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TABLE A.1 Important Diseases in Developing Countries

Amebiasis

E. histolytica

Ancylostomiasis (hookworm disease)

N. americanus

A. duodenale

A. ceylanicum

Ascariasis

A. lumbricoides

Brucellosis

B. abortus, biotypes 1–9

B. canis

B. melitensis, biotypes 1–3

B. suis, biotypes 1–4

Chlamydial infections (see also trachoma)

Chlamydia

Cholera

V. cholerae

Cryptosporidiosis

Cryptosporida spp.

Cytomegalovirus

Dengue fever

Immunological types 1–4

Group B togaviruses

Dengue hemorrhagic fever

Diarrheas, viral

Norwalk agent

Rotaviruses

Diarrheas, bacterial

Enteropathic E. coli

Enterotoxigenic E. coli

C. jejuni

Salmonella (nontyphoid)

Shigella

Herpes simplex virus

Herpesvirus varicellae

Japanese encephalitis

Leishmaniasis, cutaneous

Old world, L. tropica

New world, L. brasiliensis and L. mexicana

Leishmaniasis, visceral

L. donovani

Leprosy

M. leprae

Malaria

P. vivax

P. malariae

P. falciparum

P. ovale

Measles (rubeola)

Measles virus

Meningitis, aseptic

Enteroviruses (picornaviruses)

Coxsackie virus group A, types 2, 3, 7, 9

Coxsackie virus group B, types 2–5

Echovirus types 2, 5–7, 9–11, 14, 18, 30

Poliovirus

Arboviruses

Mumps

H. simplex and varicella viruses

Adenovirus

Meningitis, meningococcal

N. meningitidis

Mumps

Mumps virus, a myxovirus

Onchocerciasis (skin disease and river blindness), O. volvulus

Respiratory infections, acute bacterial

B. pertussis

S. pneumoniae

M. pneumoniae

H. influenzae

L. pneumophilia

Rift Valley fever

Rift Valley fever virus (group B togavirus)

Rubella

Rubella virus

Russian spring-summer encephalitis

Group B togavirus

Salmonellosis

S. typhimurium

S. heidelberq

S. newport

S. infantis

S. enteritidis

S. st. paul

Schistosomiasis

S. mansoni

S. haematobium

S. japonicum

S. intercalatum

Shigellosis

S. dysenteriae, group A

S. flexneri, group B

S. boydii, group C

S. sonnei, group D

Streptococcus group A

Streptococcus group B

Syphilis

T. pallidum



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