References

Bankes, Steven 1993 Exploratory modeling for policy analysis. Operations Research 41(3):435-449.

Bose, R.C., and K.A. Bush 1952 Orthogonal arrays. Annals of Mathematical Statistics 23:508-524.

Box, G.E.P., and N.R. Draper 1987 Empirical Model-Building and Response Surfaces. New York: Wiley.

Box, G.E.P., and J.S. Hunter 1961 The 2k−p fractional factorial designs: Part I. Technometrics 3(3):311-350.

Citro, C., and E. Hanushek, eds. 1991 Improving Information for Social Policy Decisions: The Uses of Microsimulation Modeling. Two volumes. Panel to Evaluate Microsimulation Models for Social Welfare Programs, Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Cochran, W.G. 1977 Sampling Techniques. 3rd edition. New York: Wiley.

Conover, W.J., and R.L. Iman 1980 Small sample sensitivity analysis techniques for computer models, with an application to risk assessment. Communications in Statistics, Theory and Methods A9(17): 1749-1842.

Daniel C. 1976 Applications of Statistics to Industrial Experimentation. New York: Wiley.

Defense Science Board 1989 Improving Test and Evaluation Effectiveness. Task force report.

Defense Systems Management College 1994 Systems Acquisition Manager's Guide for the Use of Models and Simulations. Report of the DSMC 1993-1994 Military Fellows. Fort Belvoir, Va.: Defense Systems Management College.

Doctor, P. 1989 Sensitivity and uncertainty analysis for performance assessment modeling Engineering Geology 26:411-429.

Finney, D.J. 1945 The fractional replication of factorial arrangements. Annals of Eugenics 12:291-301.

Food and Drug Administration 1987 Guideline on General Principles of Process Validation. Prepared by the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, and the Center for Devices and Radiological Health. Rockville, Md.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.



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Statistical Methods for Testing and Evaluating Defense Systems: Interim Report References Bankes, Steven 1993 Exploratory modeling for policy analysis. Operations Research 41(3):435-449. Bose, R.C., and K.A. Bush 1952 Orthogonal arrays. Annals of Mathematical Statistics 23:508-524. Box, G.E.P., and N.R. Draper 1987 Empirical Model-Building and Response Surfaces. New York: Wiley. Box, G.E.P., and J.S. Hunter 1961 The 2k−p fractional factorial designs: Part I. Technometrics 3(3):311-350. Citro, C., and E. Hanushek, eds. 1991 Improving Information for Social Policy Decisions: The Uses of Microsimulation Modeling. Two volumes. Panel to Evaluate Microsimulation Models for Social Welfare Programs, Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Cochran, W.G. 1977 Sampling Techniques. 3rd edition. New York: Wiley. Conover, W.J., and R.L. Iman 1980 Small sample sensitivity analysis techniques for computer models, with an application to risk assessment. Communications in Statistics, Theory and Methods A9(17): 1749-1842. Daniel C. 1976 Applications of Statistics to Industrial Experimentation. New York: Wiley. Defense Science Board 1989 Improving Test and Evaluation Effectiveness. Task force report. Defense Systems Management College 1994 Systems Acquisition Manager's Guide for the Use of Models and Simulations. Report of the DSMC 1993-1994 Military Fellows. Fort Belvoir, Va.: Defense Systems Management College. Doctor, P. 1989 Sensitivity and uncertainty analysis for performance assessment modeling Engineering Geology 26:411-429. Finney, D.J. 1945 The fractional replication of factorial arrangements. Annals of Eugenics 12:291-301. Food and Drug Administration 1987 Guideline on General Principles of Process Validation. Prepared by the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, and the Center for Devices and Radiological Health. Rockville, Md.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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Statistical Methods for Testing and Evaluating Defense Systems: Interim Report Friedman, J.H. 1991 Multivariate adaptive regression splines. Annals of Statistics 19:1-141. Fries, A. 1994 Design of experiments in operational test and evaluation: Where should we go next? ITEA Journal 14(4):20-33. Hahn, G. 1984 Experimental design in the complex world. Technometrics 26(1):19-31. Hill, H.M. 1960 Experimental designs to adjust for time trends. Technometrics 2:67-82. Hodges, J. 1987 Policy, models and uncertainty. Statistical Science 2:259-291. Hodges, J.S., and J.A. Dewar 1992 Is It You or Your Model Talking?: A Framework for Model Validation. R-4114-A/AF/OSD. Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND. Iman, R., and W. Conover 1982 A distribution free approach to inducing rank correlation among input variables. Communications in Statistics—Simulation and Computation B11(3):311-334. Kruskal, J.B. 1964a Multidimensional scaling by optimizing goodness-of-fit to a nonmetric hypothesis. Psychometrika 29:1-29. 1964b Nonmetric multidimensional scaling: A numerical method. Psychometrika 29:115-129. Lese, W. 1992 Cost and Operational Effectiveness Analyses (COEAs) and the Acquisition Process. Paper presented at the Committee on National Statistics' Workshop on Statistical Issues in Defense Analysis and Testing, September 24-25, 1992. Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Program Analysis and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Defense. McKay, M. 1992 Latin Hypercube Sampling as a Tool in Uncertainty Analysis of Computer Models. Paper presented at the Winter Simulation Conference, Arlington, Va. McKay, M.D., W.J. Conover, and R.J. Bechman 1979 A comparison of three methods for selecting values of input variables in the analysis of output from a computer code. Technometrics 22(2):239-245. Mead, R. 1988 The Design of Experiments: Statistical Principles for Practical Application. New York: Cambridge University Press. Mitchell, T.J., and D.G. Wilson 1979 Energy Model Validation: Initial Perceptions of the Process. ORNLS/CSD-50, Oak Ridge, Tenn.: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Myers, M.E. 1993 New OT&E strategy expedites fielding of software-intensive systems. Journal of Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center (AFOTEC RP 190-1) 6(1). Nair, V.N., ed. 1992 Taguchi's parameter design: A panel discussion. Technometrics 34:127-161. Paul, R. 1993 Metrics guided software risk management and maintainability. Journal of Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center 1(1). 1995 Presentation given at software working group meeting, April 21, 1995. Washington, D.C. Plackett, R.L., and J.P. Burman 1946 The design of optimum multi-factor experiments. Biometrika 33:305-325. Rao, C.R. 1946 Hypercubes of strength d leading to confounded designs in factorial experiments. Bulletin Calcutta Mathematics Society 38:67-78. 1947 Factorial experiments derivable from combinatorial arrangements of arrays. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Supplement 9:128-139.

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Statistical Methods for Testing and Evaluating Defense Systems: Interim Report Rolph, J.E., and D.L. Steffey, eds. 1994 Statistical Issues in Defense Analysis and Testing: Summary of a Workshop. Committee on National Statistics and Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. RTCA, Inc. 1992 Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification. Document No. RTCA/DO-178B. Washington, D.C.: RTCA, Inc. Sacks, J., W.J. Welch, T.J. Mitchell, and H.P. Wynn 1989 Design and analysis of computer experiments. Statistical Science 4:409-423. Scott, J.A., and J.D. Lawrence 1994 Testing Existing Software for Safety-Related Applications. Draft manuscripts prepared for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif. Taguchi, G. 1986 Introduction to Quality Engineering. Tokyo, Japan: Asian Productivity Organization. U.S. Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center 1995 Introduction to Joint Reliability/Maintainability Evaluation Team and Test Data Scoring Board: A Handbook for the Logistics Analyst. AFOTEC Course OT&E 410, 4th edition (PDS Code XFX). Directorate of Systems Analysis Kirtland Air Force Base, N.M.: U.S. Air Force. U.S. Army Materiel Systems Analysis Activity 1995 Handout from presentation given at Software Working Group Meeting. April 21, 1995, Washington, D.C. U.S. Department of Defense 1960 Sampling Procedures and Tables for Life and Reliability Testing. MIL-HBK 108. Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Supply and Logistics). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Defense. 1982 Test and Evaluation of System Reliability, Availability, and Maintainability: A Primer. Director Test and Evaluation, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering. DoD 3235.1-H. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Defense. 1991 Defense Acquisition Management Policies and Procedures. Department of Defense Instruction 5000.2. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Defense. U.S. General Accounting Office 1987 DoD Simulation: Improved Assessment Procedures Would Increase the Credibility of Results. GAO/PEMD-88-3. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1988 Weapons Testing: Quality of DoD Operational Testing and Reporting. GAO/PEMD-88-32BR. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1993 Test and Evaluation: DoD Has Been Slow in Improving Testing of Software-Intensive Systems. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission 1993 Software Reliability and Safety in Nuclear Reactor Protection Systems. Prepared by J.D. Lawrence of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. NUREG/CR-6101, UCRL-ID-114839. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Wiesenhahn, R.D., and D.F. Dighton 1993 A Framework for Using Advanced Distributed Simulation in Operational Test. Alexandria, Va.: The Institute for Defense Analysis. Yockey, D., D. Chu, and R. Duncan 1992 Memorandum prepared for the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Research, Development and Acquisition), the Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research, Development and Acquisition), and the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Acquisition). February 21.

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