beyond the scope of this report. The committee therefore proposes some general approaches to these problems.
There must be a balance between support for individual investigators and support for major research facilities. If the productivity of the scientific enterprise is to be maximized, support for individual investigator research should continue to receive high priority in the competition for resources.
Some of the expertise for research leading to improved FELs is located at Department of Energy laboratories and in university research programs outside those funded by the DOE's Office of Basic Energy Sciences. The results of this research will have benefits that extend beyond FEL development to the larger accelerator community. It is therefore important that this research be coordinated with and jointly funded by programs both within and outside the DOE's Office of Basic Energy Sciences. The committee recommends that such coordination be addressed by a task force, along the lines of the task force on accelerator science and technology recently formed by the DOE Director of Energy Research.
Since improvements in accelerators benefit a wide range of programs, it may be desirable to invent new processes for funding and management within or among funding agency organizations.
In addition to scientific research, there are potential industrial, defense, and medical applications of FELs. The committee recommends that the Department of Energy, other federal agencies, and the private sector explore coordination of funding for FEL development.
Existing synchrotron facilities and their host institutions should use some of their discretionary research funds to support the next phase of FEL research.
Before a commitment is made for the construction of a short-wavelength FEL facility, existing facilities should be examined to determine if any older facilities should be discontinued. This examination should consider not only the costs of constructing a new facility but also the costs of operating the new facility.