options, materials, and interior air conditioning and lighting systems based on their costs and performance; (3) databases giving information on building materials properties, building design performance, and equipment requirements; and (4) generic technologies for improving the greenness of buildings.

Recommendations

The Board recommends that BFRL

  • Lead a NIST-wide green buildings initiative that incorporates expertise from across NIST's other laboratories. BFRL should guide the formation of an interlaboratory team in which the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory contributes to characterizing properties of special materials, the Computing and Applied Mathematics Laboratory shares in developing models and software for predicting economic and design performance, and the Chemical Science and Technology Laboratory provides input for pollution evaluation.

  • Alert industrial partners of the opportunities to participate in NIST's green buildings technology research and development.

MATHEMATICS-BASED MANUFACTURING
Findings and Conclusions
  • The increasing number of research results attesting to the potential for the use of computer-generated space (virtual reality) to revolutionize design and manufacturing (John A. Adam, “Virtual Reality Is for Real, ” IEEE Spectrum, October 1993, pp. 22-29) underscores the Board's emphasis in its fiscal year 1992 assessment (p. 3) on the utility of mathematics-based manufacturing using computer simulation and modeling.

  • NIST has much to offer in support of the emerging mathematics-based modeling and simulation technology. NIST has the expertise and mission to develop and provide infrastructure services such as standards, databases, sensors, metrology, and generic technology. NIST's potential for contributing to the generation and dissemination of computer-generated-space technology is similar to NIST's proven initial potential for developing and disseminating automation technology.

  • The construction industry is a prime candidate for introducing mathematics-based modeling and simulation in the design and construction of buildings and structures.



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