Survey the national, regional, and local situations and identify the activities and population groups at highest risk of lead exposure.
Raise public awareness, motivation, and knowledge of the sources and dangers of lead poisoning through educational campaigns that are both broadly directed and targeted to high-risk groups.
Encourage the adoption of lead-free technologies where possible.
Set stringent standards—for example, 0.1 mg/m3 of respirable lead-containing dust for workers and a ceiling of 40 µg/dl for blood lead levels in occupationally exposed workers—and ensure their enforcement.
Introduce hygienic work practices in high-risk work environments and make personal protectors available.
Monitor work environments and workers to identify exposed individuals and assess the effect of preventive and control measures.
Examine the health of lead-exposed workers periodically.
Educate workers about hygienic habits and other behaviors in lead-contaminated environments—for example, cigarette smoking—that may increase risk of lead ingestion or inhalation and poisoning.