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SHIPBOARD POLLUTION CONTROL: U.S. Navy Compliance With MARPOL Annex V References Alig, Craig S. 1995. Plasma Arc Pyrolysis of Shipboard Waste—Advanced Technology Demonstration . Presentation to the Committee on Shipboard Pollution Control on April 11. Annex V of MARPOL 73/78. Fundamental restrictions laid out by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in Annex V of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (1973) and its 1978 Protocol, together known as MARPOL 73/78. The U.S. Congress ratified Annex in 1987. Bartelda, H. 1983. Submission to Permitting Authorities of Data in Lieu of Trial Burn Results for Future Incinerator Ships, Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research (TNO) Report 83-09409, Delft, The Netherlands . Chapman, C. 1994. Battelle's Response to Waste Problems: Waste Vitrification Products, Document #TV-NAV.DOC, December 16, Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories, Richland, Washington. DiCristofaro, D.C., and Hanna, S.R. 1989. OCD—The Offshore and Coastal Dispersion Model, Volume I: User's Guide, Minerals Management Service Contract No. 14-120001-30396, Herndon, Virginia. Drake, J., Gill, S., and Bayer, K. 1994. Technical Evaluation (TECHEVAL) Test Report for the Large Pulper Installed Onboard the USS George Washington (CVN 73), Report TM-63-94/4.26, Naval Surface Warfare Center, Carderock Division, Bethesda, Maryland. Evans, S. (CAPT, USN). 1994. Shipboard Solid Waste Overview—Navy Warships, Current Technology and Design Constraints, Environmental Engineering Group (SEA 03V), Naval Sea Systems Command. Presentation to Shipboard Pollution Control Committee on December 20. Hanna, S.R. 1993. Uncertainties in air quality model predictions, Boundary Layer Meteorology, V. 62, 3-20. Hanna, S.R., Shulman, L.L., Paine, R.J., Pleim, J.N., and Baer, M. 1985. Development and Evaluation of the Offshore and Dispersion (OCD) Model , J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc., 35, 1039-1047. Hoffmann, M.R., Martin, S.T., Choi, W., and Bahnemann, D.W. 1995. Environmental applications of semiconductor photocatalysis, Chem. Rev., 95, 69-96. Hua, I., and Hoffmann, M.R. 1996. The kinetics and mechanism of the sonolytic degradation of CCl4 in aqueous solution: reaction intermediates and by-products, Environ. Sci. Technol., in press. Hua, I., Höchemer, R.H., and Hoffmann, M.R. 1995. The sonolytic hydrolysis of p-nitrophenylacetate: the role of supercritical water, J. Phys. Chem., 99, 2335-2342. Klinowski, P.R. 1989. Ultrafiltration: an engineering unit-operation, Chem. Eng., 96 : 165-173. Kotrounarou, A., Mills, G., and Hoffmann, M.R. 1991. Ultrasonic irradiation of p-nitrophenol in aqueous solutions, J. Phys. Chem., 95, 3630-3638. Kotrounarou, A., Mills, G., and Hoffmann, M.R. 1992a. Decomposition of parathion in aqueous solutions by ultrasonic irradiation , Environ. Sci. Technol., 26, 1460-1462and 2460-2428. Kotrounarou, A., Mills, G., and Hoffmann, M.R. 1992b. Ultrasonic irradiation of hydrogen sulfide in aqueous solutions, Environ. Sci. Technol., 26, 2420-2428. Manzi, D. 1994. Shipboard-Generated Solid Waste Analysis, CARDIVNSWC-TR-63-CR-92/10, Naval Surface Warfare Center, Carderock Division, Bethesda, Maryland, February. Mills, A., Davies, R.H., and Worsley, D. 1993. Water-purification by semiconductor photocatalysis, Chem. Soc. Rev., 22, 417-425. Modell, M. 1989. In: Standards Handbook of Hazardous Waste Treatment and Disposal, H.M. Freeman (Ed.), McGraw Hill, New York, 8.153-8.168.
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SHIPBOARD POLLUTION CONTROL: U.S. Navy Compliance With MARPOL Annex V National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). 1994. Determinination of Offgassed Products and Thermogravimetric Analysis of Plastics, Test Report Number 93-27940 through 93-27948, NASA White Sands Test Facility, White Sands, New Mexico, April 29. National Research Council (NRC). 1977. Materials of Construction for Shipboard Waste Incinerators, Materials Advisory Board, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., p. 40 . National Research Council (NRC). 1993. Alternative Technologies for the Destruction of Chemical Agents and Munitions, “Processes at Medium and High Temperatures,” Board on Army Science and Technology, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. National Research Council (NRC). 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans, Marine Board, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., p. 150 . Ollis, D.F. , and Al-Ekabi, H. (Eds.) 1993. Photocatalytic Purification and Treatment of Water and Air, Elsevier, Amsterdam. Peters, W.A., Griffith, P., Harris, J.G., Herzog, H.J., Howard, J.B., Latanision, R.M., Smith, K.A., and Tester, J.W. 1994. Supercritical water oxidation for waste cleanup: enabling research for practical applications, Proceedings of the First International Conference on Solvo-Thermo Reactions, Takamatsu, Japan, pp. 1-6 . Rouhi, M. 1995. Chem. & Eng. News , 73, 22-23 . Schadow, K. 1995. Compact Incinerator . Presentation to Committee on Shipboard Pollution Control, Washington, D.C., April 11. Schultz, J.P., and Upton, W.K. III. 1988. Solid Waste Generation Survey Aboard USS O'Bannon (DD 987), DTRC/SME-87/92 , Naval Surface Warfare Center, Carderock Division, Bethesda, Maryland, February. Schwinkendorf, W.E., McFee, J., Devarakonda, M., Nenninger, L.L., Fadullon, F.S., Donaldson, T.L., and Dickerson, K. 1995. Alternatives to Incineration Technical Area Status Report, Report No. DOE/MWIP-26, prepared for the Mixed Waste Integrated Program, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Technology Development, by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, April. Shanableh, A., and Gloyna, E.F. 1991. Supercritical water oxidation wastewaters and sludges, Water Sci. Technol., 23 (1-3), 389 . Speer, P. 1995. Ship Solid Waste Study, Interim Results II, briefing viewgraphs, Center for Naval Analyses, Alexandria, Virginia, May. Surma, J. 1995. Vitrification of Wastes . Presentation to Committee on Shipboard Pollution Control, Washington, D.C., April 11. Swanson, R.L., Young, R.R., and Ross, S.S. 1955. An Analysis of Proposed Shipborne Waste Handling Practices Aboard United States Naval Vessels . Unpublished manuscript submitted to the Marine Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. Tester, J.W., Holgate, H.R., Armellini, F.J., Webley, P.A., Killilea, W.R., Hong, G.T., and Barner, H.E. 1993. Supercritical water oxidation technology: a review of process development and fundamental research, in Emerging Technologies for Hazardous Waste Management III, D.W. Tedder and F.G. Pohland (Eds.), American Chemical Society Symposium Series, 518, Ch. 3, American Chemical Society, Washington D.C. U.S. Coast Guard (USCG). 1994. Vessel Environmental Compliance Program Plan, Chief, Office of Engineering, Logistics, and Development, USCG, February 1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 1993. The Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation Program Annual Report to Congress 1992, Report No. EPA 540/R-93/525, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Office of Research and Development, Washington, D.C., October. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 1994. Federal Register (59 FR 49228), September 20. U.S. Navy. 1993. U.S. Navy Shipboard Solid and Plastics Waste Management Program Plan , NAVSEA, April.
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SHIPBOARD POLLUTION CONTROL: U.S. Navy Compliance With MARPOL Annex V U.S. Navy. 1994. Commander, Submarines, U.S. Pacific Letter 45A1/051055, October 20, included as Appendix D of NSSN Waste Management Study, Phase I, Newport News Shipbuilding Co., Nov. 1994. Report dated September 28. Weres, O., and Hoffmann, M.R. 1994. Electrochemical process and device for generating hydroxyl free radicals and oxidizing chemical substances dissolved in water, United States Patent Number: 5,364,508. November 15.
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