TABLE B3: Number of Doctorates in Mathematics, Physical Sciences and Engineering Awarded to Selected Minority Groups, (U.S. Citizens and Permanent Residents)

Race/Ethnicity

1975

1984

Percent of all Ph.D.'s awarded in selected fields

1985

1994

Percent of all Ph.D.'s awarded in selected fields

     

1975

1984

   

1985

1994

White

5,102

4,049

83.1%

83.7%

4,046

5,429

83.0%

70.9%

Asian

526

465

8.6

9.6

502

1,815

10.3

23.7

Native American

4

10

0.1

0.2

5

16

0.1

0.2

African-American

62

59

1.0

1.2

75

127

1.5

1.7

All Hispanic

50

97

0.8

2.0

76

184

1.6

2.4

Puerto Rican

14

19

0.2

0.4

13

41

0.3

0.5

Mexican-American

35

17

0.6

0.4

24

49

0.5

0.6

Other Hispanic

1

61

0.0

1.3

39

94

0.8

1.2

Unknown or Other Race

642

631

10.5

13.0

658

2,142

13.5

28.0

Total, all U.S. citizens and permanent residents

6,140

4,840

100.0

100.0

4,877

7,656

100.0

100.0

SOURCE: National Research Council, Survey of Earned Doctorates, specialtabulations, May 1996.

Note: In 1990 the NRC implemented new follow-up procedures for nonresponse to several items, including race/ethnicity. Therefore, data for 1990, 1992 and 1994 may overstate increases in minority Ph.D.'s awarded over figures reported for previous years.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement