• Survey the national, regional, and local situations and identify the activities and population groups at highest risk of lead exposure.

  • Raise public awareness, motivation, and knowledge of the sources and dangers of lead poisoning through educational campaigns that are both broadly directed and targeted to high-risk groups.

  • Encourage the adoption of lead-free technologies where possible.

  • Set stringent standards—for example, 0.1 mg/m3 of respirable lead-containing dust for workers and a ceiling of 40 µg/dl for blood lead levels in occupationally exposed workers—and ensure their enforcement.

  • Introduce hygienic work practices in high-risk work environments and make personal protectors available.

  • Monitor work environments and workers to identify exposed individuals and assess the effect of preventive and control measures.

  • Examine the health of lead-exposed workers periodically.

  • Educate workers about hygienic habits and other behaviors in lead-contaminated environments—for example, cigarette smoking—that may increase risk of lead ingestion or inhalation and poisoning.

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