Appendix B

Contaminant Issues of Concern on National Wildlife Refuges

CATEGORY A: EVIDENCE INDICATES THE NEED FOR CORRECTIVE ACTION

STATE

REFUGES

CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN

AL

Wheeler NWR

Industrial wastes (DDT)

AK

Kenai NWR

Industrial wastes (PCBs)

CA

Kesterson NWR

Agricultural drainwater (selenium and other trace elements)

CA

Seal Beach NWR

Military activities

HI

Johnston Island NWR

Military activities (nerve and mustard gas, dioxin, and plutonium)

IL

Crab Orchard NWR

Area 9 industrial wastes (PCBs)

NJ

Great Swamp NWR

Asbestos dump

VA

Eastern Shore of Virginia NWR

Asbestos insulation in refuge buildings

VA

Fisherman Island NWR

Military activities (DDT)

CATEGORY B: ON-SITE DIRECT EVIDENCE INDICATES THE NEED FOR IN-DEPTH MONITORING AND ANALYSIS OF IMPACTS

STATE

REFUGES

CONTAMINANT ISSUES OF CONCERN

AK

Alaska Maritime NWR

Military/industrial wastes and discharges

AK

Alaska Maritime NWR

Military activities on Amchitka and Atka Islands

AZ

Cibola, Havasu, and Imperial NWRs

Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals, selenium, and other trace elements)

CA

Grasslands WMA

Agricultural drainwater (selenium and other trace elements)

CA

Salton Sea NWR

Agricultural drainwater and municipal/industrial discharges

CA

San Luis NWR

Agricultural drainwater (trace elements and agricultural chemicals)

CA

Tijuana Slough NWR

Municipal/industrial discharges

FL

Loxahatchee NWR

Agricultural/municipal drainwater (agricultural chemicals)

GA

Savannah and Tybee NWRs

Municipal/industrial discharges

HI

Baker Island and Howland Island NWRs

Drums of petroleum



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 72
A Review of the Biomonitoring of Environmental Status and Trends Program: The Draft Detailed Plan Appendix B Contaminant Issues of Concern on National Wildlife Refuges CATEGORY A: EVIDENCE INDICATES THE NEED FOR CORRECTIVE ACTION STATE REFUGES CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN AL Wheeler NWR Industrial wastes (DDT) AK Kenai NWR Industrial wastes (PCBs) CA Kesterson NWR Agricultural drainwater (selenium and other trace elements) CA Seal Beach NWR Military activities HI Johnston Island NWR Military activities (nerve and mustard gas, dioxin, and plutonium) IL Crab Orchard NWR Area 9 industrial wastes (PCBs) NJ Great Swamp NWR Asbestos dump VA Eastern Shore of Virginia NWR Asbestos insulation in refuge buildings VA Fisherman Island NWR Military activities (DDT) CATEGORY B: ON-SITE DIRECT EVIDENCE INDICATES THE NEED FOR IN-DEPTH MONITORING AND ANALYSIS OF IMPACTS STATE REFUGES CONTAMINANT ISSUES OF CONCERN AK Alaska Maritime NWR Military/industrial wastes and discharges AK Alaska Maritime NWR Military activities on Amchitka and Atka Islands AZ Cibola, Havasu, and Imperial NWRs Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals, selenium, and other trace elements) CA Grasslands WMA Agricultural drainwater (selenium and other trace elements) CA Salton Sea NWR Agricultural drainwater and municipal/industrial discharges CA San Luis NWR Agricultural drainwater (trace elements and agricultural chemicals) CA Tijuana Slough NWR Municipal/industrial discharges FL Loxahatchee NWR Agricultural/municipal drainwater (agricultural chemicals) GA Savannah and Tybee NWRs Municipal/industrial discharges HI Baker Island and Howland Island NWRs Drums of petroleum

OCR for page 72
A Review of the Biomonitoring of Environmental Status and Trends Program: The Draft Detailed Plan LA Tensas River NWR Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals) MA Great Meadows NWR Hazardous-waste dumps (heavy metals) MS Yazoo NWR Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals) MT Benton Lake NWR Agricultural drainwater (selenium) MT Bowdoin NWR Agricultural drainwater (selenium) NV Stillwater WMA Agricultural drainwater (selenium, arsenic, and mercury) NJ Great Swamp NWR Rolling Knolls landfill effluents NC Alligator River NWR Landfill effluent (mercury and nutrients) OK Sequoyah NWR Agricultural drainwater and industrial/municipal discharges OK Wichita Mountains NWR Mining activities (mercury, arsenic, and other trace elements) OR Malheur NWR Agricultural drainwater (mercury, arsenic, and boron) PA Tinicum National Environmental Center Folcroft landfill (heavy metals, pesticides, and cyanide) TX Aransas NWR Oil and grease (polyaromatic hydrocarbons and heavy metals) TX Buffalo Lake NWR Cattle feedlots (nutrients) TX Laguna Atascosa NWR Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals and trace elements) WA San Juan Islands NWR Municipal/industrial discharge (PCBs, trace elements, and metals) AL Wheeler NWR Industrial wastes (DDT) AK Kenai NWR Industrial wastes (PCBs) CA Kesterson NWR Agricultural drainwater (selenium and other trace elements) CA Seal Beach NWR Military activities HI Johnston Island NWR Military activities (nerve and mustard gas, dioxin, and plutonium) IL Crab Orchard NWR Area 9 industrial wastes (PCBs) NJ Great Swamp NWR Asbestos dump VA Eastern Shore of Virginia NWR Asbestos insulation in refuge buildings VA Fisherman Island NWR Military activities (DDT) CATEGORY C: ON-SITE OR OFF-SITE CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE INDICATES A PRIORITY NEED FOR ADDITIONAL RECONNAISSANCE MONITORING STATE REFUGES CONTAMINANT ISSUES OF CONCERN AK Alaska Maritime NWR Industrial air pollution AK Alaska Maritime, Arctic, Togiak, and Yukon Delta NWRs Military activities (PCBs and fuel drums) AK Innoko, Kanuti, Koyukuk, Nowitna, Selawik, Yukon Delta, and Yukon Flats NWRs Placer mining AK Kenai NWR Oil and gas activities AR Tetlin NWR Industrial dump (petroleum byproducts) AR Big Lake NWR Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals) AR Overflow NWR Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals) AR White River NWR Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals) AZ Kofa NWR Mining activities (cyanide) AZ San Bernardino NWR Industrial discharges (copper smelter/acid rain) CA Butte Sink, Colusa, Delevan, Sacramento, and Sutter NWRs Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals and trace elements) CA Humboldt Bay NWR Inactive landfill dump CA Lower Klamath and Tule Lake NWRs Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals) CA Salinas River WMA Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals) CA San Pablo Bay NWR Municipal/industrial discharges (trace elements)

OCR for page 72
A Review of the Biomonitoring of Environmental Status and Trends Program: The Draft Detailed Plan CO Browns Park NWR Agricultural drainwater (selenium) FL National Key Deer Refuge Mosquito-control spraying (chemicals) ID Bear Lake NWR Agricultural/municipal drainwater IL Crab Orchard NWR Other industrial wastes (on refuge) IL Crab Orchard NWR Municipal wastes (off refuge) LA Lacassine NWR Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals) LA Sabine NWR Industrial discharges (mercury) MI Shiawassee NWR Agricultural drainwater and municipal/industrial discharges NJ Edwin B. Forsythe NWR Buried drums (unknown contents) NJ Great Swamp NWR Harding landfill effluents NM Bitter Lake NWR Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals and trace elements) NM Bosque del Apache NWR Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals and trace elements) NY Iroquois NWR Buried drums (agricultural chemicals) NY Montezuma NWR Buried drums (agricultural chemicals) OK Salt Plains NWR Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals and trace elements) OK Tishomingo NWR Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals) PA Tinicum National Environmental Center Clearview landfill (polychlorinated compounds) RI Ninigret NWR Military dumps RI Sachuest Point NWR Municipal landfill TX Anahuac NWR Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals) TX Aransas NWR Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals) TX Santa Ana and Lower Rio Grande Valley NWRs Agricultural drainwater and municipal/industrial discharges (nutrients, toxic chemicals, and metals) TX Santa Ana and Lower Rio Grande Valley NWRs Agricultural activities (pesticides) UT Ouray NWR Agricultural drainwater (selenium) VA Great Dismal Swamp NWR Suffolk landfill WA Nisqually NWR Municipal/industrial discharges (heavy metals and chemicals) WI Horicon NWR Agricultural drainwater (agricultural chemicals) Source: FWS, 1986.