References

◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆

CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 1992. Famine-affected, refugee, and displaced populations: Recommendations for public health issues. Morbid. Mortal. Weekly Rep. 4: 44 .

Clugston, G. 1993. Methodological basis for estimating the mean per capita for a typical refugee camp population. Unpublished.

Dauncey, M. J. 1981. Influence of mild cold on 24 hour energy expenditure, of mild cold on 24 hour energy expenditure, resting metabolism and diet induced thermogenesis. Br. J. Nutr. 45: 257–267 .

FAO/WHO/UNU. 1985. Energy and protein requirements. Report of a FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation. Technical Report Series No. 724. World Health Organization, Geneva.

James, W. P. T., and E. C. Schofield. 1990. Human Energy Requirements. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

James, W. P. T., A. Ferro-Luzzi, and J. C. Waterlow. 1988. Definition of chronic deficiency in adults. Report of a working party of the International Dietary Energy Consultative Group. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 42:969–981 .

Jamison, E., and F. Hobbs. 1994. World Population Profile. U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.

Leslie, J. 1989. Women's time: A factor in the use of child survival technologies? Health Policy Plan. 4(1): 1–16 .



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Estimated Mean per Capita Energy Requirements for Planning Emergency Food Aid Rations References ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ ◆ CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 1992. Famine-affected, refugee, and displaced populations: Recommendations for public health issues. Morbid. Mortal. Weekly Rep. 4: 44 . Clugston, G. 1993. Methodological basis for estimating the mean per capita for a typical refugee camp population. Unpublished. Dauncey, M. J. 1981. Influence of mild cold on 24 hour energy expenditure, of mild cold on 24 hour energy expenditure, resting metabolism and diet induced thermogenesis. Br. J. Nutr. 45: 257–267 . FAO/WHO/UNU. 1985. Energy and protein requirements. Report of a FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation. Technical Report Series No. 724. World Health Organization, Geneva. James, W. P. T., and E. C. Schofield. 1990. Human Energy Requirements. Oxford University Press, Oxford. James, W. P. T., A. Ferro-Luzzi, and J. C. Waterlow. 1988. Definition of chronic deficiency in adults. Report of a working party of the International Dietary Energy Consultative Group. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 42:969–981 . Jamison, E., and F. Hobbs. 1994. World Population Profile. U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. Leslie, J. 1989. Women's time: A factor in the use of child survival technologies? Health Policy Plan. 4(1): 1–16 .

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Estimated Mean per Capita Energy Requirements for Planning Emergency Food Aid Rations Leslie, J., M. Lycette, and M. Buvinie. 1988. Weathering economic crises: The crucial role of women in health. Pp. 307–348 in Health, Nutrition, and Economic Crises: Approaches to Policy in the Third World, D. Bell and M. R. Reich, eds. Auburn House Publishing Company, Dover, Mass. Mason J, Gillespie S, Clugston G, and Greaves P. 1992. Misconceptions on nutrition of refugees. Lancet 340 (Nov. 28):1354 . Prentice, A. M., C. J. K. Spaaij, S. D. Poppitt, G. R. Goldberg, and G. K. van Raaij. 1994. Energy requirements of pregnant and lactating women. Position paper for IDECG-sponsored review of FAO/WHO/UNU (1985) recommendations . International Dietary Energy Consultative Group, Lausanne. Rivers, J. P. W., and J. A. Seaman. 1989. Nutritional aspects of emergency food relief. Background Paper No. 5 to Conference: Nutrition in Times of Disaster. Unpublished. Schofield, E. C. 1994. Evaluating energy adequacy of rations presented to refugees and displaced persons. Prepared for the ACC/SCN Refugee Nutrition Information System, Geneva . Schulz, L. O., and D. A. Schoeller. 1994. A compilation of total daily energy expenditures and body weights in health adults. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 60: 676–681 . Torun, B., P. S. W. Davies, M. B. Livingstone, M. Paelisse, R. Sackett, and G. B. Spurr. 1994. Energy requirements and dietary energy recommendations for children and adolescents 1- to 18-years old. Review of present knowledge and position paper for IDECG-sponsored review of FAO/WHO/UNU (1985) recommendations. International Dietary Energy Consultative Group, Lausanne. USAID (U. S. Agency for International Development). 1993. USAID/FHA/Food for Peace. Supplement on Emergency Rations. Commodities Reference Guide. June 1993. Washington, D.C. Warwick, P.M., and R. Busby. 1990. Influence of mild cold on 24 hour energy expenditure in “normally” clothed adults. Br. J Nutr. 63:481–486 .