SPACE FACILITIES

MEETING FUTURE NEEDS FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND OPERATIONS

Committee on Space Facilities

Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board

Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems

National Research Council

National Academy Press
Washington, D.C.
1994



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OCR for page R1
SPACE FACILITIES: MEETING FUTURE NEEDS FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND OPERATIONS SPACE FACILITIES MEETING FUTURE NEEDS FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND OPERATIONS Committee on Space Facilities Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems National Research Council National Academy Press Washington, D.C. 1994

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SPACE FACILITIES: MEETING FUTURE NEEDS FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND OPERATIONS NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the panel responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Robert M. White is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. Robert M. White are chairman and vice-chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. This study was supported by Contract NASW-4003 between the National Academy of Sciences and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Available in limited supply from: The Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20418 Copyright 1994 by the National Academy of Sciences . All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America

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SPACE FACILITIES: MEETING FUTURE NEEDS FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND OPERATIONS COMMITTEE ON SPACE FACILITIES Daniel J. Fink, Chair, Consultant, D.J. Fink Associates, Inc., Potomac, Maryland James R. French, Consultant, JRF Engineering Services, Los Angeles, California Angelo Guastaferro, Vice President, NASA and Federal Systems, Lockheed Missiles & Space Company, Inc., Sunnyvale, California Donald G. Hard, General Manager, Colorado Division, The Aerospace Corporation, Colorado Springs, Colorado Daniel Hastings, Professor, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge David T. Jones, Manager, Test Planning & Management, Defense & Space Group, The Boeing Company, Seattle, Washington Ann Karagozian, Professor, Department of Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles James G. Mitchell, Executive Vice President, MicroCraft, Inc., Tullahoma, Tennessee Robert G. Morra, Consultant, Martin Marietta (Ret.), Potomac, Maryland Richard G. Smith, Group Director, Aerospace Technologies, EER Systems Corporation, Huntsville, Alabama Marjorie R. Townsend, Consultant, Washington, D.C. Gerald D. Walberg, Professor, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Deputy Director, Mars Mission Research Center, North Carolina State University, Raleigh ASEB Liaison Donald J. Kutyna, Corporate Vice President, Advanced Space Systems, Loral Corporation, Colorado Springs, Colorado Staff JoAnn Clayton, Director Thomas C. Mahoney, Study Director (from 1 March 1994) Joseph Breen, Study Director (through 28 February 1994) Beth Henry, Project Assistant

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SPACE FACILITIES: MEETING FUTURE NEEDS FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND OPERATIONS AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ENGINEERING BOARD Jack L. Kerrebrock, Chair, Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, R.C. Maclaurin Professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts Duane T. McRuer, Immediate Past Chair, Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, President and Technical Director, Systems Technology, Inc., Hawthorne, California Bernard L. Koff, Chair, National Aeronautical Test Facilities Study, Executive Vice President, Engineering and Technology, Pratt & Whitney, West Palm Beach, Florida Steven Aftergood, Senior Research Analyst, Federation of American Scientists, Washington, D.C. Joseph P. Allen, President and Chief Executive Officer, Space Industries International, Inc., Washington, D.C. Guion S. Bluford, Jr., Vice President and General Manager of Engineering Services Division, NYMA, Inc., Greenbelt, Maryland John K. Buckner, Vice President, Special Programs, Lockheed Fort Worth Company, Fort Worth, Texas Raymond S. Colladay, Vice President, Strategic Defense Systems, Martin Marietta Corporation, Denver, Colorado Ruth M. Davis, President and Chief Executive Officer, Pymatuning Group, Inc., Alexandria, Virginia Steven M. Dorfman, President, Telecommunications and Space Sector, General Motors Hughes Electronics, Los Angeles, California John M. Hedgepeth, President, Digisim Corporation, Santa Barbara, California Takeo Kanade, Professor of Computer Science, Robotics and Electrical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Donald J. Kutyna, Corporate Vice President, Advanced Space Systems, Loral Corporation, Colorado Springs, Colorado John M. Logsdon, Director, Center for International Science and Technology Policy, Space Policy Institute, George Washington University, Washington, D.C. Robert R. Lynn, Bell Helicopter Textron, Euless, Texas Frank E. Marble, Richard L. Hayman and Dorothy M. Hayman Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Professor of Jet Propulsion, Emeritus, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California C. Julian May, Vice President, Technical Operations, Planning and Development, Delta Airlines, Inc., Atlanta, Georgia Earll M. Murman, Professor and Department Head, Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts Bradford W. Parkinson, Professor, Aeronautics and Astronautics, Stanford University, Stanford, California Alfred Schock, Director, Energy System Department, Fairchild Industries, Germantown, Maryland John D. Warner, President, Boeing Computer Services, Seattle, Washington Staff JoAnn Clayton, Director Alan C. Angleman, Senior Program Officer Thomas C. Mahoney, Senior Program Officer Allison C. Sandlin, Senior Program Officer Noel E. Eldridge, Program Officer Paul J. Shawcross, Program Officer Anna L. Farrar, Administrative Associate William E. Campbell, Administrative Assistant Mary T. McCormack, Senior Project Assistant Beth A. Henry, Project Assistant Ted W. Morrison, Project Assistant Erik R. Thoen, Research Assistant