APPENDIX B

DOCTORAL DEGREES AWARDED



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THE NATIONAL SCHOLARS PROGRAM: EXCELLENCE WITH DIVERSITY FOR THE FUTURE: PROGRAM DESIGN APPENDIX B DOCTORAL DEGREES AWARDED

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THE NATIONAL SCHOLARS PROGRAM: EXCELLENCE WITH DIVERSITY FOR THE FUTURE: PROGRAM DESIGN TABLE B1: Number of Doctorates Awarded by Race/Ethnicity, by Selected Broad Field, 1976-1994 (U.S. Citizens and Permanent Residents) Broad Field/Year Total White Native American Asian African American All Hispanic* Puerto Rican Mexican-American Other Hispanic Unknown or Other Race Physical sciences 1976 3,735 3,221 0 251 30 27 2 25 0 206 1978 3,457 2,856 5 251 54 35 0 1 34 256 1980 3,324 2,785 5 237 29 37 5 7 25 231 1982 3,321 2,942 5 202 36 39 8 6 25 97 1984 3,327 2,892 7 213 44 63 12 11 40 108 1986 3,244 2,809 8 226 34 64 15 15 34 103 1988 3,490 3,025 11 229 43 76 24 16 36 106 1990 3,701 3,213 5 254 38 100 33 17 50 91 1992 3,893 3,261 17 391 40 108 26 23 59 76 1994 4,602 3,409 10 948 73 118 31 34 53 44 Engineering 1976 1,947 1,522 0 279 21 16 5 11 0 109 1978 1,586 1,169 2 272 13 33 0 0 33 97 1980 1,554 1,143 3 278 18 27 3 1 23 85 1982 1,465 1,100 3 246 20 36 12 4 20 60 1984 1,513 1,157 3 252 15 34 7 6 21 52 1986 1,726 1,354 6 262 24 35 11 5 19 45 1988 2,146 1,655 4 332 31 63 13 11 39 61 1990 2,346 1,840 4 359 40 54 6 13 35 49 1992 2,520 1,880 11 451 49 71 13 10 48 58 1994 3,054 2,020 6 867 54 66 10 15 41 41 Life sciences 1976 4,230 3,735 3 197 81 33 7 26 0 181 1978 4,245 3,640 8 220 83 53 0 0 53 241 1980 4,644 4,035 7 230 75 44 3 7 34 253 1982 4,794 4,282 12 212 79 70 12 19 39 139 1984 4,759 4,242 12 220 97 65 12 12 41 123 1986 4,556 4,046 23 223 85 97 20 16 61 82 1988 4,712 4,168 18 233 104 110 26 20 64 79 1990 4,895 4,303 9 273 102 129 35 37 57 79 1992 5,059 4,352 19 359 115 137 34 34 69 77 1994 5,822 4,507 24 903 147 183 39 41 103 58 SOURCE: National Research Council, Survey of Earned Doctorates, specialtabulations, May 1996. Note: In 1990 the NRC implemented new follow-up procedures for nonresponse to several items, including race/ethnicity. Therefore, data for 1990, 1992 and 1994 may overstate increases in minority Ph.D.'s awarded over figures reported for previous years. * Figures for 1976 include Mexican Americans and Puerto Ricans only.

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THE NATIONAL SCHOLARS PROGRAM: EXCELLENCE WITH DIVERSITY FOR THE FUTURE: PROGRAM DESIGN TABLE B2: Doctorates Awarded by Race/Ethnicity and Broad Field, 1994 (U.S. Citizens and Permanent Residents) Race/Ethnicity Total All Fields Math and Computer Sciences Physics and Astronomy Other Physical Sciences Engineering Life sciences Psychology Other Social Sciences Humanities Education Professional and Other Fields Total 30,879 1,200 112 2,246 3,054 5,822 3,026 2,359 4,030 6,050 1,936 Percent of degrees in Broad Field 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% Men 17,369 955 91 1,635 2,606 3,186 1,147 1,317 2,087 2,306 1,132 Women 13,510 245 21 611 448 2,636 1,879 1,042 1,943 3,744 804 White 24,585 880 97 1,696 2,020 4,507 2,631 1,895 3,492 5,035 1,596 Percent of degrees in Broad Field 79.6% 73.3% 86.6% 75.5% 66.1% 77.4% 86.9% 80.3% 86.7% 83.2% 82.4% Men 13,556 687 78 1,264 1,715 2,419 1,008 1,030 1,811 1,967 921 Women 11,029 193 19 432 305 2,088 1,623 865 1,681 3,068 675 Native American 142 3 0 5 6 24 11 16 23 36 16 Percent of degrees in Broad Field 0.5% 0.2% 0.0% 0.2% 0.2% 0.4% 0.4% 0.7% 0.6% 0.6% 0.8% Men 71 2 0 5 4 14 5 7 15 10 8 Women 71 1 0 0 2 10 6 9 8 26 8 Asian 3,545 259 10 424 867 903 105 220 186 172 144 Percent of degrees in Broad Field 11.5% 21.6% 8.9% 18.9% 28.4% 15.5% 3.5% 9.3% 4.6% 2.8% 7.4% Men 2,469 217 9 277 748 566 32 139 102 66 105 Women 1,076 42 1 147 119 337 73 81 84 106 39 African American 1,274 21 0 41 54 147 121 130 115 519 115 Percent of degrees in Broad Field 4.1% 1.8% 0.0% 1.8% 1.8% 2.5% 4.0% 5.5% 2.9% 8.6% 5.9% Men 552 16 0 31 41 62 45 80 56 161 53 Women 722 5 0 10 13 85 76 50 59 358 62 All Hispanic 1,029 20 2 67 66 183 131 63 176 241 51 Percent of degrees in Broad Field 3.3% 1.7% 1.8% 3.0% 2.2% 3.1% 4.3% 2.7% 4.4% 4.0% 2.6% Men 517 17 2 49 60 91 43 36 78 82 35 Women 512 3 0 18 6 92 88 27 98 159 16 SOURCE: National Research Council, Survey of Earned Doctorates, special tabulations, May 1996.

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THE NATIONAL SCHOLARS PROGRAM: EXCELLENCE WITH DIVERSITY FOR THE FUTURE: PROGRAM DESIGN TABLE B3: Number of Doctorates in Mathematics, Physical Sciences and Engineering Awarded to Selected Minority Groups, (U.S. Citizens and Permanent Residents) Race/Ethnicity 1975 1984 Percent of all Ph.D.'s awarded in selected fields 1985 1994 Percent of all Ph.D.'s awarded in selected fields       1975 1984     1985 1994 White 5,102 4,049 83.1% 83.7% 4,046 5,429 83.0% 70.9% Asian 526 465 8.6 9.6 502 1,815 10.3 23.7 Native American 4 10 0.1 0.2 5 16 0.1 0.2 African-American 62 59 1.0 1.2 75 127 1.5 1.7 All Hispanic 50 97 0.8 2.0 76 184 1.6 2.4 Puerto Rican 14 19 0.2 0.4 13 41 0.3 0.5 Mexican-American 35 17 0.6 0.4 24 49 0.5 0.6 Other Hispanic 1 61 0.0 1.3 39 94 0.8 1.2 Unknown or Other Race 642 631 10.5 13.0 658 2,142 13.5 28.0 Total, all U.S. citizens and permanent residents 6,140 4,840 100.0 100.0 4,877 7,656 100.0 100.0 SOURCE: National Research Council, Survey of Earned Doctorates, specialtabulations, May 1996. Note: In 1990 the NRC implemented new follow-up procedures for nonresponse to several items, including race/ethnicity. Therefore, data for 1990, 1992 and 1994 may overstate increases in minority Ph.D.'s awarded over figures reported for previous years.