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APPENDIX I COMMITTEE AND PANEL MEMBERSHIP Committee on Biological Diversity in Marine Systems Cheryl Ann Butman, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA, Co-Chair James T. CarIton, Williams College, Mystic, CT, Co-Char George W. BoehIert, NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service, Monterey, CA Susan H. Brawley, University of Maine, Orono Edward F. DeLong, University of California, Santa Barbara I. Frederick Grassle, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, N] Jeremy B.C. Jackson, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Panama Simon A. Levin, Princeton University, N] Arthur R.M. Nowell, University of Washington, Seattle Robert T. Paine, University of Washington, Seattle Stephen R. Palumbi, University of Hawaii, Honolulu Geerat I. Vermeij, University of California, Davis Les Watling, University of Maine, Walpole Committee on the Coastal Ocean Donald F. Boesch, University of Maryland, Cambridge, Chair David G. Aubrey, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA Kenneth Brink, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA Biliana Cicin-Sain, University of Delaware, Newark John R. CostIow, Ir., Duke University (ret.), Beaufort, NC Michael Dagg, Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium, Chauvin Judith Grassle, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, N] Richard Hildreth, University of Oregon, Eugene Charles Nittrouer, State University of New York, Stonybrook James E. Overland, NOAA/PMEL, Seattle, WA Roger Pielke, Colorado State University, Fort Collins Deborah Swackhamer, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis Karl K. Turekian, Yale University, New Haven, CT Clinton Winant, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA 21

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Committee on Fisheries John I. Magnuson, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Chair (Oct. 1993-June 1994) Brian Rothschild, University of Maryland, Solomons, Chair (July 1992-Sept. 1993) Dayton Lee Alverson, National Resource Consultants, Tnc., Seattle, WA Charles Black, Sr., Mardela Corporation, Woodside, CA Gardner M. Brown, Ir., University of Washington, Seattle William Burke, University of Washington, Seattle Paul Dayton, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La JolIa, CA lake Dykstra, Industry Representative, Kingston, RI lames Joseph, TnterAmerican Tropical Tuna Commission, La JolIa, CA Charles Meacham, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Juneau William I. Merrell, Jr., Texas A&M University System, Galveston Donald Olson, University of Miami, FL Terrance I. Quinn IT, University of Alaska, Juneau Committee to Identify High-Priority Science to Meet National Coastal Needs Donald Boesch, The University of Maryland, Chair Mary Altalo, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La JolIa, CA David L. Correll, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, MD Michael Dagg, Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium, Chauvin John Dean, University of South Carolina, Columbia John Farrington, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA Edward D. Goldberg, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La JolIa, CA Robert Howarth, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY Michael Josselyn, San Francisco State University, CA William Michael Kemp, University of Maryland, Cambridge Joan Oltman-Shay, Northwest Research Associates, Inc., Bellevue, WA Thomas C. Royer, University of Alaska, Fairbanks Committee on Low-Frequencv Sound and Marine Mammals David M. Green, University of Florida, Gainesville, Chair Harry A. DeFerrari, University of Miami, FL Dennis McFadclen, University of Texas, Austin John Pearse, University of California, Santa Cruz Arthur N. Popper, University of Maryland, College Park W. John Richardson, EGE, Ltd., Ontario, Canada Samuel H. Ridgway, Naval Ocean Systems Center, San Diego, CA Peter L. Tyack, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA 22

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Committee on Molecular Marine Biology Dennis Powers, Stanford University, CA, Chair Barbara Block, University of Chicago, IL Peter Brewer, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, CA Sallie Chisholm, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge Eric Davidson, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena William Fenical, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La JolIa, CA Michael Hacifield, University of Hawaii, Honolulu Robert Haselkorn, University of Chicago, TL Daniel E. Morse, University of California, Santa Barbara George Somero, Oregon State University, Corvalis A. Aristides Yayanos, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La JolIa, CA Committee on Oceanic Carbon Taro Takahashi, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, NY Chair Robert Berner, Yale University, New Haven, CT Andrew G. Dickson, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA Ellen R. Druffel, University of California, Irvine Hugh Ducklow, Virginia Institute of Marine Science John I. Hedges, University of Washington, Seattle William Jenkins, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA Paul D. Quay, University of Washington, Seattle Jorge Sarmiento, Princeton University, N] Committee to Review Atlantic BlueHln Tuna John I. Magnuson, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Chair Barbara A. Block, Stanford University, Pacific Grove, CA Richard B. Deriso, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, LaJolIa, CA John R. Gold, Texas A&M University, College Station William Stewart Grant, Wits University, Johannesburg, Republic of South Affica Terrance J. Quinn, University of Alaska, Juneau Saul B. Saila, URI Graduate School in Oceanography, Narragansett, RI Lynda Shapiro, University of Oregon, Charleston E. Don Stevens, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada Committee to Review the NOAA National Sea Grant College Program Arthur R.M. Nowell, University of Washington, Seattle, Chair John E. Flipse, Consultant, Katy, TX Mary Virginia Hinchcliff, Rookery Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve, Naples, FL John Manzi, Atlantic LittIeNeck CIamFarms, James Island, SC Michael Orbach, Duke University Marine Laboratory, Beaufort, NC Leonard I. Pietrafesa, North Carolina State University, Raleigh Andrew R. Solow, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA Paul Stoffa, University of Texas, Austin Karl Turekian, Yale University, New Haven, CT 23

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Committee to Review U.S. Planning for a Global Ocean Observing System Robert A. Knox, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La lolla, CA, Co-Chair William Merrell, The Texas A&M University System, Galveston, Co-Chair Robert C. Beardsley, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA Robert A. Berner, Yale University, New Haven, CT Russ E. Davis, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, CA Robert B. Gagosian, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA Roger B. Lukas, University of Hawaii, Honolulu lames I. McCarthy, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA I. Bradford Mooney, Ir., Consultant, Alexanciria, VA Brian I. Rothschild, University of Maryland, Solomons Navy Committee Kenneth Brink, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA, Chair Robert Cannon, Jr., Stanford University, CA Robert Detrick, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA Eileen Hofmann, Old Dominion University, William Kuperman, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla Arthur R.M. Nowell, University of Washington, Seattle Panel on the NOAA Coastal Ocean Program Robert C. 13eardsIey, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA, Chair Thomas Church, University of Delaware, Newark Michael Freilich, Oregon State University, Corvallis Carl Friehe, University of California, Irvine Anne Giblin, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA Kenneth Haddad, Florida Marine Research Institute, St. Petersburg Dale B. Hai~vogel, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, N] Edward Houde, University of Maryland, Solomons Michael N. Josselyn, San Francisco State University, CA James Kitchell, University of Wisconsin, Madison Judith McDowell, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA I. Bradford Mooney, Ir., Consultant, Alexanciria, VA 24

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APPENDIX II 1994 MEETINGS OF THE OSB January 13-14 Pane! on the NOAA Coastal Ocean Program, Seattle, WA January 19-20 Committee on Fisheries, Washington, DC January 27-28 Pane! on the NOAA Coastal Ocean Program, Fisheries subgroup, Beaufort, NC February 3-4 Panel on the NOAA Coastal Ocean Program, Washington, DC February 9-10 Ocean Studies Board, Washington, DC February 24-26 Committee to Review NOAA National Sea Grant College Program, Washington, DC March 17-19 Committee to Review NOAA National Sea Grant College Program, Irvine, CA March 21-23 Biological Diversity in Marine System, Washington, DC May 4-6 Committee to Review the Atlantic Bluefin Tuna, Washington, DC May 24-26 Biological Diversity in Marine Systems, Irvine, CA June I-2 Committee on the Global Ocean Observing System, Washington, DC June 10-11 Committee on Low-Frequency Sounc! ant! Marine Mammals, Boston, MA June 22-23 Ocean Studies Board, Woods Hole, MA June 27-30 Committee to Review the Atlantic Bluefin Tuna, San Diego, CA August 31 Briefing on Review of the Atlantic Bluefin Tuna, Washington, DC September 14-17 Committee to Identify High-Priority Science to Meet National Coastal Needs, Washington, DC September 20 Ocean Studies Board, Executive Committee, Washington, DC October ~ ~Committee to Review the Atlantic Bluefin Tuna, Irvine, CA November I-4 Marine Science and Policy Interaction, Gulf of Maine Symposium, Kennebunkport, ME November 28 Ocean Studies Board, Executive Committee, Washington, DC November 29 Ocean Studies Board SCOR meeting, Washington, DC November 29-30 Ocean Studies Board, Washington, DC 25

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APPENDIX III OCEAN STUDIES BOARD PUBLICATIONS 1994 . The Ocean's Role in Global Change. Progress of Major Research Programs Low-Frequency Sound and Marine Mammals: Current Knowledge and Research Needs Letter Report to Congressman Parr on Low-Frequency Sound and Marine Mammals: Current Knowledge and Research Needs OSB 1993 Annual Report Proceedings of the Symposium on Coastal Oceanography and Littoral Warfare Improving the Management of U.S. Marine Fisheries Molecular Biology in Marine Science. Scientific Questions, Technological Approaches, arm Practical Implications A Review of the NOAA National Sea Grant College Program Letter Report on Applications of Analytical Chemistry to Oceanic Carbon Cycles An Assessment of Atiantic Bluefin Tuna Review of U.S. Planning for the Global Ocean Observing System Proceedings of a Workshop on Biological Diversity in Marine Systems Priorities for Coastal Ecosystem Science 1993 1992 Ocean Studies Board Annual Report 1992 Applications of Analytical Chemistry to Oceanic Carbon Cycle Studies Research Opportunities in Ocean Acoustics Research Opportunities in Mesoscale and Large-Scale Physical! Oceanography Research Opportunities in Remote Sensing Research Opportunities in Oceanic Biology Research Opportunities in Marine Geology and Geophysics for ONR Programs Research Opportunities in Oceanic Chemistry for ONR Programs Research Opportunities in Coastal Sciences for ONR Programs Research Opportunities in Marine Meteorology for ONR Programs Ocean Studies Board Annual Report 1991 A Review of the Ocean Drilling Program Long Range Plan Oceanography in the Next Decade. Building New Partnerships Symposium on Naval Warfare and Coastal Oceanography Background papers for the California Symposium on Interactions Between Coastal Science and Policy 27

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1991 . 1990 . 1989 . . 1988 1987 . 28 Ocean Studies Board Annual Report 1990 Symposium on Tactical Oceanography A Review of the NOAA Coastal Ocean Program Review of the Department of Energy Report "Dynamics of Continental Margins" Ocean Studies Board Annual Report 1989 and Future Plans The Ocean's Role in Global Change: The Contemporary System An Overview of Major Research Pro- grams Ocean Studies Board Annual Report 1988 and Future Plans Symposium Commemorating the 25th Anniversary of the Demonstration of the Feasibility of Deep Ocean Drilling Margins. A Research Initiative for Interdisciplinary Studies of Processes Attending Lithospheric Exten sions arm Convergence The Navy's Role in GIoba1! Change Research Oceanography and the Navy Future Directions Ocean Studies Board Annual Report 1987 and Future Plans Background Papers for the Workshop on Continental Margins: Evolution of Passive Continental Margins and Active Marginal Processes Greenland Sea Project The Mid[-Oceanic Ridge: A Dynamic Global System Proceedings of a Workshop Physical Oceanography for the Year 2000 Recruitment Processes aM Ecosystem Structure of the Sea

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APPENDIX IV BIOGRAPHIES OF OSB MEMBERS William Merrell, Chairman of the Ocean Studies Board since January 1994, is Vice Chancellor for Strategic Programs for The Texas A&M University System. He has been a member of the Ocean Studies Board since 1991. Dr. Merrell's previous appointments include President of Texas A&M University at Galveston and President of the Texas Institute of Oceanography. His research interests include the dynamics of internal waves, descriptive physical oceanography, and marine resource management. He received a Ph.D. from Texas A&M University in 1971. Robert Berner is a Professor of Geology and Geophysics at Yale University, Connecticut. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard in Geology in 1962, and has extensive experience both domestically and internationally in biogeochemistry, computer modeling, and the evolution of atmospheric and oceanic composition. Dr. Berner joined the OSB in January 1994 Donald Boesch is a Professor of Marine Sciences and President of the Center for Environmental and Estuarine Studies of the University of Maryland System. His expertise is in the areas of biological oceanography, estuarine studies and environmental science and management. Dr. Boesch has been a member of the Ocean Studies Board since 1989. He also serves as chairman of the OSB Committee on the Coastal Ocean and served as the chair of the Committee to Identify High-Priority Science to Meet National Coastal Needs and as a member of the OSB Panel on the NOAA Coastal Ocean Program. He received a B.S. in Biology from Tulane University in 1967 and a Ph.D. in Marine Science from the College of William and Mary in 1971. Gerald Cann is currently a consultant to both industry and the university community. His most recent previous assignment was as the Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research, Development and Acquisition), where he was responsible for acquisition policy, procedure and execution of all research, development, production, ship building and logistics programs in the Department of the Navy. Immediately before becoming Assistant Secretary of the Navy, he was a Vice President of the General Dynamics Company. Robert Cannon is chairman and Charles Lee Powell Professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics at Stanford University. Dr. Cannon has been a member of the National Academy of Engineering since 1973. He began his membership on the OSB in 1991. His research interests include dynamics and automatic control, inertial guidance and automatic flight control of the air, water and spacecraft, hydrofoil boats, and wave actuated pumps. Dr. Cannon received an Sc.D. in mechanical engineering from M.I.T. in 1950. William Curry is a Senior Scientist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Dr. Curry became an OSB member in 1992. His research areas are marine geology, sedimentology, and paleoceanography. He presently serves as associate editor for the scientific journals Paleoceanography and Geology. Dr. Curry received his B.S. from the University of Delaware in 1974 and his Ph.D. from Brown University in 1980. Ellen Druffel is a Professor in the Department of Earth System Science at the University of California, Irvine. She earned a Ph.D. from the University of California, San Diego, in chemistry. Her research interests include study of the carbon cycle in the surface and deep ocean, investigations of the marine organic carbon cycle' and models of ventilation in the upper ocean. Dr. Druffel joined the OSB in June 1994. Rana Fine is a Professor (and former chairperson) with the Division of Marine and Atmospheric Chemistry, Rosentie! School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Miami. Dr. Fine became a member of the OSB in 1992 and serves on committees for the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources and the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate. Dr. Fine received a B.S. from the University of New York in 1965 and both an M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Miami in 1973 and 1975, respectively. She is President-elect of the Ocean Sciences Section of the American Geophysical Union. 29

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John Flipse is a consultant in Georgetown, South Carolina, and Distinguisheci Professor Emeritus Texas A&M University. He earned his first degree in Naval Architecture from MIT in 1942, followed by a Master's of Mechanical Engineering from New York University in 1948. Following service at sea, he taught for 12 years at King's Point and the New York State Maritime College. After spending 22 years as a marine engineer in industry, Mr. Flipse began his association with Texas A&M University. He was a Professor of Engineering ant! Director of the Offshore Technology Research Center. Mr. Flipse was chair of the National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere from 1985 to 1986. He is a past president and fellow of the Marine Technology Society and is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Michael Freilich is an Associate Professor in the College of Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State University. He became an OSB member in 1992. Dr. Freilich's previous positions include an nine-year tenure as the Project Scientist on the NASA Scatterometer Project at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. He receiver! his B.S. from Haveford College in 1975 and Ph.D. from Scripps Institution of Oceanography in 1982. Gordon Greve is an independent consultant in Katy, Texas, and the former Manager of Geophysics for World- Wide Operations at Amoco Production Company. He has been a member of the Ocean Studies Board since 1989. His research interests include improvement of seismic data quality through new and improved data acquisition techniques. Dr. Greve received his Ph.D. in 1962 from Stanford University. Susan S. Hanna is an Associate Professor of Marine Economics in the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics at the Oregon State University. She is also Director of the research program "Property Rights and Natural Resources" at the Beijir International Institute of Ecological Economics, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden. Her Ph.D. in agricultural and resource economics is from Oregon State University. Her areas of expertise are fishery economics, fishery management, property rights, and the economic history of natural resource use. She joined the OSB in June 1994. Robert Knox is currently a Research Oceanographer and the Associate Director for Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego. He has served in a variety of positions at Scripps after a brief tenure as a research associate at MIT following his Ph.D. from the MIT/WHOT joint program in oceanography in 1971. Dr. Knox joined OSB in January 1994. John Magnuson serves as Professor of Zoology and Director of the Center for Limnology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He earned his Ph.D. from University of British Columbia in zoology. His research interests are in fish and fisheries ecology, the behavioral and distributional ecology of fishes and macroinverte- brates in lakes and oceans, community ecology of lakes as islands, ecology of the Great Lakes, and long-term ecological research on lake ecosystems including climate change effects. Dr. Magnuson chaired the OSB's Committee on Fisheries (and chaired several committees in BEST) before joining the OSB in June 1994. Arthur Nowell is a Professor and Director of the School of Oceanography, University of Washington. Dr. Nowell has been a member of the Ocean Studies Boarc! since 1990. His research interests include biological sedimentary dynamics, geophysical boundary layers, sediment transport, and oceanic particulate dynamics. Dr. Nowell received his M.A. in 1969 from Trinity College, Cambridge, England, ant} M.S. in 1971 and Ph.D. in 1975 from the University of British Columbia. Barry Raleigh is Dean of Ocean ant] Earth Science and Technology at the University of Hawaii. He earned his Ph.D. from the University of California in Los Angeles. He is a member of the Joint Oceanograpic Institute Board of Governors, and a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union ant] Geological Society of America. His research expertise is in experimental rock clelormation, mechanics of faulting, and rock mechanics. He joined the OSB in June 1994. 30

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Peter Rhines is a Professor of Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Washington, Seattle. He holds numerous awards and honors in his field, including the Admiral Louis de Florez Research Award (MIT), the Medal of the University of Liege (Belgium), Senior Queen s Fellow in Marine Sciences (Australia), a Guggenheim Fellowship (1989), and others. He was elected! to the National Academy of Sciences since 1981. Dr. Rhines joined the OSB in January 1994. Frank Richter is the Sewell L. Avery Distinguished Service Professor at the University of Chicago. He became a member of the OSB in 1992. His research interests include fluicI/rock interactions with a range of fluids from melts to porewater in deep-sea sediments. Dr. Richter received an engineering degree from the Colorado School of mines in 1965 and an M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1971 and 1972 respectively. Brian Rothschild is a Professor at the Center for Environment and Estuarine Studies, at the Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland. He has served on the OSB since 1991. His research interests include ecology of fishes, marine ecology, biology and population dynamics, and resource policy. He received a Ph.D. in Zoology from Cornell University in 1962. Thomas C. Royer is a Professor at the University of Alaska, Institute of Marine Sciences, Fairbanks. He joined the OSB inianuarv 1994. A chvsical oceanoaranher. he received his Ph.D. in 1969. from Texas A&M Univer ~, ~, . ~ . ~ . . ~ . ~ ~ . ~ ~ ~ . ~ . ~ ~ . ~ . ~ ~ T . ~ ~ ~- sity. Since that time, he has been teaching and conducting research in the circulation of the North Pacific Ocean. Lynda Shapiro is a professor at the Institute of Marine Biology, University of Oregon, Charleston. She is the Commissioner of the South Sough National Estuarine Research Reserve, on the executive commitee of the National Association of Marine Laboratories, ant! holcis a number of other boars! and committee positions with various professional and academy organizations. She joined the OSB in January 1994. Sharon Smith is on the faculty at the University of Miami, Florida, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences. Previously, she headed the Oceanographic and Atmospheric Sciences Division, Brookhaven National Laboratory, where she had held various positions since 1978. Dr. Smith joined the OSB in January 1994. Paul Stoffa is the CarIton Centennial Professor in Geophysics, Department of Geological Sciences at the University of Texas at Austin. He became a member of the OSB in 1992. His research interests include marine geology and geophysics, applied seismology, and nonlinear optimization methods. He received a B.S. in physics from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1970 and Ph.D. in geophysics from Columbia University in 1974. 31

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APPENDIX V ACRONYMS ARPA ATOC BGC CENR CGER COP CO2 DOE EPA ESA GOOS ICCAT ICSU ITQ MMPA MMS NASA NBS NIST NOAA Advanced Research Projects Agency Acoustic Thermometry of the Ocean Climate Board on Global Change Committee on the Environment and Natural Resources Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources Coastal Ocean Program carbon dioxide Department of Energy Environmental Protection Agency Endangered Species Act Global Ocean Observing System International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas International Council of Scientific Unions Individual Transferrable Quotas Marine Mammal Protection Act Minerals Management Service National Aeronautics and Space Administration National Biological Service (formerly Survey) National Institute of Standards and Technology National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA/NMFS NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service NRC National Research Council NSF ONR OSB PRB SCOR USGS National Science Founciation Office of Naval Research Ocean Studies Board Polar Research Board Scientific Committee on Oceanic Resources United States Geological Service (formerly Survey) 33