15.0 2.6-19.1 233,653.857 233.644 233.644.653 790,79 1 644.653 492 492.500 490.496 49 1 .494.499.696 696 496 490 492,500 456,492 491 491 491 491 494,499 490.496

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Appendix B: Arsenac Content of Anamals 251 Arsenic concentration, ppm (fresh wt) An~mal Expo surea Exposed Normal References Capelin, N-liquor Oil (Mallotus villosus) Fatty acid Pout, Norway, meal Pout, Norway, oil Whale (`Balaenoptera physalus) N-liquor Coalf~sh (Pollachius virens) North Atlantic Finfish Catfish (Bagre marinus) Eel (Anguilla rostrata) Flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) Decapterus punctatus Eel (Conger sp.) Anchovy (Anchova mitchelli) Mullet (Mugil cephalus) Hygophum hygomi Ceratoscopelus warmingil Notoscopelus .. . caaalsplnous Lobianchia dofleini Lepidophanes indicus Diaphus mollis Lampanyctus pusillus Ophichthus ocellatus Ophichthus gomesi Morone saxatilis Sea trout (Cynoscion 10.3 s.2-23.2 6.3 3.9 11.8 0.4 o.s 7.2b <1.0 OCR for page 243
252 ARSENIC Arsenic concentration, ppm (fresh wt) Animal Expo surea Exposed Normal References Nereis diversicolor 5.2b 456 Palaemon elegans 16.0b 456 Patella vulgata 11-24b 456 Crepidula fornicata 8.1-13.Ob 456 Nucella lapillus 16.0-38.0b 456 Styela clava 4.8b 456 Botryllus schlosseri 6.6b 456 Anguilla anguilla, muscle - 1.7b 456 Marone labrax, muscle 7.1b 456 Platichthys flesus, muscle 8.7b 456 Shellfsh, Portugal Rock shell (Murex trun culus) cooked 14.6-26.4 167 Donox trunculus - 1.8-3.7 167 Solen marginatus, 1.9-4.2 167 cooked 1.4-2.7 167 Aristeus antennatus - 4.4-19.6 167 Aolliceps cornucopia, cooked 1.2-8.6 167 Miscellaneous Bluegills (Lepomis macrochirus) 0.52 233 7 0.09- 11.60 290 Gar, long-nosed - 0.35-0.40 233 Shad, gizzard 0.13-1.47 233,644 Small-mouthed buffalo 0.05-2.75 233 Brook silversides 0.30-1.26 233 Drum, freshwater 0.09 644 Salmon, coho 0.09 644 Minnows 0.14- 1.95 233 Pickerel - 0.13-0.73 233 Black bullhead 0.22 233 Horned dace 0.42-0.65 233 Gambusia 7 0.07- 11.20 383 Insects - 106 17 Cryptozoa 1006 17 Earthworms - 19" 17 Snail 7 0.61-68.3 383 Snail, garden - 0.3 143 Crustacea, planktonic 3.2-5.5 233

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Appendix B: Arsenic Content of Animals 253 Arsenic concentration, ppm (fresh wt) Animal Expo surea Exposed Normal References Sea star (Pisoster ochrac ens) Fish muscle Daphnia magna 7 3.9-2s4 1.266 3.06-6.8 299 369 383 al = industrial; 2 = pollution; 3 = AsH3; 4 = poisoned; 5 = arsenic polyneuriti treatment; 7 = fed arsenic. bDry weight. ~s; 6 = aerosol

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