References

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Assisted Living Facilities Association of America (ALFAA). An Overview of the Assisted Living Industry. Arlington, Va.: ALFAA, 1995.

Bishop, C., and Skwara, K.C. Recent Growth of Medicare Home Health. Health Affairs 12(3): 95–110, 1993.

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Capitman, J.A., Abrahams, R., and Ritter, G. Measuring the Adequacy of Home Care for Frail Elders. Waltham, Mass.: Institute for Health Policy, Brandeis University, 1994a.

Capitman, J.A., Abrahams, R., and Walsh, E.G. Working Conditions and Retention of Home Care Workers: A Survey of Providers and Regulators. Waltham, Mass.: Institute for Health Policy, Brandeis University, July 1994b.

Clark, R., Turek-Brezina, J., Chu, C., and Hawes, C. Licensed Board and Care Homes: Preliminary Findings from the National Health Provider Inventory. Paper presented at the 1994 Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, Atlanta, Ga., 1994.

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Committee on Children with Disabilities. Transition of Severely Disabled Children from Hospital or Chronic Care Facility to the Community. Pediatrics 78: 531–534, 1986.



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Best at Home: Assuring Quality Long-Term Care in Home and Community-Based Settings References Administration on Aging (AoA). Infrastructure of Home- and Community-Based Services for the Functionally Impaired Elderly. Washington, D.C.: Department of Health and Human Services, 1994. Assisted Living Facilities Association of America (ALFAA). An Overview of the Assisted Living Industry. Arlington, Va.: ALFAA, 1995. Bishop, C., and Skwara, K.C. Recent Growth of Medicare Home Health. Health Affairs 12(3): 95–110, 1993. Bureau of the Census. Sixty-Five Plus in the United States. Statistical Brief 95-8. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce, May 1995. Capitman, J.A., Abrahams, R., and Ritter, G. Measuring the Adequacy of Home Care for Frail Elders. Waltham, Mass.: Institute for Health Policy, Brandeis University, 1994a. Capitman, J.A., Abrahams, R., and Walsh, E.G. Working Conditions and Retention of Home Care Workers: A Survey of Providers and Regulators. Waltham, Mass.: Institute for Health Policy, Brandeis University, July 1994b. Clark, R., Turek-Brezina, J., Chu, C., and Hawes, C. Licensed Board and Care Homes: Preliminary Findings from the National Health Provider Inventory. Paper presented at the 1994 Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America, Atlanta, Ga., 1994. Close, L., Estes, C.L., Linkins, K.W., and Binney, E.A. A Political Economy Perspective on Frontline Workers in Long-Term Care. Generations 18(3): 23–27, 1994. Committee on Children with Disabilities. Transition of Severely Disabled Children from Hospital or Chronic Care Facility to the Community. Pediatrics 78: 531–534, 1986.

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Best at Home: Assuring Quality Long-Term Care in Home and Community-Based Settings GAO. Medicare Managed Care: Program Growth Highlights Need to Fix HMO Payment Problems. T-HEHS-95-174. Washington, D.C.: GAO, 1995b. GAO. Long-Term Care: Current Issues and Future Directions. HEHS-95-109. Washington, D.C.: GAO, 1995c. GAO. Regulatory Reform: How Can Congress Assess the Administration's Initiatives? T-GGD-95-206. Washington, D.C.: GAO, 1995d. Hawes, C., Mor, V., Wildfire, J., Iannacchione, V., et al. Analysis of the Effect of Regulation on the Quality of Care in Board and Care Homes. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, 1995. Hawes, C., Wildfire, J.B., Lux, L.J., and Clemmer, E. The Regulation of Board and Care: Results of a Survey in the 50 States and District of Columbia. Washington, D.C.: American Association of Retired Persons, 1993. Hawes, C., Wildfire, J.B., and Mor, V. The Effects of Regulation on Board and Care: Preliminary Results from the ASPE Study. Research Triangle Park, N.C.: Research Triangle Institute, 1994. Health Insurance Association of America (HIAA). Who Buys Long-Term Care Insurance? Washington, D.C.: HIAA, 1992. Hing, E., and Bloom, B. Long Term Care for the Functionally Dependent Elderly. Advance Data. No. 104. Hyattsville, Md.: National Center for Health Statistics, 1990. Institute of Medicine (IOM). Improving the Quality of Care in Nursing Homes. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1986. IOM. Medicare: A Strategy for Quality Assurance. Volumes I and II. K.N. Lohr, ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1990. IOM. Disability in America: Toward a National Agenda for Prevention. A.M. Pope and A.R. Tarlov, eds. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1991. IOM. Emerging Infections: Microbial Threats to Health in the United States . J. Lederberg, R.E. Shope, and S.C. Oaks, Jr., eds. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1992. IOM. Real People, Real Problems: An Evaluation of the Long-Term Care Ombudsman Programs of the Older Americans Act. J. Harris-Wehling, J.C. Feasley, and C.L. Estes, eds. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1994. IOM. Quality Assessment and Assurance Implications of Evolving Delivery Systems for Chronic and Long-Term Care. Jo Harris-Wehling and David Soloman, eds. Washington, D.C.: IOM, 1995. IOM. Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes: Is It Adequate? G.S. Wunderlich, F. Sloan, and C.K. Davis, eds. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, in press. Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO). 1995 Accreditation Manual for Home Care. Vol. 1. Oakbrook Terrace, Ill.: JCAHO, 1994. Justice, D. Case Management Standards in State Community-Based Long-Term Care Programs. Report submitted to the Congressional Research Service. Washington, D.C.: National Association of State Units on Aging, 1993. Kane, R.A. Quality, Autonomy, and Safety in Home and Community-Based Long-Term Care: Toward Regulatory and Quality Assurance Policy.

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Best at Home: Assuring Quality Long-Term Care in Home and Community-Based Settings Report of a national mini-conference officially recognized by the White House Conference on Aging held in Minneapolis, Minnesota, February 11 and 12, 1995. Minneapolis, Minn.: National Long Term Care Resource Center, 1995. Kane, R.A., and Degenholtz, H. Case Management as a Force for Quality Assurance and Quality Improvement in Home Care. Minneapolis, Minn.: University of Minnesota, 1995. Kane, R.A., Illston, L.H., Eustis, N.N., and Kane, R.L. Quality of Home Care: Concept and Measurement. Minneapolis, Minn.: University of Minnesota, 1991. Kane, R.A., Kane, R.L., Illston, L.H., and Eustis, N.N. Perspectives on Home Care Quality. Health Care Financing Review 16(1): 61–89, 1994. Kane, R.A., and Wilson, K.B. Assisted Living in the United States: A New Paradigm for Residential Care for Frail Older Persons? Washington, D.C.: American Association of Retired Persons, 1993. Katz, S., Ford, A., Moskowitz, R., Jackson, B., and Jaffe, M. Studies of Illness in the Aged. The Index of ADL: A Standardized Measure of Biological and Psychosocial Function. Journal of the American Medical Association 185:914–919, 1963. Kinney, E.A., Freedman, J.A., and Cook, C.A. Quality Improvement in Community-Based, Long-Term Care. American Journal of Law and Medicine 20(1–2):59–77, 1994. Lewin-VHI. An Exploratory Study of Barriers and Incentives to Improving Labor Force Participation Among Persons with Significant Disabilities. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1995a. Lewin-VHI. States as Payers: Managed Care for Medicaid Populations. Washington, D.C.: National Institute for Health Care Management, 1995b. Lohr, K.N. Effective Measures to Assure Quality of Care in Hospitals. In Evaluation of Quality Assurance in Medicine. H-K. Selbmann, ed. Gerlingen, Germany: Bleicher Verlag, 1995. Minnesota Association of Homes for the Aging Voluntary Standards Work Group (MAHA). The How-to's of Implementing CQI in Senior Housing. Minneapolis, Minn.: MAHA, 1994. Mollica, R.L., Wilson, K.B., Ryther, B.S., and Lamarche, H.J. Guide to Assisted Living and State Policy. Portland, Me., and Minneapolis, Minn.: The National Academy for State Health Policy and The National Long Term Care Resource Center at the University of Minnesota, 1995. Mor, V., Sherwood, S., and Gutkin, C. A National Study of Residential Care for the Aged. Gerontologist 26(4):405–417, 1986. National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP). A Guide to Federal Programs for People with Disabilities. Portland, Me.: NASHP, 1994. National Association for Home Care (NAHC). Basic Statistics About Home Care, 1993. Washington, D.C.: NAHC, 1993. National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine (NRC/IOM). Protecting and Improving Quality of Care for Children Under Health Care Reform: Workshop Highlights. J.S. Durch, ed. Washington, D.C.: NRC/IOM, 1994. New England SERVE. Enhancing Quality: Standards and Indicators of Quality Care for Children with Special Health Care Needs. Boston: New England SERVE, 1989.

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Best at Home: Assuring Quality Long-Term Care in Home and Community-Based Settings O'Leary, D. Quality Assessment: Moving from Theory to Practice. Journal of the American Medical Society 260: 1760, 1988. Pepper Commission. A Call for Action. Final report of the U.S. Bipartisan Commission on Comprehensive Health Care. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1990. Perrin, J.M., Shayne, M.W., and Bloom, S.R. Home and Community Care for Chronically Ill Children. New York.: Oxford University Press, 1993. Phillips, C., Hawes, C., and Fries, B. Reducing the Use of Physical Restraints in Nursing Homes: Will It Increase Costs? American Journal of Public Health 83(3):342–348, 1993. Sabatino, C.P. Substudy of Consumer Protection and Rights Issues in Home Care. Unpublished report. Washington, D.C.: American Bar Association, Commission on the Legal Problems of the Elderly, 1992. Shaughnessy, P.W., Schlenkler, R.E., and Hittle, D.F. A Study of Home Health Quality and Cost Under Capitated and Fee-for-Service Payment Systems. Vols. I and II. Denver: Center for Health Policy Research, 1994. Shortell, S.M., Gillies, R.R., and Anderson, D.A. The New World of Managed Care: Creating Organized Delivery Systems. Health Affairs 13(5): 46–64, 1994. Sirrocco, A. Nursing Homes and Board and Care Homes. Advance Data. No. 244. Hyattsville, Md.: National Center for Health Statistics, 1994. Strahan, G. An Overview of Home Health and Hospice Care Patients: Preliminary Data from the 1993 National Home and Hospice Care Survey. Advance Data. No. 256. Hyattsville, Md.: National Center for Health Statistics, 1994. U.S. House of Representatives. The Green Book: Background Materials and Data on Major Programs within the Jurisdiction of the Committee on Ways and Means. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995.

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