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issued and because the GOALS program will rely, in part, upon operationalobserving systems. An organizational structure is needed to ensurethat all the participants in the GOALS program gain the benefitsof each other's efforts. The complexity of GOALS calls for coordinationthat can only be accomplished with an organized structure. Such astructure is not yet in place.

The NRC, through the efforts of the GOALS Panel, is currently preparingan implementation strategy for U.S. participation in GOALS. One ofthe more important aspects of that strategy is the development ofan infrastructure that will promote:

  • cross-disciplinary interaction among scientists involved in the variousresearch activities that are necessary for improving the predictionof seasonal-to-interannual climate variations;

  • coordination and interaction among agencies, and among the atmospheric,oceanic, and hydrological divisions of agencies;

  • coordination between the U.S. national GOALS effort and the internationalCLIVAR/GOALS program;

  • efficient allocation of resources by coordination among GOALS andother climate-related programs (e.g., GEWEX [Global Energy and WaterCycle Experiment] and ACSYS [Arctic Climate System Study]); and,

  • oversight and review of the scientific priorities and implementationof GOALS.

The breadth of the required coordination presents a difficult organizationaltask.

It is important that the organizing structure be set up soon becausemany activities related to GOALS are already ongoing. Some are continuationsof activities begun under TOGA, for example the maintenance of theoceanographic and meteorological observing system in the tropicalPacific Ocean. Some new activities under GOALS are already organizing.For example, the GOALS project Pan-American Climate Studies (PACS)has already been allocated funds, formed a scientific working group,and is developing an implementation plan. Furthermore, the creationof the organizational infrastructure now will allow the U.S. efforton GOALS to move forward quickly once more specific priorities havebeen set. Below, several working groups are recommended. Input fromthese working groups will help the NRC to advise on priorities forGOALS.

The WCRP's CLIVAR Scientific Steering Group will soon be releasing a scienceplan. The plan relies heavily on the NRC's GOALS report mentioned above for its discussions of research on short-termclimate variations. The International CLIVAR Project Office is nowassembled in Hamburg, Germany. An immediate charge for that officewill be to develop an international implementation plan. This planwill be a consolidation of the several national plans, such as theone on which the NRC is now working. The United States will needformal points of contact with international bodies and activitieson matters related to GOALS.

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