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AHA News (February 19, 1990). Neurosurgeons highest paid among physicians.

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American Medical Association Division of Continuing Medical Education Continuing education opportunities for physicians.Journal of the American Medical Association 269:113–134, 1993.

Andersen, R.M., Lyttle, C.S., Kohrman, C.H., Levey, G.S., and Clements, M.M. National study of internal medicine manpower. XIX. Trends in internal medicine residency training programs. Annals of Internal Medicine 117:243–250, 1992.

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Training Physicians to Care for Older Americans: Progress, Obstacles, and Future Directions References Aging America Trends and Projections. U.S. Senate Committee on Aging, The American Association of Retired Persons, The Federal Council on the Aging, and the U.S. Administration on Aging, 1991. AHA News (February 19, 1990). Neurosurgeons highest paid among physicians. Alliance for Aging Research. The Issue. In Shortage of Health Care Professions Caring for the Elderly: Recommendations for Change. Select Committee on Aging, U.S. House of Representatives (102nd Congress). Committee Publication No. 102-915, December 1992. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993. American Medical Association Division of Continuing Medical Education Continuing education opportunities for Physicians. Journal of the American Medical Association 268:105–126, 1992. American Medical Association Division of Continuing Medical Education Continuing education opportunities for physicians.Journal of the American Medical Association 269:113–134, 1993. Andersen, R.M., Lyttle, C.S., Kohrman, C.H., Levey, G.S., and Clements, M.M. National study of internal medicine manpower. XIX. Trends in internal medicine residency training programs. Annals of Internal Medicine 117:243–250, 1992. Annual Health and Longevity Survey of the Alliance for Aging Research Conducted by Belden and Russorello Research and Communication. Washington, D.C., December 1992. Association of American Medical Colleges. 1988–89 AAMC Curriculum Directory, 17th ed. Washington, D.C., 1988. Association of American Medical Colleges. U.S. Medical School Faculty, 1992. Faculty Roster System. Washington, D.C., 1992. Association of American Medical Colleges. Jolly, P., and Hudley, D.M. eds. AAMC Data Book. statistical Information Related to Medical Education. Washington, D.C. January 1993.

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Training Physicians to Care for Older Americans: Progress, Obstacles, and Future Directions Kane, R.L., Beck, J.C., and Solomon, D.H. Physician manpower needs in geriatrics: projections and recommendations Prepared for the National Institute on Aging, Rockville, Md., March 1981a. Kane, R.L.,Solomon, D.H., Beck, J.C., Keeler, E., and Kane, R.A. The future need for geriatric manpower in the United States. In The Geriatric Imperative: An Introduction to Gerontology and Clinical Geriatrics. Somers, A.R., and Fabian, D.R. eds. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1981b. Kohrman, C.H., Lyttle, C.S., Andersen, R.M., and Levey, G.S. National study of internal medicine manpower. XIV. Patterns of residency and fellowship over time, 1987 update. Archives of Internal Medicine 149:2179–2185, 1989. Kohrman, C.H.,Lyttle, C., and Clements, M.M. Mentors, Mastery, and Technology: Training for Internal Medicine. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass (in press). Kowal, J. Meeting geriatric physician needs: problems facing current training activities. In Shortage of Health Care Professions Caring for the Elderly: Recommendations for Change. Select Committee on Aging, U.S. House of Representatives (102nd Congress). Committee Publication No. 102-915, December 1992. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993. Kravitz, R.L., Linn, L.S., and Shapiro, M.F. Physician satisfaction under the Ontario Health Insurance Plan. Medical Care 28:502–512, 1990. Landefeld, C.S. The spring meetings–are they dying? New England Journal of Medicine 328:1645–1647, 1993. Levinsky, N.G. Recruiting for primary care. New England Journal of Medicine 328:656–660, 1993. Lundberg, G.D. Caring for the underserved. Journal of the American Medical Association266:2079–2089, 1991. Lundberg, G.D. Solving the primary care crisis by retraining specialists to gain specified primary care competencies. Journal of the American Medical Association 270:388–381, 1993. Manton, K.G. Epidemiological, demographic, and social correlates of disability among the elderly. The Milbank Quarterly 67 (suppl. 2, pt. 1) 1:13–58, 1989. Nascher, I.L. The diseases of old age and their treatment. Geriatrics. Philadelphia, Pa.: Pete Blakiston and Son Co., 1914. National Institute on Aging. Personnel for Health Needs of the Elderly Through Year 2020.Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Administrative Document. Bethesda, Md.: National Institutes of Health, September 1987. Oates, J.A. Presidential address. Transactions of the Association of American Physicians, 95:78, 1982. O'Neil, E.H. Education as part of the health care solution. Journal of the American Medical Association 268:1146–1148, 1992. O'Neil, E.H. Health Professions Education For the Future: Schools and Service to the Nation. San Francisco: Pew Health Professions Commission, 1993. Pawlson, L.G. Reimbursement issues that adversely affect the supply of physician services for frail older persons. In Shortage of Health Care Professions Caring for the Elderly: Recommendations for Change. Select Committee on Aging, U.S. House of Representatives (102nd Congress). Committee Publication No. 102-915, December 1992. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993.

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Training Physicians to Care for Older Americans: Progress, Obstacles, and Future Directions Petersdorf, R.G. The Doctor's in. Washington, D.C.: Association of Medical Colleges, 1993. Physician Payment Review Commission. Reforming graduate medical education. In 1993 Annual Report to Congress. Washington D.C., 1993. Radecki, S.E., Kane, R.L., Solomon, D.H., et al. Do physicians spend less time with older patients? Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 36:713–718, 1988. Reuben, D.B. The adequacy of geriatrician supply. In Shortage of Health Care Professions Caring for the Elderly: Recommendations for Change. Select Committee on Aging, U.S. House of Representatives (102nd Congress). Committee Publication No. 102-915, December 1992. Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993. Reuben, D.B., and Robertson, J.B. The care of elderly patients by elderly physicians. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 35:623–628, 1987. Reuben, D.B., Bradley, T.B., Zwanziger, J., Hirsch, S.H., and Beck, J.C. Candidates for the certificate of added qualifications in geriatric medicine. Who, why and when? Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 38:483–488, 1990a. Reuben, D.B., Fink, A., Vivell, S., Hirsch, S.H., and Beck, J.C. Geriatrics in residency programs. Academic Medicine 65:382–387, 1990b. Reuben, D.B., Bradley, T.B., Zwanziger, J., Vivell, S., Fink, A., Hirsch, S.H., and Beck, J.C. Geriatrics faculty in the United States: Who are they and what are they doing? Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 39:799–805, 1991. Reuben, D.B., Bradley, T., Zwanziger, J., Fink, A.,Vivell, S., Hirsch, S.H, and Beck, J.C. The critical shortage of geriatrics faculty. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 41:560–569, 1993a. Reuben, D.B., Zwanziger, J., Bradley, T.B., Fink, A., Hirsch, S.H., Williams, A.P., Solomon, D.H., and Beck, J.C. How many physicians will be needed to provide medical care for older persons? Physician manpower needs for the twenty-first century. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 41:444–453, 1993b. Robbins, L.J. Mid-Career faculty development awards in geriatrics: Does retraining work? Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 41:570–571, 1993. Schneider, E.L., and Williams, T.F. Geriatrics and gerontology: Imperatives in education and training Annals of Internal Medicine 104(3):432–434, 1986. Schroeder, S.A. The troubled profession: Is medicine's glass half full or half empty? Annals of Internal Medicine 116:583–592, 1992. Siu, A.L., and Beck, J.C. Physician satisfaction with career choices in geriatrics. Gerontologist 30:529–534, 1990. Siu, A.L., Ke, G.Y., and Beck, J.C. Geriatric medicine in the United States. The current activities of former trainees. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 37:272–276, 1989. Small, G.W., Fong, K., and Beck, J.C. Training in geriatric psychiatry: Will the supply meet the demand? American Journal of Psychiatry 145:476–478, 1988. Steel, K., Norcini, J., Brnmmel-Smith,K., Erwin, D., and Markson, L. The first certifying examination in geriatric medicine. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 37:1188–1191, 1989.

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