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Research in Progress

This chapter lists information on federally funded research currently in progress. It is divided into two parts. Part 1 lists the information retrieved by searching several online databases (Federal Research in Progress, CRIS/USDA, and the DTIC Work Unit) and through information received from federal agencies, including the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Environmental Protection Agency, and the Maternal Child Health Bureau. The year of the award is included if it was available. Part B lists the intramural projects funded by the Defense Women's Health Research Program for FY 1994. Dollar amounts are reported for all studies for which they were available. These citations have been categorized as in chapter 2 with the terms on the following page. The initial page number(s) for each category in Part A and Part B of this chapter appear after each term. Some studies have been placed in more than one category.



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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies 3 Research in Progress This chapter lists information on federally funded research currently in progress. It is divided into two parts. Part 1 lists the information retrieved by searching several online databases (Federal Research in Progress, CRIS/USDA, and the DTIC Work Unit) and through information received from federal agencies, including the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Environmental Protection Agency, and the Maternal Child Health Bureau. The year of the award is included if it was available. Part B lists the intramural projects funded by the Defense Women's Health Research Program for FY 1994. Dollar amounts are reported for all studies for which they were available. These citations have been categorized as in chapter 2 with the terms on the following page. The initial page number(s) for each category in Part A and Part B of this chapter appear after each term. Some studies have been placed in more than one category.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies Index Terms body composition, 103 body composition, obesity, 103 bone, 104, 142 cardiovascular health, 105, 142 communicable diseases, 109, 142 cutaneous/dermal conditions, 109 database, 109, 142 eating disorders, 110 endocrine, 110 family issues, 111 gastrointestinal conditions, 112 gynecologic/genito-urinary, 112, 143 gynecologic/reproductive health, birth control, 115, 143 gynecologic/reproductive health, lactation, 116 gynecologic/reproductive health, long-range implications, 116, 143 gynecologic/reproductive health, postpartum, 116, 143 gynecologic/reproductive health, pregnancy, 117, 143 health, general, 120, 143 health services, 121, 144 HIV/AIDS, 122 hormone replacement therapy, 124 job satisfaction, 124, 144 job stress, 124, 144 load-bearing, 144 medical technology, 125, 144 menstrual cycle, 125, 144 miscellaneous, 126 musculoskeletal, biomechanics, 126 musculoskeletal, injuries, 127, 144 musculoskeletal, treatment, 127, 144 neurosensory conditions, 127 noise, hearing loss, 145 nutrition, 127, 145 nutrition and exercise, 131, 145 otolaryngological conditions, 131 performance, 145 pharmaceutical, 131, 145 physical fitness, general, 132 physical fitness, strength/endurance, 146 protective clothing and equipment, 146 psychological conditions, 132 radiation, 133, 146 respiratory conditions, 133 responses to stressors, other, 134, 146 responses to stressors, physical activity, 135, 146 responses to stressors, pressure, 147 responses to stressors, temperature, 147 sexual assault/harassment, 135, 147 social support, 135 STDs, 136, 147 substance use, 138 toxins, 139, 147 traumatic stress, combat, 140 traumatic stress, other, 140

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies Part A Current Research BODY COMPOSITION Bray G (Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA). Dietary fat, food intake, energy expenditure and body composition . U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research Service . Crews MG, Simmons JL (South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD). 1993. Adipose tissue composition and chronic disease patterns. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research Service . Dennison KF (Dine Systems, Inc., Amherst, NY). 1992. Women's weight management CAI for outpatient settings. National Cancer Institute. Kissebah AH (Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI). 1994. Body fat distribution and metabolic profile in women. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $420,737. Lederman SA (Columbia University Teacher's College, New York, NY). 1995. Body composition in pregnant women. Maternal and Child Health Bureau. Pierson RN Jr (St. Luke's Roosevelt Institute for Health Sciences, New York, NY). 1992. Body composition and ethnicity III: Hispanic populations. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Schrope B (Reshet, Inc., Philadelphia, PA). 1993. Non-invasive measurement of body composition. National Science Foundation. $49,852. Stallings S, Wolman P (Winthrop College, Rock Hill, SC). 1993. Nutritional status and body composition of healthy, black, normal-weight, middle-age females. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research Service . BODY COMPOSITION, OBESITY Albu J (St. Luke's Roosevelt Institute for Health Sciences, New York, NY). 1994. Differential effects of insulin resistance in obesity. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. $90,180. Allison DB (St. Luke's Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY). 1994. Genetics of obesity and related risks among black women. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. $116,575. Amatruda JM (Yale University, New Haven, CT). 1994. Metabolic rate and protein turnover in obesity. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. $213,966. Blackburn GL (New England Deaconess Hospital, Boston, MA). 1994. Long-term outcome of obesity treatment in minority women. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. $666,653. Ehrmann DA (University of Chicago, Chicago, IL). 1994. Relationship of obesity, hyperinsulinemia and LH to polycystic ovary syndrome. National Center for Research Resources. Foreyt JP (Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX). 1992. Obesity treatment: self management vs. dependence models. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Foreyt JP (Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX). 1994. Weight loss for Mexican-Americans. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $763,185. Fujimoto WY (University of Washington, Seattle, WA). 1994. Central obesity and disease risk in Japanese Americans. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $200,352. Heymsfield S (St. Luke's Roosevelt Institute for Health Sciences, New York, NY). 1994. Ethnicity and obesity. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Holloszy JO (Washington University, St. Louis, MO). 1994. Prevention of NIDDM in centrally obese African Americans. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. $231,459. Jensen MD (Mayo Foundation, Rochester, NY). 1992. FFA metabolism in different types of human obesity. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Kelley DE (University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA). 1994. Skeletal muscle free fatty acid uptake and oxidation in obesity. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Klesges RC (University of Memphis, Memphis, TN). 1994. Pharmacologic intervention for postcessation weight gain. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $723,352. McGee B (Southern University, Baton Rouge, LA). Obesity, fat distribution and chronic disease risk factors in young African American women. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research Service . Pi-Sunyer FX (St. Luke's Roosevelt Institute for Health Sciences, New York, NY). 1994. Obesity in black women. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. $241,755. Rodin J (Yale University, New Haven, CT). 1994. Metabolic consequences of weight cycling. National Center for Research Resources. Sobal J (Cornell University, Ithaca, NY). 1993. Marital status, martial satisfaction and obesity. U.S. Department of Agriculture, State Agricultural Experiment Station . Sobal J (Cornell University, Ithaca, NY). 1992. Socioeconomic status and obesity. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research Service .

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies Vazquez JA (University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA). 1992. Protein sparing during treatment of obesity. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Wadden TA (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Syracuse, NY). Behavioral and metabolic consequences of weight change. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Wadden TA (University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA). 1994. Behavioral and metabolic consequences of weight change. National Institute of Mental Health. $241,936. Wadden TA (University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA). 1994. Behavioral treatment of obesity. National Institute of Mental Health. $58,842. Welle SL (University of Rochester, Rochester, NY). 1994. An in vivo study of lipoprotein lipase. National Center for Research Resources. BONE Ackerman JL (Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA). 1994. Solid state magnetic resonance of bone mineral. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases . $160,149. Altman RD (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Miami, FL). Cyclical Tiludronate in the treatment of patients with low bone mass and no vertebral fractures. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Anderson J (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC). The effect of calcium supplementation of young adult white women on bone mass. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Competitive Research Grants Office . Barrett-Connor E (University of California, San Diego, CA). 1994. Fracture intervention trial. National Center for Research Resources. Bauer DC (University of California, San Francisco, CA). 1994. Thyroid function and osteoporosis. National Institute on Aging. $73,440. Bauer RL (University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX). 1992. Osteoporosis in Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases . Beauchene R, Costello E (University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN). 1992. Longitudinal relationships between nutrient intakes and bone loss in East Tennessee Caucasian women. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research Service . Butterfield G (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Palo Alto, CA). Effect of calcium-vitamin D supplementation with or without complete vitamin-mineral supplement on bone density in post-menopausal women . Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Canfield RE (Columbia University, New York, NY). 1994. Epidemiology of bone mass in young adults—peak bone mass study. National Center for Research Resources. Carter D (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Palo Alto, CA). Long bone structural properties from bone densitometry. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Cody DD (Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH). 1994. Proximal femur architecture in older women. National Institute on Aging. $85,427. Dalsky GP (University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT) . 1994. Exercise effect on femoral bone mass in older adults. National Institute on Aging. $691,420. Ensrud KE (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN). Fracture intervention trial. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Ettinger B (Kaiser Foundation Research Institute, Oakland, CA). 1994. Bone mass in a biracial population of young adults. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases . $161,537. Favus MJ (University of Chicago, Chicago, IL). 1994. Pathogenesis of low bone mass in daughters of women with osteoporosis . National Center for Research Resources. Fyhrie DP (Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH). 1994. Strength and micro-strain in vertebral trabecular bone. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases . $97,082. Ginier P (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Fresno, CA). Analysis of the effectiveness of treatment combinations on bone mineral density in women. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Glowacki J (Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA). 1994. Marrow biology and bone mass—effects of age and hormone. National Institute on Aging. $330,806. Goldstein SA (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI). 1994. Tissue morphology and architecture effects on bone. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases . $151,148. Hildebolt CF (Washington University, St. Louis, MO). 1994. Alveolar vs. postcranial bone loss after menopause. National Institute of Dental Research. $165,915. Israel E (Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA). 1994. Postmenopausal bone loss due to inhaled cortico-steroids. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $228,652. Jayo MJ (Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC). 1994. Thiazide effects on bone and arteries. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases . $346,063.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies Kiel DP (Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for the Aged, Boston, MA). 1994. Risk factors for vertebral fracture and bone loss. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases . $290,103. Kohrt WM (Washington University, St. Louis, MO). 1994. Nonweightbearing exercise and bone mass in older women. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases . $126,719. Lee C, Wang C (Kentucky State University, Frankfort, KY). Calcium metabolism and bone structure impacted by dieting and body weight change. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research Service . Liu JH (University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH). 1994. Progestogen effect on bone and cognition in menopause. National Institute on Aging. $365,405. Majumdar S (University of California, San Francisco, CA). 1994. Quantification of trabecular bone density and structure. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases . $65,610. Marcus RA (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Palo Alto, CA). Stanford post menopausal hormone replacement study. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. McKinlay SM (New England Research Institutes, Inc., Watertown, MA) . 1994. Risk factors for transmenopausal bone loss. National Institute on Aging. $188,622. Pak CYC (University of Texas Southwest Medical Center, Dallas, TX) . 1994. Prevention of bone loss in early postmenopausal women with calcium . National Center for Research Resources. Parfitt AM (Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH). 1994. ERT and focal balance between resorption and formation. National Institute on Aging. $162,684. Parisien M (Helen Hayes Hospital, West Haverstraw, NY). 1994. Skeletal homeostasis in blacks and whites. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases . $331,038. Rude RK (University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA). 1994. Effect of running and strength training on bone mass. National Center for Research Resources. Sebastian A (University of California, San Francisco, CA). 1994. Effect of bicarbonate salts on calcium metabolism in postmenopausal women. National Center for Research Resources. Sebastian A (University of California, San Francisco, CA). 1994. Effect of KHCO3 on nocturnal acceleration of bone resorption. National Center for Research Resources. Sowers M (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI). 1994. High-fluoride exposure, bone mass and fracture. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases . $339,863. Sowers MF (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI). 1992. Effect of lactation on bone. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases . Specker B, Kalkwarf H, Heubi J (Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH). Intestinal calcium absorption during lactation and weaning. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Competitive Research Grants Office . Specker BL (Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH). 1994. Lactation and weaning effect on calcium status. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases . $235,927. Taper LJ (Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, VA). 1992. Changes in bone mineral density in eumenorrheic and oligomenorrheic athletes on boron supplementation. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research Service . Wehrli FW (University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA). 1994. NMR microscopy and stereologic analysis of trabecular bone. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases . $244,686. Wilson L (University of Washington, Seattle, WA). 1994. Controlled trial of amitriptyline for temporomandibular dysfunction . National Institute of Dental Research. CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH Adams JH (Morehouse College, Atlanta, GA). 1994. John Henryism, emotion, stressors, and cardiovascular responses. National Institute of Mental Health. Adams N (Winston-Salem State University, Winston-Salem, NC). 1994. Social role and cardiovascular response to stress. National Institute of General Medical Sciences. Adams-Campbell LL (Howard University, Washington, DC). 1994. Clinical cardiovascular outcomes of African-Americans. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $80,310. Anand IS (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN). A randomized, double blind, placebo controlled multiple dose study of the chronic administration of Vernarinone in heart failure. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Appel LJ (Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD). 1994. Dietary patterns and blood pressure. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $328,234. Bakris GL (Rush-Presbyterian-St Lukes Medical Center, Chicago, IL) . 1994. African American study of kidney disease and hypertension. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. $255,730. Bazarre TL (North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC). 1993. Effects of diet, body fat, energy expenditure on blood lipids and blood pressure of rural blacks. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research Service .

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies Beaty TH (Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD). 1994. Genetic and epidemiologic studies of premature coronary artery disease . National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Becker LC (Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD). 1994. CAD mechanisms in high risk families—racial difference. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $361,898. Botchin MB (Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC). 1994. HMG COA reductase inhibition and behavior. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $83,700. Boyden TW (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Tucson, AZ). Efficacy and safety of pravastatin in patients with primary hypercholesterolemia compared to placebo. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Bray GA (Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA). 1994. Dietary patterns and blood pressure. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $432,210. Bryg RJ (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Reno, NV) . Comparison of simastatin and fluvastatin in patients with primary hypercholesterolemia (type IIa and IIb). Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Campese VM (University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA). 1994. Kidney study in hypertensive black men and women. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $275,597. Cannon RO (National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD) . 1994. Effect of 17 beta-estradiol on coronary vascular hemodynamics in postmenopause. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Cannon RO (National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD) . 1994. Estradiol and oxidizability of low density lipoprotein in postmenopausal women. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Chilian WM (Texas A&M University Health Science Center, College Station, TX). 1994. Sex hormone-induced modulation of coronary smooth muscle. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $187,601. Clark KE (University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH). 1994. Estrogen modulation of the cardiovascular system. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $230,341. Cohen JD (St. Louis University, St. Louis, MO). 1992. Trials of hypertension prevention—phase II. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. D'Agostino RB (Boston University, Boston, MA). 1994. Decline in cardiovascular mortality. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $250,721. Dennis KE (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Baltimore, MD). GRECC nutrition clinical demonstration project. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Duckles SP (University of California, Irvine, CA). 1994. Vascular reactivity—gender and hormonal influences. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $223,795. Eaves LJ (Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA). 1994. Gender differences in familial risk. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $202,455. Eckberg DL (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Richmond, VA). The hormonal role of circulating norepinephrine and its effects on arterial baroreflex sensitivity. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Falkner BE (Medical College of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA). 1994. Insulin, androgen, and risk in African-American women. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $226,430. Fried SK (Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ). 1992. Nutrition and lipoprotein lipase-molecular mechanisms. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Gardin JM (University of California, Irvine, CA). 1992. Cardia-echocardiography reading center. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Goldberg AP (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Baltimore, MD). Effects of strength training on risk factors for cardiovascular disease and self perceptions in post menopausal women. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Green D (Northwestern University, Chicago, IL). 1992. Hemostatic coronary risk factors in young adults. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Gupta SC (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Dayton, OH). Efficacy and safety of pravastatin in patients with primary hypercholesterolemia compared with placebo. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Habib G (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Houston, TX). A randomized double-blind placebo controlled dose-response study of temocapril HCL (CS-622) alone or with HCTZ in hypertension. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Harshfield GA (University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN). 1994. Mechanisms underlying abnormal ambulatory BP patterns. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $264,325. Hebert LA (Ohio State University, Columbus, OH). 1994. Ohio State University application to AASK. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. $265,422. Heiss G (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC). 1992. Postprandial lipoproteins and atherosclerosis/core. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Hermsmeyer RK (Oregon Regional Primate Research Center, Beaverton, OR). 1994. Coronary reactivity in males and females. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $292,195. Herrington D (Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC). 1994. Heart and estrogen/progestin replacement studies. National Center for Research Resources.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies Hopkins PN (University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT). 1994. Genetic interactions and atherosclerosis risk in FH. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $440,283. Icano J, Blair M (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN). 1992. Dietary studies on blood pressure and prostanoid metabolism. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. Jaffe RB (University of California, San Francisco, CA). 1994. Sex hormone effects on lipoprotein speciation. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $210,141. Jairaj K (University of Arkansas, Pine Bluff, AR). 1993. Assessing coronary risk factors in black college students. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research Service . Jairaj K (University of Arkansas, Pine Bluff, AR). 1994. Ethnic food preference and effect of interventions on hypertensive and hypercholesterolemic subjects. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research Service . James SA (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI). 1994. SES, John Henryism and hypertension-risk in blacks. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $327,567. Jayo MJ (Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC). 1994. Thiazide effects on bone and arteries. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases . $346,063. Johnson JA (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Columbia, MO). Arterial sodium concentration in hypertension associated with oral contraceptives. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Kadish A (Northwestern University, Chicago, IL). 1994. Gender differences in the QT interval. National Center for Research Resources. Kannel WB (Boston University, Boston, MA). 1994. Prospective analysis of the effect of widowhood on CVD. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $56,968. Katz LA (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, New York, NY). A randomized double-blind long term study of temocapril HCI (CS-622) in patients with mild to moderate hypertension. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Katz R (George Washington University, Washington, DC). 1992. Insulin and pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in blacks. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Keil JE (Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC). 1992. Predictors of coronary disease in blacks. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Kelsey RM (University of North Texas, Denton, TX). 1994. Cardiovascular adaptation to recurrent stress. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $102,579. Kern F Jr (University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO). 1992. Mechanism of estrogen effects on biliary cholesterol. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Knopp RH (University of Washington, Seattle, WA). 1994. Dietary treatment of hyperlipidemia. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $774,580. Kochar MS (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Milwaukee, WI). Antihypertensive efficacy and safety of losartan/HCTZ in severe hypertension . Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Koenig KL (New York University, New York, NY). 1994. Endogenous estrogen and coronary heart disease in women. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $115,227. Kuller LH (University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA). 1992. Cardiovascular epidemiology training program. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Kuller LH (University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA). 1992. Epidemiology of cardiovascular risk factors in women. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Kwiterovich PO (Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD). 1992. Nontraditional mechanisms of atherogenesis. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Lardinois CK (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Reno, NV). An open label study of fluvastatin in the treatment of patients with hypercholesterolemia in clinical practice settings. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Lasser NL (University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersy, Newark, NJ). 1994. Prevention of hypertension. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $385,591. Levine DM (Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD). 1994. Urban African-American community hypertension control. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $402,424. List N (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, North Chicago, IL). Pilot study on influence of sex steroids on chylomicron metabolism in males and females: potential to modify atherogenic lipoprotein profiles. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Lovelady CA (North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC). 1993. The effect of diet and exercise on hyperlipidemia and cardiovascular disease in women. U.S. Department of Agriculture, State Agricultural Experiment Station . Marmot MG (University of London, London, England). 1994. Oral contraceptives and cardiovascular disease. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. $163,795. Matthews KA (University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA). 1994. CHD risk, behavioral stress and reproductive hormones. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $325,842. Mayer EJ (Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC). 1994. Diet, insulin resistance, and cardiovascular risk. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $115,562.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies McMahan CA (University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX). 1994. Risk factors in early atherogenesis. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $174,830. McGill HC (Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research, San Antonio. TX). 1992. Diet, stress, and genotype in primate atherosclerosis. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Moll PP (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI). 1994. Epidemiology of coronary artery calcification. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $600,109. Morris DJ (Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI). 1994. Novel endogeneous regulators of sodium and hypertension. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $206,809. Morris RC Jr (University of California, San Francisco, CA). 1994. Dietary potassium as a determinant of hypertension. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $294,184. Muller JE (New England Deaconess Hospital, Boston, MA). 1994. Modifiers of myocardial infarction onset. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $483,006. O'Brien B (Texas A&M University, College Station, TX). Lipid and lipoprotein metabolic interactions with diet and exercise . U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research Service . Osol G (University of Vermont, Burlington, VT). 1994. Ovarian regulation of resistance—artery diameter. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $186,443. Pearson TA (Columbia University, New York, NY). 1992. Lipoprotein (A) and coronary disease in blacks vs. whites. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Petitti DB (Kaiser Foundation Research Institute, Oakland, CA). 1994. Stroke and MI in users of estrogen/progestogen. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $350,903. Pickering TG (Cornell University Medical Center, New York, NY). 1994. Psychosocial factors and cardiovascular disease. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $1,149,303. Posner BM (Boston University, Boston, MA). 1994. Offspring/spouse nutrition. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $345,882. Rader DJ (National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD) . 1994. Genetic regulation of LPA metabolism. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Redberg RF (University of California, San Francisco, CA). 1994. Effect of exercise on coronary disease in women. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $192,941. Roheim PS (Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA) . 1992. Multicenter studies of diet and lipoproteins in humans. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Sacco RL (Columbia University, New York, NY). 1994. Stroke incidence and prognosis in a mixed ethnic region. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. $724,271. Schonfeld G (Washington University, St. Louis. MO). 1994. Short-term exercise training on VLDL and LDL characteristics. National Center for Research Resources. Schrott HG (University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA). 1994. Heart and estrogen/progestin replacement. National Center for Research Resources. Selby JV (Kaiser Foundation Research Institute, Oakland, CA). 1994. Insulin resistance, hyperglycemia and atherosclerosis. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $135,000. Semenkovich CF (Washington University, St. Louis, MO). 1994. Nutritional and genetic regulation of lipoprotein lipase. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $109,298. Shahar E (University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN). 1994. Cardiovascular consequences of sleep apnea. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $282,438. Share L (University, of Tennessee, Memphis, TN). 1994. Control of ADH secretion and metabolism. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $208,674. Sherwood A (Duke University, Durham, NC). 1994. Menopausal effects in cardiovascular stress responses. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $169,334. Smith OA (University of Washington, Seattle, WA). 1994. Circulatory control—forebrain influence. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $183,057. Snook J (Ohio State University, Columbus, OH). 1992. Health maintenance aspects of dietary recommendations designed to modify lipid metabolism. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research Service . Snook JT (Ohio State University, Columbus, OH). 1993. Effect of saturated fatty acids on LDL synthesis and degradation in women. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Competitive Research Grants Office . Spaulding M (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Buffalo, NY). Case control studies of the epidemiology of myocardial infarction and lung cancer. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Srivastava TN (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Jackson, MS). Effects of increases in potassium on cardiac function in hypertensive subjects. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Stallone JN (Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, OH). 1994. Sex dimorphism in vascular function—humoral mechanisms. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $90,377. Stamler J (Northwestern University, Chicago, IL). 1994. Epidemiology of CV and non-CV risk in 4 cohorts. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $434,425. Stamler J (Northwestern University, Chicago, IL). 1994. Intersalt—next phase-focus on protein, Na+, K-, and BP. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $195,726.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies Svetkey LP (Duke University, Durham, NC). 1992. Adrenergic receptor genes in salt sensitive hypertension. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Svetkey LP (Duke University, Durham, NC). 1994. Dietary patterns and blood pressure. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $484,706. Tso P (Louisiana State University Medical Center, Shreveport, LA) . 1992. The formation and secretion of intestinal lipoproteins. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Turner ST (Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN). 1994. Renal hemodynamic non-modulation and blood pressure. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $656,991. Walsh BW (Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA). 1994. Postmenopausal estrogens and hypercholesterolemia. National Center for Research Resources. Weiner CP (University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA). 1994. Sex hormones and coronary artery reactivity. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $255,791. Wilcox JN (Emory University, Atlanta, GA). Biological mediators of atherogenesis in black Americans. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Williams JK (Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC). 1994. Tamoxifen and coronary heart disease. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $350,063. Williams RB Jr (Duke University, Durham, NC). 1994. Behavioral factors in coronary heart disease. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $1,304,481. Yaseen M (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Washington, DC). Stroke prevention in young women. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Zukowska-Grojec Z (Georgetown University, Washington, DC). 1994. Gender and neuropetitde catecholamine hypertension. Fogarty International Center. $24,498. COMMUNICABLE DISEASES Cheever AW (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, MD). 1994. Studies on the quantitative parasitology of schistosome infections . National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. CUTANEOUS/DERMAL CONDITIONS Cooper KD, Oberhelman L, Hamilton TA, Baadsgaard O, Terhune M, LeVee G, Anderson T, Koren H (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI). 1995. Effects of UV exposure on immunization rates and tolerance to epicutaneous antigens in humans: relationship to gender, dose, CD1aDR+ epidermal macrophage induction and Langerhans ceil depletion. Environmental Protection Agency. Crosby DL (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Milwaukee, WI). A comparative study of the efficacy and safety of calcium mupirocin cream with cephalexin in the treatment of secondarily infected eczema . Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Durate B (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Chicago, IL). L-ofloxacin vs. timetin and augmentin in the treatment of skin and skin structure. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Franz TJ (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Little Rock, AR). Pharmacokinetics of tretinoin in man following topical application . Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Guin JD (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Little Rock, AR). Topical tretinoin effects on plasma levels of tretinoin in humans . Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Knutson K (University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT). 1994. Mechanistic studies of transdermal transport/metabolism. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. $258,750. Moon TE (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ). 1994. Nonmelanoma skin cancer epidemiology. National Cancer Institute. Ramirez-Ronda CH (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, San Juan, PR). Safety and efficacy of two doses of FK-037 in skin infections. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Ramirez-Ronda CH (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, San Juan, PR). Study of efficacy and safety of sparfloxacin vs. ciprofloxacin in the treatment of skin infection. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Smith TH (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Newington, CT). Immune mediated alterations in connective tissue cells. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Taylor JR (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Miami, FL). Sparfloxacin vs. ciprofloxacin in the treatment of skin and skin structure infections. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Weinstock MA (Roger Williams Hospital, Providence, RI). 1994. Case control study of dysplastic nevi. National Cancer Institute. $69,641. DATABASE Armstrong Laboratory (Brooks Air Force Base, TX). 1994. DERA health standards—quantitative health and risk analysis.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies California Public Health Foundation (Berkeley, CA). 1994. Adding data accessibility and rule-based targeted data collection to the California cancer reporting system for breast cases. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Ft. Detrick, MD. $608,000. Rosenberg L (Boston University, Boston, MA). 1994. Case-control surveillance of serious illnesses and drugs. National Cancer Institute. $581,418. SRI International (Menlo Park, CA). 1994. Optimization techniques for trusted semantic interoperation. $750,000. EATING DISORDERS Agras WS (Stanford University, Stanford, CA). 1994. Psychological treatment of bulimia nervosa. National Institute of Mental Health. $451,242. Agras WS (Stanford University, Stanford, CA). 1992. Studies of the treatment and psychopathology of bulimia. National Institute of Mental Health. Barber WD (Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO). 1994. Regulation of proximal gastrointestinal tract. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. $173,261. Cannon D (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Dallas, TX). Impulsivity and 5-HT-LA receptor function in bulimia nervosa. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Eckert ED (University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, MN). 1994. Nociception of bulimia nervosa. National Institute of Mental Health. $197,149. Estok PJ (Kent State University, Kent, OH). 1992. Eating disorders—assessment of women runners/nonrunners. National Center for Nursing Research. Geary ND (Cornell University Medical Center, New York, NY). 1994. Ovarian hormonal control of meal size. National Institute of Mental Health. $205,337. Hoebel BG (Princeton University, Princeton, NJ). 1994. Neural basis of feeding and reinforcement. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. $202,588. Hsu LK (New England Medical Center Hospitals, Inc., Boston, MA). 1994. Fluoxetine in anorexia nervosa. National Institute of Mental Health. $170,900. Jimerson D (Beth Israel Hospital, Boston, MA). 1994. Psychobiology of bulimia. National Center for Research Resources. Jimerson D (Beth Israel Hospital, Boston, MA). 1994. Serotonin function in patients with eating disorders and in healthy controls. National Center for Research Resources. Kalra SP (University of Florida, Gainesville, FL). 1994. Brain-gut peptides in female reproduction-ovulation. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. $184,347. Kaye WH (University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA). 1994. Neurobiology of feeding behavior in bulimia. National Institute of Mental Health. $297,124. Liddle RA (Duke University, Durham, NC). 1994. Regulation of cholecystokinin secretion and physiologic actions. National Center for Research Resources. McClain CJ (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Lexington, KY). Altered zinc metabolism in eating disorders. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Pardo JV (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN). Neuroimaging studies of appetitive behaviors. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Smith GP (CornelI University Medical Center, New York, NY). 1994. Physiological psychology of motivated behavior. National Institute of Mental Health. $105,709. Smith GP (Cornell University Medical Center, New York, NY). 1994. Satiety effect of cholecystokinin. National Institute of Mental Health. $144,734. Walsh BT (Columbia University New York, New York, NY). 1994. Psychobiology of eating behavior in eating disorders. National Institute of Mental Health. $183,5l3. Walsh BT (New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY). 1992. Psychological and pharmacological treatment of bulimia. National Institute of Mental Health. Walsh BT (New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY). 1994. Psychological treatment of bulimia nervosa. National Institute of Mental Health. $410,012. Wilfley DE (Yale University, New Haven, CT). 1994. Psychological treatment of overweight binge eaters. National Institute of Mental Health. $101,670. ENDOCRINE Abraira C (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Hines, IL). Glycemic control and complications in non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus cooperative. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Becker J (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI). 1993. Gonadal hormone involvement in brain activity. National Science Foundation. $294,455. Brenner RM (Oregon Regional Primate Research Center, Beaverton, OR) . 1994. Hormonal control of the female reproductive tract. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. $290,387. Bridges RS (Tufts University, Boston, MA). 1994. Endocrine regulation of maternal behavior. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. $188,903. Etgen AM (Yeshiva University, New York, NY). 1994. Steriod hormones—brain and behavior. National Institute of Mental Health. $227,310.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies Hauger RL (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, San Diego, CA). Pituitary-adrenal responses to ovine corticotropin releasing factor during Alzheimer caregiving stress. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Hsueh WA (University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA). 1994. Renin and insulin systems in endometrial growth. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $188,630. Jensen MD (Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN). 1994. Effects of epinephrine on regional lipolysis in men and women. National Center for Research Resources. Kahn SE (University of Washington, Seattle, WA). 1994. NIDDM primary prevention trial (DPT-2). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. $197,988. Korytkowski M (University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA). 1994. Regimens for polycystic ovary syndrome and insulin sensitivity/secretion . National Center for Research Resources. Larsen PR (Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA). 1994. Estrogen therapy and thyroid function. National Center for Research Resources. Luine VN (Hunter College, New York, NY). 1994. Serotonergic systems and hormone-dependent sexual behavior. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. $127,548. Markoff E (Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH). 1994. Physiological role of glycosylated human prolactin. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. $164,215. Metzger BE (Northwestern University, Chicago, IL). 1994. Primary prevention trial (DPT-2). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. $217,450. Morris DJ (Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI). 1994. Regulation of metabolism and action of aldosterone. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. $176,008. Moss RL (University of Texas Southwest Medical Center, Dallas, TX) . 1994. Neuropeptides in the control of reproductive behavior. National Institute of Mental Health. $253,583. Nieman LK (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD). 1994. Steroid hormone action in female reproduction. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. O'Connor JF (Columbia University, New York, NY). 1994. Clinical applications of gonadotropin measurement. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Pintauro S, Calles J, Goran M (University of Vermont, Burlington, VT). Insulin sensitivity and RMR as risk factors for obesity and diabetes . U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research Service . Polonsky K (University of Chicago, Chicago, IL). 1994. NIDDM primary prevention trial (DPT-2). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. $211,731. Renner KJ (Southwest Missouri State University, Springfield, MO). 1993. RUI: hormones, neurotransmitters and behavior. National Science Foundation. $37,498. Riggs BL (Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN). 1994. Relationship of the renal leak in postmenopausal women to parathyroid hormone. National Center for Research Resources. Schlechte JA (University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA). 1994. Efficacy of estrogen in hyperprolactinemic amenorrhea. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. $200,051. Shamoon H (Yeshiva University, New York, NY). 1994. NIDDM primary prevention trial. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. $239,731. Spies HG (Oregon Regional Primate Research Center, Beaverton, OR) . 1994. Neural influence on hypophyseal-gonadal function. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. $276,498. Stouffer RL (Oregon Regional Primate Research Center, Beaverton, OR). 1994. Gonadotropin receptors of the corpus luteum. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. $200,167. Theoharides TC (Tufts University, Boston, MA). 1994. Neurohormonal and free radical activation of bladder cells. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. $156,161. Voogt JL (University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS). 1994. Hypothalamic control of prolactin. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. $168,920. Watson RE Jr (University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY). 1994. Estrogen receptive neurons—synaptic circuitry. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. $98,421. FAMILY ISSUES Kannel WB (Boston University, Boston, MA). 1994. Prospective analysis of the effect of widowhood on CVD. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $56,968. Mauldin T (University of Georgia, Athens, GA). Causes and consequences of divorce: differences by gender and age . U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research Service . National Center for Health Statistics, Beltsville, MD. Improving the quality of reporting of abortions by women of child-bearing age. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies McQuillen DP (Boston Health and Hospitals, Boston, MA). 1994. Immune interactions of gonorrhea and vaccine development. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. $92,988. Miles J (National Center for Prevention Services, Atlanta, GA). Prevention of infertility caused by sexually transmitted diseases . Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Miles J (National Center for Prevention Services, Atlanta, GA). Sexually Transmitted Diseases Accelerated Prevention Campaigns (STD APC). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Miles J, Walsh CM (National Center for Prevention Services, Atlanta, GA). 1994. Infertility Prevention Initiative: regional service provision projects . Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Morrison RP (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) . 1994. Immunopathogenesis of chlamydial infections. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Novak M (Secretech, Inc., Birmingham, AL). 1993. Mucosal vaccine for sexually transmitted chlamydia. Department of Health and Human Services. $50,000. O'Hagan DT (United Biomedical, Inc., Hauppauge, NY). 1994. Oral/intravaginal delivery for chlamydia vaccine. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. $72,986. Padian NS (University of California, San Francisco, CA). 1994. Sexual partners and risk of pelvic inflammatory disease. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Parr MB (Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL). 1994. Mucosal immunity in the female genital tract. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. $132,253. Petrie CR (Microprobe Corporation, Bothell, WA). 1992. Simultaneous detection of N. gonorrhoea and C. trachomatis. Department of Health and Human Services. $50,000. Rank RG (University of Arkansas, Little Rock, AR). 1994. T-cell mediated immunity in chlamydial genital infection. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. $226,583. Rest RF (Hahnemann University, Philadelphia, PA). 1994. Anaerobiosis, CMP-NANA and gonococcal pathogenesis. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. $253,050. Rice PA (Boston City Hospital, Boston, MA). 1994. Clinical and laboratory studies of PID. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. $816,284. Rice PA (Boston City Hospital, Boston, MA). 1994. Resolutions of sexually acquired endometritis. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Russell MW (University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL). 1994. Mucosal immunity in gonococcal infection. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. $200,824. Schachter J (University of California, San Francisco, CA). 1994. Chlamydia and douching in ectopic pregnancy. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. $266,238. Schachter J (University of California, San Francisco, CA). 1994. San Francisco STD Cooperative Research Center. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. $1,521,221. Seifert HS (Indiana University-Purdue University, Indianapolis, IN) . 1994. Gonococcal pilin serology and gene usage in vivo. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Shafer MAB (University of California, San Francisco, CA). 1994. Military-based intervention to prevent urethritis/STDs. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Shain RN (University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX). 1994. Modifying STD risk behavior among Mexican American women. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Soll DR (University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA). 1994. Vaginotropic and vaginopathic strains of Candida albicans. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. $192,150. Sparling PF (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC). 1994. Genetics and biology of gonococcal Protein I. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. $242,871. St. Louis ME (National Center for Prevention Services, Atlanta, GA) . 1994. Infertility Prevention Initiative: program development and evaluation projects. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Stamm WE (University of Washington, Seattle, WA). 1994. Chlamydia and pelvic inflammatory disease. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. $965,973. Sweet RL (University of California, San Francisco, CA). 1994. Inapparent PID in female contacts of men with urethritis. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Testa ML (New York State Council for Mental Hygiene Planning, Albany, NY). 1994. Alcohol and sexual risk taking among women. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. $99,694. Tyring SK (University of Texas, Galveston, TX). 1994. Oral famciclovir in the suppression of recurrent genital herpes infection . National Center for Research Resources. Wheeler CM (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM). 1994. PCR based natural history study of HPV infections. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. $77,199.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies Wyrick PB (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC). 1994. Virulence factors of chlamydiae. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. $289,348. SUBSTANCE USE Ahijevych K (Ohio State University, Columbus, OH). 1994. Cigarette smoking topography among African American and Caucasian women. National Center for Research Resources. Ammenheuser MM (University of Texas Medical Center, Galveston, TX) . 1994. Mutant T-cells in pregnant abusers of drugs and tobacco. National Institute on Drug Abuse. $73,428. Anthony JC (National Institute on Drug Abuse, Bethesda, MD). 1994. Analysis of data from the National Co-morbidity Survey. National Institute on Drug Abuse. Association of Maternal and Child Health (Washington, DC). 1994. Maternal and child health programs for prenatal smoking cessation . Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Badger TM (University of Arkansas, Little Rock, AR). 1994. Alcohol direct and indirect effects on drug metabolism. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. $325,802. Chang G (Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA). 1994. Alcohol abuse in pregnancy. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. $289,614. Connors GJ (Research Institute on Addictions, Buffalo, NY). 1994. Enhancing involvement in outpatient alcoholism treatment. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. $224,876. Cottler LM (Washington University, St. Louis, MO). 1994. Reliability of DSM and ICD substance use disorders. National Institute on Drug Abuse. $324,383. Cutter HSG (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Brockton, MA). Multisite study of substance use diagnosis. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. De Vaud LL (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC). 1994. Gender specific effects of ethanol on GABA A receptors. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. $88,700. Engle M (University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL). 1994. Substance abuse awareness intervention. National Institute on Drug Abuse. $384,858. Fisher SE (North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, NY). 1994. Ethanol and fetal growth—role of the placenta. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. $405,862. Fortmann SP (Stanford University, Stanford, CA). 1994. Nicotine patch treatment for smoking relapse prevention. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $366,822. French MT (Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC) . 1994. Workplace alcohol programs for women and minorities. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. $381,301. Gianoulakis C (Douglas Hospital Centre, Quebec, Canada). 1994. Prenatal ethanol effects on the B endorphin systems. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. $52,636. Gilbert DG (Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL). 1994. Gender and vulnerability factors in cigarette abstinence. National Institute on Drug Abuse. $252,264. Goldberg AP (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Baltimore, MD). Metabolic effects of cigarette smoking, the nicotine patch, and smoking cessation. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Goldstein PJ (University of Illinois, Chicago, IL). 1994. Anabolic steroids—new issue in prevention research. National Institute on Drug Abuse. $606,668. Greenfield TK (California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA). 1994. Impact of alcoholic beverage warning labels. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. $307,895. Hankin JR (Wayne State University, Detroit, MI). 1994. Impact of labeling and education on antenatal drinking. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. $179,171. Hasin DS (New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY). 1994. Validating epidemiologic measures of alcohol dependence. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. $210,244. Hughes TK (University of Texas, Galveston, TX). 1994. Anabolic steroids and the immune-neuroendocrine axis. National Institute on Drug Abuse. $128,202. Hutchins EM (Baltimore, MD). Risk factors for prenatal drug use and treatment success. Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. $5,005. Jamner LD (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Fresno, CA). Stress, nicotine, and blood pressure: influences of gender and oral contraceptives. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Kabat GC (American Health Foundation, Valhalla, NY). 1994. General epidemiology of tobacco-related cancers. National Cancer Institute. Klesges RC (University of Memphis, Memphis, TN). 1994. Sex, smoking rate, and postcessation weight gain. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $313,868. Krahn DD (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI). 1992. Effect of dieting on alcohol and drug use in young women. National Institute on Drug Abuse. Maisto SA (University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA). 1994. Brief intervention and stage of change in primary care. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. $344,162.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies Marcus BH (Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI). 1994. Smoking cessation, weight gain, and exercise in women. National Cancer Institute. $189,442. McLeod DR (Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD). 1994. Family history of alcoholism and premenstrual symptoms. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. $201,548. Pomerleau OF (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI). 1994. Smoking and the effects of nicotine in women. National Cancer Institute. $38,000. Rost KM (University of Arkansas, Little Rock, AR). 1994. Service use and course of drinking in rural drinkers. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. $407,382. Secker-Walker RH (University of Vermont, Burlington, VT). 1994. Community coalitions to help women quit smoking. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. $372,137. Snow DL (Yale University, New Haven, CT). 1994. Impact of a worksite intervention on alcohol use. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. $171,000. Spagnolo SV (Veterans Administration Medical Center, Washington, DC). 1992. Smoking, diet, and other risk factors for tobacco-related cancers . Veterans Administration. Sullivan SE (Park Nicollet Medical Foundation, Saint Louis Park, MN). 1994. Reducing smoking-related risk for cervical cancer. National Cancer Institute. $28,675. Tarter RE (University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA). 1994. Drug abuse vulnerability—mechanisms and manifestations. National Institute on Drug Abuse. $1,597,571. Taylor AN (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA). Alcohol regulation of neuroendocrine-immune interactions in vivo. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Testa ML (New York State Council for Mental Hygiene Planning, Albany, NY). 1994. Alcohol and sexual risk taking among women. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. $99,694. Volk RJ (University of Texas, Galveston, TX). 1994. Primary care alcohol screens—patient sex and ethnicity. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. $74,750. TOXINS Abbey DE (Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA). 1994. Cancer incidence associated with ambient air pollution. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. $118,488. Anderson L (National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD). 1994. Transplacental carcinogenesis and tumor promotion in nonhuman primates . National Cancer Institute. Armstrong Laboratory (Brooks Air Force Base, TX) 1994. DERA health standards—quantitative health and risk analysis. Baden JM (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center). Adrenergic mechanisms of nitrous oxide-induced teratogenicity. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Bhattacharyya MH (Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL). Biochemical mechanisms of chemically induced health effects. U.S. Department of Energy. Blair AE (National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD). 1994. Studies of occupational cancer. National Cancer Institute. California Public Health Foundation. 1994. Measurements of dioxin, PCB and organochlorine levels in breast adipose tissue from women with and without breast cancer. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Ft. Detrick. $149,000. Concato JP (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, West Haven, CT). Respiratory effects of ambient air pollution among veterans of the Persian Gulf conflict. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Cramer DW (Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA). 1994. Ovarian cancer risk and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism. National Cancer Institute. $588,607. Cullen MR (Yale University, New Haven, CT). 1994. Beta-carotene/retinol chemoprevention trial in asbestos exposed group . National Cancer Institute. $357,682. Davis BJ (North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC). 1994. Pathogenesis of ovarian toxicants. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. $67,333. Goldberg SJ (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ). 1994. Cardiac teratogenicity of trichloroethylene. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Gunnison AF (New York University, New York, NY). 1994. O3 sensitive subpopulations—identification and mechanism. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. $235,449. James DS (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Albuquerque, NM). Ventilation and activity patterns in workers exposed to inhaled pollutants . Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Juchau MR (University of Washington, Seattle, WA). 1994. Embryotoxicity of environmental chemicals. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. $295,248. Klein NW (University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT). 1994. Pollutants, laminin antibody and reproductive failure. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. $145,500. Kupfer D (Worcester Foundation for Experimental Biology, Shrewsbury, MA). 1994. Chlorinated hydrocarbons effects. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. $435,467.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies Longstreth W Jr (University of Washington, Seattle, WA). 1994. Risk factors for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. $193,859. Lynch C (University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA). 1994. Cancer among men and women in agriculture. National Cancer Institute. $616,011. Markowitz ME (Montefiero Medical Center, Bronx, NY). 1995. Impact of maternal lead stores on fetal lead exposure. Maternal and Child Health Bureau. McDonnell C (SRA Technologies, Inc., Falls Church, VA). 1994. Prospective cohort study of cancer. National Cancer Institute. $760,653. Meholic AJ (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Albuquerque, NM). Morphometric measurement of adult human nasal airways using MRI. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Monson RR (Harvard University, Boston, MA). 1994. Superfund toxic substances—exposure and disease. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. $1,898,411. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health 1994. Breast cancer incidence in occupational cohorts exposed to ethylene oxide and polychlorinated biphenyls. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Ft. Detrick, MD. $838,000. Sandler DP (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC). 1994. Environmental exposures and chronic renal and other diseases. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Schur PH (Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA). 1994. Effects of silicone on the immune response. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases . $296,645. Seegal RF (State University of New York, Albany, NY). 1994. Developmental neurotoxicology of perinatal exposure to halogenated aromatics. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Ultman JS (Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA). 1994. Distribution of ozone in intact lungs. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. $164,940. Vandevoort C (University of California, Davis, CA). 1994. Mechanisms and biomarkers of female reproductive toxicity. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. Wolf G (Row Sciences, Inc., Rockville, MD). 1994. Reproductive toxicity test system. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. $1,200,000. TRAUMATIC STRESS, COMBAT Brown TM (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Augusta, GA). Polysomnographic and psychometric analysis of a group of patients complaining of the Gulf War fatigue syndrome. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Dohrenwend BP (Columbia University, New York, NY). 1994. Israeli reactions to SCUD attacks during the Gulf War. National Institute of Mental Health. $161,913. Kubany ES (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Honolulu, HI). Trauma-related guilt: scale development and validation. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Morgan CA III (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, West Haven, CT). Acoustic startle response in war veterans. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Morgan CA III (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, West Haven, CT). Effects of diazepam and buspirone anxiolytics on baseline and fear potentiated startle in war veterans. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Murburg MM (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center. Palo Alto, CA). Sympathetic nervous system function in female and male veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Murphy RT (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Palo Alto, CA). Combat exposure, early trauma, and alcohol problems. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Sutker PB (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, New Orleans, LA). Evaluation of cognitive functioning in Persian War Gulf veterans reporting war-related health problems. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Sutker PB (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, New Orleans, LA). Psychological assessment of Operation Desert Storm (ODS) returnees . Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. West JA (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, New Orleans, LA). Relationship between sensory and perceptual process to patterns of psychopathology and PTSD in Vietnam and ODS theater veterans. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. TRAUMATIC STRESS, OTHER Baker DG (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH). Multicenter/parallel-group, double-blind/placebo controlled trial of brofaromine hydrochloride in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies Burt MR (Urban Institute, Washington, DC). 1994. Cognitive representations, coping, and rape recovery. National Institute of Mental Health. $80,864. Chen C (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, East Orange, NJ). Seasonal variation of PTSD. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Davidson JR (Duke University, Durham, NC). 1994. Fluoxetine treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder. National Institute of Mental Health. $346,933. Davidson JRT (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Durham, NC). Double-blind comparison of sertraline and placebo in outpatients with post-traumatic stress disorder. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Errebo NE (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Fort Harrison, MT). Empirical validation of a model of traumatic guilt. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Foa EB (Medical College of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA). 1994. Prevention of PTSD following rape and aggravated assault. National Institute of Mental Health. $295,805. Foa EB (Medical College of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA). 1994. Rape victims—persistent reactions and their treatment. National Institute of Mental Health. $364,796. Hall SP (North Carolina). Intimate relationship abuse perception scale. Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. $19,992. Hertzberg M (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Durham, NC). Double-blind comparison of sertraline and placebo in outpatients with post-traumatic stress disorder. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Hertzberg M (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Durham, NC). Preliminary study of fluvoxamine treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Holbrook TL (University of California, San Diego, CA). 1994. Prospective study of functional limitation after trauma. Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. $420,610. Holman W (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Birmingham, AL). The immune-adrenal axis in humans. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Keller TW (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Seattle, WA). A placebo-controlled, double blind, parallel trial of brofaromine hydrochloride in patients with PTSD. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Koss MP (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ). 1994. Cognitive processing of traumatic sexual victimization. National Institute of Mental Health. $126,477. Kudler HS (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, Durham, NC). Fluoxetine treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Marmar CR (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, San Francisco, CA). Rescue worker responses to the I-880 freeway collapse. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Morgan CA III (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, West Haven, CT). Fear acquisition and fear extinction in post traumatic stress disorder . Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Najavits LM (McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA). 1994. Group cognitive behavior therapy and dual diagnosis—women. National Institute on Drug Abuse. $81,261. Resick PA (University of Missouri, St. Louis, MO). 1994. Cognitive processes in PTSD: treatment. National Institute of Mental Health. $305,994. Sutker PB (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, New Orleans, LA). Psychological outcomes to hurricanes: a risk factor model. Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development. Watson CG (Department of Veterans Affairs, Medical Center, St. Cloud, MN). The incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in abused women . Department of Veterans Affairs, Research and Development.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies Part B FY 1994 Defense Women's Health Research Program Intramural Projects The following intramural projects were funded by the Defense Woman 's Health Research Program, FY 1994. Some projects have been placed in more than one category. BONE Craft DW (Dwight David Eisenhower Army Medical Center, Ft. Gordon, GA). 1994. The Effect of Levonorgestrel (Norplant) on the Immune Regulation of Bone Morphogenesis. Duncan WE (Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC). 1994. Osteoporosis in Servicewomen: Causes, Therapy, Outcomes, and Relationships to Fractures. Hanson BS (Dwight David Eisenhower Army Medical Center, Ft. Gordon, GA). 1994. The Effects of Estrogen and Progesterone Levels on Ossteointegration of Dental Implants. Jones C (Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA). 1994. Use of Pulsing Electromagnetic Fields for the Treatment of Pelvic Stress Fractures among Female Soldiers. McDermott MT (Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center, Aurora, CO). 1994. The Effects of Region-Specific Resistance Exercises on Bone Mass in Premenopausal Military Women. Shaffer RA (Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA). 1994. Use of Noninvasive Bone Structural Measurements to Evaluate Stress Fracture Susceptibility among Female Recruits in U.S. Marine Corps Basic Training. Snedecor MR (Office for Prevention and Health Services Assessment, Brooks Air Force Base, TX). 1994. Injury and Morbidity Rates Among Air Force Female Basic Military Recruits. Strider JW Jr. (Dwight David Eisenhower Army Medical Center, Fort Gordon, GA). 1994. Women's Health Care Issues: The Incidence of Localized Osteitis in Female Soldiers Using Norplant Contraceptive. CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH Calagan JL (Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center, Aurora, CO). 1994. Chest Pain Syndrome in Active Duty Females: Screening and Diagnosis . McBiles M (Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center, Aurora, CO). 1994. Simultaneous Transmission/Emission Protocol (STEP) for Attenuation Correction of Breast and Diaphragmatic Attenuation Artifacts during SPECT 99mTc-Sestamibi Myocardial Perfusion. COMMUNICABLE DISEASES Andersen SL (Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC). 1994. Comparison of the Efficacy and Tolerance of Azithromycin to that of Doxycycline in Prophylaxis against Plasmodium falciparum Malaria. Copeland R (U.S. Army Medical Research Unit, Nairobi, Kenya). 1994. Attraction of Malaria Mosquitoes to Women under Different Physiological Conditions. Duffy PE (U.S. Army Medical Research Unit, Kenya). 1994. Identification of Placental Ligands and Cytokines Involved in Maternal Malaria. Engler RJM (Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC). 1994. Protective Immunity to Hepatitis B and Streptococcus Pneumonia in Active Duty Women versus Men: Prevalence and Responses to Preventive Immunization. Sjogren MH (Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC). 1994. Clinical Impact of Hepatitis C Infection in Military Active Duty Women. Strickman D (Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC). 1994. Antibiotics for the Treatment of Scrub Typhus During Pregnancy. DATABASE Burch HB (Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC). 1994. Endocrine Deficiency in the Service-woman: An Assessment of Prevalence, Adequacy of Therapy, and Impact on Deployability in Patients Evaluated at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center Endocrinology Clinic. Calderon R (Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA). 1994. The Health Status of Women in the Military: An Epidemiological Study of Active Duty Navy and Marine Corps Personnel. Garland FC (Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA). 1994. Hospitalization Rates for Military Women: Feasibility and Design of a Tri-service Relational Database Architecture Allowing Service-Specific and Tri-Service Reporting. Garland FC (Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA). 1994. Women aboard Navy Ships: A Comprehensive Health and Readiness Research Project. Gunzenhauser JD (Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA). 1994. Comparative Morbidity Study of Active Duty Women Serving in Korea and Ft. Lewis.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies Meyer JG (Armstrong Laboratory, Brooks Air Force Base, TX). 1994. Injury and Illness among Air Force Female Military Recruits. Ursano RJ (Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD). 1994. Stress and Women's Health: Combat Deployment Contingency Operations and Trauma. GYNECOLOGIC/GENITO-URINARY Claybaugh JR (Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI). 1994. Effects of Time of Day, Age, and Gender on the Ability to Conserve a Water Load. Davis G (Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center, Aurora, CO). 1994. Evaluation of the Performance Impact and Treatment of Exercise Induced Urinary Incontinence Among Female Soldiers. GYNECOLOGIC/REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH, BIRTH CONTROL Craft DW (Dwight David Eisenhower Army Medical Center, Ft. Gordon, GA). 1994. The Effect of Levonorgestrel (Norplant) on the Immune Regulation of Bone Morphogenesis. Strider JW Jr. (Dwight David Eisenhower Army Medical Center, Fort Gordon, GA). 1994. Women's Health Care Issues: The Incidence of Localized Osteitis in Female Soldiers Using Norplant Contraceptive. GYNECOLOGIC/REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH, LONG-RANGE IMPLICATIONS Becker RL Jr. (Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC) . 1994. Prognostic Stratification of Atypical Endometrial Hyperplasia: Definition of Cases Not Requiring Prophylactic Hysterectomy. GYNECOLOGIC/REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH, POSTPARTUM Bute BG (Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center, Aurora, CO). 1994. The Non-invasive Detection and Characterization Treatment and Potential Prevention of Anal Incontinence in the Parous Active Duty Female Population. Dettori JR (U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA). 1994. A Comparison of the Medical, Nutritional, and Performance Status among Postpartum Soldiers, Postpartum Family Members, and Non-pregnant Soldiers. GYNECOLOGIC/REPRODUCTIVE, HEALTH PREGNANCY Brodine SK (Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA). 1994. Assessment and Intervention for the Reduction of Adverse Gynecologic and Obstetric Clinical Events in Women aboard Ship. Creedon JF (Evans Army Community Hospital, Ft. Carson, CO). 1994. Relationships between Female Soldier's Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) and Birth Outcome. Hume RF Jr. (Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA). 1994. Pregnancy Outcomes Comparison between Active Duty Military Women and Working and Non-working Family Members. Manzo CB (Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC). 1994. Comparison of Predicted vs. Actual 24-Hour Measured Creatinine Clearance in Pregnant Females. Martin R (Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA). 1994. The Relationship of Bacterial Contamination and Interleukin-6 in Amniotic Fluid in Preterm Labor and Delivery. Meier CM (Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA). 1994. Exercise, Blood Pressure, and Heart Rate Response in Pregnancy as a Predictor of Preeclampsia. Satin AJ (Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland Air Force Base, TX) . 1994. The Relationship among Active Duty Service and Pregnancy and Neonatal Outcomes. Smoak BL (Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC) . 1994. The Effects of Inadvertent Exposure of Mefloquine Chemoprophylaxis on Pregnancy Outcomes and Infants of U.S. Army Servicewomen Returning from Somalia. Wanersdorfer EM (Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center, Aurora, CO). 1994. Evaluation of a Structural Physical Fitness Program for Pregnant Soldiers: Effects on Weight Gain, Blood Pressure, Lost Duty Time, Length of Labor, Birth Weight, and Ability to Pass First Physical Training Test Post Delivery. HEALTH, GENERAL Gunzenhauser JD (Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA). 1994. Comparative Morbidity Study of Active Duty Women Serving in Korea and Ft. Lewis. Merrill LL (Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA). 1994. The Impact of the Health Care Perceptions of Female Patients and their Health Care Providers on Women's Health Aboard Ships Compared to Women at Shore Stations. Ursano RJ (Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD). 1994. Stress and Women's Health: Combat Deployment Contingency Operations and Trauma.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies HEALTH SERVICES Calderon R (Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA). 1994. The Health Status of Women in the Military: An Epidemiological Study of Active Duty Navy and Marine Corps Personnel. Robbins AS (Armstrong Laboratory, Brooks Air Force Base, TX). 1994. Availability, Accessibility, and Adequacy of Health Care Provided to USAF Active Duty Women in Theater During Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm (ODS). JOB SATISFACTION Johnson PL (Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI). 1994. Evaluation of Psychological and Stress Factors Affecting Retention and Deployability of Women in the Military. JOB STRESS Fiedler ER (Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland Air Force Base, TX). 1994. Predicting Military-Induced Stress Responses in Servicewomen. LOAD-BEARING Harper WH (U.S. Army Research Laboratory). 1994. Investigation of Female Load Bearing Capabilities. MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY Becker RL Jr. (Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC) . 1994. Prognostic Stratification of Atypical Endometrial Hyperplasia: Definition of Cases Not Requiring Prophylactic Hysterectomy. Ho VB (Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA). 1994. Magnetic Resonance Mammography (MRM): A Promising Application for Fat Suppression by Phase Unwrapping in the 3-Point-Dixon Method. O'Leary TJ (Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC). 1994. Automated Rescreening of Pap Smears. Seidman J (Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC). 1994. Prognostic Factors in Breast Cancer. MENSTRUAL CYCLE Euhus DM (Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI). 1994. Influence of Parenteral Progesterone Administration in the Prevalence and Severity of Mastodynia in Active Duty Servicewomen. Golenda C (Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC) . 1994. Efficacy and Duration of Army Extended Duration Topical Insect/Arthropod Repellent (EDTIAR) Formulation on Female Personnel and Attractiveness of Mosquitoes to Females During Different Phases of the Menstrual Cycle. Hnatiuk OW (Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC). 1994. Effects of Menstrual Phase on Pulmonary Function and Exercise Performance in Young Active Duty Women. Langford TL (U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory, Ft. Rucker, AL). 1994. The Effect of the Menstrual Cycle on the Ability of Women Aviators to Extract Information from 3-Dimensional Head-Up Cockpit Displays . Powell J (Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA). 1994. Effect of Premenstrual Syndrome and Primary Dysmenorrhea on Women 's Cognitive Functioning and Job Performance Before and After Biofeedback Treatment. Rock PB (U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA). 1994. The Effect of Menstrual Cycle Phase on Physical Work Performance During Exposure to High Terrestrial Altitude. MUSCULOSKELETAL, INJURIES Amoroso PJ (U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA). 1994. The Impact of Injuries on the Health and Readiness of Women in the Army from 1980 to 1994. Shaffer RA (Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA). 1994. The Epidemiology of Illness, Injury, and Attrition Among Select U.S. Military Female Populations. MUSCULOSKELETAL, TREATMENT Shaffer RA (Naval Health Research Center, San Diego,CA). 1994. Use of Noninvasive Bone Structural Measurements to Evaluate Stress Fracture Susceptibility among Female Recruits in U.S. Marine Corps Basic Training.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies NOISE, HEARING LOSS Nixon CW (Armstrong Laboratory, Brooks Air Force Base, TX). 1994. Vulnerability of Female Produced Speech in Operational Environments . NUTRITION Cline AD (U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA). 1994. Assessment of Iron Status and Dietary Intake of Female Army Soldiers . Kepczyk T (Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center, Aurora, CO). 1994. Gastrointestinal Lesions in Iron Deficient Premenopausal Women. Westphal KA (U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA). 1994. Prevalence of Negative Iron Nutriture and Relationship with Immuno-competence and Fitness Level in U.S. Army Servicewomen. NUTRITION AND EXERCISE McDermott MT (Fitzsimmons Army Medical Center, Aurora, CO). 1994. Assessment of Dietary Calcium Intake, Physical Activity and Habits Affecting Skeletal Health among Premenopausal Military Women. Singh A (Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD). 1994. Micronutrient/Antioxidant Supplementation and Immune Function in Women: Effects of Physiologic Stress. PERFORMANCE Elliott LR (Armstrong Laboratory/CFTO, Brooks Air Force Base, TX) . 1994. Gender Composition of High Stress Tactical Decisionmaking Teams: Impact on Team Process and Outcome. Flynn C (Armstrong Laboratory, Brooks Air Force Base, TX). 1994. Self-Administered Computerized Battery to Assess Psychological Factors in Female Aviators. Marcinik EJ (Naval Medical Research Institute, Bethesda, MD). 1994. Gender Differences in Emergency Shipboard Damage-Control Task Performance: Human Factors Solutions. Regian JW (Armstrong Laboratory, Brooks Air Force Base, TX). 1994. Instructional Interventions for Reductions of Gender Differences in Learning. PHARMACEUTICAL Andersen SL (Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC). 1994. Comparison of the Efficacy and Tolerance of Azithromycin to that of Doxycycline in Prophylaxis against Plasmodium falciparum Malaria. Caldwell JA (U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory, Ft. Rucker, AL). 1994. Sustaining Female UH-60 Pilot Performance with Dexedrine During Continuous Operations. Comperatore CA (U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory, Ft. Rucker, AL). 1994. Menstrual Regularity in Rapid Deployment and Night Operations: Can Melatonin Affect Ovulation in Female Personnel? Copeland R (U.S. Army Medical Research Unit, Nairobi, Kenya). 1994. Attraction of Malaria Mosquitoes to Women under Different Physiological Conditions. Engler RJM (Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC). 1994. Protective Immunity to Hepatitis B and Streptococcus Pneumonia in Active Duty Women versus Men: Prevalence and Responses to Preventive Immunization. Golenda C (Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC) . 1994. Efficacy and Duration of Army Extended Duration Topical Insect/Arthropod Repellent (EDTIAR) Formulation on Female Personnel and Attractiveness of Mosquitoes to Females During Different Phases of the Menstrual Cycle. Johnson RF (U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA). 1994. Effects of Caffeine on Target Detection and Rifle Firing Accuracy of Men and Women during Three Hours of Simulated Sentry Duty. Manzo CB (Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC). 1994. Comparison of Predicted vs. Actual 24-Hour Measured Creatinine Clearance in Pregnant Females. Smoak BL (Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC) . 1994. The Effects of Inadvertent Exposure of Mefloquine Chemoprophylaxis on Pregnancy Outcomes and Infants of U.S. Army Servicewomen Returning from Somalia. Strickman D (Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC). 1994. Antibiotics for Treatment of Scrub Typhus During Pregnancy. Tseng J (Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC). 1994. Pathological Reactions of Toxic Shock Syndrome Toxin-1 and Development of a Prototype Vaccine and Treatment Agents. Young SA (Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC). 1994. Treatment of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder with Sertraline During Luteal Phase.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies PHYSICAL FITNESS, STRENGTH/ENDURANCE Boyea SR. (Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC). 1994. Pushup Performance by Women. Harman E (U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA). 1994. Effects of a Specifically Designed Physical Conditioning Program on the Load Carriage and Lifting Performance of Female Soldiers. Harper WH (U.S. Army Research Laboratory). 1994. Investigation of Female Load Bearing Capabilities. Knapik J (Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD). 1994. Strength Training to Improve Women's Lifting Capacity. Pokorski TL (Naval Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory, Pensacola, FL). 1994. Performance-based Occupational Strength Testing for Candidate Navy Pilots/Naval Flight Officers. Rice V (U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA). 1994. Identification of Military Manual Lifting Capabilities. Robinson MD (Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC). 1994. Muscle Activity and Fatigue during Pushups Performed by Women. An Electromyographic and Cinemagraphic Analysis of Fifteen Muscles. Treadwell TA (U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD). 1994. The Effects of Sustained Operations on Female Soldier Performance . Weisman IM (William Beaumont Army Medical Center, El Paso, TX). 1994. Impact of Smoking on Aerobic and Anaerobic Performance During Upper and Lower Body Exercise in Female Soldiers. PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT Cornum KG (Armstrong Laboratory, Brooks Air Force Base, TX). 1994. Urination in Aviation: Evaluation of Urine Collection Equipment for Female Aviators. Endrusick TL (U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA). 1994. Physiological and Psychological Evaluation of Women Wearing Protective Clothing with Varying Moisture Vapor Transmission Rates (MVTR). Gonzalez RR (U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA). 1994. Development of a Thermoregulatory Model Specific for Women Exposed to Cold and Heat Stress Wearing Military Clothing. Hawley-Bowland C (William Beaumont Army Medical Center, El Paso, TX). 1994. Lady J and Freshette Complete System. A Field Trial for the Active Duty Woman. Hodgdon J (Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA). 1994. Countermeasure to Heat Stress in Females. Licina JR (U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory, Ft. Rucker, AL). 1994. Female Aviator Anthropometric Clothing and Cockpit Compatibility Assessment. Self DA (Armstrong Laboratory, Brooks Air Force Base, TX). 1994. Research Program Leading to Female Acceleration Tolerance Enhancement through Development of Gender-Specific Life Support Equipment. Smith SD (Armstrong Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH). 1994. Female Seat Cushion Study. RADIATION Stamper DA (Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, U.S. Army Medical Research Unit, Brooks Air Force Base, TX). 1994. The Effects of Laser Glare on Pursuit Tracking Performance with Males and Females in the Field and with a Laboratory Simulator. RESPONSES TO STRESSORS, OTHER Claybaugh JR (Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI). 1994. Effects of Time of Day, Age, and Gender on the Ability to Conserve a Water Load. Hodgdon J (Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA). 1994. Neck and Back Strain Profiles of Rotary-Wing Female Pilots. Mayorga MA (Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC) . 1994. The Effects of Blast Overpressure (BOP) on Intra-abdominal Organs . McCloskey K (Armstrong Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH). 1994. Female Performance under High-G during Fatigue and after G-layoff . Treadwell TA (U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD). 1994. The Effects of Sustained Operations on Female Soldier Performance . RESPONSES TO STRESSORS, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Kamimori GH (Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC). 1994. Effect of Gender and Time of Cycle (Menstrual) on Hormonal and Endocrine Response, Cognitive Performance, and Mood in Females and Males during Moderate and Heavy Exercise. South-Paul JE (Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD). 1994. The Impact of Physical Activity on Premenstrual Syndrome.

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Recommendations for Research on the Health of Military Women: Bibliographies RESPONSES TO STRESSORS, PRESSURE Pilmanis AA (Armstrong Laboratory, Brooks Air Force Base, TX). 1994. The Effect of Gender on Susceptibility to Altitude Decompression Sickness. Rock PB (U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA). 1994. Effect of Menstrual Cycle Hormone Changes on Occurrence of Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) in Women Exposed to High Terrestrial Altitude . Rock PB (U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA). 1994. The Effect of Menstrual Cycle Phase on Physical Work Performance During Exposure to High Terrestrial Altitude. RESPONSES TO STRESSORS, TEMPERATURE Kolka MA (U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA). 1994. Non-compensable Heat Stress in Women during Exercise-Heat Exposure . Santee WR (U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA). 1994. Casualty Evacuation by Female Litter Teams under Hot-Dry Conditions . SEXUAL ASSAULT/HARASSMENT Bostock DJ (60th Medical Group Army Medical Center, Travis Air Force Base). 1994. Sexual Assault on Active Duty Air Force Women: A Preliminary Study . Evans MA (Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC) . 1994. Women in the Military: Pregnancy, Command Climate, Organizational Behavior, and Outcomes. Rosen LN (Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC) . 1994. Integration of Women into Military Units: Impact of Gender Bias and Sexual Harassment. STDs Artenstein AW (Walter Reed Army Institute of Research). 1994. Measurement of HIV-1 Specific Immunologic Responses in the Female Genital Tract and Correlation with Other Contemporaneous Mucosal and Systemic Immune Responses in HIV-1 Infected Women. Brodine SK (Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA). 1994. Assessment and Intervention for the Reduction of Adverse Gynecologic and Obstetric Clinical Events in Women Aboard Ship. Lo S (Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC). 1994. Mycoplasma Infections and Non-gonococcal Urethritis and Pelvic Inflammatory Disease in Women. Vahey MT (Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC) . 1994. The Natural History of HIV Infection in Women: Evaluation of Viral Load and CD4 Lymphocyte Numbers as Surrogate Markers of Disease Progression . TOXINS Caldwell DJ (Medical Research Development, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, OH). 1994. Protocol for the Identification of Reproductive Toxins Which May Affect Women within the U.S. Department of Defense.