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Abriola, L. M., and G. F. Pinder. 1985a. A multiphase approach to the modeling of porous media contamination by organic compounds, 1. Equation development. Water Resources Res., 21(1), p. 11-18.

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Aiken, G. and E. Cotsaris. 1995. Soil and hydrology: their effect on NOM. J. Am. Water Works Assoc. 87:36-45.

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Appel, C. A., and Reilly, T. E. 1994. Summary of selected computer programs produced by the U.S. Geological Survey for simulation



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Hazardous Materials in the Hydrologic Environment: The Role of Research by the U.S. Geological Survey References Abriola, L. M., and G. F. Pinder. 1985a. A multiphase approach to the modeling of porous media contamination by organic compounds, 1. Equation development. Water Resources Res., 21(1), p. 11-18. Abriola, L. M., and G. F. Pinder. 1985b. A multiphase approach to the modeling of porous media contamination by organic compounds, 2. Numerical simulation. Water Resources Res., 21(1), p. 19-26. Aiken, G. and E. Cotsaris. 1995. Soil and hydrology: their effect on NOM. J. Am. Water Works Assoc. 87:36-45. Aiken, G. R., D. M. McKnight, K. A. Thorn, and E. M. Thurman. 1992. Isolation of hydrophilic organic acids from water using nonionic macroporous resins, Org. Geochem. 18:567-573. Ala, N. K., and P. A. Domenico. 1992. Inverse analytical techniques applied to coincident contaminant distributions at Otis Air Force Base, Massachusetts. Ground Water 30:212-218. Anderson, L. D., D. B. Kent, and J. A. Davis. 1994. Batch experiments characterizing the reduction of chromium(VI) using subtoxic material from a mildly reducing sand and gravel aquifer . Environmental Science and Technology, 28:178-185. Anderson, M. R., R. L Johnson, and J. F. Pankow. 1992. Dissolution of dense chlorinated solvents into groundwater. 3. Modeling of dense contaminant plumes from fingers and pools of solvent. Environmental Science and Technology, 26(5), 901-908. Appel, C. A., and Reilly, T. E. 1994. Summary of selected computer programs produced by the U.S. Geological Survey for simulation

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Hazardous Materials in the Hydrologic Environment: The Role of Research by the U.S. Geological Survey ground-water flow and quality. U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1104, 98 p. Averett, R. C., J. A. Leenheer, D. M. McKnight, K. A. Thorn, Edits. 1989. Humic substances in the Suwannee River, Georgia: Interactions, properties, and proposed structures, Open-File Report 87-557; U.S. Geological Survey: Denver, CO. Baehr, A. L., and M. Y. Corapciouglu. 1987. A compositional multiphase model for groundwater contamination by petroleum products, 2, Numerical solution. 23(1), p. 201-210. Baker, J. E., T. M. Church, G. Cutter, R. M. Dickhut, J. Ondov, D. L. Poster, and J. Scudlark. 1994. Atmospheric deposition of trace elements and organic contaminants to the Chesapeake Bay, 1990-1992. In: Atmospheric Deposition of Contaminants to the Great Lakes and Coastal Waters, J.E. Baker, edit., Lewis Publ. Balistrieri, L. S., and T. T. Chao. 1990. Adsorption of selenium by amorphous iron oxyhydroxide and manganese dioxide. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta 54:739-751. Banfield, J. F., B. F. Jones, and D. R. Veblen. 1991. An AEM-TEM study of weathering and diagenesis, Abert Lakes, Oregon. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta 55:2781-2810. Barber, L. B. 1994. Sorption of chlorobenzenes to Cape Cod aquifer sediments. Environmental Science and Technology, 28(5), pp. 890-897. Barke, R. 1988. Hazardous wastes and the politics of policy change. Pp. 147-162 in Dimensions of Hazardous Waste Policy, C. E. Davis, and J. P. Lester, eds. New York, New York: Greenwood Press. Barrie, L. A., D. Gregor, B. Hargrave, R. Lake, D. Muir, R. Shearer, B. Tracey, and T. Bidleman. 1992. Arctic contaminants: sources, occurrence and pathways. Sci. Total Environ. 122:1-74. Barrow, J. 1994. The Resonant Sonic drilling method. Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation, 14(2):153-160. Bear, J. 1972. Dynamics of Fluids in Porous Media. Elsevier. N.Y. Benoit, G. 1994. Clean technique measurement of Pb, Ag, and Cd in freshwater: a redefinition of metal pollution. Environ. Sci. Technol. 28:1987-1991.

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Hazardous Materials in the Hydrologic Environment: The Role of Research by the U.S. Geological Survey Borden, R. C., and P. B. Bedient. 1986. Transport of dissolved hydrocarbons influenced by oxygen-limited biodegradation, 1. Theoretical development.Water Resources Res. 22(13):1973-1982. Bouwer, E. J., and P. H. McCarty. 1984. Modeling of trace organics biotransformation in the subsurface. Ground Water 22(4):433-440. Bredehoeft, J. D., and G. F. Pinder. 1973. Mass transport in flowing groundwater. Water Resources Res. 9:194-210. Buscheck, T. A., and J. J. Nitao. 1992. The impact of thermal loading on repository performance at Yucca Mountain in Proceedings of the High Level Radioactive Waste Management Third Annual Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, April 12-16, American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, IL and American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, NY, p. 1003-1017. Cederberg, G. A. 1985. TRANQL: A ground-water mass-transport and equilibrium chemistry model for multicomponent systems. Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford Univ., Stanford, Calif. 117 pp. Chang, L. C., C. A. Shoemaker, and P. L. F Liu. 1992. Application of a constrained optimal control algorithm to groundwater remediation. Water Resources Research 28:3157-3173. Chapelle, F. H., P. B. McMahon, N. M. Dubrovsky, R. F. Fuji, E. T. Oaksford, and D. A. Vroblesky. 1995. Deducing the distribution of terminal electron-accepting processes in hydrologically diverse groundwater systems. Water Resources Res. 31:359-371. Cheng, B. H. C., R. H. Bourdeau, and B. C. Pijanowski. 1993. A decision support system for regional environmental analysis. Proceedings of 25th Internet Symposium on Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change. Vol I, 223-233. (from National Institutes for Water Resources database). Chiou, C. T., P. E. Porter, and D. W. Schmedding. 1983. Partition equilibria of nonionic organic compounds between soil organic matter and water. Environ. Sci. Technol. 17:227-231. Colburn, T. E., A. Davidson, S. N. Green, R. A. Hode, C. I. Jackson, and R. A. Liroff. 1990. Great Lakes, Great Legacy. The Conservation Foundation and the Institute for Research on Public Policy. Washington, D.C. p. 301. Colston, B., S. Brown, P. Daley, K. Langry, and F. Milanovich. 1992. Monitoring remediation of trichloroethylene using a chemical fiber

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Hazardous Materials in the Hydrologic Environment: The Role of Research by the U.S. Geological Survey optic sensor: field studies, Proceedings of the International Topical Meeting on Nuclear and Hazardous Waste Management, v.I, p.393-396. Cozzarelli, I. M., M. J. Baedecker, R. P. Eganhouse, and D. F. Goerlitz. 1994. The geochemical evolution of low-molecular-weight organic acids derived from the degradation of petroleum contaminants in groundwater. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta 58:863-877. Curtis, G. P., P. V. Roberts, and M. Reinhard. 1986. A natural gradient experiment on solute transport in a sand aquifer 4. Sorption of organic solutes and its influence on mobility. Water Resources Res. 22(13):2059-2067. Dakins, M. E., J. E. Toll, and M. J. Small. 1994. Risk-based environmental remediation: Decision framework and role of uncertainty. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, in press (for Nov., 1994). Domagalski, J. L., and K. M. Kuivila. 1993. Distributions of pesticides and organic contaminants between water and suspended sediment, San Francisco Bay, California. Estuaries 16:416-426. Domenico, P. A., and G. A. Robbins. 1985. A new method of contaminant plume analysis. Ground Water 23(4):476-485. Eddy, C., and B. Looney. 1993. Three dimensional digital imaging of environmental data: optimization of variable parameters during three-dimensional grid calculations , International Journal of Geographic Information Systems, 7(2):165-172. Eganhouse, R. P., and R. W. Gossett. 1991. Sources and magnitude of bias associated with determination of polychlorinated biphenyls in environmental samples. Anal. Chem. 63:2130-2137. Erel, Y., J. J. Morgan, and C. C. Patterson. 1991. Natural levels of lead and cadmium in a remote mountain stream. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta 55:707-719. Faust, C. R., J. H. Guswa, and J. W. Mercer. 1989. Simulation of three-dimensional flow of immiscible fluids within and below the unsaturated zone. Water Resources Res. 25(12):2449-2464. Faust, C. R. 1985. Transport of immiscible fluids within and below the unsaturated zone: A numerical model. Water Resources Res. 21(4):587-596.

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Hazardous Materials in the Hydrologic Environment: The Role of Research by the U.S. Geological Survey Felmy, A. R., D. Girvin, and E. A. Jenne. 1983. MINTEQ: A Computer Program for Calculating Aqueous Geochemical Equilibria . U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, EPA-600/3/84-032, PB84-157148, Athens, Georgia. Field, J. A., J. A. Leenheer, K. A. Thorn, L. B. Barber, C. Rostad, D. L. Macalady, and S. R. Daniel. 1992. Identification of persistent anionic surfactant-derived chemicals in sewage effluent and groundwater. J. Contam. Hydrol. 9:55-78. Finley, R. W., and D. A. Farber. 1992. Environmental Law in a Nutshell. St. Paul, Minn.: West Publishing Company. Freeze, R. A. 1969. The mechanism of natural groundwater recharge and discharge; I. One dimensional vertical, unsteady unsaturated flow above a recharging or discharging groundwater flow system. Water Resources Res. 5:153-171. Freeze, R. A. 1971. Three dimensional transient saturated-unsaturated flow in a groundwater basin. Water Resources Res. 7:347-366. Friedman, R., C. Ansell, S. Diamond and Y.Y. Haimes. 1984. The use of models for water resources management, planning and policy . Water Resources Research 20(7):793-802. Fuller, C. C., J. A. Davis, and G. A. Waychunas. 1993. Surface chemistry of ferrihydrite: Part 2. kinetics of arsenate adsorption and coprecipitation. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta 57:2271-2282. Garrison, A. W., P. Schmitt, and A. Kettrup. 1995. Capillary electrophoresis for the characterization of humic substances . Water Res. 29:2149-2159. Gilbert, B. K., Mann, W. B.,IV, and P. A. Emery. 1987. Some aspects of U.S. Geological Survey activities related to the effects of contaminants on water resources. U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 87-574. Golder Associates. 1988. FracMan Version 2.0 interactive rock fracture geometric model: User Documentation. Unpublished report for the Department of Energy. Golder Associates, Redmond, Wa. Gorelick, S. M., C. I. Voss, P. E. Gill, W. Murray, M. A. Sauders, and M. H. Wright. 1984. Aquifer reclamation design: The use of contaminant transport simulation combined with nonlinear programming. Water Resources Research 20(4):415-427.

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Hazardous Materials in the Hydrologic Environment: The Role of Research by the U.S. Geological Survey Harvey, R. W., and S. P. Garabedian. 1991. Use of colloidal filtration in modeling movement of bacteria through a contaminated sandy aquifer. Environmental Science and Technology, 25(1):178-185. Harvey, R. W., L. H. George, R. L. Smith, and D. R. LeBlanc. 1989. Transport of microspheres and indigenous bacteria in a contaminated aquifer -- Results of natural- and forced-gradient tracer experiments . Environmental Science and Technology, 23(1):51-56. Hazen, T. C., and L. Jimenez. 1988. Enumeration and identification of bacteria from environmental samples using nuclei acid probes, Microbiological Science, 5:340-343. Hem, J. D. 1992. Study and interpretation of the chemical characteristics of natural water. Water-Supply Paper 2254, U.S. Geological Survey. 263 p. Hem, J. D., and C. J. Lind. 1994. Chemistry of manganese precipitation in Pinal Creek, Arizona, USA: a laboratory study. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta 58:1601-1614. Hill, M. C. 1990. Preconditioned Conjugate-Gradient 2 (PCG2), A Computer Program for Solving Ground-Water Flow Equations. U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Resources Investigations Report 90-4048 ,43 p. Hill, M. C. 1992. A computer program (MODFLOWP) for estimating parameters of a transient, three-dimensional, ground-water flow model using nonlinear regression: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 91-484, 358 p. Hipel, K. W. 1992. Multiple objective decision making in water resources. Water Resources Bulletin 28(1):3-12. Hoffman, J. D., and K. Buttleman. 1994. National geochemical data base: National Uranium Resource Evaluation data for the conterminous United States. Digital Data Series DDS-18-A, U.S. Geological Survey. CD-ROM. Hornberger, G. M., and E. W. Boyer. 1995. Recent advances in watershed modelling. U.S. National Report to IUGG, 1991-1994, Reviews in Geophysics, supplement , pp. 949-957, July 1995. Hsieh, P. A., A. M. Shapiro, C. C. Barton, f. P. Haeni, C. D. Johnson, C. W. Martin, F. L. Paillet, T. C. Winter, and D. L. Wright. 1993. Methods of characterizing fluid movement and chemical transport in fractured rock, in J. T. Chaney and J. C. Hepburn (editors). Field

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Hazardous Materials in the Hydrologic Environment: The Role of Research by the U.S. Geological Survey Trip Guidebook for Northeastern United States. Geological Society of American Annual Meeting, October 25-28. Boston, Massachusetts. 30 p. Hurst, C. J. (ed.). 1991. Modeling the Environmental Fate of Microorganisms. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 292 p. James, B. R., and R. A. Freeze. 1993. The worth of data in predicting aquitard continuity in hydrogeological design. Water Resources Research 29(7):2049-2065. Kaback, D., C.Bergren, C. Carlson, C. Carlson. 1990. Testing a ground water sampling tool: are the samples representative? National Water Well Association Proceedings of the Fourth Outdoor Action Conference. Kaback, D., B. Looney, J. Corey, L. Wright, and J. Steele. 1989. Horizontal wells for in situ remediation of soils and groundwater, National Water Well Association Proceedings of the Third Outdoor Action Conference Kipp, K. L. Jr. 1987. HST3D—A computer code for simulation of heat and solute transport in three-dimensional ground-water systems. U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 86-4095 , 517 p. Konikow, L. F., and J.D. Bredehoeft. 1978. Computer model of two-dimensional solute transport and dispersion in ground water. U.S. Geological Survey TWRI, Book 7, Chapter 1. Reston, Va. 40 pp. Kovalick, W. W. 1994. Latest News from Overseas on Innovative Technologies. Proceedings of Workshop on Innovative and Novel Technologies in Hazardous Waste Treatment and Disposal: Prospects and Problems, Second National Hazardous and Solid Waste Convention, Melbourne, Australia. Langbein, W. B. 1981. A history of research in the USGS/WRD. WRD Bulletin, October-December 1981, pp 18-26. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia. Lappala, E. G., R. W. Healy, and E. P. Weeks. 1987. Documentation of computer program VS2D to solve the equations of fluid flow in variably saturated porous media: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report 83-4099, 184 pp.

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Hazardous Materials in the Hydrologic Environment: The Role of Research by the U.S. Geological Survey Leavesley, G. H. 1994. Modeling the effects of climate change on water resources - a review . Climatic Change, 28: 159-177. Leavesley, G. H., P. J. Restepo, et. al. 1995. The Modular Modeling System (MMS) - A modeling framework for multidisciplinary research and operational applications. GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues, 1995 . Proceedings of Second International Conference/Workshop on Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling, Atlanta, Georgia, GIS World Books . Leavesley, G. H., R. Restrepo, L. G. Stannard, and M. Dixon. 1992. The Modular Hydrologic Modeling System - MHMS. Managing Water Resources During Global Change, ed. R. Herrmann. Proceedings of Conference of American Water Resources Association , Bethesda, Maryland, 263-264. Leenheer, J. A., R. L. Wershaw, and M. M. Reddy. 1995. Strong-acid, carboxyl group structures in fluvic acid from the Suwannee River, Georgia Environ. Sci. Technol. 29:393-398, 399-405. LeGrand, H. E. 1988. Region 21, Piedmont and Blue Ridge, in Hydrogeology, vol O-2 of The Geology of North America, W. Back and J.S. Rosenshien, eds. The Geological Society of America. p 202. Liu, C. W., and T. N. Narasimhan. 1989. Redox-controlled multiple-species reactive chemical transport, 1, Model development. Water Resources Res., 25(5), pp. 869-882. Lockhart, W. L., R. Wagemann, B. Tracey, D. Sutherland, D. J. Thomas. 1992. Presence and implications of chemical contaminants in the freshwaters of the Canadian Artic. Sci. Total Environ. 122:165-245. Lovley, D. R., and E. J. P. Phillips. 1992. Reduction of uranium by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58:850-856. Mackay, D. M., D. L. Freyberg, and P. V. Roberts. 1986. A natural gradient experiment on solute transport in a sand aquifer 1. Approach and overview of plume movement. Water Resources Res. 22(13):20-17-2029. Marin, C. M., M. A. Medina, Jr., and J. B. Butcher. 1989. Monte Carlo analysis and Bayesian decision theory for assessing the effects of waste sites on groundwater, 1. Theory. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 5:1-13.

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Hazardous Materials in the Hydrologic Environment: The Role of Research by the U.S. Geological Survey McDonald, M. G., and A. W. Harbaugh. 1988. A modular three-dimensional finite-difference ground-water flow model . U.S. Geological Survey Techniques of Water Resources Investigations, Book 6, Chapter A1, 586 pp. McKnight, D. M., and K. E. Bencala. 1990. The chemistry of iron, aluminum, and dissolved organic material in three acidic, metal-enriched, mountain streams, as controlled by watershed and in-stream processes. Water Resources Res. 26:3087-3100. McKnight, D. M., K. E. Bencala, G. W. Zellweger, G. R. Aiken, G. L. Feder, and K. A. Thorn. 1992. Sorption of dissolved organic carbon by hydrous aluminum and iron oxides occurring at the confluence of Deer Creek with the Snake River, Summit County, Colorado. Environ. Sci. Technol. 26:1388-1396. Mendoza, C. A., and E. O. Frind. 1990a. Advective-dispersive transsport of dense organic vapors in the unsaturated zone 2, Sensitivity analysis. Water Resources Res., 26(3), p. 388-398. Mendoza, C. A., and E. O. Frind. 1990b. Advective-dispersive transport of dense organic vapors in the unsaturated zone. 1, Model development. Water Resources Res., 26(3), p. 379-387. Miller, C. T., M. M. Poirer-McNeil, and A. S. Mayer. 1990. Dissolution of trapped nonaqueous phase liquids: Mass transfer characteristics . Water Resources Res., 26(11), p. 2783-2796. Molz, F. J., M. A. Widdowson, and L. D. Benefield. 1986. Simulation of microbial growth dynamics coupled to nutrient and oxygen transport in porous media. Water Resources Res. 22(8):1207-1216. Muir, D. C. G. R. Wagemann, T. B. Hargrave, D. J. Thomas, D. B. Peakall, and J. R. Norstrom. 1992. Artic marine ecosystem contamination. Sci. Total Environ. 122:75-134. Narasimhan, T. N., A. F. White, and T. Tokunaga. 1986. Groundwater contamination from an inactive uranium mill tailings pile. 2, Application of a dynamic mixing model. Water Resources Res., 22(13), p. 1820-1834. National Research Council. 1990a. Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems: Science, Technology, and Public Policy. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

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