PREFACE

The following proceedings are from a National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council (NAS/NRC) Workshop with the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) on Strategies for Industrial Energy Efficiency and Conservation During the Transition to a Market Economy. The workshop took place November 12-13, 1991 in Washington, D.C. and was preceded by ten days of site visits to energy-oriented institutions in Pennsylvania.

This was the second PAN-NAS workshop on energy conservation and efficiency. The first took place October 15-26, 1990 in Poland. Building upon a sub-set of issues from the 1990 workshop, the purpose of the November 1991 workshop was to address strategies for developing, implementing, and managing industrial energy efficiency policy, a critical area of need in Poland. For this workshop, the NAS assembled a U.S. committee consisting of experts who approach energy from a wide range of disciplines. Dr. Thomas Stelson of the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (formerly of the Georgia Institute of Technology), who served as NAS chair for the 1990 workshop, again chaired the NAS delegation. Several other members of the 1990 American delegation also participated. In addition, the NAS invited participants from the World Bank, the electric and gas industries, federal agencies, non-profit organizations focusing on energy and conservation, and academia. Dr. Jerzy Michna (PAN Center for Mineral Resources and Energy Economy), co-Chair of the 1990 workshop, again led the PAN delegation. The Polish delegation also included several participants from the 1990 workshop. A complete list of participants can be found in the Appendix.

Immediately prior to the workshop, the Polish delegation visited various energy-related sites in Pennsylvania. Hosted by the Pennsylvania Energy Office, the delegation examined several components of energy efficiency strategies for industry during meetings with government bodies, universities, and representatives of electric, gas, chemical, and ferrous metallurgy industries. Discussions covered four main topics: energy planning, including planning processes, participation, data and analytical methods; development of energy-efficient strategies, including establishing specific goals and objectives; implementation, including the role of various levels of government, various government agencies, the private sector, and non-governmental organizations; and energy efficiency technologies and techniques. (An annotated list of these visits is attached).

Building on the experience of the two NAS-PAN energy workshops, both Academies agreed to sponsor a Young Investigator Program in the Field of Energy. The program consisted of two three-week summer workshops focusing on energy production, conservation and efficiency. Dr. Lee Shipper (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory) and Dr. Jerzy Michna were the senior advisors for this program. The first workshop took place in Poland in August 1992, and the second was held in the United States in July 1993.



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Poland's Transition to a Market Economy: Prospects for Energy Efficiency and Conservation: Proceedings of the Joint Workshop of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the Polish Academy of Sciences on Strategies for Industrial Energy Efficiency and Conservation During the Transition to a Market Economy PREFACE The following proceedings are from a National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council (NAS/NRC) Workshop with the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) on Strategies for Industrial Energy Efficiency and Conservation During the Transition to a Market Economy. The workshop took place November 12-13, 1991 in Washington, D.C. and was preceded by ten days of site visits to energy-oriented institutions in Pennsylvania. This was the second PAN-NAS workshop on energy conservation and efficiency. The first took place October 15-26, 1990 in Poland. Building upon a sub-set of issues from the 1990 workshop, the purpose of the November 1991 workshop was to address strategies for developing, implementing, and managing industrial energy efficiency policy, a critical area of need in Poland. For this workshop, the NAS assembled a U.S. committee consisting of experts who approach energy from a wide range of disciplines. Dr. Thomas Stelson of the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (formerly of the Georgia Institute of Technology), who served as NAS chair for the 1990 workshop, again chaired the NAS delegation. Several other members of the 1990 American delegation also participated. In addition, the NAS invited participants from the World Bank, the electric and gas industries, federal agencies, non-profit organizations focusing on energy and conservation, and academia. Dr. Jerzy Michna (PAN Center for Mineral Resources and Energy Economy), co-Chair of the 1990 workshop, again led the PAN delegation. The Polish delegation also included several participants from the 1990 workshop. A complete list of participants can be found in the Appendix. Immediately prior to the workshop, the Polish delegation visited various energy-related sites in Pennsylvania. Hosted by the Pennsylvania Energy Office, the delegation examined several components of energy efficiency strategies for industry during meetings with government bodies, universities, and representatives of electric, gas, chemical, and ferrous metallurgy industries. Discussions covered four main topics: energy planning, including planning processes, participation, data and analytical methods; development of energy-efficient strategies, including establishing specific goals and objectives; implementation, including the role of various levels of government, various government agencies, the private sector, and non-governmental organizations; and energy efficiency technologies and techniques. (An annotated list of these visits is attached). Building on the experience of the two NAS-PAN energy workshops, both Academies agreed to sponsor a Young Investigator Program in the Field of Energy. The program consisted of two three-week summer workshops focusing on energy production, conservation and efficiency. Dr. Lee Shipper (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory) and Dr. Jerzy Michna were the senior advisors for this program. The first workshop took place in Poland in August 1992, and the second was held in the United States in July 1993.

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Poland's Transition to a Market Economy: Prospects for Energy Efficiency and Conservation: Proceedings of the Joint Workshop of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the Polish Academy of Sciences on Strategies for Industrial Energy Efficiency and Conservation During the Transition to a Market Economy The NAS expresses its appreciation to the Polish Academy of Sciences for their role in the organization of the workshop. Special thanks go to Dr. Arthur McGarity, Professor of Engineering, Swarthmore College, and editor of these proceedings, Ms. Angela Dredden, former Program Associate, Office for Central Europe and Eurasia of NAS, and Ms. Alexandra Augustyinak, Senior Specialist, Foreign Relations Office of PAN, for all their efforts. Financial support from the Battelle Corporation, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and the Ford Foundation is also gratefully acknowledged. The views expressed in the individual presentations are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of any official organization or agency.