References

Block, G. 1993. Antioxidant intake in the U.S. Pp 295–302 in Antioxidants: Chemical, Physiological, Nutritional and Toxicological Aspects, G. M. Williams, ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Scientific Publishing Co., Inc.

COMA (Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy). 1991. Dietary Reference Values for Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom. Report of the Panel on Dietary Reference Values of the Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy. Department of Health, Report on Health and Social Subjects, No. 41. London: HMSO.

Cruikshank, E. W. H. 1946. Dietary standards and dietary planning. Pp. 215–240 in Food and Nutrition: The Physiological Bases of Human Nutrition. Edinburgh: Livingston.

DHHS (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). 1988. The Surgeon General's Report on Nutrition and Health. DHHS (PHS) Publ. No. 88-50210. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). 1988. Requirements of Vitamin A, Iron, Folate, and Vitamin B12. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation, FAO Food and Nutrition Series No. 23. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization.

Halliwell, B. 1993. Chemistry of Free Radicals. Pp. 1–21 in Antioxidants: Chemical, Physiological, Nutritional and Toxicological Aspects, G. M. Williams, ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Scientific Publishing Co., Inc.

Harper, A. E. 1987. Evolution of Recommended Dietary Allowances—New directions? Ann. Rev. Nutr. 7:509–537.

Health and Welfare, Canada. 1983. Recommended Nutrient Intakes for Canadians. Compiled by the Committee for the Revision of the Dietary Standard for Canada. Bureau of Nutritional Sciences, Food Directorate, Health Protection Branch, Department of National Health and Welfare. Ottawa: Canadian Government Publishing Centre.



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HOW SHOULD THE RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCES BE REVISED? References Block, G. 1993. Antioxidant intake in the U.S. Pp 295–302 in Antioxidants: Chemical, Physiological, Nutritional and Toxicological Aspects, G. M. Williams, ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Scientific Publishing Co., Inc. COMA (Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy). 1991. Dietary Reference Values for Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom. Report of the Panel on Dietary Reference Values of the Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy. Department of Health, Report on Health and Social Subjects, No. 41. London: HMSO. Cruikshank, E. W. H. 1946. Dietary standards and dietary planning. Pp. 215–240 in Food and Nutrition: The Physiological Bases of Human Nutrition. Edinburgh: Livingston. DHHS (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). 1988. The Surgeon General's Report on Nutrition and Health. DHHS (PHS) Publ. No. 88-50210. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). 1988. Requirements of Vitamin A, Iron, Folate, and Vitamin B12. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation, FAO Food and Nutrition Series No. 23. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization. Halliwell, B. 1993. Chemistry of Free Radicals. Pp. 1–21 in Antioxidants: Chemical, Physiological, Nutritional and Toxicological Aspects, G. M. Williams, ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Scientific Publishing Co., Inc. Harper, A. E. 1987. Evolution of Recommended Dietary Allowances—New directions? Ann. Rev. Nutr. 7:509–537. Health and Welfare, Canada. 1983. Recommended Nutrient Intakes for Canadians. Compiled by the Committee for the Revision of the Dietary Standard for Canada. Bureau of Nutritional Sciences, Food Directorate, Health Protection Branch, Department of National Health and Welfare. Ottawa: Canadian Government Publishing Centre.

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HOW SHOULD THE RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCES BE REVISED? Hegsted, D. M. 1993. Nutrition standards for today. Nutrition Today (March/April) 34–36. Lachance, P. A., and L. Langseth, eds. 1993. Proceedings of the Rutgers Workshop on the Future of the Recommended Dietary Allowances. New Brunswick, N.J.: Cook College Continuing Education. Lauer, B. H. and D. C. Kirkpatrick. 1993. Antioxidants: The Canadian perspective. Pp 373–382 in Antioxidants: Chemical, Physiological, Nutritional and Toxicological Aspects, G. M. Williams, ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Scientific Publishing Co., Inc. Leitch, I. 1942. The evolution of dietary standards. Nutr. Abstr. Rev. 11:509-521. Levine, M., et al. 1991. Ascorbic acid and in situ kinetics: A new approach to vitamin requirements Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 54:1157S–1162S. Machlin, L. J. 1993. Implications for the biomedical field. Pp 383–387 in Antioxidants: Chemical, Physiological, Nutritional and Toxicological Aspects, G. M. Williams, ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Scientific Publishing Co., Inc. McCord, J. M., and B. A. Omar. 1993. Sources of free radicals. Pp. 23–37 in Antioxidants: Chemical, Physiological, Nutritional and Toxicological Aspects, G. M. Williams, ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Scientific Publishing Co., Inc. NRC (National Research Council). 1941. Recommended Dietary Allowances. Washington, D.C.: National Research Council. NRC (National Research Council). 1948. Recommended Dietary Allowances, Revised 1948. Reprint and Circular Series, No. 129. Washington, D.C.: National Research Council. NRC (National Research Council). 1953. Recommended Dietary Allowances, Revised 1953. A Report of the Food and Nutrition Board, Publication 302. Washington, D.C.: National Research Council. NRC (National Research Council). 1958. Recommended Dietary Allowances, Revised 1958. A Report of the Food and Nutrition Board, Publication 589. Washington, D.C.: National Research Council. NRC (National Research Council). 1964. Recommended Dietary Allowances, Sixth Revised Edition. A Report of the Food and Nutrition Board, Publication 1146. Washington, D.C.: National Research Council. NRC (National Research Council). 1968. Recommended Dietary Allowances, Seventh Edition, 1968. A Report of the Food and Nutrition Board, Publication 1694. Washington, D.C.: National Research Council. NRC (National Research Council). 1974. Recommended Dietary Allowances, Eighth Revised Edition, 1974. Report of the Committee on Dietary Allowances and Committee on Interpretation of the Recommended Dietary Allowances. Washington, D.C.: National Research Council. NRC (National Research Council). 1980. Recommended Dietary Allowances, Ninth Edition. Report of the Committee on Dietary Allowances, Food and Nutrition Board. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC (National Research Council). 1989a. Diet and Health: Implications for Reducing Chronic Disease Risk. Report of the Committee on Diet and Health, Food and Nutrition Board Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

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HOW SHOULD THE RECOMMENDED DIETARY ALLOWANCES BE REVISED? NRC (National Research Council). 1989b. Recommended Dietary Allowances, 10th Edition. A Report of the Subcommittee on the Tenth Edition of the RDAs, Food and Nutrition Board. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Porter, W. L. 1993. Paradoxical behavior of antioxidants in food and biological systems Pp 93–122 in Antioxidants: Chemical, Physiological, Nutritional and Toxicological Aspects, G. M. Williams, ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Scientific Publishing Co., Inc. Pratt, D. E. Antioxidants indigenous to foods. 1993. Pp 63–75 in Antioxidants: Chemical, Physiological, Nutritional and Toxicological Aspects, G. M. Williams, ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Scientific Publishing Co., Inc. Roberts, L. J. 1958. Beginnings of the recommended dietary allowances. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 34:903–908. Sauberlich, H. E., and L. J. Machlin, eds. 1992. Beyond Deficiency: New Views on the Function and Health Effects of Vitamins. Vol. 669. New York: New York Academy of Sciences. Stiebeling, H. K. 1933. Food Budgets for Nutrition and Production Programs. U.S. Miscellaneous publication No. 183. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture. Steinbaugh, M. L., et al. 1993. Nutritional Essentiality: A Changing Paradigm. Report on the Twelfth Ross Conference on Medical Research. Columbus, Oh.: Abbott Laboratories Taylor, A., P. F. Jacques, and C. K. Dorey. 1993. Oxidation and aging: Impact on vision. Pp 349–372 in Antioxidants: Chemical, Physiological, Nutritional and Toxicological Aspects, G. M. Williams, ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Scientific Publishing Co., Inc. USDA/DHHS (U.S. Department of Agriculture/U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). 1990. Nutrition and Your Health: Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 3rd ed. Home and Garden Bulletin No. 232. Washington, D.C.: USDA/DHHS. U.S. Senate. 1977. Dietary Goals for the United States. Report of the Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs. Stock No. 052-070-03913-2. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.