many other awards and honors. He is a trustee of Princeton University and The Johns Hopkins University. Mr. Augustine is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the International Academy of Astronautics, the American Astronautical Society, and the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers.

PAUL E. GRAY is chairman of the corporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He served as president of that institution for 10 years, from 1980 to 1990. As a member of both the faculty and the administration of the institute, Dr. Gray served as associate provost, dean of engineering, and chancellor prior to becoming president. He earned B.S., M.S., and Sc.D. degrees in electrical engineering from MIT. His area of specialization is semiconductor electronics and circuit theory, and he has participated in the development of courses in electronics devices, models, and circuits, as well as core courses. Dr. Gray was involved in the establishment of the institute 's Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program, in which undergraduate students become working participants in research projects. For 4 years, Dr. Gray served as a member of the White House Science Council. He was also a member of the council's Panel on the Health of Universities and held the position of vice chairman of the Council on Competitiveness, a Washington-based organization that includes representatives from business, labor, and academia. As part of his long-standing interest in improving educational opportunities for minorities and women, he served on the Committee on Minorities in Engineering of the National Research Council. He is a director of the Boeing Company, The New England (of Boston), the Eastman Kodak Company, and Arthur D. Little, Inc. Dr. Gray has been awarded honorary degrees from Wheaton College, Northeastern University, the Technical University of Nova Scotia, Cairo University, and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. A member of the National Academy of Engineering, where he currently serves as treasurer, Dr. Gray is also a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. He is a member of Eta Kappa Nu, Tau Beta Pi, and Sigma Xi.

JOHN HURLEY is associate vice president at the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, where he works closely with the senior vice president in the management of the foundation's international and domestic grantmaking. He has a B.A. from DePauw University and an M.A. from Virginia Tech. Before joining the MacArthur Foundation in 1992, Mr. Hurley was involved in scientific and technological collaboration with developing countries as director of the National Research Council 's (NRC) Board on Science and Technology for International Development from 1982 to 1991. From 1981 to 1984, Mr. Hurley also acted as deputy head of the NRC's Office of International Affairs. Mr. Hurley became involved with international issues through his work with the Peace Corps before joining the NRC staff in 1970. He was one of the earliest Peace Corps volunteers, serving in Malaysia as a science teacher and later held several admin-



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