Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.
OCR for page R1
Maintaining Oil Production from Marginal Fields A Review of the Department of Energy’s Reservoir Class Program Panel on the Review of the Oil Recovery Demonstration Program of the Department of Energy Committee on Earth Resources Board on Earth Sciences and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. 1996
OCR for page R2
National Academy Press 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20418 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the panel responsible for the report were chosen for their special competencies and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. Support for this study by the Panel on the Review of the Oil Recovery Demonstration Program was provided by the Office of Fossil Energy, Department of Energy. U.S. DOE patent clearance not required prior to publication of this report. Additional copies of this report are available from Board on Earth Sciences and Resources National Academy of Sciences 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20418 202-334-2744 COVER: The cover shows a seismic profile composed of hundreds of vertically-oriented reflection seismograms that are combined to image subsurface geologic structures. Seismic profiles are an important tool in petroleum and reservoir characterization. Copyright 1996 by the National Academy of Sciences . All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America
OCR for page R3
PANEL ON THE REVIEW OF THE OIL RECOVERY DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CHARLES G. GROAT, University of Texas, El Paso, Chairman ARTHUR C. H. CHENG, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge JAMES A. DRAHOVZAL, Kentucky Geological Survey, Lexington GEORGE J. HIRASAKI, Rice University, Houston, Texas NEIL F. HURLEY, Marathon Oil Company, Littleton, Colorado RANDI S. MARTINSEN, University of Wyoming, Laramie CHARLES S. MATTHEWS, Petroleum Engineering Consultant, Houston, Texas ARTHUR H. SALLER, Unocal Oil and Gas Corporation, Houston, Texas ROBERT J. WEIMER, Colorado School of Mines, Golden W. FRANK WEST, PACO Minerals, Inc., Dallas, Texas Staff CRAIG M. SCHIFFRIES, Study Director (beginning June 1995) KEVIN D. CROWLEY, Study Director (through June 1995) JONATHAN G. PRICE, Study Director (through February 1995) LALLY ANNE ANDERSON, Staff Associate
OCR for page R4
COMMITTEE ON EARTH RESOURCES CAREL OTTE, Jr., Independent Geologist, LaCañada, California, Chairman PHILIP H. ABELSON, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, D.C. SAMUEL S. ADAMS, Minerals Consultant, Lincoln, New Hampshire JOEL DARMSTADTER, Resources for the Future, Washington, D.C. RODERICK G. EGGERT, Colorado School of Mines, Golden MARCO T. EINAUDI, Stanford University, California NORMAN H. FOSTER, Independent Petroleum Geologist, Denver, Colorado CHARLES G. GROAT, University of Texas, El Paso PERRY R. HAGENSTEIN, Resources Issues, Inc., Wayland, Massachusetts DONALD C. HANEY, Kentucky Geological Survey, Lexington PHILIP E. LaMOREAUX, P. E. LaMoreaux and Associates, Tuscaloosa, Alabama SUSAN M. LANDON, Thomasson Partner Associates, Denver, Colorado JILL D. PASTERIS, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri JONATHAN G. PRICE, Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology, Reno (beginning March 1, 1995) NOEL TYLER, Bureau of Economic Geology, University of Texas, Austin W. FRANK WEST, PACO Minerals, Inc., Dallas, Texas Staff CRAIG M. SCHIFFRIES, Director JUDITH L. ESTEP, Administrative Assistant
OCR for page R5
BOARD ON EARTH SCIENCES AND RESOURCES J. FREEMAN GILBERT, University of California, San Diego, Chairman THURE CERLING, University of Utah, Salt Lake City MARK P. CLOOS, University of Texas, Austin JOEL DARMSTADTER, Resources for the Future, Washington, D.C. KENNETH I. DAUGHERTY, E-Systems, Fairfax, Virginia WILLIAM R. DICKINSON, University of Arizona, Tucson, emeritus MARCO T. EINAUDI, Stanford University, California NORMAN H. FOSTER, Independent Petroleum Geologist, Denver, Colorado CHARLES G. GROAT, University of Texas, El Paso DONALD C. HANEY, Kentucky Geological Survey, Lexington SUSAN M. KIDWELL, University of Chicago, Illinois SUSAN KIEFFER, Kieffer & Woo, Inc., Ontario, Canada PHILIP E. LaMOREAUX, P. E. LaMoreaux and Associates, Tuscaloosa, Alabama SUSAN M. LANDON, Thomasson Partner Associates, Denver, Colorado J. BERNARD MINSTER, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California ALEXANDRA NAVROTSKY, Princeton University, New Jersey JILL D. PASTERIS, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri EDWARD C. ROY, Jr., Trinity University, San Antonio, Texas Staff CRAIG M. SCHIFFRIES, Director THOMAS M. USSELMAN, Associate Director INA B. ALTERMAN, Senior Program Officer WILLIAM E. BENSON, Senior Program Officer ANNE M. LINN, Senior Program Officer CHARLES MEADE, Program Officer LALLY ANNE ANDERSON, Staff Associate VERNA J. BOWEN, Administrative Assistant JENNIFER T. ESTEP, Administrative Assistant JUDITH L. ESTEP, Administrative Assistant
OCR for page R6
COMMISSION ON GEOSCIENCES, ENVIRONMENT, AND RESOURCES M. GORDON WOLMAN, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, Chairman PATRICK R. ATKINS, Aluminum Company of America, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania JAMES P. BRUCE, Canadian Climate Program Board, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada WILLIAM L. FISHER, University of Texas, Austin JERRY F. FRANKLIN, University of Washington, Seattle GEORGE M. HORNBERGER, University of Virginia, Charlottesville DEBRA KNOPMAN, Progressive Foundation, Washington, D.C. PERRY L. MCCARTY, Stanford University, California JUDITH E. MCDOWELL, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts S. GEORGE PHILANDER, Princeton University, New Jersey RAYMOND A. PRICE, Queen’s University at Kingston, Ontario, Canada THOMAS C. SCHELLING, University of Maryland, College Park ELLEN SILBERGELD, University of Maryland Medical School, Baltimore STEVEN M. STANLEY, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland VICTORIA J. TSCHINKEL, Landers and Parsons, Tallahassee, Florida Staff STEPHEN RATTIEN, Executive Director STEPHEN D. PARKER, Associate Executive Director MORGAN GOPNIK, Assistant Executive Director GREGORY H. SYMMES, Reports Officer JAMES MALLORY, Administrative Officer SANDI FITZPATRICK, Administrative Associate SUSAN SHERWIN, Project Assistant
OCR for page R7
The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Harold Liebowitz is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and of advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce Alberts and Dr. Harold Liebowitz are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.
OCR for page R8
This page in the original is blank.