and as a keystone technology for waste management systems to serve the Navy for decades to come. This implies acquisition, testing, installation, and operation under conditions typical of Navy missions. Both installation of new incinerators and modernization of existing incinerators are recommended. To be meaningful in the year 2000 time frame, these matters must be considered in parallel rather than sequentially. Commercial equipment exists in a range of sizes, and use in the marine environment has been demonstrated. Incineration research and development should be encouraged and supported.
Advanced Systems: It is recommended that the Navy continue its program of research into advanced waste destruction technologies that may eventually augment or supercede incineration as the principal shipboard reduction technology. At this time, there is no single candidate recommended for development. Encouragement and support of commercial technology development are recommended. Further development of technologies for liquid waste management is recommended in connection with an integrated system to handle all waste streams.
Shipboard Discharge and Emission Characterization: It is recommended that the Navy continue and enhance investigations (including measurement, monitoring, and modeling) of the human health and environmental effects of materials discharged and emitted from ships in connection with waste management.
Submarines: Existing source reduction programs are endorsed and recommended for the entire submarine fleet. Development of sealed storage containers for compacted trash, especially food-contaminated trash, should be carried through. Installation of garbage disposals (i.e., devices used to grind up food) fleetwide is recommended.