1. Chemistry of material for photonics: Photonic materials represent a route to new levels of secure, broad-band communications, a prime Navy need. The chemistry of the preparation of these materials and devices is a field of the highest importance.

  2. Biomolecular chemistry: Biomolecular chemistry is advancing rapidly across a broad front. Beyond contributing to the more evident medical benefits, learning the methods employed by nature to prepare materials will allow much more precise control of structures and provide new sources of materials with outstanding properties.

  3. The biological-electronic interface: Information processing is a field that has progressed rapidly in recent years. Two distinct areas, biological and electronic information, have surged ahead, largely independent of one another. Important research in the near future will involve the interface of biological and electronic information processing, where abundant opportunities exist for understanding fundamentals and for engineering the interface to the benefit of society. The strongly chemical character of biological information processing mechanisms and circuit elements makes clear the importance of chemistry in this multidisciplinary field.

  4. Generation and storage of energy: The chemical generation and storage of energy is an area in which progress is rapid at this time, largely in response to government mandates to the automobile industry. The Navy should benefit greatly from this activity and should support necessary basic understanding of the chemistry involved.

  5. The environment: The Navy now faces a wide variety of environmental obstacles to economical and convenient fleet operation. Most of these problems are basically chemical in character, and understanding of the fundamentals will point the way to their solutions.

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