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Appendix B

Biographical Sketches of Members of the Committee on Military Nutrition Research

April 1, 1992–November 30, 1994



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Committee on Military Nutrition Research: Activity Report Appendix B Biographical Sketches of Members of the Committee on Military Nutrition Research April 1, 1992–November 30, 1994

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Committee on Military Nutrition Research: Activity Report This page in the original is blank.

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Committee on Military Nutrition Research: Activity Report Biographical Sketches of Members of the Committee on Military Nutrition Research1 ROBERT O. NESHEIM (Chair) was Vice President of Research and Development and later Science and Technology for the Quaker Oats Company. He retired in 1983 and was Vice President of Science and Technology and President of the Advanced HealthCare Division of Avadyne, Inc. before his retirement in 1992. During World War II, he served as a Captain in the U.S. Army. Dr. Nesheim has served on the Food and Nutrition Board, chairing the Committee on Food Consumption Patterns and serving as a member of several other committees. He also was active in the Biosciences Information Service as its Board Chairman, American Medical Association, American Institute of Nutrition, Institute of Food Technologists, and Food Reviews International editorial board. He is a fellow of the American Institute of Nutrition and American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of several professional organizations. Dr. Nesheim received a B.S. in Agriculture, M.S. in Animal Science, and Ph.D. in Nutrition and Animal Science from the University of Illinois. RICHARD L. ATKINSON is Professor of Internal Medicine, Department of Nutritional Science at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He was the Associate Chief of Staff for Research and Development at the Veterans' Affairs Medical Center in Hampton, Virginia. Concurrently, Dr. Atkinson was Professor of Internal Medicine and Chief of the Division of Clinical Nutrition 1   Unless footnoted, affiliations listed correspond to initial committee membership period.

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Committee on Military Nutrition Research: Activity Report at the Eastern Virginia Medical School in Norfolk, Virginia. He served 4 years in the military at Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington, D.C. and the U.S. Army Hospital in Fort Campbell, Kentucky. Dr. Atkinson is an editorial board member for the Journal of Nutrition, a medical advisory board member for Obesity Update, and a contributing editor for Nutrition Reviews. He is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Institute of Nutrition, and Endocrine Society; he is a fellow of the American College of Nutrition and American College of Physicians. Dr. Atkinson holds a B.A. from the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington and M.D. from the Medical College of Virginia in Richmond, where he served his internship. He then completed his residency at Harbor General Hospital in Torrance, California. WILLIAM R. BEISEL is Adjunct Professor in the Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases at the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health. He held several positions at the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick, Maryland, including in turn, Chief of the Physical Sciences Division, Scientific Advisor, and Deputy for Science. He then became Special Assistant for Biotechnology to the Surgeon General. After serving in the U.S. military during the Korean War, Dr. Beisel was the Chief of Medicine at the U.S. Army Hospital in Ft. Leonard Wood, Missouri, before becoming the Chief of the Department of Metabolism at the Walter Reed Army Hospital. He was awarded a Commendation Ribbon, Bronze Star for the Korean War, Hoff Gold Medal at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, B. L. Cohen Award of the American Society for Microbiology, and Department of Army Decoration for Exceptional Civilian Service. He was named a diplomate of the American Board of Internal Medicine and a fellow of the American College of Physicians. In addition to his many professional memberships, Dr. Beisel is a Clinical Nutrition contributing editor and Journal of Nutritional Immunology editor. He received his A.B. from Muhlenberg College in Allentown, Pennsylvania, and M.D. from the Indiana University School of Medicine. GAIL E. BUTTERFIELD is Director of Nutrition Studies at the Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center of the Palo Alto Veterans Administration Medical Center in California. Concurrently, she is Lecturer in the Department of Medicine, Stanford University Medical School, and Visiting Assistant Professor in the Department of Human Biology, Stanford University. Her previous academic appointments were at the University of California-Berkeley. Dr. Butterfield belongs to the American Institute of Nutrition, American Dietetic Association, and American Physiological Society. As a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine, she serves on the Position

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Committee on Military Nutrition Research: Activity Report Stands Committee and the editorial board for Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. She also was the Past President and Executive Director of the Southwest Chapter of that organization and an Ad Hoc Member for the Respiratory and Applied Physiology Study Section of the National Institutes of Health. Dr. Butterfield received her A.B. in Biological Sciences, M.A. in Anatomy, and M.S. and Ph.D. in Nutrition from the University of California-Berkeley. JOHN D. FERNSTROM is Professor of Psychiatry, Pharmacology, and Behavioral Neuroscience at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, and Director, Basic Neuroendocrinology Program at the Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic. He received his S.B. in Biology and his Ph.D. in Nutritional Biochemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (M.I.T.). He was a Post-doctoral Fellow in Neuroendocrinology at the Roche Institute for Molecular Biology in Nutley, New Jersey. Before coming to the University of Pittsburgh, Dr. Fernstrom was an Assistant and then Associate Professor in the Department of Nutrition and Food Science at M.I.T. He has served on numerous governmental advisory committees. He presently is a member of the National Advisory Council of the Monell Chemical Senses Center and is chairman of the Neurosciences Section of the American Institute of Nutrition. He is a member of numerous professional societies, including the American Institute of Nutrition, the American Society for Clinical Nutrition, the American Physiological Society, the American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, the American Society for Neurochemistry, the Society for Neuroscience, and the Endocrine Society. Among other awards, Dr. Fernstrom received the Mead-Johnson Award of the American Institute of Nutrition, a Research Scientist Award from the National Institute of Mental Health, a Wellcome Visiting Professorship in the Basic Medical Sciences, and an Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship in Neurochemistry. His current major research interest concerns the influence of the diet and drugs on the synthesis of neurotransmitters in the central and peripheral nervous systems. JOEL A. GRINKER is Professor of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases at the School of Public Health, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor. She is a member of the university's Center for Human Growth and Development and served as Director of the Program in Human Nutrition. She was Visiting Scientist at the USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University in Boston and Visiting Associate Professor at the Lavaratoire de Neurophysiologie Sensorielle et Comportementale, College de France, Paris. Currently, she is a reviewer for the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, and National Science Foundation and for several professional journals. She serves on the editorial boards for Appetite, Journal

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Committee on Military Nutrition Research: Activity Report of Eating Disorders, and Psychosomatic Medicine. She is a fellow of the American Psychological Association, American Association for the Advancement of Science, and New York Academy of Sciences and is a member of several professional societies. Dr. Grinker holds a B.A. in Psychology from Wellesley College in Massachusetts and Ph.D. in Experimental Social Psychology from New York University. At Rockefeller University, she was a Russell Sage Post-doctoral Fellow in the Laboratory of Human Behavior and Metabolism of Dr. Jules Hirsch and then Assistant and Associate Professor. EDWARD S. HORTON is Chief of the Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism at Deaconess Hospital and Medical Director for the Joslin Diabetes Center in Boston. Formerly, he was Director of Endocrinology and Metabolism and then Chair of the Department of Medicine and Chief of the Medical Service at the University of Vermont College of Medicine in Burlington. He is a graduate of Harvard Medical School and received his training in Internal Medicine and Endocrinology and Metabolism at Duke University. Dr. Horton is the recipient of several awards and distinctions, including the Banting Medal for Distinguished Service awarded by the American Diabetes Association and the American Society for Clinical Nutrition 's Robert H. Herman Award. He is Past President of the American Diabetes Association and of the American Society for Clinical Nutrition. He also served as the Associate Editor of Diabetes Care and as Chair of the National Diabetes Advisory Board. Dr. Horton's major research has involved studies of the regulation of energy expenditure in humans, the interrelationships between obesity and diabetes mellitus and the mechanisms of insulin resistance in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. He is, particularly, interested in the effects of exercise and physical conditioning on insulin sensitivity and the regulation of glucose transport and metabolism in skeletal muscle. G. RICHARD JANSEN is a Professor Emeritus in the Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition at Colorado State University, where he was head of the department from 1969–1990. He was a Research Fellow at the Merck Institute for Therapeutic Research and Senior Research Biochemist in the Electrochemical Department at E. I. DuPont de Nemours. Prior to his stint in private industry, he served in the U.S. Air Force. Dr. Jansen is a past member of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Human Nutrition Board of Scientific Counselors and the Journal of Nutrition, Nutrition Reports International, and Plant Foods for Human Nutrition editorial boards. His research interests deal with protein energy relationships during lactation and new foods for LDCs based on low-cost extrusion cooking. He received the

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Committee on Military Nutrition Research: Activity Report Babcock-Hart Award of the Institute of Food Technologists and a Certificate of Merit from the USDA's Office of International Cooperation and Development for his work on low-cost extrusion cooking, and he is an IFT Fellow. He is a member of the American Institute of Nutrition, Institute of Food Technologists, and American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology among others. Dr. Jansen holds a B.A. in Chemistry and Ph.D. in Biochemistry from Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. ORVILLE A. LEVANDER is Research Leader for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Vitamin and Mineral Nutrition Laboratory in Beltsville, Maryland. He was Research Chemist at the USDA's Human Nutrition Research Center, Resident Fellow in Biochemistry at Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons, and Research Associate at Harvard University 's School of Public Health. Dr. Levander served on the Food and Nutrition Board's Committee on the Dietary Allowances. He also served on the National Research Council's Committee on Animal Nutrition and Committee on the Biological Effects of Environmental Pollutants. He was a member of the U.S. National Committee for the International Union of Nutrition Scientists and temporary advisor to the World Health Organization 's Environmental Health Criteria Document on Selenium. Dr. Levander was awarded the Osborne and Mendel Award for the American Institute of Nutrition. His society memberships include the American Institute of Nutrition, American Chemical Society, and American Society for Clinical Nutrition. Dr. Levander received his B.A. from Cornell University and his M.S. and Ph.D. in Biochemistry from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. GILBERT A. LEVEILLE is Vice President for Research and Technical Services at the Nabisco Foods Group in East Hanover, New Jersey. His other industry experience was as the Director of Nutrition and Health Science for the General Foods Corporation. He was Chair and Professor of Food Science and Human Nutrition at Michigan State University, Professor of Nutritional Biochemistry at the University of Illinois-Urbana, and a Biochemist at the U.S. Army Medical Research and Nutrition Laboratory in Colorado. Dr. Leveille is a current member on the Committee on International Nutrition, a joint Food and Nutrition Board-Board on International Health project. He won a Research Award from the Poultry Science Association, the Mead Johnson Research Award from the American Institute of Nutrition, the Distinguished Faculty Award from Michigan State University, and the Carl R. Fellers Award from the Institute of Food Technologists. He is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Institute of Nutrition (Past President), American Society for Clinical Nutrition, American Chemical Society, Institute of Food Technologists (Past President), and Sigma Xi. Dr.

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Committee on Military Nutrition Research: Activity Report Leveille received his B.V.A. from the University of Massachusetts and M.S. and Ph.D. in Nutrition and Biochemistry from Rutgers University, New Jersey. JOHN MILNER is Professor and Head of the Nutrition Department at the Pennsylvania State University at University Park since 1989. He has a Ph.D. in Nutrition from Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. Dr. Milner has a broad background in both fundamental and applied nutrition. His own research deals with the role of the diet as a modifier of cancer risk. JAMES G. PENLAND is a Research Psychologist at the Agriculture Research Services (ARS) Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), in Grand Forks, North Dakota. Concurrently, he is an Adjunct Professor and Instructor in the Department of Psychology at the University of North Dakota at Grand Forks. He serves on several USDA committees, including the “Just Say No” Anti-Drug Program for which he is the Regional Coordinator for the Eastern North Dakota Area. Dr. Penland is a member of the American Institute of Nutrition, American Psychological Association, American Statistical Association, Midwestern Psychological Association, North Dakota Academy of Science, and Sigma Xi. He is a reviewer for the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition and Journal of Trace Elements and Experimental Medicine; for the USDA, he is a CRIS project reviewer for the ARS and a technical consultant for the ARS Western Human Nutrition Research Center. Dr. Penland received a Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology and an M.A. in General-Experimental Psychology from the University of North Dakota and a B.A. in Psychology from the Metropolitan State College of Denver. JOHN E. VANDERVEEN is the Director of the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Office of Plant and Dairy Foods and Beverages in Washington, D.C. His previous position at the FDA was Director of the Division of Nutrition, at the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. He also served in various capacities at the United States Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine at Brooks Air Force Base, Texas. He has received accolades for service from the FDA and the USAF. Dr. Vanderveen is a member of the American Society for Clinical Nutrition, American Institute of Nutrition, Aerospace Medical Association, American Dairy Science Association, Institute of Food Technologists, and American Chemical Society. In the past, he was the Treasurer of the American Society of Clinical Nutrition and a member of the Institute of Food Technology, National Academy of Science Advisory Committee. Dr. Vanderveen holds a B.S. in Agriculture from Rutgers University, New Jersey and a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of New Hampshire.

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Committee on Military Nutrition Research: Activity Report ALLISON A. YATES is Dean of the College of Health and Human Sciences at the University of Southern Mississippi and Professor of Foods and Nutrition. She is currently on leave as Dean to serve as Director of the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine in Washington, D.C. She has a Ph.D. in Nutrition from the University of California at Berkeley, and an M.S. in Public Health from UCLA, and is a registered dietitian. Her areas of expertise are in food habits, diet composition, and protein and energy interrelationships. JOHANNA T. DWYER (FNB Liaison) is the Director of the Frances Stern Nutrition Center at New England Medical Center, Professor of Medicine and Community Health at the Tufts University School of Medicine, and Professor of Nutrition at Tufts University School of Nutrition in Boston. She is also Senior Scientist at the Jean Mayer/USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts. Dr. Dwyer is the author or coauthor of more than 80 research articles and 175 review articles published in scientific journals. Her work centers on life-cycle related concerns such as the prevention of diet-related disease in children and adolescents and maximization of quality of life and health in the elderly. She also has a longstanding interest in vegetarian and other alternative lifestyles. Dr. Dwyer is the President of the American Institute of Nutrition, past Secretary of the American Society for Clinical Nutrition, and past President and current Fellow of the Society for Nutrition Education. She served on the Program Development Board of the American Public Health Association from 1989 to 1992 and is a member of the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Sciences, the Technical Advisory Committee of the Nutrition Screening Initiative, and the Board of Advisors for the American Institute of Wine and Food. As the Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy Fellow (1980–1981), she served on the personal staffs of Senator Richard Lugar (R-Indiana) and the Hon. Barbara Mikulski (D-Maryland). Dr. Dwyer has received numerous honors and awards for her work in the field of nutrition, including the J. Harvey Wiley Award from the Society for Nutrition Education. She was invited to give the Lenna Frances Cooper Lecture at the annual meeting of the American Dietetic Association in 1990. Dr. Dwyer is currently on the Editorial Advisory Board for Clinics in Applied Nutrition and is a Contributing Editor for Nutrition Reviews as well as a reviewer for the Journal of the American Dietetic Association and the American Journal of Public Health. She received her D.Sc. and M.Sc. from the Harvard School of Public Health, an M.S. from the University of Wisconsin, and completed her undergraduate degree with distinction from Cornell University.

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Committee on Military Nutrition Research: Activity Report BERNADETTE M. MARRIOTT (FNB Staff, Program Director) is Program Director for the Committee on Military Nutrition Research and Deputy Director, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. She has a Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of Aberdeen, Scotland, and B.Sc. in Biochemistry/Immunology and post doctoral laboratory training in comparative medicine and trace mineral nutrition. She serves on the Scientific Advisory board for the Diagon Corporation and the American Health Foundation. She serves as scientific reviewer for the National Institues of Health, National Science Foundation and National Geographic. Prior to joining the Institute of Medicine staff, she held university and medical school faculty positions at Johns Hopkins University and the University of Puerto Rico Schools of Medicine, and Goucher College. Her areas of research interest include bioenergetic modeling, trace mineral nutrition, and ingestive behavior in human and nonhuman primates.