REFERENCES

Adams, M.J., Y.J. Tenney, and R.W. Pew in pressSituation awareness and the cognitive management of complex systems .Human Factors.

Bachmann, T., and J. Allik 1976Integration and interruption in the masking of form by form. Perception5:79-97.

Bemis, S.V., J.L. Leeds, and E.A. Winer 1988Operator performance as a function of types of display: Conventional versus perspective. Human Factors30(2):163-169.

Bennett, C.T., K.A. O'Donnell and W.W. Johnson 1988Dynamic Perspective Displays and the Control of Tilt-Rotor Aircraft in Simulated Flight. Proceedings of the American Helicopter Society. Washington, D.C.

Biederman, I. 1981On the semantics of a glance at a scene. Pp. 213-253 in M. Kubovy and J. Pomerantz, eds., Perceptual Organization. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.

1985Human image understanding: Recent research and a theory. Computer Vision, Graphics, and Imaging Processing32:29-73.

Boff, K.R., and J.E. Lincoln, eds. 1988Engineering Data Compendium. Armstrong Medical Research Laboratory, Dayton, Ohio: Wright-Patterson Air Force Base.

Brown, D.L., M.A. Berkley, and K.R. Jones 1978Psychophysical changes in adult human visual capacities following occlusion of one eye. Investigative Opthalmology and Visual Science17, Supplement:113.

Brickner, M.S. 1989Helicopter Flights with Night Vision Goggles. Human Factors Aspects. NASA Technical Memorandum 101039.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 85
HUMAN FACTORS IN THE DESIGN OF TACTICAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS FOR THE INDIVIDUAL SOLDIER: PHASE I REFERENCES Adams, M.J., Y.J. Tenney, and R.W. Pew in pressSituation awareness and the cognitive management of complex systems .Human Factors. Bachmann, T., and J. Allik 1976Integration and interruption in the masking of form by form. Perception5:79-97. Bemis, S.V., J.L. Leeds, and E.A. Winer 1988Operator performance as a function of types of display: Conventional versus perspective. Human Factors30(2):163-169. Bennett, C.T., K.A. O'Donnell and W.W. Johnson 1988Dynamic Perspective Displays and the Control of Tilt-Rotor Aircraft in Simulated Flight. Proceedings of the American Helicopter Society. Washington, D.C. Biederman, I. 1981On the semantics of a glance at a scene. Pp. 213-253 in M. Kubovy and J. Pomerantz, eds., Perceptual Organization. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum. 1985Human image understanding: Recent research and a theory. Computer Vision, Graphics, and Imaging Processing32:29-73. Boff, K.R., and J.E. Lincoln, eds. 1988Engineering Data Compendium. Armstrong Medical Research Laboratory, Dayton, Ohio: Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. Brown, D.L., M.A. Berkley, and K.R. Jones 1978Psychophysical changes in adult human visual capacities following occlusion of one eye. Investigative Opthalmology and Visual Science17, Supplement:113. Brickner, M.S. 1989Helicopter Flights with Night Vision Goggles. Human Factors Aspects. NASA Technical Memorandum 101039.

OCR for page 85
HUMAN FACTORS IN THE DESIGN OF TACTICAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS FOR THE INDIVIDUAL SOLDIER: PHASE I Burnett, M., and W. Barfield 1991An Evalution of a Plan-View Versus Perspective Display for an Air Traffic Controller Task. Sixth International Symposium on Aviation Psychology. September, Columbus, Ohio. Chignell, M.H., and P.A. Hancock 1985Knowledge-based load leveling and task allocation in human-machine systems. Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Manual Control 21:9.1-9.11. Clark, Bruce C., CG, 1959Speech made at the Fourth Annual Human Factors Meeting. Computer Science Corporation 1993Information and Display Needs for Land Warrior. Information document dated October 29. Computer Science Corporation, Rockville, Md. Crowley, J.S. 1991Human Factors of Night Vision Devices: Anecdotes from the Field Concerning Visual Illusions and Other Effects, Report No. 91-15. Ft. Rucker, Ala.: U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory. Cutting, J.E., and P.M. Vishton 1955 Perceiving layout and knowing distances: The integration, relative potency, and contextual use of different information about depth New York: Academic Press. Damos, D. 1988Individual differences in subjective estimates of workload. In P.A. Hancock and N. Meshkati, eds., Human Mental Workload. Amsterdam: North Holland. Derrick, W.L. 1988Dimensions of operator workload. Human Factors 30:95-110. Easterbrook, J.A. 1959The effect of emotion on cue utilization and the organization of behavior. Psychological Review 66:183-201. Ebenholtz, S.M. Sources of Asthenopia in Navy Flight Simulators, Defence Technical Information Center Accession Report No. AD-A212 699. Ft. Rucker, Ala.: U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory.

OCR for page 85
HUMAN FACTORS IN THE DESIGN OF TACTICAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS FOR THE INDIVIDUAL SOLDIER: PHASE I Ellis, S., G. Tharp, and S. Smith 1991Exocentric judgements in real environmetns and stereoscopic displays . Pp. 1442-1446 in Proceedings of the 35th Human Factors Society Annual Meeting. Santa Monica, Calif.: Human Factors Society. Endsley, M.R. 1988Design and evaluation for situation awareness enhancement. Pp. 97-101 in Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 32nd Annual Meeting. Santa Monica, Calif.: Human Factors Society. 1993Situation awareness and workload: Flip sides of the same coin. Pp. 906-911 in R.S. Jensen and D. Neumeister, eds., Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Aviation Psychology Columbus: Ohio State University. 1994Situation awareness in dynamic human decision making: Theory. Pp. 27-58 in R.D. Gilson, D.J. Garland, and J.M. Koonee, eds., Situational Awareness in Complex Systems. Daytona Beach, Fla.: Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Press. in press Towards a theory of situation awareness. Human Factors. Fischer, E., R.F. Haines, and T. Price 1980Head-up Transition Behavior of Pilots with and without Head-up Display in Simulated Low-visibility Approaches. Washington, D.C.: National Aeronatics and Space Administration. Fleishman, E. 1975Toward a taxonomy of human performance. American Psychologist30:1127-1149. Foley, J.M. 1987Stereoscopic distance perception. Pp. 3.2-3.9 in S.R. Ellis, M.K. Kaiser, and A. Grunwald, eds., Spatial Displays and Spatial Instruments. NASA Conference Publication 10032. Moffett Field, Calif.: NASA Ames Research Laboratory. Foyle, D.C., and M.K. Kaiser 1991 Pilot Distance Estimation with Unaided Vison, Night-Vision Goggles and Infrared Imagery. Digest of Technical Papers, SID International Sympsium XXII. Anaheim, Calif.

OCR for page 85
HUMAN FACTORS IN THE DESIGN OF TACTICAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS FOR THE INDIVIDUAL SOLDIER: PHASE I Fracker, M.L. 1988A theory of situation assessment: Implications for measuring situation awareness. Pp. 102-106, in Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 32nd Annual Meeting. Santa Monica, Calif.: Human Factors Society. Franks, General F.M., Jr. 1994Review of events of the Gulf war. In Vital Speeches of the Day 60(15):453-458 (May 15, 1994). Gopher, D., and E. Donchin 1986Workload: An examination of the concept. In K. Boff, L. Kaufman, and J.P. Thomas, eds., Handbook of Perception and Human Performance. New York: Wiley. Gordon, C.C., T. Churchill, C.E. Clauser, B. Bradtmiller, J.T. McConville, I. Tebbetts, R.A. Walker 1988Anthropometric Survey of U.S. Army Personnel: Summary Statistics Interim Report. Natick, Mass.: U.S. Army Natick RD&E Center. Grandjean, E. 1987Design of VDT workstations. Pp. 1359-1297 in G. Salvendy, ed., Handbook of Human Factors. New York: Wiley. Green, Bert F. Jr., and Anne S. Mavor 1994Modeling Cost and Performance for Military Enlistment: Report of a Workshop. Committee on Military Enlistment Standards, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Guilmartin, John F., and D.W. Jacobwitz, eds. 1984Technology, Primary Group Cohesion, and Tactics as Determinants of Success in Weapons System Design: A Historical Analysis of an Interactive Process. U.S. Air Force Command and Staff College. Hancock, P.A. 1984Environmental stressors. Pp. 103-142 in J.S. Warm, ed., Sustained Attention in Human Performance. New York: Wiley. 1989The effect of performance failure and task demand on the perception of mental workload. Applied Ergonomics 20:197-205.

OCR for page 85
HUMAN FACTORS IN THE DESIGN OF TACTICAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS FOR THE INDIVIDUAL SOLDIER: PHASE I Hancock, P.A., N. Meshkati, and M.M. Robertson 1985Physiological reflections of mental workload. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine56:1110-1114. Hancock, P.A., and M.H. Chignell 1987Adaptive control in human-machine systems. Pp. 305-345 in P.A. Hancock, ed., Human Factors Psychology. Amsterdam: North Holland. 1988Mental workload dynamics in adaptive interface design. IEEE Transactions of Systems, Man, and Cybernetics 18:647-658. Hancock, P.A., J.A. Duley, and S.F. Scallen 1994The Control of Adaptive Function Allocation. Report HFRL, Nav-6, September. Human Factors Laboratory, University of Minnesota. Hancock, P.A., and N. Meshkati, eds. 1988Human Mental Workload. Amsterdam: North Holland. Hancock, P.A., and J.S. Warm 1989A dynamic model of stress and sustained attention. Human Factors31:519-537. Hart, S.G., and M.S. Brickner 1987Helmet-mounted polot night vision systems: Human factors issues. Pp. 13.1 -13.21 in S.R. Ellis, M.K. Kaiser, and A. Grunwald, eds., Spatial Displays and Spatial Instruments. NASA Conference Publication number 10032. Moffett Field Calif.: NASA Ames Research Center. Hart, S.G., and L.E. Staveland 1988Development of NASA TLX (Task Load Index): Results of Empirical and Theoretical Research. Pp. 139-183 inP.A. Hancock and N. Meshkati, eds., Human Mental Workload. Amsterdam: North Holland. Helander, M.G., and B.A. Rupp 1984An overview of standards and guidlines for visual display terminals . Applied Ergonomics 14:185-195. Hochberg, J. 1980Pictorial functions and perceptual structures. Pp. 47-93 in M. Hagen, ed., The Perception of Pictures, 2. New York: Academic Press. 1986Representation of motion and space in video and cinematic displays . Pp. 1-22 in K. Boff, J. Thomas, and L. Kaufman, eds., Handbook of Perception and Human Performance Volume 1. New York: Wiley.

OCR for page 85
HUMAN FACTORS IN THE DESIGN OF TACTICAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS FOR THE INDIVIDUAL SOLDIER: PHASE I Hockey, G.R.J. 1986 Changes in operator efficiency as a function of environmenal stress, fatigue and circadian rhythms. Pp. 44.1-44.49 in K. Boff, L. Kaufman, and J. Thomas, eds., Handbook of Perception and Performance. New York: John Wiley. Hoffman, J.E., and S. Mueller 1994 An In-Depth Look at Selective Attention. Paper presented to 35th meeting of the Psychonomic Society. November St. Louis, Mo. Human Factors Society 1988 American National Standard for Human Factors Engineering of Visual Display Terminal Workstaions. ANSI/HFS:100-1988. Santa Monica, Calif.: Human Factors Society Humphrey, D.G., and A.F. Kramer 1994 Toward a psychophysiological assessment of dynamic changes in mental workload. Human Factors 36:3-26. Johnson, S.L., and S.N. Roscoe 1972 What moves, the airplane or the world? Human Factors 14(2):107-129. Lehnus, Jerome D. 1994 Shifting Perspectives of Military Service: The Views of Those Who Might Join. Los Angeles, Calif.: American Psychological Association, Division 19. Leibowitz, H., and J. Dichgons 1980 The ambient visual system and spatial organization. In Proceedings of the ASGARD Conference on Spatial Disorientation in Flight. Document number AGARD-CP-287. University Park: Pennsylvania State University. Liu, Y., and C.C. Wickens 1987 Mental Workload and Cognitive Task Automation: An Evaluation of Subjective and Time Estimation Metrics. Technical Report EPL-87-02/NASA-872. Moffett Field, Calif.: NASA Ames Research Center. Lysaght, R.J., S.G. Hill, A.O. Dick, B.D. Plamondon, P.M. Linton, W.W. Wierwille, A.L. Zaklad, A.C. Bittner, Jr., and R.J. Wherry 1989 Operator Workload: Comprehensive Review and Evaluation of Operator Workload Methodologies. Technical report 851. Alexandria, Va.: U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences .

OCR for page 85
HUMAN FACTORS IN THE DESIGN OF TACTICAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS FOR THE INDIVIDUAL SOLDIER: PHASE I Mandler, G. 1979Thought processes, consciousness and stress. In V. Hamilton and D.M. Warburton, eds., Human Stress and Cognition: An Information-Processing Approach. Chichester, Eng.: Wiley and Sons. Marshall, S.L.A. 1947Men Against Fire: The Problem of Battle Command in Future War. New York: William Morrow and Company. McGreevy, M.W., and S.R. Ellis 1986The effect of perspective geometry on judged spatial information instruments. Human Factors 28:439-456. Meshkati, N., P.A. Hancock, and M. Rahimi 1989Techniques of mental workload assessment. In J. Wilson, ed., Evaluation of Human Work: Practical Ergonomics Methodology. London: Taylor and Francis. Moray, N., ed. 1979Mental Workload: Its Theory and Measurement. New York: Plenum Press. Muscio, B. 1921Is a fatique test possible? British Journal of Psychology 12:31-46. Neisser, U., and R. Becklin 1975Selective looking: Attention to visually specified events. Cognitive Psychology7:480-494. Peterson, M.A., E.M.H. Harvey, and H.L. Weidenbacher 1991Recognition inputs to figure-ground organization: Which route counts? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance . 17:1075-1089. Predebon, J. 1992The role of instructions and familiar size in absolute judgments of size and distance. Perception and Psychophysics 51:344-354. O'Donnell, K.A., W.W. Johnson, C.T. Bennett, and A.V. Phatak 1988The Effect of Perspective Displays on Altittude and Stability Control in Simulated Rotary Wing Flight. Proceedings of the AIAA Flight Simulation Technologies Conference . Atlanta, Georgia.

OCR for page 85
HUMAN FACTORS IN THE DESIGN OF TACTICAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS FOR THE INDIVIDUAL SOLDIER: PHASE I Regal, D., W. Rogers, and G. Boucek 1988Situational Awareness in the Commerical Flight Deck: Definition, Measurement, and Enhancement. SAE Technical Paper Series 881508. Paper presented at Aerospace Technology Conference, October 3-6, Anaheim, Calif. Roscoe, S. 1980Aviation Psychology. Ames: Iowa State University Press. Rush, C.E., R.W. Verona, and J.S. Crowley 1990Human Factors and Safety Considerations of Night Vision Systems Flight Using Thermal Imaging Systems, Report No. 90-10. Ft. Rucker, Ala.: U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory. Sampson, J.B. 1993Cognitive performance of individuals using a head-mounted display while walking. Proceedings of the Human Factors Society37:338-341. Santoro, T.P., K. Laxae, and S.M. Luria 1994Visions and displays. Ergonomics in DesignJanuary: 10-15. Schor, C.M. 1987Spatial constraints of stereopsis in video displays. Pp. 2.1-2.13 in Ellis, S.R., M.K. Kaiser and A. Grunwald, eds., Spatial Displays and Spatial Instruments. NASA Conference Publication 10032. Washington, D.C.: U.S. National Aeronatic and Space Administration Schor, C.M., I. Wood, and J. Ogawa 1984 Binocular sensory fusion is limited by spatial resolution. Vision Research24:661-665. Sethi, B. 1986Heterophoria: A vergence adaptive position. Opthalmic Physiological Optics6(20):151-156. Smith, K. and P.A. Hancock 1994 Situation awareness is adaptive, externally directed consciousness . Pp. 59-68 in R.D. Gilson, D.J. Garland, and J.M. Koonce eds., Situational Awareness in Complex Systems. Daytona Beach, Fla.: Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Press.

OCR for page 85
HUMAN FACTORS IN THE DESIGN OF TACTICAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS FOR THE INDIVIDUAL SOLDIER: PHASE I Snow, P. 1994Generation II Soldier Advanced Technology Demonstration. Presentation to the Panel on Human Factors in the Design of Tactical Display Systems for the Individual Soldier in September. Ft. Benning, Georgia. Taylor, R.M. 1990Situational awareness rating technique (SART): The development of a tool for aircrew systems design. Pp. 3.1-3.17 in Situational Awareness in Aerospace Operations (AGARD-CP-478). Neuilly Sur Seine, France: NATO-AGARD. Taylor, R.M., and S.J. Selcon 1994Situation in mind: Theory, application and measurement of situational awareness. Pp. 69-78 in R.D. Gilson, D.J. Garland, and J.M. Koonee, eds., Situational Awareness in Complex Settings. Daytona Beach, Fla.: Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Press. Tenney, Y.T., M.J. Adams, R.W. Pew, A.W.F. Huggins, and W.H. Rogers 1993A Principled Approach to the Measurement of Situation Awareness in Commercial Aviation. NASA Contractor Report 4451. NASA Langley Research Center. U.S. Department of the Army See end of list for references. Vercruyssen, M., P.A. Hancock, and T. Mihaly 1988Time estimation performance before, during, and following physical activity. Journal of Human Ergology18:169-179. Weintraub, D.J., and M. Ensing 1992Human Factors Issues in Head-up Display Design: The Book of HUD.SOAR CSERIAC State of the Art. Report number 20 92-2. AARML: Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. Wickens, C.D. 1980The structure of attentional resources. Pp. 239-257 in R. Nickerson, ed., Attention and Performance VII. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum. 1987Attention. In P.A. Hancock Human Factors in Psychology. Pp. 29-80, Amsterdam: North Holland Publication Company. 1992Engineering Psychology and Human Performance, 2nd Edition. Scranton, Penn.: Harper Collins.

OCR for page 85
HUMAN FACTORS IN THE DESIGN OF TACTICAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS FOR THE INDIVIDUAL SOLDIER: PHASE I Wickens, C.D., and A.D. Andre 1990 Proximity, compatibility, and information display: Effects of color, space, and objectness of information integration. Human Factors 32:61-77. Wickens, C.D., and J. Long 1994 Conformal symbology, attention shifts, and the head-up display. Proceedings of the 38th Annual Human Factors Society and Ergonomics Society Meeting 38:6-10. Wickens, C.D., R. Martin-Emerson, and I. Larish 1993 Attentional tunneling and the head-up display. Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology . Department of Aviation, Ohio State University.: Columbus. Wickens, C.D., S. Todd, and K. Seidler 1989 Three-Dimensional Displays: Perception, Implementation, and Applications . Technical report, Aviation Research Laboratory, Institute of Aviation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Wigdor, Alexandra K., and Bert F. Green, Jr., eds. 1991 Performance Assessment for the Workplace. Committee on the Performance of Military Personnel, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council . Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press Wilson, G.F., and R.D. O'Donnell 1988 Measurement of operator workload with the neuropsychological workload test battery. Pp. 63-100 in P.A. Hancock and N. Meshkati, eds., Human Mental Workload. Amsterdam: North Holland. Yeh, Y.Y., and C.D. Wickens 1988 Dissociation of performance and subjective measures of workload. Human Factors 30:111-120. Zubal, O., N.W. Doss, J.A. Faughn, T.W. Haduch, and J.L. Thompson 1990 Human Engineering Laboratory Artillery P2NBC2 Prolonged Operations Demonstration. Technical Note 4-90. U.S. Army Human Engineering Laboratory: Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.

OCR for page 85
HUMAN FACTORS IN THE DESIGN OF TACTICAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS FOR THE INDIVIDUAL SOLDIER: PHASE I Zubal, O., N.W. Doss, J.A. Faughn, K.P. Kysor, P.C. Szlyk, D.M. Caretti and I.V. Sils 1993Evaluation of the Effect of Protective Clothing on the Ability of Self-propelled Artillery (M109) Crews to Conduct and Sustain High Firing Rate Missions. Report number ARL-MR-98. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Research Laboratory. References provided by U.S. Department of the Army: U.S. Department of the Army Natick RD&E Center 1994 Target Audience Description. Natick, Mass. U.S. Department of the Army 1982 U.S. Army Combined Arms Combat Development Activity. In Soldier Machine Interface Requirements (“Complexity”) Study. May. 1988 ARTEP 7-8-MTP. Mission Training Plan for Infantry Rifle Platoon and Squad. 30 September, Washington, D.C.: Army Pentagon. 1989 Standards of Medical Fitness. Document number AR 40-501. May 15, Washington, D.C.: Army Pentagon. 1990 ARTEP 7-8-DRILL. Battle drills for Infantry Rifle Platoon and Squad. 22 January, Washington, D.C.: Army Pentagon. 1992 Field Manual (FM) 7-8 Infantry Rifle Platoon and Squad. April 22, Washington, D.C.: Army Pentagon. 1993 Mission Need Statement for the Enhanced Integrated Soldier System -Dismounted (MNS). September 8, 1993 Memorandum for Assistant Secretary of the Army (Research, Development and Acquisition). Documentation No. DAMO-FDZ. Washington, D.C.: Army Pentagon 1994 Operational Requirements Document (ORD) for the Land Warrior (LW) Systems. April 13, 1994 Memorandum, Documentation No. ATCD-SE (70-1f). Washington, D.C.: Army Pentagon. 1994a Army Regulation 611-201 Enlisted Career Management Fields and Military Occupational Specialty. July 1 Washington, D.C.: Army Pentagon. 1994b Force XXI - America's Army for the 21st Century. Army Focus September issue.

OCR for page 85
HUMAN FACTORS IN THE DESIGN OF TACTICAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS FOR THE INDIVIDUAL SOLDIER: PHASE I U.S. Department of the Army Training and Command Center 1994Force XXI Operations, A Concept for the Evolution of Full-Dimensional Operations for the Strategic Army of the Early Twenty-First Century . TRADOC Pamplet No. 525-5. Washington, D.C.: Army Pentagon. U.S. Department of Army, Test and Experimentation Command 1993Soldier Integrated Protective Ensemble (SIPE). Report number 90-EU-1690. Fort Hood, Texas: Test and Experimentation Command.