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OCR for page R1
Community Response to High-Energy Impulsive Sounds: An Assessment of the Field Since 1981 Community Response to High-Energy Impulsive Sounds: An Assessment of the Field Since 1981 Sanford Fidell, Editor Working Group on Assessment of Community Response to High-Energy Impulsive Sounds Committee on Hearing, Bioacoustics, and Biomechanics National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. 1996
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Community Response to High-Energy Impulsive Sounds: An Assessment of the Field Since 1981 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress of 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is interim president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. William A. Wulf are chairman and interim vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. This work relates to Department of the Army Contract DAADO5-93-C-0076 issued by the U.S. Army Aberdeen Proving Ground Support Activity. The views, opinions, and findings contained in this report are those of the author(s) and should not be construed as an official Department of the Army position, policy, or decision. Additional copies of this report are available from: Committee on Hearing, Bioacoustics, and Biomechanics National Research Council HA 178 2101 Constitution Avenue N.W. Washington, D.C. 20418 Copyright 1996 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America
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Community Response to High-Energy Impulsive Sounds: An Assessment of the Field Since 1981 WORKING GROUP ON ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY RESPONSE TO HIGH-ENERGY IMPULSIVE SOUNDS William J. Galloway (Chair), Tarzana, California David F. Dinges, Institute of Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia Sanford Fidell, BBN Acoustic Technologies Division, Canoga Park, California Howard Schuman, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Louis C. Sutherland, Rancho Palos Verdes, California
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Community Response to High-Energy Impulsive Sounds: An Assessment of the Field Since 1981 COMMITTEE ON HEARING, BIOACOUSTICS, AND BIOMECHANICS 1993-1994 William A. Yost (Chair), Parmly Hearing Institute, Loyola University Peter J. Dallos, Auditory Research Laboratory, Northwestern University Kenneth M. Eldred, Kenneth Eldred Engineering, East Boothbay, Maine Joseph W. Hall, Division of Otology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill William Melnick, Columbus, Ohio Janet M. Weisenberger, Ohio State University, Columbus