• Modify academic reward systems to encourage applied research and to improve science-policy interactions.

  • Identify and foster academic degree programs that produce graduates skilled in integrating information and communicating it among stakeholders.

  • Establish apprenticeship and mentoring programs, career tracks, and other initiatives that further the integration of science and policy.

  • Expand intergovernmental personnel agreement programs at all levels of government and extend them to include nongovernmental organizations.

  • Plan and convene meetings designed to encourage the nonadversarial exchange of information among stakeholders.

  • Develop special incentive programs that improve the quality of science and environmental reporting in the media (e.g., special award programs).

  • Identify and implement initiatives and actions to expand the ethnic diversity of environmental managers and scientists.

A fundamental need in the Gulf of Maine region is for an environmental impact assessment process at the state level akin to the federal environmental impact assessment process required under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Accordingly, appropriate legislation is needed to mandate that scientific information be prepared and made available for use by decisionmakers.

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