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Contents

The contents of the full report, from which this Executive Summary is extracted, are listed below.

 

 

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

 

 1

 

INTRODUCTION

 

 

 

Definitions

 

 

 

Earth Observations Programs

 

 

 

Oversight of Earth Observations

 

 

 

International Connections

 

 

 

Changes in Earth Observations Programs

 

 

 

Outline of This Report

 

 

 

Aids to the Reader

 

 2

 

EARTH SCIENCE FROM SPACE AND THE EVOLUTION OF THE MISSION TO PLANET EARTH

 

 

 

Global Habitability and the Goody Report

 

 

 

The Friedman Report and the IGBP

 

 

 

The ESSC and the Bretherton Report

 

 

 

The NASA Response

 

 

 

Bringing in the International Community

 

 

 

Continuing Oversight by the SSB

 

 

 

The NRC Review of the USGCRP

 

 

 

A Decade of Accumulated Scientific Advice

 

 

 

The Frieman Report and Restructuring

 

 

 

Rescoping

 

 

 

Rebaselining

 

 

 

Reshaping

 

 

 

Reviews Requested by the House Committee on Science

 

 

 

Conclusions

 


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OCR for page R13
EARTH OBSERVATIONS FROM SPACE: History, Promise, and Reality Contents The contents of the full report, from which this Executive Summary is extracted, are listed below.     EXECUTIVE SUMMARY    1   INTRODUCTION       Definitions       Earth Observations Programs       Oversight of Earth Observations       International Connections       Changes in Earth Observations Programs       Outline of This Report       Aids to the Reader    2   EARTH SCIENCE FROM SPACE AND THE EVOLUTION OF THE MISSION TO PLANET EARTH       Global Habitability and the Goody Report       The Friedman Report and the IGBP       The ESSC and the Bretherton Report       The NASA Response       Bringing in the International Community       Continuing Oversight by the SSB       The NRC Review of the USGCRP       A Decade of Accumulated Scientific Advice       The Frieman Report and Restructuring       Rescoping       Rebaselining       Reshaping       Reviews Requested by the House Committee on Science       Conclusions  

OCR for page R13
EARTH OBSERVATIONS FROM SPACE: History, Promise, and Reality  3   MISSION TO PLANET EARTH AND THE U.S. GLOBAL CHANGE RESEARCH PROGRAM       The Early Work of the CGC       The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change       CEES, CENR, and the Planning of the USGCRP       The NRC Review of the USGCRP       Problems with CEES and the USGCRP as a True Program       Mapping the MTPE Against the USGCRP       Are There Gaps in Current Plans?       Conclusions    4   APPLICATIONS PROGRAMS       The Problem with Space Applications       The NOAA Program       Landsat and Commercialization       Satellites and Applied Oceanography       Mapping and GIS       Complications       Conclusions    5   SMALLER SATELLITES AND EARTH PROBES       Earth Probes       Small or Smaller?       Technology Is Not the Issue       The Role of Smaller Satellites       Trade-offs for Electrooptic Sensors       Contrasts with Large Missions       Launch Vehicle Quantization       Supplant or Supplement?       Conclusions    6   EARTH SYSTEM MODELING AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS       Modeling Global Change       Using Models for Climate Forecasting       Overview of EOSDIS       Advisory Reviews of Information Systems       Conclusions    7   ASSOCIATED ACTIVITIES       Geodetic Satellites and Systems       In Situ Measurements: The Relationships Among Space, Airborne, and Surface Measurements       Process and Interdisciplinary Studies       Research & Analysis and Mission Operations & Data Analysis Programs       Conclusions    8   THE ORGANIZATION OF U.S. CIVIL EARTH OBSERVATIONS PROGRAMS       A Variety of Earth Observation Systems       Economies of Scale       The Potential for Improved Support       The Merger of NOAA's Tiros and DMSP       NOAA/DMSP and NASA       Landsat  

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EARTH OBSERVATIONS FROM SPACE: History, Promise, and Reality     Managing the U.S. Program: CENR and S-GCOS       International Cooperation: CEOS, EO-ICWG, and NOAA-EUMETSAT       Possible Future Arrangements       Conclusions       CONCLUDING THOUGHTS       BIBLIOGRAPHY       APPENDIXES    A   ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS    B   COMMITTEE MEMBER BIOGRAPHIES       CLOUD FEEDBACK IN THE CLIMATE SYSTEM Conway Leovy    D   ROLE OF THE THE OCEAN IN CLIMATE Dudley Chelton    E   GLOBAL BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES: THE ROLE OF THE OCEANS AS A SINK FOR ATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE Janet W. Campbell    F   SUSTAINABLE ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS Edward Kanemasu    G   SOLAR VARIABILITY AND ITS EFFECTS John Evans    H   USE OF SURFACE- AND SPACE-BASED OBSERVATIONS IN NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION William Bonner  

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EARTH OBSERVATIONS FROM SPACE: History, Promise, and Reality