. "4 PROGRAM EFFECTIVENESS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT." Maintaining Oil Production from Marginal Fields: A Review of the Department of Energy's Reservoir Class Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1996.
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vorable economic conditions and a confidence that such conditions will persist through the intended period of technology utilization. The program intends to demonstrate technologies that can be applied under present oil prices. It is worthy to note that some project operators who briefed the committee stated that their project would not have been accomplished without the 50 percent cost-sharing from the DOE. All of the operators stated their projects certainly would have been smaller in scope without DOE funding, and they would not have had an element of technology transfer.
EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PROGRAM
The Reservoir Class Program has been successful in encouraging the application of a broad spectrum of conventional and advanced technologies for increasing oil recovery from existing fields. Some of the projects, as cited in the report, are already showing promising results. In most projects, however, it is too early to determine whether the application of these technologies will result in increased oil production. The most effective features of the program are the large number and variety of participants, the geographic diversity of the projects, and the requirements for a 50 percent cost-sharing arrangement. The cost-sharing arrangement ensures a commitment to obtaining results that lead to the practical outcomes that benefit both industry and the nation, namely increased domestic oil production. The main weaknesses of the program are in the areas of project review and technology transfer, and these issues are addressed in the recommendations of the report and summarized in the following section.
The greatest uncertainties regarding the effectiveness of the program in prolonging the production from marginal fields are the success of individual projects, technology transfer, and the price of oil. If the technologies demonstrated are successful, if the technology transfer process is effective, and if oil prices remain at or above their present levels, then the program will likely contribute significantly to enhancing domestic production by reducing the rate of well and field abandonment thus extending the life of marginal fields.
Reservoir Class as Basis for Organization
Continue using the reservoir class concept as a basis for organizing the Reservoir Class Program. Future proposal solicitations, however, should be open to meritorious projects from previously funded reservoir classes as well as the class currently being solicited.