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Biographical Sketches of Cornm~tee Members and Staff A~ R. MILLER iS professor of sociology at He University of Pennsylvania and a senior research associate at its Population Studies Center. She was formerly a consultant to the Office of Management and Budget on occupational classification and analysis and has served on several ad- visory committees of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and the Bureau of the Census. Her research has been pnmanly in the fields of labor force, occupational, and geographic mm bility. She is a fellow of the American Statistical Association and a- member of the Population Association of America and the Economic History Association. She received an AB from Bryn Mawr College and a PhD from the University of Pennsylvania. DAVID P. CAI~PBELl iS executive w" president of the Inter for Creative Leadership in Greensboro, North Carolina, and adjunct professor of psychology at Duke University. Campbell received BS aDd MS degrees prom lowa State University and a PhD from the Umvcrs~ty of Minscsota. Is professional work began in psychometrics and career d velopmcat, then turned to interest measurement and the role of interests ~ career planning and development; he coauthored the Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory. He has recently been involved in research on Icadc~ip and creativity. He is a fellow of the Division of Industnal and OrgaDizabonal Psychology, the Division on Evaluation and Measurement, and the Division of Counseling Psychology of the Amencan Psychological As- ~ociation. ]3]

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132 WOMEN, WORK, AND WAGES MARY C. DUNLAP iS a lawyer and a Siting lecturer in the Field Studies Program of the University of California, Berkeley. She is cofounder of and former teacher an" staff attorney of Equal Rights Advocates, Inc., a public interest law Arm specializing in litigation and clinical legal education concerning sex-based discrimination. Previously she served as a visiting assistant professor of law at the University of Texas at Austin. In 1977 she argued before the Supreme Court a case involving leave for pregnant schoolteachers. She has taught, lectured, and written widely on equality and discrimination. She received a BA in Ds~choloPv an" a ID from the University of California, Berkeley. - A- ~} G. FRANKLIN EDWARDS iS professor and former head of the Department of Sociology at Howard University. His major professional interests are the study of minorities in professional and other white-colIar occupations and race relations. He has been a member of various govemment panels concerned with training programs for manpower development. He is a member of the American Sociological Association. He received an AB from Fisk University and a PhD from the University of Chicago. RICHARD C. EDWARDS iS associate professor of economics at the Uni- versity of Massachusetts at Amherst. He has held positions with the National Bureau of Economic Research and the Harvard Graduate School of Education. His work focuses on American economic devel- opment, including the political economy of industrial organization an" labor relations. He received a BA from ~'nr~n~] Act .^A ~ Burl from Harvard University. ~_~- ~1 Il~ LEON I:ES~NGER iS Staudinger professor of somal psychology at the New School for Social Research. He has a BS from City College of New York and MA and PhD degrees from the University of Iowa. He re- ceived the Amencan Psychological Association's distinguished scientist award in 1959 for his work on the theory of cognitive dissonance. His research interests have included cognitive theory and statistics and re- search methods as well as vision and, more recently, archaeology. He Is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the Amencan Association for the Advancement of Science; he Is a fellow of the Amencan Psychological Association and the Amencan Academy of Arts and Sciences. GARY D. GO1TFREDSON iS a research scientist and director of the Pro- gram in Delinquency and School Environmcots at the Center for Social Organization of Schools of the Johns Hopkins Um~crsity, where he is

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Biographical Sketches 133 also assistant professor of psychology and of social relations. He received 8 PhD in psychology from Johns Hopkins in 1976. Formerly he was associate administrative officer at the American Psychological Associ- adon. He has published on the measurement of vocational interests and the career development of men and women, and he is now doing research on school organizational forms and delinquency prevention. Jose A. HARnGA~ is professor of statistics at Yale University. Prew- ously he was professor of statistics and mathematics at Princeton Uni- vcrsity. His pnnc~pal interests are the foundations of statistics and prom ability, classification, and statistical computing. He is a fellow of the American Statistical Association, a member of the International Statis- dcal Institute, and past president of the Classification Surety. He re- ceived a BSc and MSc from the University of Sydney and a PhD from Princeton University. DORIS P. HAYWOOD iS a vice president of Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. She works in the personnel administrative division of the company's human resources department. As head of the equal cmploy- ment opportunity unit, she is responsible for the company's affirmative action programs. In the course of her 35-year career at Metropolitan, Haywood has held the positions of secretary, assistant to the personnel officer, career opportunity coordinator, manager of the equal employ- ment opportunity unit, and assistant Rice president. In 1979 she reoci`red the Achievement Award of the Women's Equity Action League for women in business and labor, and in 1977 received the Black Achievers in Industry Award from the YMCA of Greater New York and the Volunteer Service Award of the Children's Aid Society. She is a member of the Corporate Women's Network, the Life Office Management As- sociation~s EEO/Affinnative Action Committee and the Institute Coun- cil, and the EEO Working Group of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. WESLEY R. WEBTAG iS director of Argonne! promos of He Intema- ~donal Business Machines Corporation. In dial capacity, he has mspon- s~bility for the company worldwide compensation systems. Iiebtag began his career at IBM In 1946 as a marketing representative and subsequently served in a number of marketing and general managemcot posts. Before assuming his present position In 1967, he scared as director of compensation and benefits administration. He was a member of the task force of the Cost of Living Council In 1973. He was executive director of the President's Commission on Executive Compensation In 1976. He served as an adviser to the recent Council on Wage and Price

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134 WOMEN, WORK, AND WAGES Stabilization. He is a member of the Conference Board's Council on Compensation. ROBERT E. B. LUCAS iS associate professor of economim at Boston University. He is also affiliated with the University's Center for Asian Development Studies, Center for Latin American Development Studies, and African Studies Center. Previously he was affiliated with the Insti- tute for International Economic Studies in Stockholm and the Econom- ics Department of the University of California, L`os Angeles. He has done research on the occupations] characteristics of the U.S. labor force; currently his interests include international migration studies, income distribution in Botswana, and human resources in developing countries. He has BSc and MSc degrees from the London School of Economics and a PhD from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. KAREN OPPENHElM MASON iS associate professor of sociology and re- search associate of the Population Studies Center at the University of Michigan. She has held positions at the University of Wisconsin at Mad- ison and the Research Tnangle Institute in North Carolina. Her research focuses on the sociology of gender and on Population studies and has included such topics as changing sex role attitudes, historical patterns of women's labor force participation, and the interrelationship between women's employment and fertility. She received a BA from Reed Col- lege and MA and PhD dears--c in o~1~ ~_~_ an_ T~ Chicago. at-__- I ~5v~v57 IlUlll ink university ot ERNEST J. MCCORMICK iS professor emeritus of industrial psychology at Purdue University and president of PAQ Services, Inc. Prior to his three decades at Purdue, he held various positions: chief of the planning unit, occupation research program, U.S. Employment Service; chief occu- pational analyst, Bureau of the Census; chief, occupational statistics, Selective Service System; personnel classification officer, U.S. Navy. From 1948 to 1977 he was a faculty member in ~ndustnal psychology at Purdue University. His research has dealt primarily with methods of job analysis, including the development of the Position Analysis Question- nare, a computerized job analysis procedure. He received the James McKeen Catted Award of the Division of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, American Psychological Association, ~ 1964; the Franc V. Taylor Award of the Society of Eng~necr~g Psychologists ~ 1966; and the Paul M. Fitts Award of the Human Factors Society in 1972. He has sewed as a member of the Army Scicndfic Advisory Panel, the Research and Engmeer~g Advisory Council of the Postmaster General,

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Biographical Sketches 135 and the Navy Advisory Board for Human Resources. He received MS "d PhD degrees from Purdue University. GUS TYLER iS assistant president of the International Ladies' Garment Workers, Union and director of its Department of Politics, Education and Training. He received a BA from New York University. He is a senior fellow of the Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies; national chairman of the American Veterans Committee; council member for the United States and chairman of the U.S. Council of the World Vet- erans Federation. He has served as lecturer or instructor at Hunter College, Adelphi University, Columbia University, the New Scboo! for Social Research, the College of the City of New York, Cornell Uni- versity, Rutgers University, the University of Wisconsin, and PennsyI- vania State University. He serves as a consultant to the Ford Foundation and as a board member of the Institute for the Future, the Fund for the City of New York, and WNET/Channe] 13 (Educational Broadcasting Corporation). He is a member of the National Institute of Education's Vocational Education Study Consultant's Group. He writes a syndicated column and is also the author of books and articles on come, the econ- omy, politics, and trade unionism. DONALD ]. TRElMAN took a leave of absence Mom the University of California, Los Angeles, where he is professor of sociology, to serve as study director to the Committee on Occupational Classification and Analysis. He extended his stay at the National Research Council to serve as study director for the Committee on Basic Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences, but wall return to UCLA In September 1981. His academic research interests center on the comparative study of social stratification and social mobility. He has written extensively on problems of occupational classification and measurement, including a book analyzing occupational prestige data from 60 countnes. He has a BA from Reed College, and MA and PhD degrees from the University of Chicago, all in sociology. HElD} ~ HAR~ANN began her association with the Nations Rematch Council as research associate for the Committee on Occupational CIas- sification and Analysis. She has since become associate c~cecutivc di- rector of the Assembly of Behavioral and Social SCiCDCCS, National Research Council. Previously she was a member of the graduate cco comics faculty of the New School for Social Research and a research economist at the U.S. Commission on Citric Ripts, where she directed a research project on internal labor markets and di=tion against

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136 WOMEN, WORK, AND WAGES women and minorities. Her research interests center on employment issues related to women and minonties. She has a BA from Swarthmore College and M Phi] and PhD degrees from Yale University, all in eco- nomics.