TABLE B1: Number of Doctorates Awarded by Race/Ethnicity, by Selected Broad Field, 1976-1994 (U.S. Citizens and Permanent Residents)

Broad Field/Year

Total

White

Native American

Asian

African American

All Hispanic*

Puerto Rican

Mexican-American

Other Hispanic

Unknown or Other Race

Physical sciences

1976

3,735

3,221

0

251

30

27

2

25

0

206

1978

3,457

2,856

5

251

54

35

0

1

34

256

1980

3,324

2,785

5

237

29

37

5

7

25

231

1982

3,321

2,942

5

202

36

39

8

6

25

97

1984

3,327

2,892

7

213

44

63

12

11

40

108

1986

3,244

2,809

8

226

34

64

15

15

34

103

1988

3,490

3,025

11

229

43

76

24

16

36

106

1990

3,701

3,213

5

254

38

100

33

17

50

91

1992

3,893

3,261

17

391

40

108

26

23

59

76

1994

4,602

3,409

10

948

73

118

31

34

53

44

Engineering

1976

1,947

1,522

0

279

21

16

5

11

0

109

1978

1,586

1,169

2

272

13

33

0

0

33

97

1980

1,554

1,143

3

278

18

27

3

1

23

85

1982

1,465

1,100

3

246

20

36

12

4

20

60

1984

1,513

1,157

3

252

15

34

7

6

21

52

1986

1,726

1,354

6

262

24

35

11

5

19

45

1988

2,146

1,655

4

332

31

63

13

11

39

61

1990

2,346

1,840

4

359

40

54

6

13

35

49

1992

2,520

1,880

11

451

49

71

13

10

48

58

1994

3,054

2,020

6

867

54

66

10

15

41

41

Life sciences

1976

4,230

3,735

3

197

81

33

7

26

0

181

1978

4,245

3,640

8

220

83

53

0

0

53

241

1980

4,644

4,035

7

230

75

44

3

7

34

253

1982

4,794

4,282

12

212

79

70

12

19

39

139

1984

4,759

4,242

12

220

97

65

12

12

41

123

1986

4,556

4,046

23

223

85

97

20

16

61

82

1988

4,712

4,168

18

233

104

110

26

20

64

79

1990

4,895

4,303

9

273

102

129

35

37

57

79

1992

5,059

4,352

19

359

115

137

34

34

69

77

1994

5,822

4,507

24

903

147

183

39

41

103

58

SOURCE: National Research Council, Survey of Earned Doctorates, specialtabulations, May 1996.

Note: In 1990 the NRC implemented new follow-up procedures for nonresponse to several items, including race/ethnicity. Therefore, data for 1990, 1992 and 1994 may overstate increases in minority Ph.D.'s awarded over figures reported for previous years.

* Figures for 1976 include Mexican Americans and Puerto Ricans only.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement