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Stability, Failure, and Measurements of Boreholes and Other Circular Openings Stability, Failure, and Measurements of Boreholes and Other Circular Openings U.S. National Committee for Rock Mechanics Geotechnical Board Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. 1993
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Stability, Failure, and Measurements of Boreholes and Other Circular Openings NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the panel responsible for this report were chosen for their special expertise and with regard for appropriate balance between government, industry, and academia. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. On the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Frank Press is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Robert M. White is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of the appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an advisor to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Frank Press and Dr. Robert M. White are chairman and vice-chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. SPONSORS: This project was sponsored by the following agencies: Defense Nuclear Agency, Department of the Air Force (Air Force Office of Scientific Research), Department of the Army (Army Corps of Engineers), Department of Energy (Office of Energy Research and Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management), Department of the Interior (Bureau of Mines and Bureau of Reclamation), Department of Transportation (Urban Mass Transportation Administration), National Science Foundation, and Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Copies are available from the Geotechnical Board, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20418. Copyright 1993 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
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Stability, Failure, and Measurements of Boreholes and Other Circular Openings PANEL ON BOREHOLE STABILITY MEMBERS Jean-Claude Roegiers, Chairman, The University of Oklahoma, Norman Ernest L. Corp, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Spokane, Washington Neville G. W. Cook, University of California, Berkeley Alain Guenot, Elf-Aquitaine NORGE A/S, Stavanger, Norway John D. McLennan, Terra Tek Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah Frederick L. Paillet, U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, Colorado Ioannis Vardoulakis, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis STAFF Peter H. Smeallie, Geotechnical Board Director Riley M. Chung, Former Director, Division of Natural Hazard Mitigation Lynne F. Cramer, Former Sr. Staff Officer Virginia M. Lyman, Former Staff Assistant Jennifer T. Estep, Administrative Assistant
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Stability, Failure, and Measurements of Boreholes and Other Circular Openings 1990 U.S. NATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR ROCK MECHANICS MEMBERS Wolfgang R. Wawersik, Chairman, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico Bernard Amadei, University of Colorado, Boulder William G. Austin, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Denver, Colorado Barry H.G. Brady, Dowell Schlumberger, Tulsa, Oklahoma Jane C.S. Long, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California Arthur McGarr, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California James E. Monsees, Metrorail Transit Consultants, Los Angeles, California Jean-Claude Roegiers, The University of Oklahoma, Norman Miklos G. Salamon, Colorado School of Mines, Golden Lewis V. Wade, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minneapolis, Minnesota STAFF Peter H. Smeallie, Director Jennifer T. Estep, Administrative Assistant
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Stability, Failure, and Measurements of Boreholes and Other Circular Openings 1990 GEOTECHNICAL BOARD MEMBERS James K. Mitchell, Chairman, University of California, Berkeley J. Michael Duncan, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg James P. Gould, Partner, Mueser, Rutledge Consulting Engineers, New York François E. Heuzé, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California Philip E. LaMoreaux, P.E. LaMoreaux and Associates, Inc., Tuscaloosa, Alabama Thomas D. O'Rourke, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York John Ramage, CH2M Hill, Milwaukee, Wisconsin Jean-Claude Roegiers, The University of Oklahoma, Norman Kenneth H. Stokoe II, University of Texas at Austin Wilson H. Tang, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Paul Y. Thompson, University of Florida, Gainesville STAFF Peter H. Smeallie, Director Jennifer T. Estep, Administrative Assistant
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