WORLDWIDE EDUCATION STATISTICS

Enhancing UNESCO's Role

James W. Guthrie and Janet S. Hansen, editors

Board on International Comparative Studies in Education

National Research Council

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, D.C. 1995



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WORLDWIDE EDUCATION STATISTICS: Enhancing UNESCO's Role WORLDWIDE EDUCATION STATISTICS Enhancing UNESCO's Role James W. Guthrie and Janet S. Hansen, editors Board on International Comparative Studies in Education National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. 1995

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WORLDWIDE EDUCATION STATISTICS: Enhancing UNESCO's Role The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Harold Liebowitz is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce Alberts and Dr. Harold Liebowitz are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. This project was supported with funds from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, U.S. National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. National Science Foundation, and the World Bank. Additional copies of this report are available from: Board on International Comparative Studies in Education National Research Council 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., HA 178 Washington, D.C. 20418 U.S.A. Printed in the United States of America Copyright 1995 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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WORLDWIDE EDUCATION STATISTICS: Enhancing UNESCO's Role BOARD ON INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE STUDIES IN EDUCATION MICHAEL W. KIRST (Chair), School of Education, Stanford University GORDON M. AMBACH (ex-officio), Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, D.C. LLOYD BOND, Center for Educational Research and Evaluation, University of North Carolina JAMES W. GUTHRIE, Peabody Education Policy Center, Peabody College of Vanderbilt University STEPHEN P. HEYNEMAN, Human Resources Technical Department, Europe and Central Asia and Mid East and N. Africa Regions, The World Bank, Washington, D.C. (has not participated in the writing or review of this report) PAUL G. LEMAHIEU, University of Delaware and Delaware Department of Public Instruction MARY M. LINDQUIST, School of Education, Columbus College ANDREW C. PORTER, Wisconsin Center for Education Research, University of Wisconsin FRANCISCO O. RAMIREZ, School of Education, Stanford University JOHN R. SCHWILLE, College of Education, Michigan State University RICHARD J. SHAVELSON (ex-officio), School of Education, Stanford University JUDITH V. TORNEY-PURTA, Department of Human Development, University of Maryland JANET S. HANSEN, Staff Director M. JANE PHILLIPS, Senior Project Assistant

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