Peter Douglas has been employed by the California Coastal Commission since 1977 and has been its Executive Director since 1985. He earned a J.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1969. Mr. Douglas is responsible for policymaking and implementation of a comprehensive coastal and ocean resource management program pursuant to state and federal law. His interests include building more effective bridges between scientific and public policy decisionmaking communities.

Edward D. Goldberg has been associated with the University of California at San Diego 's Scripps Institution of Oceanography since 1949. He was appointed professor of chemistry there in 1961. Dr. Goldberg earned a Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Chicago in 1949. His scientific interests include the geochemistry of natural waters and sediments, the demography of the coastal zone, the history of burning, waste management, and marine pollution. Dr. Goldberg currently serves as editor of a technical series in oceanography, The Sea: Ideas and Observations and was a coeditor of the volumes Earth Sciences and Meteorites and Man's Impact on Terrestrial and Marine Ecosystems. Dr. Goldberg is a member of the National Academy of Sciences.

Susan Hanna is associate professor of marine economics in the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics at Oregon State University. She also directs the research program Property Rights and the Performance of Natural Resource Systems, at the Beijer Institute, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden. Dr. Hanna conducts research in the areas of economics of fisheries, fishery management and regulation, ocean use interactions, seafood markets and fishery regulation, user participation in resource management, institutional economics, property rights and marine resources, and economic history. Dr. Hanna has performed a variety of scientific/policy outreach activities as a member of advisory committees and is presently a member of the NRC Ocean Studies Board.

David Keeley has 15 years of experience in environmental management, policy development, and planning, with an emphasis on coastal and estuarine issues. He has worked at the local, county, and state level in a variety of land-use planning roles. Mr. Keeley was instrumental in forming the Gulf of Maine Program, a state-provincial environmental and economic initiative. He has managed in excess of $30 million in grants and supervises a staff of planners, lawyers, and scientists. Mr. Keeley is active at the national level, recently completing a two-year term as chairman of the Coastal States Organization. He presently serves on numerous state, national, and international advisory panels and boards.

Michael K. Orbach became a professor at Duke University in 1993, and prior to that was a professor of anthropology at East Carolina University. From 1976 to 1979 he served as social anthropologist and Social Science Advisor to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in Washington, D.C. He has published widely on marine social science topics including fisheries limited entry and effort management, Indochinese fishermen adaptation, marine mammal-fishery interactions, and state, regional, and federal fisheries and

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