SERVICE PROVIDER PERSPECTIVES ON FAMILY VIOLENCE INTERVENTIONS

PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP

Committee on the Assessment of Family Violence Interventions

Board on Children and Families

Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education National Research Council

Institute of Medicine

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, D.C.
1995



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SERVICE PROVIDER PERSPECTIVES ON FAMILY VIOLENCE INTERVENTIONS: PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP SERVICE PROVIDER PERSPECTIVES ON FAMILY VIOLENCE INTERVENTIONS PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP Committee on the Assessment of Family Violence Interventions Board on Children and Families Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education National Research Council Institute of Medicine NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. 1995

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SERVICE PROVIDER PERSPECTIVES ON FAMILY VIOLENCE INTERVENTIONS: PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Harold Liebowitz is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce Alberts and Dr. Harold Liebowitz are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. Support for this project was provided by the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and the U.S. Department of Justice. Additional copies of this report are available from: Board on Children and Families National Research Council 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20418 Tel: (202) 334-3965 Printed in the United States of America Copyright 1995 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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SERVICE PROVIDER PERSPECTIVES ON FAMILY VIOLENCE INTERVENTIONS: PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP COMMITTEE ON THE ASSESSMENT OF FAMILY VIOLENCE INTERVENTIONS PATRICIA KING (Chair), Georgetown University Law Center JACQUELYN C. CAMPBELL, The Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing DAVID S. CORDRAY, Vanderbilt Institute for Public Policy Studies DIANA J. ENGLISH, Office of Children's Administration Research, Department of Social and Health Services, State of Washington JEFFREY A. FAGAN, School of Public Health, Columbia University RICHARD J. GELLES, Family Violence Research Program, University of Rhode Island JOEL GREENHOUSE, Department of Statistics, Carnegie Mellon University THE HONORABLE SCOTT HARSHBARGER, Office of the Attorney General, Commonwealth of Massachusetts DARNELL F. HAWKINS, Departments of African-American Studies and Sociology, University of Illinois THE HONORABLE CINDY LEDERMAN, Eleventh Judicial Circuit of Florida, Miami ELIZABETH McLOUGHLIN, San Francisco Injury Center, San Francisco General Hospital ELI NEWBERGER, Family Development Program, Children's Hospital, Boston JOY D. OSOFSKY, Louisiana State University Medical Center HELEN RODRIGUEZ-TRIAS, Pediatrician/Consultant in Health Programming, Brookdale, California SUSAN SCHECHTER, School of Social Work, University of Iowa MICHAEL E. SMITH, School ofLaw, University of Wisconsin, Madison BILL WALSH, Investigations Unit, Youth and Family Crimes Bureau, Dallas Police Department CAROLE L. WARSHAW, Cook County Hospital, Chicago ROSALIE WOLF, Institute on Aging, The Medical Center of Central Massachusetts JACK P. SHONKOFF (Liaison), Board on Children and Families CATHY SPATZ WlDOM (Liaison), Committee on Law and Justice, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education ROSEMARY A. CHALK, Study Director NANCY CROWELL, Staff Officer KATHERINE DARKE, Research Assistant SEBLE MENKIR, Research Assistant NIANI SUTARDJO, Project Assistant

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SERVICE PROVIDER PERSPECTIVES ON FAMILY VIOLENCE INTERVENTIONS: PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP BOARD ON CHILDREN AND FAMILIES SHELDON H. WHITE (Chair), Department of Psychology, Harvard University JACK P. SHONKOFF (Vice Chair), Heller Graduate School, Brandeis University JOMILLS H. BRADDOCK, II, Department of Sociology, University of Miami DAVID V.B. BRITT, Children's Television Workshop, New York City LARRY BUMPASS, Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin PEGGY DAVIS, Clinical Law Center, New York University FERNANDO A. GUERRA, San Antonio Metropolitan Health District, Texas BERNARD GUYER, Department of Maternal and Child Health, The Johns Hopkins University ALETHA C. HUSTON, Department of Human Development and Family Life, University of Kansas RAY MARSHALL, LBJ School of Public Affairs, University of Texas ROBERT MICHAEL, Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago PAUL NEWACHECK, Institute of Health Policy Studies and Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco JULIUS B. RICHMOND, Department of Social Medicine, Harvard University Medical School TIMOTHY M. SANDOS, TCI Central, Inc., Denver, Colorado LISBETH B. SCHORR, Harvard Project on Effective Services, Harvard University CAROLE SIMPSON, ABC News, Washington, D.C. DEBORAH STIPEK, Graduate School of Education, University of California, Los Angeles DIANA TAYLOR, Women's Health Program, Department of Family Health Care Nursing, University of California, San Francisco GAIL WILENSKY, Project Hope, Bethesda, Maryland JOEL J. ALPERT (Liaison), Council, Institute of Medicine ANN L. BROWN (Liaison), Commission on Behavioral and Social Science and Education RUTH T. GROSS (Liaison), Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Institute of Medicine DEBORAH A. PHILLIPS, Director ANNE BRIDGMAN, Program Officer for Communications DRUSILLA BARNES, Administrative Associate