List of Acronyms

13F

Regulation 13F of Annex I of MARPOL 73/78

13G

Regulation 13G of Annex I of MARPOL 73/78

ABS

American Bureau of Shipping

AIMS

American Institute of Merchant Shipping

ASIS

Association for Structural Improvement of Shipbuilding Industry

DB

double-bottom

DS

double-side

DWT

deadweight tons; a measure of the carrying capacity of a vessel

IMO

International Maritime Organization; the United Nations agency reponsible for maritime safety and environmental protection of the seas

ISMC

International Safety Management Code

ISSC

International Ship and Offshore Structures Congress

JAMRI

Japan Maritime Research Institute

LNG

liquified natural gas

LOOP

Louisiana Offshore Oil Port

LPG

liquified petroleum gas



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OCR for page 45
EFFECTS OF DOUBLE-HULL REQUIREMENTS ON OIL SPILL PREVENTION: Interim Report List of Acronyms 13F Regulation 13F of Annex I of MARPOL 73/78 13G Regulation 13G of Annex I of MARPOL 73/78 ABS American Bureau of Shipping AIMS American Institute of Merchant Shipping ASIS Association for Structural Improvement of Shipbuilding Industry DB double-bottom DS double-side DWT deadweight tons; a measure of the carrying capacity of a vessel IMO International Maritime Organization; the United Nations agency reponsible for maritime safety and environmental protection of the seas ISMC International Safety Management Code ISSC International Ship and Offshore Structures Congress JAMRI Japan Maritime Research Institute LNG liquified natural gas LOOP Louisiana Offshore Oil Port LPG liquified petroleum gas

OCR for page 45
EFFECTS OF DOUBLE-HULL REQUIREMENTS ON OIL SPILL PREVENTION: Interim Report M/T millions of tons MARAD Maritime Administration, Department of Transportation MARIENV 95 International Conference on Technologies for Marine Environment Preservation, Tokyo, Japan, September 24–29, 1995 MARPOL, MARPOL 73/78 The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, adopted in 1973 and amended in 1978 MB/D millions of barrels per day MEPC Marine Environmental Protection Committee of the International Maritime Organization MEPC30 the 30th session of the Marine Environmental Protection Committee MIT Massachusetts Institute of Tecnology MOU Memorandum of Understanding MSI Maritime Strategies International, London; a firm specializing in historical marine shipping fleet and economic data MT/Y millions of tons per year MT/D millions of tons per day NRC National Research Council OPA, OPA 90 Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-380) PIRA PIRA Energy Group PL protectively located SBT segregated ballast tanks Section 4115 Section 4115 of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 SNAME Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers SOLAS Safety of Life at Sea STCW Convention for Standards for Training, Certification and Watchkeeping VLCC very large crude carrier; refers to vessels of more than 175,000 DWT